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The Royal Conservatory of Music

The Royal Conservatory of Music, branded as The Royal Conservatory, is a non-profit music education institution and performance venue headquartered in Toronto, Canada. It was founded in 1886 by Edward Fisher as The Toronto Conservatory of Music. In 1947, King George VI incorporated the organization through royal charter, its Toronto home was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995, in recognition of the institution's significant influence on music education in Canada. Tim Price is the current Chair of the Board, Peter Simon is the President; the conservatory was founded in 1886 as The Toronto Conservatory of Music and opened in September 1887, located on two floors above a music store at the corner of Dundas Street and Yonge Street. Its founder Edward Fisher was a young organist born in the United States; the conservatory became the first institution of its kind in Canada: a school dedicated to the training of singers and musicians, to instilling a love of music in young children.

In its first year, it hired Italian musician and composer Francesco D'Auria to teach at the conservatory. The conservatory's initial intake was just over 100, by its second quarter this number had grown to nearly 300 as its reputation spread. In 1897, the organization purchased a new property at College Street and University Avenue to accommodate its rapid expansion. From its earliest days, it was affiliated with the University of Toronto with the purpose of preparing students for degree examinations and shared its premises with the University of Toronto, Faculty of Music from 1919. In 1906, Frank Welsman – who became the principal of the conservatory – founded and directed the Toronto Conservatory Orchestra, which became the Toronto Symphony Orchestra two years later; the period between 1918 and 1924 witnessed a series of mergers among music conservatories in Toronto. The Toronto College of Music was founded in 1888 by conductor F. H. Torrington, became the first music conservatory affiliated with the University of Toronto.

After Torrington's death in 1917, the school merged with the Canadian Academy of Music in 1918. The Academy itself had been founded in 1911 by Albert Gooderham, who financed the school out of his own personal fortune and served as the school's only president during its 13-year history; the Academy, in turn, merged into the Toronto Conservatory of Music in 1924. Glenn Gould – arguably the conservatory's most outstanding pupil – studied theory and piano, graduating at the age of 12 in 1946 with an ARCT diploma of the highest honours. In 1947, King George VI awarded the conservatory its royal charter in recognition of its status as one of the Commonwealth's greatest music schools; the Toronto Conservatory of Music became The Royal Conservatory of Music. During Ettore Mazzoleni's term as principal, the conservatory grew rapidly. Mazzoleni had been director of the Conservatory Orchestra since 1934. Two other prominent figures who contributed to the achievements of this period were chairman of the board Edward Johnson and Arnold Walter, appointed director of the new Senior School in 1946.

The Senior School offered a two-year program with professional performance training combined with related courses in theory and history. The initial success of the project gave rise to a three-year program leading to an Artist Diploma, as well as the conservatory's Opera School, which provided training in all aspects of opera production; these developments led to the creation of the Royal Conservatory Opera Company, which went on to become the Canadian Opera Company in 1959. With space now a major problem, the University of Toronto sold the College Street property to Ontario Hydro in 1962, the conservatory moved to 273 Bloor Street West, the original site of McMaster University or McMaster Hall as well as Castle Memorial Hall; the concert and recital halls of the College Street site were only replaced in the move, the library and all three pipe organs were lost. The conservatory was governed by the University of Toronto from 1963 until 1991, at which time it became a wholly independent institution again, taking control of its building and diverse music programs.

Peter Simon was appointed president of the conservatory. In 1991, the conservatory developed a master plan to renovate its historic building and expand it with the construction of new facilities on the same site; the plan was carried out by Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects in stages with the 1997 renovation of Mazzoleni Concert Hall in the historic Ihnatowycz Hall. The new construction is named the TELUS Centre for Performance and Learning and features academic and performance spaces. During the renovations, the conservatory temporarily moved to the former location of the Toronto District School Board's Ursula Franklin Academy in the Dufferin and Bloor West area. In September 2008, the conservatory returned to a newly renovated and expanded headquarters at 273 Bloor Street West near Avenue Road. Koerner Hall opened on 25 September 2009, beginning a new age of large-scale performances at The Royal Conservatory; the original building, McMaster Hall, was renamed Ihnatowycz Hall in 2005, in reference to the contribution of alumni Ian Ihnatowycz and Marta Witer.

The designation of this site as a heritage building required that the majority of the original materials and formal qualities be maintained while complying with the building code. The original brickwork was maintained: decorative red brick, Medina

Gatwick Handling

Gatwick Handling Limited was an aircraft ground handling agent headquartered at London Gatwick Airport. Gatwick Handling was established in the late-1960s as a new company jointly owned by Airbourne Aviation and Messrs Metcalfe and Foukes; the company's liquidation soon after its formation resulted in ownership passing to Davies and Newman, parent company of the British independent airline Dan-Air. D&N's search for a co-owner for its new ground handling unit led to the sale of a 50 per cent stake to Laker Airways, an associate company of former Gatwick-based UK independent airline Laker Airways, a contemporary competitor of Dan-Air. Gatwick Handling's official appointment as an airport concessionaire occurred in early-1972 following the signing of an agreement between the British Airports Authority, Dan-Air and Laker Airways. Under this agreement, the BAA licensed Gatwick Handling to conduct ground handling operations at London Gatwick on behalf of third parties. In addition to assuming responsibility for handling all Dan-Air and Laker flights at Gatwick, a growing number of third-party airlines appointed Gatwick Handling their handling agent at the airport.

Laker Airways's demise in early-1982 brought about a change in ownership that saw D&N gain 100% control of Gatwick Handling and the subsequent sale of the 50% stake owned by an associate company of the defunct airline sold on to US carriers Northwest Airlines and Delta Air Lines. In the late-1980s, Gatwick Handling extended its geographical coverage of the UK to other airports, leading to establishment of GH Manchester and GH Stansted respectively. Dan-Air's takeover by British Airways in late-1992 divided Gatwick Handling's ownership between Northwest and Delta. In 1994, Gatwick Handling extended its geographical coverage to Ghana in West Africa. To give it a more international image, the company abbreviated its name to GHI. In 1998, Go-Ahead Group replaced Delta as GHI's owner. In 2000, Go-ahead merged GHI with its other UK aircraft ground handling operations, Midland Airport Services, British Midland Handling Services and Reed Aviation, under the Aviance UK brand; as a private, unsubsidised airline that for most of its existence operated low-margin, predominantly seasonal charter flights due to government restrictions on scheduled services, Dan-Air needed to minimise overheads to ensure its profitability.

One way to do this was to outsource its ground handling to a third-party handler. In the late-1960s, Dan-Air contracted its ground handling at Gatwick to Airbourne Aviation, an independent handler owned by a Mr Herbert Snowball, whose staff manned the airline's ground handling unit at the airport. To keep pace with the growth of Dan-Air's Gatwick operation and to keep the airline's contract, as well as to win more third-party business at the airport, Herbert Snowball partnered Messrs Metcalfe and Foukes to form a new company named Gatwick Handling. Poor results forced Gatwick Handling to cease trading and go into liquidation within a short period of time, putting Dan-Air and the other airlines who had given the now-defunct company their ground handling business at Gatwick in a difficult position. To secure the check-in desks Dan-Air had contracted from Gatwick Handling and to minimise additional costs arising from its handling agent's failure, as well as to avoid confusing the travelling public, informed by tour operators and travel agents to report to Gatwick Handling for check-in, Dan-Air's parent D&N agreed with BAA and the failed company's other creditors to continue trading under the same name in return for settling outstanding debts.

Dan-Air's requirement for additional check-in desks at Gatwick resulted in discussions about the formation of a new joint handling company with fellow independent airline and airport resident Caledonian Airways, whose expansion had led to a requirement for more check-in desks at the airport as well. Although talks between both parties made good progress, the latter backed out of a deal following its successful bid to take over British United Airways in late-November 1970; as Britain's biggest independent airline and leading independent scheduled carrier, as well as Gatwick's largest resident airline, BUA had a well-developed ground handling infrastructure at the airport. This enabled it to handle all of its own flights in-house and provide ground handling services to third parties. For Caledonian this meant that it no longer required the services of a third-party ground handler at Gatwick; as a consequence of Caledonian's change in circumstances, D&N needed to find a new partner, willing to co-own the yet to be formed joint handling company.

An expression of interest from Laker Airways founder and majority owner Freddie Laker, who wanted his airline to attain a greater degree of autonomy at its home airport, ended D&N's search for a partner to share control of a joint handling company. BAA agreed to award the new company a concession to become one of the airport's appointed ground handlers; this was followed by the official signing of the contract in February 1972. Signatories included Dan-Air managing director Alan Snudden, airport director David Livingstone and Freddie Laker; the contractual period for the licence covering Gatwick Handling's appointment as an airport concessionaire was ten years. That arrangement afforded Gatwick Handling security of tenure to invest in new ground handling equipment to enable Gatwick's airlines to serve the airport with the latest-generation widebodied aircraft; the expiry of Gatwick Handling's original ten-year licence in February 1982 coincided with the collapse of half-owner Laker Airways the same month.

This resulted in D&N taking full control of Gatwick Handling. However, the BAA insist

Arbuthnot, Saskatchewan

Arbuthnot is an unincorporated community located in Glen Bain Rural Municipality No. 105, Canada east of Route 19. It was located in census Division No. 2. It was on mile 63 of the Canadian Pacific Railway right of way, southeast of Swift Current and in the NW section 9- township 10- range 7 west of the third meridian. Residential code 105.10 Regional Health Authority: Five Hills. Arbuthnot was administrated by the Glen Bain Rural Municipality. All that remains is one home. Etymology Named, according to E. T. Russell, after Sir Robert Arbuthnot, 4th Bt or after John Arbuthnot. Arbuthnot, Saskatchewan was located about 150 kilometres southwest of the City of Moose Jaw, just off of secondary road #611. While it does still appear on the map, the community was never incorporated as a village or town and is not listed in the municipal directory. From Bill Barry's People Places: A Historical Gazetteer of Saskatchewan; the Canadian Pacific Railway built a station at this location between Vanguard and Meyronne in 1932.

The preferred name of the settlers had been Stapleton after a pioneer settler, but the CPR held firm on its choice for its siding and the post office followed suit. The boom The rural municipality office put out a history book which listed some facts of this community which boomed around the 1940s. Andrew Miller Jr opened the general store in April 1935. In 1936 Andrew Miller Jr built a dance hall, sold to John Silzer in 1939 and which burned down after a dance in 1942. Joe Schlageter opened a blacksmith's shop from 1936–40; the first school building was moved into Arbuthnot in May 1944 from Jim Thomas Sr's farm and was converted into a classroom. This was used until the Glen Rosa School was moved into Arbuthnot in the summer of 1949; this building was used until 1957. The school was bought by Arbuthnot Ladies Club, they donated it to the Glen Bain Lions Club who moved it to Glen Bain 24 June 1981. Exy Grad had north of Andrew J Miller's General Store. Peter Harms bought the General Store from Mr Miller around 1940 and operated it until it burned down on 2 December 1946.

Mr Harms sold the store business to Peter Donauer and he opened a store on 18 December 1946 in the building, used as a school. He built a brand new store in 1947. Peter sold the store to F J Bolen on 24 September 1953. Frank and Tema Bolen operated the store until 1958; the store building was sold to John Thomas and he moved it to his farm south of Meyronne. The decline The post office remained in the Bolen's store building until 1968; the first post office had been in the home of Mrs I P Johnston at the north end of the community and it was moved into the general store. The Arbuthnot Co-op was incorporated in 1935 and was managed in turn by Ed Faber, Charles Becker, Edwin Hepper, Bill Schlichting and Henry Schlageter, it was dissolved in 1963. The Saskatchewan Pool elevator and the Pioneer Grain elevator were built in 1935, they built a house for the pool agent in 1947. The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool sold their elevator to the Pioneer Co. on 31 July 1974 and moved it to Aneroid on 21 August 1974. The Pioneer elevator was used until early 1984.

It was demolished and burned on 21 December 1984. The Pioneer Elevator was managed by Dan Kohlenberg from Bateman, a community 25 miles to the northeast of Arbuthnot; the Imperial Oil company was located on the west side of the road between Arbuthnot Hall and Arbuthnot Co-op. It was managed by Herman Silzer; the Canadian Oil Co was managed by P Harms. Arbuthnot no longer has a school, but those who live in or around Arbuthnot are sent to the neighbouring village of Gravelbourg which has a school that covers Kindergarten to Grade 12 serving N/A students. List of communities in Saskatchewan Map Arbuthnot Store Arbuthnot Co-op Arbuthnot 1940

Karen Goldberg

Karen Ila Goldberg is an American chemist the Vagelos Professor of Energy Research at University of Pennsylvania. Goldberg is most known for her work in organometallic chemistry, her most recent research focuses on catalysis on developing catalysts for oxidation, as well as the synthesis and activation of molecular oxygen. In 2018, Goldberg was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Karen Goldberg received her A. B. degree in Chemistry in 1983 from Barnard College of Columbia University. Her undergraduate research included work with Professors Roald Hoffmann, Stephen Lippard at Cornell University and Columbia University as well as with Doctors Tom Gradel and Steven Bertz at AT&T Laboratories, she earned her Ph. D. in Chemistry in 1988 with Professor Robert Bergman at the University of California at Berkeley. She completed a postdoctoral year under Professor Bruce Bursten at Ohio State University before becoming a faculty member of Illinois State University in 1989. In 1995, Goldberg began at the University of Washington as the Assistant Professor of Chemistry, she was awarded tenure and promoted to Associate Professor in 2000, to Professor in 2003.

In 2017, Goldberg moved her research group to the University of Pennsylvania, where she is the Vagelos Professor of Energy Research in the department of chemistry. Goldberg’s research interests include understanding the mechanism and application of catalysts on fundamental organometallic reactions; this culminates into a goal to design more efficient and greener chemical products and fuels from a variety of feedstocks, such as alkanes. One such process that Goldberg has helped develop is the dehydrogenation of ammonia borane using an iridium pincer catalyst, a reaction that took place under mild conditions at high rates with efficient catalyst regeneration. Over thirty years ago, Shilov discovered the selective oxidization of alkanes in the presence of platinum-based metals; this was impractical because it required a stoichiometric oxidant in addition to the catalytic Pt metal, which led Goldberg to inquire deeper into understanding C-H bond activation, C-heteroatom bond formation, leading to the development of more practical products.

In recent studies of utilizing alkanes, Goldberg has investigated the functionalization of alkanes through oxidation reactions using platinum-based catalysts. Pt methyl complexes are key intermediates in both the Shilov methane oxidation system and in more recent catalytic Pt methane oxidation systems. Goldberg’s research involves formation of alcohols from alkanes using platinum or other late metal catalysts, including ruthenium and rhodium; as a result, her research discovered a method of using a family of Ru diamine complexes as a precatalyst to provide selectivity and high conversion of aldehydes to carboxylic acids over the competing aldehyde disproportionation reaction. Lithium aluminum hydride has been used as strong reducing reagent. However, it is difficult to reduce resonance stabilized carbonyl groups present in esters and lactones to alcohols, it was that her research group came up with idea of hydrogenation of esters and lactones to form alcohol using base-free metal-catalyzed complexes.

The catalyst that gave rise to a high yield of formate esters is a half-sandwich iridium bipyridine complex. The same half-sandwich complexes of iridium and rhodium were used as competent catalysts to hydrogenate carboxylic acids under mild conditions; the mechanism behind this reaction involves hydride transfer from catalyst to formic acid as the main part of the reaction. Through the Center for Enabling New Technology through Catalysis, Goldberg contributed to finding methods of activating strong bonds such as C-H, C-C, C-O, C-N, N-H. Through this, the Goldberg research group discovered how to functionalize these bonds once they are activated through oxidative addition and reductive elimination; this investigation provided detailed mechanisms and kinetic barriers for these catalytic processes. Recognizing the importance of linear anti-Markovnikov products, Goldberg's research focuses on discovery of transition metal catalysts which helps in catalysis of anti-Markovnikov hydroamination of alkenes.

In one of her publications, she introduces a method to catalyze the hydroarylation of unactivated alkenes using Pt complexes with unsymmetrical pyrrolide ligands. Selectivity was provided by using 1-hexene and an optimized catalyst; the result was production of high olefin concentration using propylene as the substrate. Most of her research on the subject has involved experimental studies of reductive elimination and oxidative addition reactions involving carbon-containing molecules in order to gain information on the reaction coordinates of such processes, her further studies on using platinum-based catalysts for the reductive eliminations of alkane products have included crystallography characterizations of platinum complexes and selected intermediates to determine the mechanism of such reactions. Goldberg's research interests include harnessing molecular oxygen as a selective oxidant in catalysis; as molecular oxygen is available and environmentally benign, the Goldberg group, along with other research groups involved in the CENTC, have attempted to better comprehend oxygen's reactivity and to activate it to utilize it to its fullest capacity.

Current research has aimed to understand how reactions between transition metal complexes and oxygen occur. Goldberg has investigated the insertion of molecular oxygen into palladium-hydride bonds, with results suggesting that this insertion reaction does not involve radical chain mechanisms; this research of the capabilities of oxygen to insert into palladium-hydride bond

Agua Prieta

Agua Prieta is a town in Agua Prieta Municipality in the northeastern corner of the Mexican state of Sonora. It stands on the Mexico–U. S. Border, adjacent to the town of Douglas, Arizona; the municipality covers an area of 3,631.65 km2. In the 2010 census the town had a population of 79,138 people, making it the seventh-largest community in the state, a literacy rate of 96.3%. 89% of the homes in the city have electricity, 94% have running water, 86% are connected to the sewer system. The city's most important economic activities, in descending order, are industry and farming; the city is the location of the CFE Agua Prieta power plant. Agua Prieta city began at the end of the 19th century as railroads were built between Douglas and Nacozari, Sonora, to transport minerals and goods; as a result, the first settlers of the city just a few blocks, were those employed by the U. S. mining company Phelps Dodge Corporation, based in Douglas, Arizona. One can say that the town was "founded" in 1899, but it was not until a "contract" was made in 1903 between officials and private citizens, to the name Camou, that area "pertaining" to those citizens was made a Commissary of Fronteras county.

Agua Prieta city did not became an "independent head of municipality," with its current name and location, until August 28, 1916. Rodolfo L. Márquez was the new municipality's first president, it rose to the status of villa on May 8, 1933, it was "officially" placed in its current category of city recently, on November 6, 1942. The climate is cold semi-arid. In a latitude over the geographic subtropics, located in a plateau and in the interior of the continent gives a cold winter but at the same time a climatic pattern dry and with great thermal amplitude during the day, and on the other hand the summer is hot due to the absence of cloud cover and the air dry with average in the afternoon well above 30 °C. Most of the time there is no precipitation, but a considerable amount of rain falls between July and August. Los Apson was one of the most successful musical bands during the second half of the 60s, they led the phenomenon known in Mexico as the "northern invasion". Along with the British influence, Los Apson was one of the main decisive elements that brought new nuances to the Mexican musical movement.

The main sport in Agua Prieta is baseball followed by soccer and basketball. Agua Prieta's professional baseball team is the Toros de Agua Prieta. In 2012, Agua Prieta had its first Olympian when Luis Alberto Rivera represented Mexico in the long jump at the XXX Olympic Games in London, UK. Agua Prieta II is the first integrated solar combined cycle power plant in Mexico – one of the first power plants of its type in the world – and it is being equipped with the SPPA-E3000 low-voltage switchgear solution from Siemens Mexico Energy. Agua Prieta II is a combined-cycle power plant, extended with a solar field and parabolic trough collectors. In this type of power plant, the steam generated by the solar field is fed into the water-steam cycle of the CCPP to increase steam turbine output and reduce carbon dioxide emissions; the power plant in Mexico will have an output of 465 Megawatts with a contribution from the solar field of 12 MW, it will supply electricity to northwest Mexico. The end customer is the Mexican state power provider Comisión Federal de Electricidad, which operates two plants of the same type in Morocco and Algeria.

Agua Prieta is home to several maquiladoras, including Levolor, Commercial Vehicle Group, Velcro, Standex-Meder Electronics, Alstyle Apparel & Activewear. The Plan of Agua Prieta was a political manifesto signed in the city of Agua Prieta on April 23, 1920 by the governor of Sonora, Adolfo de la Huerta, Plutarco Elías Calles in support of Álvaro Obregón, with the principal objective of bringing an end to the presidency of Venustiano Carranza, forced to flee Mexico City and was killed a month later; the Plan of Agua Prieta used as its political banner the 1917 Constitution, with which Carranza had not complied. It advocated the convening of elections, appointed Huerta as supreme commander of the Constitutionalist Army, dictated the rules for electing a provisional president, resulting in Huerta being named president by Congress in June. Agua Prieta played an important role in the Mexican Revolution. Plutarco Elías Calles and Lázaro Cárdenas, two future presidents of Mexico, both lived in the town during its early years.

In 1914, the Hotel Central, a now-demolished hotel in the center of the city, was the seat of Carranza's constitutional government. In 1915, Pancho Villa made a night attack on Agua Prieta, repelled by the forces of Plutarco Elías Calles, assisted by large searchlights; the Plan de Agua Prieta, a manifesto which called for the rejection of the government headed by Venustiano Carranza, was signed in a curiosity shop near the international border in 1920. The army headed by Álvaro Obregón deposed Carranza. 1952–1954 Don Jesus Siqueiros PRI 1964-1967 Antonio B. Loreto Barthelemy PRI 1979–1982 Luis Córdova Corrales PAN 1982–1985 Leonardo Yáñez Vargas PAN 1985–1988 Bernardino Meza Ortíz PRI 1988–1991 Baudelio Vildósola Teran PRI 1991–1994 Bernardino Ibarrola Serrano PRI 1994–1997 Óscar Ochoa Patrón PAN 1997–2000 Vicente Terán Uribe PRI 2000–2003 Irma Villalobos Rascón PRI 2003–2006 David Figueroa Ortega PAN 2006–2009 Antonio Cuadras PRI 2009–2012 Vicente Terán Uribe PSD 2012 Francisco Javier Carrera Hernandez PRI 2012–2015 Irma Villalobos Ras

John Udall (Puritan)

John Udall was an English clergyman of Puritan views associated with the publication of the Martin Marprelate tracts, prosecuted for controversial works of a similar polemical nature. He has been called "one of the most fluent and learned of puritan controversialists", he matriculated as a sizar of Christ's College, Cambridge, on 15 March 1578, but soon afterwards migrated to Trinity College. There he graduated B. A. in 1581, M. A. in 1584. John Penry was an undergraduate friend, Udall gained a working knowledge of Hebrew. Before 1584 Udall took holy orders and became curate of Kingston-upon-Thames under the absentee vicar, Stephen Chatfield, he was soon known there as a preacher and a convinced Puritan doubter of the scriptural justification of episcopacy. Although he gained a reputation and influential patrons, Udall's insistence on a literal observance of scriptural precepts was held to infringe the orthodoxy of the Church of England and in 1586 he was summoned by Thomas Cooper, bishop of Winchester and William Day, dean of Windsor to appear before the court of high commission at Lambeth.

Through the influence of Anne, Countess of Warwick and Sir Drue Drury he was restored to his ministry. The group that would launch Marprelate came together around this time. During 1587 Penry seems to have visited Udall at Kingston; the Puritan printer Robert Waldegrave was Penry's friend. In April 1588 Udall induced Waldegrave to print at his office in London an anonymous and extreme tract in which Udall denounced the Church of England. In this work Diotrephes, named after a minor New Testament character, Udall waxed satirical, the pamphlet gained public attention, it is close to the model of Anthony Gilby's A pleasaunt dialogue betweene a souldior of Barwicke and an English chaplaine. The character Diotrephes is an anti-Puritan bishop. Archbishop John Whitgift and other members of the court of high commission considered Diotrephes seditious, it was soon known to have been printed by Waldegrave, in April his press was seized. Udall, whose responsibility remained unknown to the authorities invited Waldegrave to Kingston to discuss the situation.

Penry joined the consultation, with the result that plans were made to disseminate through the country further tracts. Penry soon decided to write a series of attacks on the bishops which should bear the pseudonym of Martin Marprelate. Udall supplied him with information that had come to his knowledge of the illegal practices of the bishop of London, Penry embodied it in the first of the Martin Marprelate tracts, known as The Epistle. John Feild had collated such information, it is suggested that after Feild's death in 1588 his papers were circulated. McGinn has argued that papers of this sort that Udall showed Chatfield, at a date before Feild's death, were from Feild; the details of the Marprelate publications, a well-masked conspiracy, are still subject to some scholarly debate. It is not clear. On the other hand, he was present at some of the printing, he may have had no relation with any of the Marprelate controversialists besides Penry, was associated with Penry only at the inception of the scheme.

In fact Penry's major collaborator is now thought to have been Job Throckmorton, the centre of printing moved away to Warwickshire. Udall pursued the bishops single-handed. In July 1588 Waldegrave secretly set up a press in the neighbourhood of Kingston, at the house of Elizabeth Crane, widow of Anthony Crane, at East Molesey. There he printed a second anonymous polemic of A Demonstration. In it Udall denounced ‘the supposed governors of the church of England, the archbishops, lord-bishops and the rest of that order.’ The Demonstration was secretly distributed in November, at the same time as the Epistle, the first of the distinctive Martin Marprelate tracts, which Waldegrave put into type at the East Molesey press. In his Demonstration Udall relies on the New Testament for church polity: his view was that it sets down prescriptively a scheme, a definite requirement, his Biblical literalism is qualified on the title page, by the words the proofes thereof. He employs there a homely metaphor, to have a long history for Puritans: the church is a house, God the householder.

His view was that the post of Archbishop was not scriptural, neither was ordination except to a given church post. Canon law he qualifies as "filthie" and "monstrous", he added to all this economic views. The Demonstration states. Replies to Udall appeared in 1590, one attributed to Matthew Sutcliffe one being an intervention by Anthony Marten in A Reconciliation of All the Pastors and Cleargy of the Church of England. Sutcliffe returned to the attack in 1592 with a justification of Udall's conviction. In July 1588, although his authorship of Diotrephes was hardly suspected, the Demonstration was as yet unpublished, again offended the court of high commission by uncompromising sermons in the parish church of Kingston, he was summarily deprived of his living. After a period resting with the intention of leading a private life, he was invited in December by Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and the inhabitants of Newcastle-