The Scotsman

The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website headquartered in Edinburgh. First established as a radical political paper in 1817, it began daily publication in 1855 and remained a broadsheet until August 2004, its parent company, JPIMedia publishes the Edinburgh Evening News. It had an audited print circulation of 16,349 for July to December 2018, its website,, had an average of 138,000 unique visitors a day as of 2017. The title celebrated its bicentenary on 25 January 2017; the Scotsman was launched in 1817 as a liberal weekly newspaper by lawyer William Ritchie and customs official Charles Maclaren in response to the "unblushing subservience" of competing newspapers to the Edinburgh establishment. The paper was pledged to "impartiality and independence". After the abolition of newspaper stamp tax in Scotland in 1855, The Scotsman was relaunched as a daily newspaper priced at 1d and a circulation of 6,000 copies; the fledgling paper was based at 257 High Street on the Royal Mile.

In 1860, The Scotsman obtained a purpose built office on Cockburn Street in Edinburgh designed in the Scots baronial style by the architects Peddie & Kinnear. This backed onto their original offices on the Royal Mile; the building bears the initials "JR" for John Ritchie the founder of the company. On 19 December 1904, they moved to huge new offices at the top of the street, facing onto North Bridge, designed by Dunn & Findlay; this huge building had taken three years to build and had connected printworks on Market Street. The printworks connected below road level direct to Waverley station in a efficient production line. In 1953 the newspaper was bought by Canadian millionaire Roy Thomson, in the process of building a large media group; the paper was bought in 1995 by Frederick Barclay for £ 85 million. They moved the newspaper from its Edinburgh office on North Bridge, now an upmarket hotel, to modern offices in Holyrood Road designed by Edinburgh architects CDA, near the subsequent location of the Scottish Parliament Building.

The daily was awarded by the Society for News Design the World’s Best Designed Newspaper™ for 1994. In December 2005, The Scotsman along with its sister titles owned by The Scotsman Publications Ltd was acquired, in a £160 million deal, by Johnston Press, a company founded in Scotland and at the time one of the top three largest local newspaper publishers in the UK. Ian Stewart has been the editor since June 2012, after a reshuffle of senior management in April 2012 during which John McLellan, the paper's editor-in-chief was dismissed. Ian Stewart was editor of Edinburgh Evening News and remains as the editor of Scotland on Sunday. In 2012, The Scotsman was named Newspaper of the Year at the Scottish Press Awards. In 2006 Barclay Brothers sold Barclay House to Irish property magnate Lochlann Quinn, in 2013 Scottish video games maker Rockstar North, of Grand Theft Auto fame, signed the lease, causing Johnston Press group to move out in June 2014. Johnston Press have downsized to refurbished premises at Orchard Brae House in Queensferry Road, Edinburgh, a move, quoted as saving the group £1million per annum in rent.

The newspaper backed a'No' vote in the referendum on Scottish independence. In November 2018, Johnston Press filed for administration. Shortly after filing for administration, the company was bought out by JPIMedia. 1817: William Ritchie 1817: Charles Maclaren 1818: John Ramsay McCulloch 1843: John Hill Burton 1846: Alexander Russel 1876: Robert Wallace 1880: Charles Alfred Cooper 1905: John Pettigrew Croal 1924: George A. Waters 1944: James Murray Watson 1955: John Buchanan 1956: Alastair Dunnett 1972: Eric MacKay 1985: Chris Baur 1988: Magnus Linklater 1994: Andrew Jaspan 1995: James Seaton 1997: Martin Clarke 1998: Alan Ruddock 2000: Tim Luckhurst 2000: Rebecca Hardy 2001: Iain Martin 2004: John McGurk 2006: Mike Gilson 2009: John McLellan 2012: Ian StewartSource: The Scotsman Digital Archive List of newspapers in Scotland List of newspapers by date Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher; the world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers pp 273–79 Official website The Scotsman Digital Archive 1817–1950 Johnston Press Comprehensive Design Architects

Qari Muhammad Tayyib

Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi knows as Qari Muhammad Tayyib was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought. He was grandson of the founder of the Darul Uloom Deoband, he was the Mohtamim of Darul Uloom from 1929 to 1981. Qari Muhammad Tayyib Qasmi was born in 1897, he served as Mohtamim of Darul Uloom Deoband for half a century, from 1928 to 1980. Darul Uloom Deoband witnessed unprecedented progress during his tenure, he founded the All India Muslim Personal Law Board and headed it till his death. Few notable books of Qari Muhammad Tayyib are: Al-Tashabbuh fil-Islam Mashaheer-e-Ummat Kalimat-e-Tayyibat Atyab al-Thamar fi Mas'alat al-Qaza wal-Qadr Science aur Islam Talimat-e-Islam aur Maseehi Aqwaam Mas'alah Zuban-e-Urdu Hindustan Mein Din-o-Siyasat Asbab Urooj-o-Zawaley Aqwaam Islami Azadi Ka Mukammal Program Al-Ijtehad wal Taqleed Usool Dawat-e-Islam Islami Masawat Fitri HukumatTranslations of his books Human Being: A Distinguished Creature The Maslak of Ulama of Deoband Islam and Sectarianism The devotional poetry to Prophet Muhammed written in Urdu entitled Nabi e Akram Shafi e Azam is a noted work of Qari Muhammad Tayyib.

His poetical compositions have been published as Irfan-e-Arif. He died in Deoband on 17 July 1983, his funeral prayer was laid by his eldest son Maulana Muhammad Salim Qasmi. List of Mohtamims of Darul Uloom Deoband List of Darul Uloom Deoband alumni Darul Uloom Deoband

Crane Army Ammunition Activity

Crane Army Ammunition Activity in Crane, Indiana produces and provides conventional munitions requirements in support of U. S. Army and Joint Force readiness, it is one of 17 installations of the Joint Munitions Command and one of 23 organic industrial bases under the U. S. Army Materiel Command, which include arsenals, depots and ammunition plants. Established Oct. 1977, it is located on Naval Support Activity Crane. Capabilities of the center include: munitions and manufacturing. Crane Army Ammunition Activity was established on October 1, 1977, when the Army was designated as the single manager for conventional ammunition for the Department of Defense. CAAA inherited a legacy mission of conventional ammunition manufacturing and depot operations from what had been known as Naval Ammunition Depot, born in 1941 when the Navy needed an inland munitions depot during World War II. CAAA became one of two major tenants on Naval Support Activity Crane employing more than 700 employees and occupying 51,220 acres of land and 4.8 million square feet in buildings on the base.

CAAA’s manufacturing product lines grew to include countermeasure decoy flares and artillery illumination and markers, loading assembly and packing of medium caliber munitions, Navy gun ammunition, Air Force and Navy bomb maintenance, explosive melt/pour and press load operations. CAAA remained focused on its logistical mission set and distributing 25% of the DoD’s conventional munitions valued at $9.8 billion, making it one of the largest ammunition depots in the DoD. On October 1, 1999, command and control of the Letterkenny Munitions Center in Chambersburg, PA, transferred to CAAA where it was aligned as a directorate in CAAA's organizational structure. CAAA’s commander was given responsibility for the oversight of Iowa and Milan Army Ammunition Plants. Today CAAA continues to focus on safety, quality and continuous improvement. Providing lethality to our nation’s Warfighters remains a top priority. Crane Army Ammunition Activity’s Soldiers and Civilians support Warfighters worldwide by receiving, shipping, manufacturing and demilitarizing conventional ammunition and related components in support of Joint Force readiness.

With an eye on the future, Crane Army provides “Only our Best – For the World’s Best.” The facilities at CAAA include more than 200 production buildings, a 72,000-square-foot machine shop 1,800 storage buildings for both explosive and inert ammunition with a total capacity of 4,800,000 square feet, an 80-acre demolition range and 40 acres of ammunition burning grounds. Renovation Ordnance and pyrotechnic renovation work is accomplished in any number of flexible manufacturing units. Remote defuzing and refuzing capabilities are available for a variety of items. Propellant charge renovation is accomplished in multiple facilities configured with powder lofts. Exterior maintenance is performed on ordnance and ordnance-related items such as containers, metal pallets, wire cages using grit blasting, high pressure water cutting and painting. Crane renovates a variety of bombs. Production Pyrotechnics: Crane produces pyrotechnic devices including signal, illuminating projectiles, marine location markers, infrared flares for illumination in conjunction with night vision devices.

Crane has produced a variety of aircraft decoy flares. Cast Load: Crane has the ability to produce cast loaded explosives utilizing various production lines with mixing and holding kettles. We have the capability to produce bombs, shock test charges, demolition charges, shape charges, burster tubes, underwater sound signals, cluster bombs and projectiles. Press Load: Our workforce can press load various compositions such as Tetryl, Composition A-3 and various PBXs. Utilizing multiple ram high volume presses operators can load various projectiles, missile warheads such as Sparrow and Sidewinder, pyrotechnic items and a variety of actuating devices and boosters. Machining Center: Crane’s machine shop is equipped with the latest manufacturing technologies and equipment. A full complement of modern computer numerical control machines gives us the capability for a wide variety of materials including tough alloys and metals. Cleaning and finishing processes include chemical cleaning, ultrasonic cleaner, turbo washer, plating titration, atomic absorption, powder coating, statistical process control and workstation automated data collectors.

Logistics Shipping/Receiving: Crane receives and ships to the Joint Warfighter a wide variety of conventional ammunition and munitions in support of worldwide operations. Logistics Facilities: Crane supports its magazines with both rail and truck access and bracing services and modern containerization facilities. Crane directly supports various joint warfighting units by receiving and shipping their ammunition basic load as required. Preconfigured Containers: Crane containerizes preconfigured ammunition loads that are delivered directly to troops on the ground, to ships afloat or to prepositioned stocks in support of our military. Demilitarization Disposal: Disposing of excess or obsolete munitions is critical for the safety of the ammunition stockpile and maintaining storage space. Crane utilizes a wide variety of methods including automated high pressure washout, steam-out, permitted open burning and open de