A high-rise building is a tall building, as opposed to a low-rise building and is defined by its height differently in various jurisdictions. It is used as a residential, office building, or other functions including hotel, retail, or with multiple purposes combined. Residential high-rise buildings are known as tower blocks and may be referred to as "MDUs", standing for "multi-dwelling unit". A tall high-rise building is referred to as a skyscraper. High-rise buildings became possible with the invention of the elevator and less expensive, more abundant building materials; the materials used for the structural system of high-rise buildings are reinforced concrete and steel. Most North American style skyscrapers have a steel frame, while residential blocks are constructed of concrete. There is no clear difference between a tower block and a skyscraper, although a building with fifty or more stories is considered a skyscraper. High-rise structures pose particular design challenges for structural and geotechnical engineers if situated in a seismically active region or if the underlying soils have geotechnical risk factors such as high compressibility or bay mud.
They pose serious challenges to firefighters during emergencies in high-rise structures. New and old building design, building systems like the building standpipe system, HVAC systems, fire sprinkler system and other things like stairwell and elevator evacuations pose significant problems. Studies are required to ensure that pedestrian wind comfort and wind danger concerns are addressed. In order to allow less wind exposure, to transmit more daylight to the ground and to appear more slender, many high-rises have a design with setbacks. Apartment buildings have technical and economic advantages in areas of high population density, have become a distinctive feature of housing accommodation in all densely populated urban areas around the world. In contrast with low-rise and single-family houses, apartment blocks accommodate more inhabitants per unit of area of land and decrease the cost of municipal infrastructure. Various bodies have defined "high-rise": Emporis Standards defines a high-rise as "A multi-story structure between 35–100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12–39 floors."
According to the building code of Hyderabad, India, a high-rise building is one with four floors or more, or 15 to 18 meters or more in height. The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines a high-rise as "a building having many storeys"; the International Conference on Fire Safety in High-Rise Buildings defined a high-rise as "any structure where the height can have a serious impact on evacuation" In the U. S. the National Fire Protection Association defines a high-rise as being higher than 75 feet, or about 7 stories. Most building engineers, inspectors and similar professionals define a high-rise as a building, at least 75 feet tall. High-rise apartment buildings had appeared in antiquity: the insulae in ancient Rome and several other cities in the Roman Empire, some of which might have reached up to ten or more stories, one having 200 stairs; because of the destruction caused by poorly built high-rise insulae collapsing, several Roman emperors, beginning with Augustus, set limits of 20–25 meters for multi-story buildings, but met with limited success, as these limits were ignored despite the likelihood of taller insulae collapsing.
The lower floors were occupied by either shops or wealthy families, while the upper stories were rented out to the lower classes. Surviving Oxyrhynchus Papyri indicate that seven-story buildings existed in provincial towns, such as in third century AD Hermopolis in Roman Egypt. In Arab Egypt, the initial capital city of Fustat housed many high-rise residential buildings, some seven stories tall that could accommodate hundreds of people. Al-Muqaddasi, in the 10th century, described them as resembling minarets, while Nasir Khusraw, in the early 11th century, described some of them rising up to 14 stories, with roof gardens on the top story complete with ox-drawn water wheels for irrigating them. By the 16th century, Cairo had high-rise apartment buildings where the two lower floors were for commercial and storage purposes and the multiple stories above them were rented out to tenants; the skyline of many important medieval cities was dominated by large numbers of high-rising urban towers, which fulfilled defensive but representative purposes.
The residential Towers of Bologna numbered between 80 and 100 at a time, the largest of which still rise to 97.2 m. In Florence, a law of 1251 decreed that all urban buildings should be reduced to a height of less than 26 m, the regulation put into effect. Medium-sized towns such as San Gimignano are known to have featured 72 towers up to 51 m in height; the Hakka people in southern China have adopted communal living structures designed to be defensible in the forms of Weilongwu and Tulou, the latter are large and fortified earth building, between three and five stories high and housing up to 80 families. The oldest still standing tulou dates back from the 14th century. High rises were built in the Yemeni city of Shibam in the 16th century; the houses of Shibam are all made out of mud bricks, but about five hundred of them are tower houses, which rise five to sixteen stories high, with each floor having one or two apartments. This technique of building was implemented to protect residents from Bedouin attacks.
While Shibam has existed for around two thousand years, most of the city's houses date from the 16th century. The city has the tallest mud buildings in the world, some more than 30 meters
Mandalay Bay is a 43-story luxury resort and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by MGM Resorts International. One of the property's towers operates as the Delano. Mandalay Bay has 24 elevators and a casino of 135,000 square feet. Adjacent to the hotel is the 2,000,000 square feet Mandalay Bay Convention Center and the 12,000-seat Mandalay Bay Events Center; the Mandalay Bay Tram connects the resort to its sister properties and Luxor, all three of which were constructed by Circus Circus Enterprises before its sale to MGM. In 1995, Circus Circus Enterprises bought the Hacienda for $80 million and an adjacent 74-acre site for $73 million, they closed the Hacienda on December 1, 1996, razed it a month on New Year's Eve. Plans for the tropical-themed "Project Paradise" were revealed the same day, with an estimated budget of $800 million to $1 billion. In February 1998 the project was renamed Mandalay Bay to evoke the exotic tropical romanticism of the poem "Mandalay."Problems arose during construction because of excessive and uneven settling of the soil beneath the building.
Rumors about the severity of the issues depressed Circus Circus's stock price. The problem was solved by installing 536 micropiles below the building, at an estimated cost of $8 million to $10 million; the resort opened on March 2, 1999, with grand opening festivities that included the Blues Brothers leading a procession of 200 motorcycles to Mandalay Bay's front doors, a concert by Bob Dylan at the House of Blues. In June 1999, Circus Circus changed its name to Mandalay Resort Group. Construction of a major convention center at Mandalay Bay was begun in June 2001, with its opening set for the summer of 2002. After a delay in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Mandalay Bay Convention Center opened in January 2003. With 1.5 million square feet of space, it was the fifth largest convention center in the nation. On May 23, 2002, the Mandalay Resort Group announced a second 1,122-room hotel tower, with a cost of at least $200 million. Construction began on the project in September 2002.
The name of the tower, THEhotel at Mandalay Bay, was revealed in October 2003. The tower opened on December 17, 2003. In February 2005, Mandalay Resort Group was sold to MGM Mirage, which owns the resort; the acquisition was finalized on April 25, 2005. On October 1, 2017, gunman Stephen Paddock opened fire on the Route 91 Harvest, a country music festival, from a room on the 32nd floor of the hotel, killing 58 and wounding 546; the shooting ended when Paddock committed suicide before Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department officers reached the hotel room. The incident is the deadliest mass shooting by a lone gunman in modern U. S. history. The shooting brought attention to a legal device called a bump-fire stock, used to mimic an automatic weapon. Automatic weapons are restricted by the National Firearms Act of 1934 and the Firearm Owners Protection Act of 1986; the gold coloring of the hotel is a result of gold leaf used on the windows. Levels 40-42 are designed as penthouse suites, with a penthouse lounge on level 62 for guests staying in the penthouses.
Level 43 is a restaurant and bar. Five floors of the main hotel building are occupied by the five-star and AAA Five-Diamond Four Seasons Hotel Las Vegas; the resort's second tower, with 45 stories and 1,117 suites operated as THEhotel at Mandalay Bay, now operates as Delano Las Vegas. Each suite is at least 750 square feet. A production of the classic Broadway musical Chicago debuted at Mandalay Bay's 1999 grand opening and ran for one year. Storm, an original production show featuring Latin music, ran from April 2001 to July 2002. Mamma Mia! was a long-running stage production at the resort from 2003 to 2009. The show was replaced with Disney's The Lion King, which opened on May 15, 2009, its run ended in 2011 to make way for Michael Jackson: One, by Cirque du Soleil, which opened May 2013. Another popular attraction is the House of Blues, a venue for live music and a restaurant, with a capacity of 1,800. On the top floor of the hotel is the House of Blues Foundation Room, featuring a dining room, private dining rooms, a balcony looking down the Las Vegas Strip.
Mandalay Beach is an 11-acre pool area with three heated pools, a wave pool with connecting pool for small children, a lazy river that features a small waterfall. The wave machine was designed and manufactured by Scottish Company Murphys Waves Ltd and features 1.6 million gallons of water and waves in 45 to 90 second intervals with heights ranging anywhere from two to four feet. The wave machine can produce surfing waves up to 10ft high but these are only used during special events, it has a strict 48" height requirement. The European-style pool, called Moorea, features its own private bar as well as the allowance of female guests to bathe topless; as a result, Moorea is separated from the rest of the pool by smoked glass windows and an over-21 requirement. There are two restaurants at the Beach; the pool area won the Las Vegas Review Journal's Reader's "Best Pool of Las Vegas" award for seven years in a row. One pool remains open throughout the winter months. In keeping with the resort's tropical theme, it features a saltwa
The decorative arts are arts or crafts whose object is the design and manufacture of objects that are both beautiful and functional. It includes interior design, but not architecture; the decorative arts are categorized in distinction to the "fine arts", namely painting, drawing and large-scale sculpture, which produce objects for their aesthetic quality and capacity to stimulate the intellect. The distinction between the decorative and fine arts arose from the post-Renaissance art of the West, where the distinction is for the most part meaningful; this distinction is much less meaningful when considering the art of other cultures and periods, where the most valued works, or all works, include those in decorative media. For example, Islamic art in many periods and places consists of the decorative arts using geometric and plant forms, as does the art of many traditional cultures; the distinction between decorative and fine arts is not useful for appreciating Chinese art, neither is it for understanding Early Medieval art in Europe.
In that period in Europe, fine arts such as manuscript illumination and monumental sculpture existed, but the most prestigious works tended to be in goldsmith work, in cast metals such as bronze, or in other techniques such as ivory carving. Large-scale wall-paintings were much less regarded, crudely executed, mentioned in contemporary sources, they were seen as an inferior substitute for mosaic, which for the period must be considered a fine art, though in recent centuries mosaics have tended to be considered decorative. The term "ars sacra" is sometimes used for medieval Christian art executed in metal, ivory and other more valuable materials but not for rarer secular works from that period. Modern understanding of the art of many cultures tends to be distorted by the modern privileging of fine art media over others, as well as the different survival rates of works in different media. Works in metal, above all in precious metals, are liable to be "recycled" as soon as they fall from fashion, were used by owners as repositories of wealth, to be melted down when extra money was needed.
Illuminated manuscripts have a much higher survival rate in the hands of the church, as there was little value in the materials and they were easy to store. The promotion of the fine arts over the decorative in European thought can be traced to the Renaissance, when Italian theorists such as Vasari promoted artistic values, exemplified by the artists of the High Renaissance, that placed little value on the cost of materials or the amount of skilled work required to produce a work, but instead valued artistic imagination and the individual touch of the hand of a supremely gifted master such as Michelangelo, Raphael or Leonardo da Vinci, reviving to some extent the approach of antiquity. Most European art during the Middle Ages had been produced under a different set of values, where both expensive materials and virtuoso displays in difficult techniques had been valued. In China both approaches had co-existed for many centuries: ink and wash painting of landscapes, was to a large extent produced by and for the scholar-bureaucrats or "literati", was intended as an expression of the artist's imagination above all, while other major fields of art, including the important Chinese ceramics produced in industrial conditions, were produced according to a different set of artistic values.
The lower status given to works of decorative art in contrast to fine art narrowed with the rise of the Arts and Crafts movement. This aesthetic movement of the second half of the 19th century was born in England and inspired by William Morris and John Ruskin; the movement represented the beginning of a greater appreciation of the decorative arts throughout Europe. The appeal of the Arts and Crafts movement to a new generation led the English architect and designer Arthur H. Mackmurdo to organize the Century Guild for craftsmen in 1882, championing the idea that there was no meaningful difference between the fine and decorative arts. Many converts, both from professional artists' ranks and from among the intellectual class as a whole, helped spread the ideas of the movement; the influence of the Arts and Crafts movement led to the decorative arts being given a greater appreciation and status in society and this was soon reflected by changes in the law. Until the enactment of the Copyright Act 1911 only works of fine art had been protected from unauthorised copying.
The 1911 Act extended the definition of an "artistic work" to include works of "artistic craftsmanship". In the context of mass production and consumerism some individuals will attempt to create or maintain their lifestyle or to construct their identity when forced to accept mass produced identical objects in their life. According to Campbell in his piece “The Craft Consumer”, this is done by selecting goods with specific intentions in mind to alter them. Instead of accepting a foreign object for what it is, the foreign object is incorporated and changed to fit one's lifestyle and choices, or customized. One way to achieve a customized look and feel to common objects is to change their external appearance by applying decorative techniques, as in decoupage, art cars, truck art in South Asia and IKEA hacking. American craft Art for art's sake Applied arts Design museum Faux painting Fine arts History of decorative arts Industrial design Ornament References Sources Dormer, The Culture of Craft, 1997, Manchester University Press, ISBN 0719046181, 9780719046186, google books Home Economics Archive: Tradition, History Cornell University Victoria and Albert Museum Argentine Decorativ
MGM Grand Las Vegas
The MGM Grand Las Vegas is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The MGM Grand is the largest single hotel in the United States with 6,852 rooms, it is the third-largest hotel complex in the world by number of rooms and second-largest hotel resort complex in the United States behind the combined The Venetian and The Palazzo. When it opened in 1993, the MGM Grand was the largest hotel complex in the world. Owned and operated by MGM Resorts International, the 30-floor main building is 293 ft high; the property includes five outdoor pools and waterfalls that cover 6.6 acres, a 380,000 sq ft convention center, the MGM Grand Garden Arena, the Grand Spa. It houses numerous shops, night clubs and the largest casino in Clark County, which occupies 171,500 sq ft. Located on the Tropicana - Las Vegas Boulevard intersection, pedestrians are not allowed to cross at street level. Instead, the MGM Grand is linked by overhead pedestrian bridges to its neighboring casinos: to the south across Tropicana Avenue, the Tropicana, to the west across the Strip, New York-New York.
The property was the site of the Golf Club Motel during the 1960s. In 1972, Tom Wiesner co-founded Southwest Securities Development Company, founded Wiesner Investment Company. In November 1973, Southwest Securities Development was planning the Airport Marina Hotel, to be built at the site of the 170-room Golf Club Motel, located near McCarran International Airport. Southwest planned to add a 14-story addition with 518 rooms. Fred Harvey Company would serve as the operator of the hotel, its restaurants, other areas of the resort. Fred Harvey had opened hotels in other parts of the United States under the Airport Marina name. Southwest planned to construct a 28,400 sq ft casino that would operate separately from Fred Harvey; the 700-room Marina, located at 3805 South Las Vegas Boulevard, was built by Wiesner Investment Company and was opened in 1975. In 1989, Wiesner and his partners sold the Marina to Kirk Kerkorian, who bought the Tropicana Country Club, located behind the Marina and across Tropicana Avenue from the Tropicana and San Rémo hotels to obtain the site that would become the home of the MGM Grand.
Kerkorian saw the Marina as a stable and solidly built resort, decided not to destroy the hotel, but to build around it. During that time, the Marina was known as the MGM-Marina Hotel; the Marina closed on November 30, 1990, ground was broken for the new casino hotel complex on October 7, 1991. The Marina hotel building still exists as the west wing of the main hotel building; when the latest MGM Grand opened on December 18, 1993, it was owned by MGM Grand Inc. At that time it had an extensive Wizard of Oz theme, including the green "Emerald City" color of the building and the decorative use of Wizard of Oz memorabilia. After entering the casino's main entrance, one would find themselves in the Oz Casino facing Emerald City. Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, the Cowardly Lion were seen in front of the city; the Emerald City attraction featured an elaborate yellow brick road walk-through, complete with the cornfield, apple orchard, haunted forest, as well as audio-animatronic figures of Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, the Cowardly Lion, the Wicked Witch of the West.
It would end at the door of the city, leading inside for a performance of "The Wizard's Secrets". When MGM Grand began its extensive refurbishment in 1996, the Oz Casino was the first to go; the Emerald City was demolished, the Emerald City Gift Shop was moved to a new shopping section of the casino. The store remained open until early 2003; when the MGM Grand opened, the intention was to create the first true destination hotel in the Las Vegas area by including the MGM Grand Adventures Theme Park behind the casino. The plan was to make the Las Vegas Strip more family friendly by providing activities for those too young to linger inside the casino; the theme park did not reopen for the 2001 season. The site was redeveloped as a luxury condominium and hotel complex called The Signature at MGM Grand, opened in 2006; the resort's original entrance consisted of a giant lion head, made of fiberglass and blocky in appearance, with visitors entering through the lion's mouth. The lion was a cartoon-like version of Leo the Lion.
The Las Vegas Monorail was built to connect MGM Grand to the Bally's hotel-casino in 1995. The coming-out party for the monorail, on behalf of Bally's, consisted of showgirls and guys from Bally's famed show, Jubilee!, helping groups to the monorail. Characters from The Wizard of Oz greeted the groups on the MGM side; the track was updated to become the southernmost section of the Las Vegas Monorail. The MGM Grand station was refurbished, the trains were replaced with Bombardier M-VI's, the track was extended beyond the southern station to provide for track switching for the trains, as well as a starting point for a potential future southern extension to the monorail line. In May 1996, MGM Grand Inc. announced a 30-month, four-phase renovation of the resort that would cost more than $250 million. The project would include replacing the property's lion entrance with a six-story gold lion structure; the first phase was to begin in June 1996, would focus on the resort's restaurant, food court and arcade area, with the addition of several new restaurants.
The second phase would include the $15 million reconstruction of the lion entrance. Other changes would include a 300,000 sq ft convention center.
Aria Resort and Casino
Aria Resort and Casino is a luxury resort and casino, part of the CityCenter complex on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. Aria consists of two curved steel highrise towers adjoined at the center, it opened on December 16, 2009 as a joint venture between MGM Resorts International and Infinity World Development. At 4,000,000 sq ft and 600 ft in height, it is the tallest structure at CityCenter; the resort's 61 and 51-story towers contain an American Automobile Association five diamond hotel with 4,004 guest rooms and suites, 16 restaurants, 10 bars and nightclubs, a casino with 150,000 sq ft of gaming space. It has a 215,000 sq ft pool area with 34 cabanas, an 80,000 sq ft salon and spa, a 300,000 sq ft convention center and a 1,800-seat theater which hosted Zarkana by Cirque du Soleil, until closing April 30, 2016. Among the most notable aspects of Aria is its incorporation of technology in the exterior and interior design of the hotel for the reduction of energy consumption, it is the largest hotel in the world to have earned LEED Gold certification.
On account of its smart rooms which automatically adjust curtains, turn off unused lights and electronics, regulate the temperature when a guest enters or leaves a room, Aria was described in Popular Mechanics as "the most technologically advanced hotel built". Aria was conceived by MGM Mirage as part of the broader CityCenter development project, announced on November 10, 2004; the architectural design of Aria was conducted by Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, construction began in early 2006 on a plot of land located between the Bellagio and Monte Carlo. This site was occupied by the former Boardwalk Hotel and Casino, retail stores, a large parking lot, all of which were excavated beginning in April 2006. Following excavation, Aria's foundation was poured in June 2006. Vertical progression commenced in September 2007, at which point construction workers built upwards at a rate of one floor every seven days until reaching the final height of 61 floors. Amid ongoing construction in 2007, Infinity World Development, a subsidiary of Dubai World, invested about $2.7 billion to acquire a 50% stake in the CityCenter project.
From this point on, Aria was jointly owned by MGM Resorts International and Infinity World Development, with MGM responsible for operations and management. The economic downturn and its ripple effects – including litigation – threatened to halt construction of Aria at one point in early 2009, but an additional funding arrangement was made, allowing construction to continue on schedule; the resort opened on December 16, 2009, in the same month as several other CityCenter properties such as The Crystals, an attached retail shopping complex. The completed structure comprises two curvilinear glass towers. At the base of the connected high-rise towers is a casino and a three-story lobby that incorporates natural materials including foliage, glass and stone. Aria's design is described as not adhering to an overarching theme, in contrast to themed resorts prevalent on the Las Vegas Strip, it was named Aria due to its placement as the central feature of CityCenter, as arias are focal points in operas.
Artwork is incorporated throughout the interior of the building. The main entrance contains a lighted water feature called "Lumia" created by WET, which syncs water bursts to music. Maya Lin, designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D. C. created an 87 ft reclaimed silver sculpture of the Colorado River called Silver River, suspended behind Aria's hotel registration desk. A result of its design, Aria is the largest hotel in the world to have received LEED Gold certification. Aria contains 4,004 hotel rooms within its 4,000,000 sq ft; the suites make up 568 of the rooms, a portion are referred to as Sky Suites, a AAA-5 Diamond and a Forbes Five Star hotel. Sky Suites are categorized separately since they are accessed via a private entrance and elevator, include transportation between the hotel and airport in limousines fueled by compressed natural gas. At the time of its opening in 2009, Aria was the 9th-largest hotel in the world as measured by the total number of rooms. All rooms have a touch-screen automation system which automatically adjusts curtains, turns off unused lights and electronics, regulates the temperature when a guest enters or leaves the room.
Room dimensions begin at 520 sq ft. The standard suites range in size from 1,050 to 2,060 sq ft; the two top floors of the hotel consist of a separately designated room category entitled Sky Villas, which range from 2,000 to 7,000 sq ft in size. All rooms outside the Sky Suite are non-smoking. A three-story, 300,000 sq ft convention center includes four ballrooms, 38 meeting rooms and a three-story 400 ft long window overlooking the pool; as of 2009, the window was the largest glass-curtain wall of its type constructed in a public building. An additional 900,000 sq ft is allocated for back-of-house areas, a subterranean parking garage. In December 2015, Aria announced an expansion of its convention center with construction to begin in May 2016 and completed in February 2018; the only casino within the CityCenter complex is located at Aria. Its 150,000 sq ft of gaming space includes slots, table games, a race and sports book; the gaming machines are controlled and monitored by a 3,000 sq ft data center and are changed to play the most popular games based on real-time data collected about the performance of e
Bally's Las Vegas
Bally's Las Vegas is a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation; the hotel features 2,814 extra-sized guestrooms that are 450 sq ft or larger and over 175,000 sq ft of banquet and meeting space. The casino occupies 66,187 sq ft. About 75% of the rooms are in the Resort Tower which had renovations completed in 2018; the remaining rooms are located in the Jubilee Tower, constructed in 1981. The resort has a large shopping area a floor below its gaming level, including several restaurants, there is a station along the Las Vegas Monorail at the rear of the property. Bally's was home for the long-running production show Jubilee! which opened in 1981 and ended on February 11, 2016. Bally's is linked via a promenade to its sister property, Paris Las Vegas. On November 21, 1980, the hotel operating as the MGM Grand, was the site of one of the worst high-rise fires in United States history, in which 85 people died; the 43 acres site was first occupied by the Three Coins Motel, which opened in 1963.
The Bonanza Hotel and Casino opened on the site in July 1967. It was renamed the New Bonanza Hotel and Casino in 1973 shortly before construction of the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino, owned by Kirk Kerkorian, began, it opened on December 5, 1973 with 2,084 rooms for the then-staggering cost of $106 million and was the largest hotel in the world at that time, larger than the Empire State Building. The MGM Grand opened as one of Las Vegas's first megaresorts on December 5, 1973. Dean Martin was the entertainer on opening night, it would remain so for several years. When the hotel was built, it set a new standard of size and luxury in Las Vegas, is considered to have made the biggest impact on Las Vegas until the construction of Steve Wynn's Mirage Hotel in the late 1980s; the hotel had a movie theme to reflect Kirk Kerkorian's interest in movies from his ownership of MGM and the hotel's use of MGM in its name. The hotel was designed by Jr.. It featured many amenities, including numerous entertainment options.
It offered live jai alai for betting and a large shopping arcade with numerous shops and restaurants. It was one of the Strip's most popular entertainment destinations, it featured two large theatres: the Celebrity Room. The Ziegfeld featured productions by famed Las Vegas choreographer Donn Arden including the long running Jubilee! and Hallelujah Hollywood. Dean Martin was the starring act for the Grand Opening on December 23, 1973. Sergio Franchi was the first entertainer signed to star in the Celebrity Room. Franchi's frequent co-star was comedian Joan Rivers; the Celebrity Room hosted such acts as the Carpenters and Barry Manilow. The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast shows were filmed at the hotel. On November 21, 1980 the MGM Grand suffered a fire that started in a casino restaurant and traveled up into the hotel, killing 87 guests and employees; the Grand was rebuilt in only eight months, remodeling added a tower which opened in 1981. The tower remained undamaged; the fire made such an impact on hotel safety that it led to the implementation of fire safety improvements worldwide.
The hotel was sold in 1986 to Bally Manufacturing for $594m, the property's name was changed to Bally's. Bally Entertainment was purchased in 1995 by Hilton Hotels Corporation. On April 17, 1997, ground was broken on Paris Las Vegas. In September 1999, the new resort was opened and integrated with Bally's property by a promenade. For many years, the two resorts operated under a single gaming license. Hilton's casino resorts division was subsequently spun off and became Caesars Entertainment, Inc. in 2003. The hotel's North tower was renovated in 2004. Harrah's Entertainment acquired the property with its purchase of Caesars in June 2005. In May 2018 Caesars Entertainment Corporation completed a $125 million redesign of 2,052 guest rooms and suites in the newly renamed Resort Tower; this recent renovation followed the completion of the Jubilee Tower rooms and suites in early 2014. Hosted The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast in the Ziegfeld Room from 1974 to 1984. Featured in the 1985 film Rocky IV, as the site of Apollo Creed's fatal exhibition bout against Ivan Drago.
The theater, set pieces, for Jubilee! are prominently displayed during the scene. Featured in the 1985 film Fever Pitch, evidently when the sale of the casino was pending. Hosted The Late Show with David Letterman for a week in May 1987. Featured in the 1991 comedy Hot Shots!, when the pilot nicknamed "Wash Out" mistakes a runway and lands near the hotel. Featured prominently in the 1992 film Honeymoon in Vegas, starring Nicolas Cage and Sarah Jessica Parker. Featured in the 1995 film Leaving Las Vegas starring Cage and Elisabeth Shue. Featured in the 2004 video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas as the "High Roller". Bally's Las Vegas hosted Spike TV's 2006 poker tournament series King of Vegas. Featured in the 2013 film The Incredible Burt Wonderstone, starring Steve Carell and Steve Buscemi. Bally's Las Vegas hosted the second season of the 2015 syndicated game show Monopoly Millionaires' Club. A head chef position at BLT Steak, located inside the hotel, was awarded to Ariel Malone, the winner of Hell's Kitchen's 15th season.
Has the studio for the American version of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? Sin