The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Bart and Maggie; the show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society and the human condition. The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after his own family members, substituting Bart for his own name; the shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After three seasons, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became Fox's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season. Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 676 episodes of The Simpsons have been broadcast, it is the longest-running American sitcom, the longest-running American scripted primetime television series, both in terms of seasons and number of episodes.
The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, grossed over $527 million. On October 30, 2007, a video game was released; the Simpsons was renewed on February 2019 for a thirty-first and thirty-second season. The former began airing September 29, 2019 and will conclude in March, 2020, the latter of which will contain the 700th episode; the Simpsons is a joint production by Gracie Films and 20th Century Fox Television and syndicated by 20th Television. The Simpsons received acclaim throughout its first nine or ten seasons, which are considered its "Golden Age". Time named it the 20th century's best television series, Erik Adams of The A. V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format". On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, it has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 34 Primetime Emmy Awards, 34 Annie Awards, a Peabody Award. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase "D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other adult-oriented animated sitcoms.
However, it has been criticized for a perceived decline in quality over the years. The Simpsons is known for its wide ensemble of supporting characters; the main characters are the Simpson family, who live in a fictional "Middle America" town of Springfield. Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality, he is married to a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: a ten-year-old troublemaker and prankster. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are shown to care about one another. Homer's dad Grampa Simpson lives in the Springfield Retirement Home after Homer forced his dad to sell his house so that his family could buy theirs. Grampa Simpson has had starring roles in several episodes; the family owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, a cat, Snowball V, renamed Snowball II in "I, -Bot". Both pets have had starring roles in several episodes.
The show includes an array of quirky supporting characters, which include Homer's co-workers Lenny Leonard and Carl Carlson, the school principal Seymour Skinner and teachers Edna Krabappel and Elizabeth Hoover, neighbor Ned Flanders, friends Barney Gumble, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Moe Szyslak, Milhouse Van Houten, Nelson Muntz, extended relatives Patty and Selma Bouvier, townspeople such as Mayor Quimby, Chief Clancy Wiggum, tycoon Charles Montgomery Burns and his executive assistant Waylon Smithers, local celebrities Krusty the Clown and news reporter Kent Brockman. The creators intended many of these characters as one-time jokes or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them subsequently starred in their own episodes. According to Matt Groening, the show adopted the concept of a large supporting cast from the comedy show SCTV. Despite the depiction of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays passing, the characters do not age between episodes, appear just as they did when the series began.
The series uses a floating timeline in which episodes take place in the year the episode is produced though the characters do not age. Flashbacks and flashforwards do depict the characters at other points in their lives, with the timeline of these depictions generally floating relative to the year the episode is produced. For example, in the 1991 episode "I Married Marge", Bart appears to be born in 1980 or 1981, but in the 1995 episode "And Maggie Makes Three", Maggie appears to be born in 1993 or 1994. In the 1992 episode "Lisa's First Word", Lisa is shown to have been born in 1984. A canon of the show does exist, although Treehouse of Horror episodes and any fictional story told within the series are non-canon. However, continuity is limited in The Simpsons. For example, Krusty the Clown may be able to read in one episode, but may not be able to read in another. Lessons learned by the family in one episode may be forgotten in the next; some examples of limited continuity include Sideshow Bob's appearances where Bart and Lisa flashback at all the crimes he committed in Springfield or when the characters
80-Page Giant was the name used for a series of comic books published by DC Comics beginning in 1964. The series was named for its unusually high page count.. The cover price was 25 cents, while other comics of the day were above 12 cents. Many of these "Giant" issues contained reprinted material including material from the Golden Age era of comics; each issue would focus upon a particular DC character or group, such as Superman, Batman, or Jimmy Olsen. The 80-Page Giant format and numbering would be used for special extra-large, reprint-heavy issues of their published titles. In the late 1990s, DC Comics began publishing 80-Page Giant specials which were special publications relating to a series and which were compilations. Around this time, DC was publishing reprint-themed 80-Page Giant Annuals, some of which were reprinted replicas of past Annuals and some of which were newly published reprint collections styled as the Annuals of a Silver Age title that had no Annuals during its actual run.
The Giant issues were all labeled 80 Page Giant. When the number of pages was decreased, the "80 Page" part of the title was dropped and the title changed to Giant or DC Giant. There were four types of "Giant" comics: These issues were published under the 80 Page Giant title, they had "80 Page Giant G##" on the cover. 80 Page Giant 01 - Superman 80 Page Giant 02 - Jimmy Olsen 80 Page Giant 03 - Lois Lane 80 Page Giant 04 - Flash 80 Page Giant 05 - Batman 80 Page Giant 06 - Superman 80 Page Giant 07 - Sgt. Rock 80 Page Giant 08 - Secret Origins 80 Page Giant 09 - Flash 80 Page Giant 10 - Superboy 80 Page Giant 11 - Superman 80 Page Giant 12 - Batman 80 Page Giant 13 - Jimmy Olsen 80 Page Giant 14 - Lois Lane 80 Page Giant 15 - Superman and Batman These were published under other series titles such as Justice League of America #39. In other words, 80 Page Giant #16 is the same as JLA 39; these had ""DC Giant G ##" or "Giant ##" on the cover. The following is a complete list of the issues, ordered by date: 1965-11 80 Page Giant G16 Justice League of America 39 1965-12 80 Page Giant G17 Batman 176 1966-01 80 Page Giant G18 Superman 183 1966-02 80 Page Giant G19 Our Army at War 164 1966-03 80 Page Giant G20 Action Comics 334 1966-04 80 Page Giant G21 Flash 160 1966-05 80 Page Giant G22 Superboy 129 1966-06 80 Page Giant G23 Superman 187 1966-07 80 Page Giant G24 Batman 182 1966-08 80 Page Giant G25 Jimmy Olsen 095 1966-09 80 Page Giant G26 Lois Lane 68 1966-10 80 Page Giant G27 Batman 185 1966-10 80 Page Giant G28 World's Finest 161 1966-11 80 Page Giant G29 JLA 048 1966-12 80 Page Giant G30 Batman 187 1967-01 80 Page Giant G31 Superman 193 1967-02 80 Page Giant G32 Our Army at War 177 1967-03 80 Page Giant G33 Action Comics 347 1967-04 80 Page Giant G34 Flash 169 1967-05 80 Page Giant G35 Superboy 138 1967-06 80 Page Giant G36 Superman 197 1967-07 80 Page Giant G37 Batman 193 1967-08 80 Page Giant G38 Jimmy Olsen 104 1967-09 80 Page Giant G39 Lois Lane 77 1967-10 80 Page Giant G40 World's Finest 170 1967-11 80 Page Giant G41 Justice League of America 58 1967-12 80 Page Giant G42 Superman 202 1968-01 80 Page Giant G43 Batman 198 1968-02 80 Page Giant G44 Our Army at War 190 1968-03 80 Page Giant G45 Action Comics 360 1968-04 80 Page Giant G46 Flash 178 1968-05 80 Page Giant G47 Superboy 147 1968-06 80 Page Giant G48 Superman 207 1968-07 80 Page Giant G49 Batman 203 1968-08 80 Page Giant G50 Jimmy Olsen 113 1968-09 80 Page Giant G51 Lois Lane 86 1968-10 80 Page Giant G52 World's Finest 179 1969-11 80 Page Giant G53 Justice League of America 67 1968-12 80 Page Giant G54 Superman 212 1969-01 80 Page Giant G55 Batman 208 1969-02 80 Page Giant G56 Our Army at War 203 1969-03 DC Giant G57 Action Comics 373 1969-04 DC Giant G58 Flash 187 1969-05 DC Giant G59 Superboy 156 1969-06 DC Giant G60 Superman 217 1969-07 DC Giant G61 Batman 213 1969-08 DC Giant G62 Jimmy Olsen 122 1969-09 DC Giant G63 Lois Lane 095 1969-10 DC Giant G64 World's Finest 188 1969-11 DC Giant G65 Justice League of America 76 1969-12 DC Giant G66 Superman 222 1970-01 DC Giant G67 Batman 218 1970-02 DC Giant G68 Our Army at War 216 1970-03 DC Giant G69 Adventure 390 1970-04 DC Giant G70 Flash 196 1970-05 DC Giant G71 Superboy 165 1970-06 DC Giant G72 Superman 227 1970-07 DC Giant G73 Batman 223 1970-08 DC Giant G74 Jimmy Olsen 131 1970-09 DC Giant G75 Lois Lane 104 1970-10 DC Giant G76 World's Finest 197 1970-11 DC Giant G77 Justice League of America 85 1970-12 DC Giant G78 Superman 232 1971-01 DC Giant G79 Batman 228 1971-02 DC Giant G80 Our Army at War 220 1971-03 DC Giant G81 Adventure Comics 403 1971-04 DC Giant G82 Flash 205 1971-05 DC Giant G83 Superboy 174 1971-06 DC Giant G84 Superman 239 1971-07 DC Giant G85 Batman 233 1971-08 DC Giant G86 Jimmy Olsen 140 1971-09 DC Giant G87 Lois Lane 113 1971-10 DC Giant G88 World's Finest 206 1971-10 DC Giant G89 Justice League of America 93 The following "Giant" issues were the forerunners of the 80 Page Giants.
1960 - Superman v1 - Annual 01 1960 - Superman v1 - Annual 02 1961 - Secret Origins v1 - Annual 1961 - Superman v1 - Annual 03 1961 - Batman v1 - Annual 01 1961 - Superman v1 - Annual 04 1961 - Batman v1 - Annual 02 1962 - Lois Lane v1 - Annual 01 1962 - Superman v1 - Annual 05 1962 - Batman v1 - Annual 03 1962 - Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer v1 - Annual 1962 - Batman v1 - Annual 04 1962 - Superman v1 - Annual 06 1963 - Batman v1 - Annual 05 1963 - Lois Lane v1 - Annual 02 1963 - Superman v1 - Annual 07 1963 - Flash v1 - Annual 1963 - Batman v1 - Annual 06 1963 - Superman v1
The Bribe is a 1949 American film noir directed by Robert Z. Leonard and written by Marguerite Roberts, based on a story written by Frederick Nebel; the drama features Robert Taylor, Ava Gardner, Charles Laughton, Vincent Price. Federal agent Rigby travels to Los Trancos on the island of Carlotta to break up a war-surplus aircraft engine racket and finds himself tempted by corruption, namely Elizabeth Hintten, a café singer married to Tug Hintten, a drunken ex-pilot. Carwood is the brains of the outfit and abetted by J. J. Bealer and Hintten. Robert Taylor as Rigby Ava Gardner as Elizabeth Hintten Charles Laughton as J. J. Bealer Vincent Price as Carwood John Hodiak as Tugwell'Tug' Hintten Samuel S. Hinds as Dr. Warren John Hoyt as Gibbs Martin Garralaga as Pablo Gomez According to MGM records the movie earned $1,559,000 in the U. S. and Canada and $951,000 overseas, resulting in a loss to the studio of $322,000. Film critic Bosley Crowther lambasted the drama in his film review, writing "If you plan to put down your money to see the Capitol's The Bribe, we suggest that you be prepared to write off this extravagance as a folly and nothing more.
For The Bribe' is the sort of temptation which Hollywood put in the way of gullible moviegoers about twenty years ago. It's a piece of pure romantic fiction, and if it didn't have several big'names' in it, it would be low-man on a'grind house' triple-bill... The only hint which the director, Robert Z. Leonard, gives that he may have meant it all as pure nonsense comes at the end, when he blows up the place with pyrotechnics. That's the one appropriate move in the whole show."Time Out film guide included the following in their review: "Price and Laughton make a formidable pair of heavies in this otherwise feeble thriller shot on a cheaply rigged-up corner of the MGM backlot. Taylor isn't up to moral dilemma as a US government agent sent to crack illicit aircraft engine trading in the Caribbean, yet tempted by a lucrative cash offer and the irresistible charm of café chanteuse Gardner."Critic Leslie Halliwell wrote in his film guide "Steamy melodrama with pretensions but only moderate entertainment value despite high gloss.
The rogues gallery, are impressive."In the book Cult Movies, Karl French and Philip French write "In classic noir style, the chain smoking Rigby tells most of the story in flashbacks that begin as visions he sees on the rain-lashed window of his hotel room. His voiceover narration continues as he battles with his conscience and tries to retain his honour in a world reeking of corruption. Laughton and Price are splendidly hammy villains and Gardner's nightclub singer is an innocent femme fatale in the manner of Rita Hayworth's Gilda." Scenes and characters from The Bribe are used in Dead Men Don't Wear Plaid, a 1982 film parody by Carl Reiner, in which Steve Martin's character is named Rigby and is searching for friends and enemies of Carlotta. The Bribe on IMDb The Bribe at AllMovie The Bribe at the TCM Movie Database The Bribe at the American Film Institute Catalog The Bribe film trailer on YouTube