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The Sopranos

The Sopranos is an American crime drama television series created by David Chase. The story revolves around Tony Soprano, a New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster, portraying the difficulties that he faces as he tries to balance his family life with his role as the leader of a criminal organization; these are explored during his therapy sessions with psychiatrist Jennifer Melfi. The series features Tony's family members, mafia colleagues, rivals in prominent roles—most notably his wife Carmela and his protégé/distant cousin Christopher Moltisanti; the pilot was ordered in 1997, the show premiered on HBO on January 10, 1999. It ran for six seasons totaling 86 episodes until June 10, 2007. Broadcast syndication followed in the U. S. and internationally. The Sopranos was produced by HBO, Chase Films, Brad Grey Television, it was filmed at Silvercup Studios in New York City and on location in New Jersey. The executive producers throughout the show's run were David Chase, Brad Grey, Robin Green, Mitchell Burgess, Ilene S. Landress, Terence Winter, Matthew Weiner.

The Sopranos is regarded as one of the greatest television series of all time. The series won a multitude of awards, including Peabody Awards for its first two seasons, 21 Primetime Emmy Awards, five Golden Globe Awards, it has been the subject of critical analysis and parody, has spawned books, a video game, soundtrack albums, assorted merchandise. Several members of the show's cast and crew were unknown to the public but have since had successful careers. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America named The Sopranos the best-written TV series of all time, while TV Guide ranked it the best television series of all time. In 2016, the series ranked first in the Rolling Stone list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all time. In March 2018, New Line Cinema announced that they have purchased a film detailing the Sopranos background story, set in the 1960s during the Newark riots. Titled The Many Saints of Newark, it is written by David Chase and Lawrence Konner and will be directed by Alan Taylor. David Chase had worked as a television producer for more than 20 years before creating The Sopranos.

He had been employed as a staff writer or producer for several television series, including Kolchak: The Night Stalker, The Rockford Files, I'll Fly Away, Northern Exposure. He had co-created the short-lived original series Almost Grown in 1988, he made his television directorial debut in 1986 with the "Enough Rope for Two" episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents. He directed episodes of Almost Grown and I'll Fly Away in 1988 and 1992, respectively. In 1996, he directed the television film The Rockford Files: Punishment and Crime, he served as showrunner for I'll Fly Northern Exposure in the 1990s. Chase won his first Emmy Award in 1978 for his work on The Rockford Files and his second for writing the 1980 television film Off the Minnesota Strip. By 1996, he was a coveted showrunner; the story of The Sopranos was conceived as a feature film about "a mobster in therapy having problems with his mother". Chase decided to adapt it into a television series, he signed a development deal in 1995 with production company Brillstein-Grey and wrote the original pilot script.

He drew from his personal life and his experiences growing up in New Jersey, has stated that he tried to apply his own "family dynamic to mobsters". For instance, the tumultuous relationship between series protagonist Tony Soprano and his mother Livia is based on Chase's relationship with his own mother, he was in psychotherapy at the time and modeled the character of Jennifer Melfi after his own psychiatrist. Chase had been fascinated by organized crime and the mafia from an early age, witnessing such people growing up, he was raised on classic gangster films such as The Public Enemy and the crime series The Untouchables. The series is inspired by the Richard Boiardo family, a prominent New Jersey organized crime family when Chase was growing up, on New Jersey's DeCavalcante family, he has mentioned American playwrights Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams as influences on the show's writing, Italian director Federico Fellini as an important influence on the show's cinematic style. The series was named after high school friends of his.

Chase and producer Brad Grey pitched The Sopranos to several networks. They pitched the show to Chris Albrecht, president of HBO Original Programming, who decided to finance a pilot episode, shot in 1997. Chase directed it himself, they finished the pilot and showed it to HBO executives, but the show was put on hold for several months. During this time, Chase considered asking HBO for additional funding to shoot 45 more minutes of footage and release The Sopranos as a feature film. In December 1997, HBO decided to produce the series and ordered 12 more episodes for a 13-episode season; the show premiered on HBO on January 1999, with the pilot, The Sopranos. North Jersey prosecutor and municipal judge Robert Baer filed a breach of contract lawsuit against Chase in Trenton, New Jersey federal court, alleging that he helped to create the show. Baer lost the suit, but he won a ruling that a jury should decide how much he should be paid for services as a location scout and story consultant. Baer argued that he had introduced Chase to Tony Spirito, a restaurateur and gambler with alleged mob ties, Thomas Koczur, a homicide detective for the Elizabeth, New Jersey Police Department.

Chase had conducted interviews and tours with both, wh


Interculturalism refers to support for cross-cultural dialogue and challenging self-segregation tendencies within cultures. Interculturalism involves moving beyond mere passive acceptance of a multicultural fact of multiple cultures existing in a society and instead promotes dialogue and interaction between cultures. Interculturalism has arisen in response to criticisms of existing policies of multiculturalism, such as criticisms that such policies had failed to create inclusion of different cultures within society, but instead have divided society by legitimizing segregated separate communities that have isolated themselves and accentuated their specificity, it is based on the recognition of both similarities between cultures. It has addressed the risk of the creation of absolute relativism within postmodernity and in multiculturalism. Philosopher Martha Nussbaum in her work Cultivating Humanity, describes interculturalism as involving "the recognition of common human needs across cultures and of dissonance and critical dialogue within cultures" and that interculturalists "reject the claim of identity politics that only members of a particular group have the ability to understand the perspective of that group".

Ali Rattansi, in his book Multiculturalism: A Very Short Introduction argues that Interculturalism offers a more fruitful way than conventional multiculturalism for different ethnic groups to co-exist in an atmosphere that encourages both better inter-ethnic understanding and civility. Based on a considerable body of research, he sets out the outlines of a new interpretation of global history which shows that concepts of tolerance are not restricted to the West, that what is regarded as a unique Western cultural achievement should more appropriately be regarded as a Eurasian achievement, he thus offers a more interculturalist view of global history which undermines notions of'a clash of civilisations'. Interculturalism has both opponents amongst people who endorse multiculturalism. Gerald Delanty views interculturalism as capable of incorporating multiculturalism within it. In contrast, Nussbaum views interculturalism as distinct from multiculturalism and notes that several humanities professors have preferred interculturalism over multiculturalism because they view multiculturalism as being "associated with relativism and identity politics".

The United Nations' agency UNESCO adopted the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions in 2005 that declares support for interculturality. In Germany, all universities are required to have a section on intercultural competence in their social work programs, that involves students being able to be open to listen and communicate with people of different cultural backgrounds, have knowledge of the backgrounds of cultural groups, knowledge of existing stereotypes and prejudices involving cultural groups, other criteria. Salman Cheema, the Head of Marketing and Communications of the British Council, in an article titled "From Multiculturalism to Interculturalism – A British perspective", spoke of an event co-hosted by the British Council and Canada's Institute for Research on Public Policy in Montreal, Canada on April 11, 2013, interculturalist advocate Phil Wood declared that multiculturalism has faced serious problems that need to be resolved through interculturalism, rejected those opponents of multiculturalism who seek to restore a pre-multiculturalist monoculturalist society.

Several days in Montreal, the New Democratic Party of Canada declared support for interculturalism in the preamble of its constitution adopted its federal convention held in Montreal on April 14, 2013. The Contact Zone Cosmopolitanism Criticism of multiculturalism Cross-cultural Intercultural communication Intercultural competence Intercultural Universities in Mexico Toleration Transculturation Open secularism, the fight against discrimination and guidelines for accommodation—Bouchard-Taylor Commission Bouchard, Gerard et al, Interculturalism: a model for integration, in the Montreal Gazette March 2, 2011 Bennett, Milton J. Basic Concepts of Intercultural Communication. Intercultural Press, Boston, MA. Kohls, L. Robert. Developing Intercultural Awareness. Intercultural Press, Boston, MA. Storti, Craig.. Cross- Cultural Dialogues. Intercultural Press, Boston, MA. Media related to Interculturalism at Wikimedia Commons

Flavia Colgan

Flavia Monteiro Colgan is a Brazilian - American Democratic strategist, an active political contributor on MSNBC and serves as a special correspondent for Extra. She resides in Los Angeles; the Colemans moved from Philadelphia to Detroit. Coleman would become General Counsel to the United States Army when his law school roommate, Bill Clinton, was elected president, she is the step-niece of both Lovida Coleman Jr. a former Justice Department lawyer and Deputy Independent council who serves on the board of RAND, Hardin Coleman. Colgan's father taught in the School District of Philadelphia; every weekend she flew from Detroit to Philadelphia to be with him. At age 11, Colgan's mother moved to the Dominican Republic. Returning to Detroit when she was 13, she attended four different high schools, she spent her sophomore high school year in Iowa. Colgan returned to school in Michigan for her junior year at The Roeper School and completed high school at The Shipley School, a private school in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.

Admitted to Harvard, she graduated with honors in 1999. She returned to Philadelphia. Prior to joining MSNBC and Fox News, Colgan was a Democratic Party fundraiser and political consultant, she served as campaign manager for both David Wecht for Pennsylvania's Superior Court, Catherine Baker Knoll for state treasurer. She was the first woman and youngest Chief of Staff to Pennsylvania's Lt. Governor and served on Governor Ed Rendell's Senior Staff. In 2002, she was named to the PoliticsPA list of "Rising Stars" in Pennsylvania politics. Flavia Colgan is an editorial board member and columnist for the Philadelphia Daily News and a regular contributor to The Huffington Post, Politics PA and The Morning Call of Allentown, Pennsylvania, her work has appeared in In These Times, Common Dreams, The Patriot-News of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. In late March 2006, in conjunction with the Philadelphia Daily News, Colgan launched Citizen Hunter, a website about social and community action. CBS Early Show Huffington Post Citizen Hunter Official bigsight entry Main Line Today America's Next Top Pundit Wall Street Journal

Marmaduke Surfaceblow

Marmaduke Surfaceblow is a fictional engineer. His globe-girdling engineering adventures written by Steve Elonka first appeared in Power Magazine in 1948. Marmaduke is a marine engineer with vast knowledge of machinery, he works out of an office over O'Houlihan's Machine Shop in the Hells Kitchen area of New York City. His imposing 6 ft 4 in stature is described in every story along with his steelbrush moustache and size 16 "canal boat" shoes. Surfaceblow smokes Ringelmann # 5 cigars; the stories start with Marmaduke gathered with other engineers. One will say about a hard starting diesel engine. Marmduke will impatiently "foghorn'Bilgewater on balky diesels! I'll tell you about the time I ran a boat engine on water!"" The story continues. Everyone turned to Marmaduke as he revved up his induced draft fan and filled the room with Ringelman #5 smoke"; the real story begins relating his exploit. His adventures place him in a foreign port with poor repair facilities requiring brilliantly simple solutions to problems that have stumped others.

Other times Marmaduke will be "on the beach without a berth" and need money. Another engineer will present a difficult technical problem. Marmaduke proposes to fix the problem for a sizable consulting fee, which may be money and/or his favorite drink of Sandpaper Gin. After resolving the problem Marmaduke will "ballast his double-bottoms with Sandpaper Gin." Marmaduke's knowledge comes from hands-on experience operating steam power plants and all manner of machinery. In the series a son, Guy Newcomen Surfaceblow, was introduced, he is a university-trained engineer who has field experience that gives him credibility when working with hard-boiled characters in the boonies. The character's name was coined from Marmaduke, a Scottish name, Surfaceblow, the action of removing impurities from a steam boiler. Marmaduke Surfaceblow predates Star Trek's Scotty by 17 years. James Doohan explained he proposed a Scottish accent for the character of Enterprise chief engineer because they were the best engineers.

While not stated it is apparent. Surfaceblow's adventures were consolidated by Elonka into a single volume "Marmaduke Surfaceblow's Salty Technical Romances", R. E. Krieger Pub. Co, 1979. Copies are rare and sought. ISBN 0-88275-967-1 ISBN 978-0-88275-967-8 Power Magazine

Fart and Wiener Jokes

Fart and Wiener Jokes is a comedy-metal album by comedian Brian Posehn containing stand-up comedies and two metal songs. The album features guest work from musicians such as Scott Ian, Jamey Jasta, Mark Morton, Brendon Small, John Tempesta, Joey Vera, Mark Osegueda and Brett Anderson, all guests, among others. "Intro/Fart and Wiener Jokes" – 1:02 "Itunes" – 2:22 "Cuddling" – 3:55 "Valet In the Valley" – 2:12 "Metal Fans" – 0:32 "Slayer" – 1:02 "Tip for the Couples" – 0:45 "My Four Hobbies Redux" – 0:39 "Clubbing/Plastic Surgery" – 1:45 "Horrible Night Out in L. A." – 1:52 "My Mirror Works/Things I Can't Do" – 2:21 "Home Protection" – 3:02 "Strip Clubs" – 2:18 "Bachelor Party" – 4:34 "Party Like a Rockstar" – 2:48 "Increase Your Loads" – 1:56 "Wikipedia" – 2:10 "Obama" – 1:42 "Having a Baby" – 0:32 "Lost a Friend" – 0:58 "Nice tits, Tough Guy" – 1:29 "Where Do I Know This Guy From?" – 3:09 "Obi Wan Story" – 3:05 "Kate Beckinsale" – 2:53 "More Metal Than You" – 5:03 "The Gambler" – 3:28 Official website

Longwood Medical Area station

Longwood Medical Area is a light rail stop on the MBTA Green Line "E" Branch, located in the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It is the named for the adjacent Longwood Medical Area; until the completion of the Huntington Avenue Subway from Copley to a portal near Opera Place on February 16, 1941, streetcars ran on the surface from the Boylston Street portal. Like other surface stops on the median-reservation section of the line, Longwood Avenue station had bare asphalt platforms. In 1972, the MBTA began planning a reconstruction of that section of the line scheduled for 1973-74; the work was done in 1980, when the line was closed to modify the track and wires for the new LRVs. The line was cut back to Symphony on March 21, 1980; the station was renamed from Longwood-Hospitals to Longwood Medical Area in the 1980s. Longwood Medical Area's 3,813 daily boardings make it the busiest surface stop on the Green Line. In the early 2000s, the MBTA modified key surface stops with raised platforms for accessibility as part of the Light Rail Accessibility Program.

The renovation of Longwood Medical Area - part of a $32 million modification of thirteen B, C, E branch stations - was completed on January 13, 2003. Media related to Longwood Medical Area station at Wikimedia Commons MBTA - Longwood Medical Area Longwood Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View