The Long Memory
The Long Memory is a black-and-white 1953 British crime film directed by Robert Hamer and based on the 1951 novel of the same name by Howard Clewes. Filmed on Waterloo railway station, the North Kent Marshes on the Thames Estuary and the dingy backstreets of Gravesend Queen Street, its bleak setting and grim atmosphere have led to its acclaim as a British example of film noir. Phillip Davidson embraces Fay Driver, he goes down below to try to convince her father, Captain Driver, not to involve Fay in his criminal activity. However, Boyd brings aboard two henchmen; when Boyd demands that Delaney pay him £500, rather than £200, a fight erupts, Boyd knocks Delaney out. A broken oil lamp starts a fire, attracting the attention of the authorities, Davidson is fished out of the water. A charred corpse is found in the sunken boat; the Drivers and Tim Pewsey perjure themselves by identifying the dead man as Boyd, rather than Delaney, claiming there was no other man present. This leads to Davidson's conviction for Boyd's murder.
Granted leniency, he spends 12 years in prison. Upon his release, he sets out to get with the witnesses, he is kept under surveillance by the police on the orders of Superintendent Bob Lowther, now married to Fay. Davidson finds an abandoned barge claimed by a kindly old hermit, his plan is to live rough on the barge. But three people attempt – unsuccessfully – to befriend him. First, Jackson withdraws an initial request for rent. Craig, a newspaperman who suspects him to be innocent, arrives, he happens upon a sailor attempting to rape Ilse, a traumatised wartime refugee. Informed by Craig that Captain Driver had died four years earlier, Davidson stalks Pewsey, with Lowther and Craig on his trail. Pewsey is frightened into confessing to Lowther. Now Lowther's marriage comes under increasing tension as he considers the possibility of his wife's perjury, she confesses she did lie to protect her father. Lowther tells her that she will have to turn herself in and he will have to resign, she asks for time, goes to see "George Berry", who turns out to be Boyd.
She asks him for money and they plan to leave the country together. Ilse pleads with Davidson to start a new life with her, he confronts Fay in her home, realizes Ilse was right, walks away. When Fay realises Boyd is not coming, she attempts suicide by trying to jump in front of an oncoming Waterloo & City line train, but is stopped by other people on the platform, she leaves with police sent by her husband. However, by sheer chance, he is hired to deliver an urgent letter to "Berry". Davidson confronts Boyd in his office, they fight, Davidson stops fighting and walks away again, it is time for Boyd to meet Fay at London Waterloo station, but he pursues Davidson and shoots him in the arm. Davidson flees to the barge. After a chase, Boyd is about to kill Davidson. Ilse and Davidson refuse further help from the police, leaving to deal with their pasts and futures together; the film was made at Pinewood Studios and on location in Kent around Gravesend and at Shad Thames in London. Many of the houses shown in the film were demolished soon afterwards.
It was the last film of Henry Edwards, a major British star of the 1920s and 1930s, who had a small role as a judge early in the film. The film had its gala premiere at the Leicester Square Theatre on 22 January 1953, with Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester as guests of honour, went on general release the following day; the Times film reviewer found the film a bit dull and self-important, but gave director Hamer credit for "effective use of the film's natural background, the mud and desolation of the flats of the Thames Estuary." The Long Memory on IMDb The Long Memory at the British Film Institute The Long Memory at BritMovie The Long Memory at Ferdy on Films Britmovie: Film locations
It Always Rains on Sunday
It Always Rains on Sunday is a 1947 British film adaptation of Arthur La Bern's novel by the same name, directed by Robert Hamer. The film has been compared with the poetic realism movement in the French cinema of a few years earlier by the British writers Robert Murphy, in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Graham Fuller; the film concerns events one Sunday in Bethnal Green, a part of the East End of London, suffering the effects of bombing and post-war deprivation. Rose Sandigate is a former barmaid married to a middle-aged man who has two teenage daughters from a previous marriage, she is a bossy, strident housewife, coping with the difficulties of rationing and a drab, joyless environment. A former lover, Tommy Swann, jailed four years earlier for robbery with violence, escapes from prison and is discovered by Rose hiding in the family's air-raid shelter, he asks her to hide him until nightfall. Rose refuses but still in love with him allows him to hide in the bedroom she shares with her husband, after the other members of the household have gone out.
She keeps the bedroom locked. However, it proves difficult to keep the presence of the escapee a secret in such a busy, bustling household – with her former lover intent on seducing her, it is Sunday morning and the lunch must be cooked, the girls admonished for their misdemeanours of the previous night and the husband packed off to the pub out of the way. The strain is intolerable and as the day progresses, the police net closes, after a newspaper reporter interrupts them, as Tommy is about to flee, soon tips off the police. By nightfall her secret is out and a panic-stricken Rose tries to gas herself, while the prisoner is cornered in railway sidings and arrested by the detective inspector, patiently tracking him; as the film ends, Rose is in hospital recovering, reconciles with her husband, who returns alone to their home, under a clear sky. The film was one of the most popular movies at the British box office in 1948. In the decades since its release, the reputation of It Always Rains on Sunday has grown from that of a neatly engrossing slice-of-life drama to a film cited as one of the most overlooked achievements of late-1940s British cinema.
Writing in Films in Review in 1987, William K. Everson described the film as "the definitive British noir", while a series of screenings in New York in 2008 as part of a British Film Noir season elicited tremendous praise from American critics, many of whom were unacquainted with the film. Scott Cruddas of The Village Voice described it as "a masterpiece of dead ends and might-have-beens inventive in its use of flashbacks and multiple overlapping narratives, brilliantly acted by Withers and McCallum"; the New York Sun's S. James Snyder observed: "When things go from gray to pitch black in the film's final moments, building to a climax that links the anguish of a prison inmate with the daily routine of a working-class wife, delivers an existential wallop for the ages". David Denby wrote in The New Yorker: "A fascinating noirish look at life in London's East End...the scenes between Withers and McCallum are stunningly erotic", while Stephen Garrett of Time Out summed the film up as: ""Absolutely exhilarating!
A bleak thriller realised with utter vibrancy, Robert Hamer's savoury stew of London's lower class roils with an emotional brutality and precision that most films don’t dare attempt, let alone achieve."The film was given a theatrical re-release in the UK during 2012. Peter Bradshaw reviewing the film in The Guardian commented: "The film is in many ways a precursor to kitchen-sink movies like Saturday Night and Sunday Morning – and that huge, teeming market scene bears comparison with Carné's Les Enfants du Paradis." It Always Rains on Sunday at the British Film Institute It Always Rains on Sunday at the BFI's Screenonline It Always Rains on Sunday at the British Board of Film Classification It Always Rains on Sunday on IMDb Review of film at Variety
James Hayter (actor)
Henry James Goodenough Hayter, better known as James Hayter, was a British actor. He is best remembered for his roles as Friar Tuck in the film The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men and as Samuel Pickwick in the film The Pickwick Papers, the latter earned him a BAFTA Award for Best British Actor nomination, he was born in Lonavala and brought up in Scotland. His best remembered film roles include Friar Tuck in the 1952 film The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men and Samuel Pickwick in The Pickwick Papers of the same year, his rotund appearance and fruity voice made him a natural choice for such roles. A pupil of Dollar Academy, he became a graduate of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, his film career began in 1936 in Sensation, but was interrupted by World War II, during which he served in the Royal Armoured Corps. His career included roles in TV series such as The Forsyte Saga, The Onedin Line. Hayter appeared in the long lasting BBC department store sitcom Are You Being Served? as Mr Tebbs in 1978.
His 1946 television series Pinwright's Progress, shown on the BBC, is recognised as the first real example of the half-hour situation comedy format in the history of British television. He was the original narrator of the UK television advertisements for Mr Kipling cakes. In fact, these ads led to his departure from Are You Being Served?. In the film Oliver!, he played Mr. Jessop the bookshop owner, he appeared in scenes when Dodger steals a gentleman's wallet outside the bookshop and when Oliver is in court charged with the robbery. Hayter was the Ministry doorman in the film Passport to Pimlico. Hayter used to have a treehouse in his back garden where he would retire to learn his lines from his current script, he died in Spain in 1983, aged 75. James Hayter on IMDb James Hayter at the Internet Broadway Database James Hayter at Find a Grave
Sebastian Cabot (actor)
Charles Sebastian Thomas Cabot was an English film and television actor, best remembered as the gentleman's gentleman, Giles French, opposite Brian Keith's character, William "Uncle Bill" Davis, in the CBS-TV sitcom Family Affair. He was known for playing the Wazir in the film Kismet and Dr. Carl Hyatt in the CBS-TV series Checkmate. Cabot was a voice performer in many Disney animated films. Not long thereafter, he brought life to Bagheera in The Jungle Book, his longest-standing role came through the Winnie the Pooh series, in which he narrated Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree, Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day, Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh. Cabot was born in England. At the age of 14, he left school to work in an automotive garage, where he served as chauffeur and valet for British actor Frank Pettingell. Cabot became interested in theatre, after becoming acquainted with other actors and having worked for Pettingell, he joined a repertory company.
Cabot admitted. Cabot stated in a 1968 interview that he believed acting was a type of lying, he had gained a smoothness in his speech while serving as Pettingell's dressing room butler. At this time, Cabot developed a love of cooking and, at the urging of his father, became a chef. However, after wrecking a car, Cabot had to look for acting work on his own, he used an agency to find acting employment. Without attending any drama school, Cabot learned the hard way, having been fired on his first day in a show called On The Spot. However, finding more work, Cabot's confidence in his acting skills increased, he was soon receiving personal calls for employment, his formal acting career began with a bit part in Foreign Affaires. Other British films followed such as Love on the Dole, Pimpernel Smith, Old Mother Riley Overseas and Old Mother Riley Detective and They Made Me a Fugitive. In 1946, he portrayed Iago in a condensed short film version of Othello. Post-war, Cabot landed roles in such British films as Third Time Lucky, The Spider and the Fly, as the villainous Fouracada in Dick Barton Strikes Back.
He appeared in a couple of international productions, the Spanish-UK-USA Sinbad comedy Babes in Bagdad and the Italian version of Romeo and Juliet as Lord Capulet, before moving to the United States, where he worked for Disney on Westward Ho, the Wagons! and as the scheming landlord Jonathan Lyte in Johnny Tremain. In George Pal's production of H. G. Wells' The Time Machine. Meanwhile, Cabot had begun to work as a voice actor. In the 1950s he was featured in a radio show called Horizons West, a 13-part radio drama which followed the story of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was the voice of Noah in the first recording of Igor Stravinsky's biblical'musical play' The Flood, he did voice parts for animated films such as Disney's The Sword In The Stone as Sir Ector, The Jungle Book as Bagheera. About this time Cabot began taking on television work, appearing in such series as Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Adventures of Hiram Holliday, on Frank Lovejoy's detective series Meet McGraw, with James Best in the western series Bonanza and Pony Express, The Beachcomber, The Red Skelton Show, The Twilight Zone.
Cabot had a two-year period as one of the three leads as college professor Dr. Carl Hyatt on Eric Ambler's detective show Checkmate, which co-starred Anthony George and Doug McClure; as Checkmate fit into the CBS Saturday schedule, Cabot appeared as Eric Whitaker in the 1960 episode "Five O'Clock Friday" on the ABC adventure series, The Islanders. Cabot was a regular panellist on Stump the Stars, he appeared on the NBC interview programme Here's Hollywood. In 1964, he hosted the short-lived television series and voiced or narrated a few other film and television projects, before he was cast from 1966 to 1971 as Giles French in the CBS series Family Affair, with Brian Keith and Kathy Garver. Cabot did not halt his other television work during the run of Family Affair. Cabot was the host of Journey to Midnight as well as other work from the period, he was so vividly etched as French in viewers' minds that he never shook the image after Family Affair ended production in 1971. He received another role as the host of a supernatural anthology.
Following the series' demise, Cabot played Kris Kringle in the television remake of Miracle on 34th Street. Cabot appeared in another Christmas project, the television film The City That Forgot About Christmas, narrated two more Pooh projects, Winnie the Pooh and Tigger, Too! and The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh. He released an album of spoken recitations of songs by Bob Dylan, as Sebastian Cabot, actor/Bob Dylan, poet, in 1967. Two tracks from this album appear on the Rhino Records compilation Golden Throats: The Great Celebrity Sing O
Nadia Gray was a Romanian film actress. Born Nadia Kujnir into a Jewish family in Bucharest, her father moved to Romania from Russia, her mother was from Akkerman. She left Romania for Paris in the late 1940s to escape the Communist takeover after World War II, her film debut was in L'Inconnu d'un soir in 1949. Her best-known role was in the Federico Fellini film La Dolce Vita, she played a guest role in an episode of the television series The Prisoner. She was first married to N. Goldenberg, a wealthy businessman from Chișinău to Constantin Cantacuzino, a Romanian aristocrat, one of Romania's top fighter aces of the war, they were married from 1946 to his death in 1958. Her third husband was Manhattan attorney Herbert Silverman, they were married from 1967 to her death in 1994. She died in New York City. Most of Gray's films were non-English language productions. Nadia Gray on IMDb Nadia Gray at AllMovie Nadia Gray papers, 1930s-1977, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts
In law, treason is criminal disloyalty to the state. It is a crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's sovereign; this includes things such as participating in a war against one's native country, attempting to overthrow its government, spying on its military, its diplomats, or its secret services for a hostile and foreign power, or attempting to kill its head of state. A person who commits treason is known in law as a traitor. In common law countries, treason covered the murder of specific social superiors, such as the murder of a husband by his wife or that of a master by his servant. Treason against the king was known as high treason and treason against a lesser superior was petty treason; as jurisdictions around the world abolished petty treason, "treason" came to refer to what was known as high treason. At times, the term traitor has been used as a political epithet, regardless of any verifiable treasonable action. In a civil war or insurrection, the winners may deem the losers to be traitors.
The term traitor is used in heated political discussion – as a slur against political dissidents, or against officials in power who are perceived as failing to act in the best interest of their constituents. In certain cases, as with the Dolchstoßlegende, the accusation of treason towards a large group of people can be a unifying political message. Treason is considered to be different and on many occasions a separate charge from "treasonable felony" in many parts of the world. In English law, high treason was punishable by being hanged and quartered or burnt at the stake, although beheading could be substituted by royal command; those penalties were abolished in 1790 and 1973 respectively. The penalty was used by monarchs against people who could reasonably be called traitors. Many of them would now just be considered dissidents; the words "treason" and "traitor" are derived from the Latin tradere, to hand over. Christian theology and political thinking until after the Enlightenment considered treason and blasphemy as synonymous, as it challenged both the state and the will of God.
Kings were considered chosen by God, to betray one's country was to do the work of Satan. Many nations' laws mention various types of treason. "Crimes Related to Insurrection" is the internal treason, may include a coup d'état. "Crimes Related to Foreign Aggression" is the treason of cooperating with foreign aggression positively regardless of the national inside and outside. "Crimes Related to inducement of Foreign Aggression" is the crime of communicating with aliens secretly to cause foreign aggression or menace. Depending on a country, conspiracy is added to these. In Australia, there are federal and state laws against treason in the states of New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria. To Treason laws in the United States, citizens of Australia owe allegiance to their sovereign, the federal and state level; the federal law defining treason in Australia is provided under section 80.1 of the Criminal Code, contained in the schedule of the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. It defines treason as follows: A person commits an offence, called treason, if the person: causes the death of the Sovereign, the heir apparent of the Sovereign, the consort of the Sovereign, the Governor-General or the Prime Minister.
A person is not guilty of treason under paragraphs, or if their assistance or intended assistance is purely humanitarian in nature. The maximum penalty for treason is life imprisonment. Section 80.1AC of the Act creates the related offence of treachery. The Treason Act 1351, the Treason Act 1795 and the Treason Act 1817 form part of the law of New South Wales; the Treason Act 1795 and the Treason Act 1817 have been repealed by Section 11 of the Crimes Act 1900, except in so far as they relate to the compassing, inventing, devising, or intending death or destruction, or any bodily harm tending to death or destruction, maim, or wounding, imprisonment, or restraint of the person of the heirs and successors of King George III of the United Kingdom, the expressing, uttering, or declaring of such compassings, inventions, devices, or intentions, or any of them. Section 12 of the Crimes Act 1900 creates an offence, derived from section 3 of the Treason Felony Act 1848: 12 Compassing etc deposition of the Sovereign—overawing Parliament etc Whosoever, within New South Wales or without, imagines, devises, or intends to deprive or depose Our M
General Film Distributors
General Film Distributors known as J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors and Rank Film Distributors Ltd. was a British film distribution company based in London. It was active between 1935 and 1996, from 1937 it was part of the Rank Organisation. General Film Distributors was created in 1935 by the British film distributor C. M. Woolf after he had resigned from Gaumont British and closed his distribution company Woolf & Freedman Film Service. In 1936, J. Arthur Rank and the paper magnate Lord Portal, convinced him to make it a daughter company to their General Cinema Finance Corporation, which just had acquired the British distribution rights for all Universal Pictures titles. One year it became the cornerstone in The Rank Organisation. General Film Distributors kept its own name within the Rank Organisation until 1955, when it was renamed J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors, which in turn was renamed Rank Film Distributors Ltd. in 1957. Rank Film Distributors closed, it was C. M. Woolf's secretary who devised the man-with-a-gong trademark, adopted by the Rank Organisation when it was founded in 1937.
During the 20 years General Film Distributors had its original name, the company distributed over 450 mainstream films. A British DVD distributor, active since 2005, is unrelated to this company. Francis Donald Klingender, Stuart Legg: Money Behind the Screen, pages 37-41 Retrieved 2012-10-31