Bertram "Bertie" Wilberforce Wooster is a recurring fictional character in the comedic Jeeves stories created by British author P. G. Wodehouse. A young English gentleman and one of the "idle rich", Bertie appears alongside his valet, whose intelligence manages to save Bertie or one of his friends from numerous awkward situations; as the first-person narrator of ten novels and over 30 short stories, Bertie Wooster ranks as one of the most vivid comic creations in popular literature. Bertie Wooster is the central figure in all but one of Wodehouse's Jeeves short stories and novels, which were published between 1915 and 1974; the sole exception is the novel Ring for Jeeves, a third-person narration in which he is mentioned but does not appear. All the other Jeeves novels and short stories are narrated by Bertie, with the exception of the short story "Bertie Changes His Mind", narrated by Jeeves; the Wodehouse scholar Norman Murphy believes George Grossmith, Jr. to have been the inspiration for the character of Bertie Wooster.
The Wodehouse character Reggie Pepper was an early prototype of Bertie Wooster. Bertie Wooster and his friend Bingo Little were born in the same village only a few days apart. Bertie's middle name, "Wilberforce", is the doing of his father, who won money on a horse named Wilberforce in the Grand National the day before Bertie's christening and insisted on his son carrying that name; the only other piece of information given about Bertie's father, aside from the fact that he had numerous relatives, is that he was a great friend of Lord Wickhammersley of Twing Hall. Bertie refers to his father as his "guv'nor"; when he was around seven years of age, Bertie was sometimes compelled to recite "The Charge of the Light Brigade" for guests by his mother. Bertie mentions reciting other poems as a child, including "Ben Battle" and works by poet Walter Scott. Like Jeeves, Bertie says. Bertie makes no other mention of his mother, though he makes a remark about motherhood after being astounded by a friend telling a blatant lie: "And this, mark you, a man who had had a good upbringing and had, no doubt, spent years at his mother's knee being taught to tell the truth".
When Bertie was eight years old, he took dancing lessons. It is established throughout the series that Bertie is an orphan who inherited a large fortune at some point, although the exact details and timing of his parents' deaths are never made clear. Bertie Wooster's early education took place at the semi-fictional Malvern House Preparatory School, headed by Rev. Aubrey Upjohn, whom he meets again in Jeeves in the Offing. At Malvern House, Bertie’s friends called him "Daredevil Bertie", though Upjohn and others called him "Bungling Wooster". One detail of Bertie's Malvern House life that comes into several stories is his winning of the prize for scripture knowledge. Bertie speaks with pride of this achievement on several occasions, but in Right Ho, his friend Gussie Fink-Nottle, while intoxicated, publicly accuses Bertie of having won the award by cheating. Bertie stoutly denies this charge, on the same occasion, Gussie makes other groundless accusations against other characters. Despite his pride over his accomplishment, Bertie does not remember what the prize was stating that it was "a handsomely bound copy of a devotional work whose name has escaped me".
Bertie once won a prize at private school for the best collection of wildflowers made during the summer holidays. When Bertie was fourteen, he won the Choir Boys' Handicap bicycle race at a local school treat, having received half a lap start. After Malvern House, Bertie was further educated at the non-fictional Eton and at Magdalen College, Oxford. At Oxford he was a Rackets Blue. Bertie is a member of the Drones Club, most of his friends and fellow Drones members depicted in the stories attended one or both of these institutions with him, it was at Oxford that he first began celebrating the night of the annual Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge. Though ordinarily he drinks in moderation, Bertie says he is "rather apt to let myself go a bit" on Boat Race night drinking more than usual and making mischief with his old school friends. Bertie and others tend to celebrate the occasion by stealing a policeman's helmet, though they get arrested as a result. London magistrates are aware of this tradition and tend to be lenient towards Bertie when he appears in court the morning after the Boat Race only imposing a fine of five pounds.
The Jeeves canon is set in a timeless world based on an idealized England in the early twentieth century. With a few exceptions, the short stories were written first, followed by the novels; the saga begins chronologically in the short story "Jeeves Takes Charge", in which Bertie Wooster first hires Jeeves. Bertie and Jeeves live at Berkeley Mansions, though they go to New York and numerous English country houses. Throughout the short stories and novels, Bertie tries to help his friends and relatives, but ends up becoming entangled in trouble himself, is rescued by Jeeves. Bertie has a new piece of clothing or item that Jeeves disapproves of, though Bertie agrees to relinquish it at the end of the story. Always narrating the st
England cricket team
The England cricket team represents England and Wales in international cricket. Since 1997 it has been governed by the England and Wales Cricket Board, having been governed by Marylebone Cricket Club from 1903 until the end of 1996. England, as a founding nation, is a full member of the International Cricket Council with Test, One Day International and Twenty20 International status; until the 1990s, Scottish and Irish players played for England as those countries were not yet ICC members in their own right. England and Australia were the first teams to play a Test match, these two countries together with South Africa formed the Imperial Cricket Conference on 15 June 1909. England and Australia played the first ODI on 5 January 1971. England's first T20I was played on 13 June 2005, once more against Australia; as of 12 March 2019, England has played 1010 Test matches, winning 365 and losing 300. The team has won The Ashes on 32 occasions. England has played 726 ODIs, winning 362, its record in major ODI tournaments includes finishing as runners-up in three Cricket World Cups, in two ICC Champions Trophys.
England has played 108 T20Is, winning 53. They won the ICC World Twenty20 in 2010, were runners-up in 2016; as of 12 March 2019, England are ranked fifth in Tests, first in ODIs and third in T20Is by the ICC. Though the team and coaching staff faced heavy criticism after their Group Stage exit in the 2015 Cricket World Cup, it has since adopted a more aggressive and modern playing style in ODI cricket, under the leadership of captain Eoin Morgan and head coach Trevor Bayliss; the first recorded incidence of a team with a claim to represent England comes from 9 July 1739 when an "All-England" team, which consisted of 11 gentlemen from any part of England exclusive of Kent, played against "the Unconquerable County" of Kent and lost by a margin of "very few notches". Such matches were repeated on numerous occasions for the best part of a century. In 1846 William Clarke formed the All-England Eleven; this team competed against a United All-England Eleven with annual matches occurring between 1847 and 1856.
These matches were arguably the most important contest of the English season if judged by the quality of the players. The first overseas tour occurred in September 1859 with England touring North America; this team had six players from the All-England Eleven, six from the United All-England Eleven and was captained by George Parr. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, attention turned elsewhere. English tourists visited Australia in 1861–62 with this first tour organised as a commercial venture by Messrs Spiers and Pond, restaurateurs of Melbourne. Most matches played during tours prior to 1877 were "against odds", with the opposing team fielding more than 11 players to make for a more contest; this first Australian tour were against odds of at least 18/11. The tour was so successful that George Parr led a second tour in 1863–64. James Lillywhite led a subsequent England team which sailed on the P&O steamship Poonah on 21 September 1876, they played a combined Australian XI, for once on terms of 11 a side.
The match, starting on 15 March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground came to be regarded as the inaugural Test match. The combined Australian XI won this Test match by 45 runs with Charles Bannerman of Australia scoring the first Test century. At the time, the match was promoted as James Lillywhite's XI v Combined Victoria and New South Wales; the teams played a return match on the same ground at Easter, 1877, when Lillywhite's team avenged their loss with a victory by four wickets. The first Test match on English soil occurred in 1880 with England victorious. G. Grace included in the team. England lost their first home series 1–0 in 1882 with The Sporting Times printing an obituary on English cricket: In Affectionate Remembrance of ENGLISH CRICKET, which died at the Oval on 29th AUGUST 1882, Deeply lamented by a large circle of sorrowing friends and acquaintances R. I. P. N. B. – The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia. As a result of this loss the tour of 1882–83 was dubbed by England captain Ivo Bligh as "the quest to regain the ashes".
England with a mixture of amateurs and professionals won the series 2–1. Bligh was presented with an urn that contained some ashes, which have variously been said to be of a bail, ball or a woman's veil and so The Ashes was born. A fourth match was played which Australia won by 4 wickets but the match was not considered part of the Ashes series. England dominated many of these early contests with England winning the Ashes series 10 times between 1884 and 1898. During this period England played their first Test match against South Africa in 1889 at Port Elizabeth. England won the 1890 Ashes Series 2–0, with the third match of the series being the first Test match to be abandoned. England lost 2 -- 1 in the 1891 -- 92 series. England again won the 1894 -- 95 series. In 1895 -- 96 England played Test South Africa; the 1899 Ashes series was the first tour where the MCC and the counties appointed a selection committee. There were three active players: Lord Hawke, W. G. Grace and Herbert Bainbridge, the captain of Warwickshire.
Prior to this, England teams for home Tests had been chosen by the club on whose ground the match was to be played. England lost the 1899 Ashes series 1–0, with WG Grace making his final Test appearance in the first match of the series; the start of the
British Chess Championship
The British Chess Championship is organised by the English Chess Federation. The main tournament incorporates the British Chess Championships, the English Chess Championships and the British Women's Chess Championship so it is possible, although it has never happened, for one player to win all three titles in the same competition; the English Women's Chess Championship was incorporated into this event but did not take place in 2015 and was held as a separate competition in 2016. Since 1923 there have been sections for juniors, since 1982 there has been an over-sixty championship; the championship venue changes every year and has been held in different locations in England, Scotland and once on the Isle of Man. The championship was open to citizens of any Commonwealth country and has been won by Mir Sultan Khan and Abe Yanofsky. After the Indian R. B. Ramesh finished first in 2002 and several other Indians took top prizes at the same event, many top Britons declined to compete in the 2003 championship.
Following the victory of Indian Abhijit Kunte in 2003 and criticism that the British Championship was not serving the interests of British players, it was announced that starting in 2004 only British and Irish players would be eligible to take part. Since 2006 the Commonwealth Chess Championship has been organized on an annual basis; these were the first large tournaments organised by the British Chess Association, international players were allowed to participate. In July 1862, Adolf Anderssen won the first international tournament organized by the British Chess Association, held in London. Second place went followed by John Owen; this was the first round-robin tournament. In August 1872, Wilhelm Steinitz won the second British Chess Federation international tourney, held in London. Second place went to Joseph Henry Blackburne; the great London 1883 chess tournament was won convincingly by Johannes Hermann Zukertort ahead of Steinitz. In 1884, a new British Chess Association was inaugurated. In July 1885, Isidor Gunsberg won the first British Chess Federation championship in London.
In August 1886, Blackburne and Amos Burn tied for first in the second British Chess Federation championship, held in London. Blackburne won the play-off. In December 1887, Burn and Gunsberg tied for first in the third British Chess Federation Congress in London; the first British Championship was organized by the British Chess Association as an event at the 1866 London Congress. A rule awarded the B. C. A. Challenge Cup permanently to a player. John Wisker accomplished this in 1872 by defeating Cecil De Vere in a play-off; the British Championship was discontinued until 1904. Ten amateur championships were held between 1886 and 1902, but they did not include the strongest players and were unrepresentative in the earlier years; the current championship series was begun by the British Chess Federation in 1904. The championship was not held in war years, it was not held in 1919, 1922, 1927, 1930 as major international events were being held in England. José Raúl Capablanca won the 12th British Chess Congress at Hastings 1919 and the 15th BCC at London 1922, Alexander Alekhine won the 16th BCC at Portsmouth/Southsea 1923, Aron Nimzowitsch and Savielly Tartakower won at London 1927, Edgard Colle won at Scarborough 1930.
In 1939 the championship was not held as the British team was in Buenos Aires for the 8th Chess Olympiad. In that time, Max Euwe won an international tournament at Bournemouth 1939, played during the BCC; the women's championship was held in most of those years. British Rapidplay Chess Championships Sunnucks, Anne. "The Encyclopaedia of Chess". St. Martin's Press: 43–45. LCCN 78106371 Whyld, Ken. Chess: The Records. Guinness Books. Pp. 89–92. ISBN 0-85112-455-0 BritBase - List of all British Chess Champions from 1904 to present British Champions 1904 – present; the English Chess Federation
Order of the Garter
The Order of the Garter is an order of chivalry founded by Edward III in 1348 and regarded as the most prestigious British order of chivalry in England and the United Kingdom. It is dedicated to the image and arms of England's patron saint. Appointments are made at the Sovereign's sole discretion. Membership of the Order is limited to the Sovereign, the Prince of Wales, no more than 24 living members, or Companions; the order includes supernumerary knights and ladies. New appointments to the Order of the Garter are announced on St George's Day, as Saint George is the order's patron saint; the order's emblem is a garter with the motto Honi soit qui mal y pense in gold lettering. Members of the order wear it on ceremonial occasions. King Edward III founded the Order of the Garter around the time of his claim to the French throne; the traditional year of foundation is given as 1348. However, the Complete Peerage, under "The Founders of the Order of the Garter", states the order was first instituted on 23 April 1344, listing each founding member as knighted in 1344.
The list includes Sir Sanchet D'Abrichecourt, who died on 20 October 1345. Other dates from 1344 to 1351 have been proposed; the King's wardrobe account shows Garter habits first issued in the autumn of 1348. Its original statutes required that each member of the Order be a knight and some of the initial members listed were only knighted that year; the foundation is to have been inspired by the Spanish Order of the Band, established in about 1330. The earliest written mention of the Order is found in Tirant lo Blanch, a chivalric romance written in Catalan by Valencian Joanot Martorell, it was first published in 1490. This book devotes a chapter to the description of the origin of the Order of the Garter. At the time of its foundation, the Order consisted of King Edward III, together with 25 Founder Knights, listed in ascending order of stall number in St George's Chapel: King Edward III Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales Henry of Grosmont, Earl of Lancaster Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick Jean III de Grailly, Captal de Buch Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March John de Lisle, 2nd Baron Lisle Bartholomew de Burghersh, 2nd Baron Burghersh John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp John de Mohun, 2nd Baron Mohun Sir Hugh de Courtenay Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent John de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Rotherfield Sir Richard Fitz-Simon Sir Miles Stapleton Sir Thomas Wale Sir Hugh Wrottesley Sir Nele Loring Sir John Chandos Sir James Audley Sir Otho Holand Sir Henry Eam Sir Sanchet D'Abrichecourt Sir Walter Paveley They are all depicted in individual portraits in the Bruges Garter Book made c.
1431, now in the British Library. Various legends account for the origin of the Order; the most popular involves the "Countess of Salisbury", whose garter is said to have slipped from her leg while she was dancing at a court ball at Calais. When the surrounding courtiers sniggered, the king picked it up and returned it to her, exclaiming, "Honi soit qui mal y pense!", the phrase that has become the motto of the Order. However, the earliest written version of this story dates from the 1460s, it seems to have been conceived as a retrospective explanation for the adoption of what was seen as an item of female underclothing as the symbol of a band of knights. In fact, at the time of the Order's establishment in the mid-14th century, the garter was predominantly an item of male attire. According to another legend, King Richard I was inspired in the 12th century by St George the Martyr while fighting in the Crusades to tie garters around the legs of his knights, who subsequently won the battle. King Edward recalled the event in the 14th century when he founded the Order.
This story is recounted in a letter to the Annual Register in 1774: In Rastel's Chronicle, I. vi. under the life of Edward III is the following curious passage: "About the 19 yere of this kinge, he made a solempne feest at Wyndesore, a greate justes and turnament, where he devysed, perfyted substanegally, the order of the knyghtes of the garter. And afterwarde they were called the knyghtes of the blew thonge." I am obliged for this passage to Esq.. Hence some affirm, that the origin of the garter is to be dated from Richard I* and that it owes its pomp and splendor to Edward III. *Winstanley, in his Life of Edward III says that the original book of the institution deduces the invention from King Richard the First. The motto in fact refers to Edward's claim to the French throne, the Order of the Garter was created to help pursue this claim; the use of the garter as an emblem may have derived from straps used t
P. G. Wodehouse
Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse was an English author and one of the most read humorists of the 20th century. Born in Guildford, the third son of a British magistrate based in Hong Kong, Wodehouse spent happy teenage years at Dulwich College, to which he remained devoted all his life. After leaving school, he was employed by a bank but disliked the work and turned to writing in his spare time, his early novels were school stories, but he switched to comic fiction, creating several regular characters who became familiar to the public over the years. They include the jolly gentleman of his sagacious valet Jeeves. Most of Wodehouse's fiction is set in England, although he spent much of his life in the US and used New York and Hollywood as settings for some of his novels and short stories, he wrote a series of Broadway musical comedies during and after the First World War, together with Guy Bolton and Jerome Kern, that played an important part in the development of the American musical. He began the 1930s writing for MGM in Hollywood.
In a 1931 interview, his naïve revelations of incompetence and extravagance in the studios caused a furore. In the same decade, his literary career reached a new peak. In 1934 Wodehouse moved to France for tax reasons. After his release he made six broadcasts from German radio in Berlin to the US, which had not yet entered the war; the talks were comic and apolitical, but his broadcasting over enemy radio prompted anger and strident controversy in Britain, a threat of prosecution. Wodehouse never returned to England. From 1947 until his death he lived in the US, taking dual British-American citizenship in 1955, he was a prolific writer throughout his life, publishing more than ninety books, forty plays, two hundred short stories and other writings between 1902 and 1974. He died at the age of 93, in Southampton, New York. Wodehouse worked extensively on his books, sometimes having two or more in preparation simultaneously, he would take up to two years to write a scenario of about thirty thousand words.
After the scenario was complete he would write the story. Early in his career he would produce a novel in about three months, but he slowed in old age to around six months, he used a mixture of Edwardian slang, quotations from and allusions to numerous poets, several literary techniques to produce a prose style, compared to comic poetry and musical comedy. Some critics of Wodehouse have considered his work flippant, but among his fans are former British prime ministers and many of his fellow writers. Wodehouse was born in Guildford, the third son of Henry Ernest Wodehouse, a magistrate resident in the British colony of Hong Kong, his wife, daughter of the Rev John Bathurst Deane; the Wodehouses, who traced their ancestry back to the 13th century, belonged to a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Kimberley. Eleanor Wodehouse was of ancient aristocratic ancestry, she was visiting her sister in Guildford. The boy was baptised at the Church of St Nicolas and was named after his godfather, Pelham von Donop.
Wodehouse wrote in 1957, "If you ask me to tell you frankly if I like the name Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, I must confess that I do not.... I was named after a godfather, not a thing to show for it but a small silver mug which I lost in 1897." The first name was elided to "Plum", the name by which Wodehouse became known to family and friends. Mother and son sailed for Hong Kong, where for his first two years Wodehouse was raised by a Chinese amah, alongside his elder brothers Peveril and Armine; when he was two, the brothers were brought to England, where they were placed under the care of an English nanny in a house adjoining that of Eleanor's father and mother. The boys' parents became virtual strangers to their sons; such an arrangement was normal for middle-class families based in the colonies. The lack of parental contact, the harsh regime of some of those in loco parentis, left permanent emotional scars on many children from similar backgrounds, including the writers Thackeray, Saki and Walpole.
Wodehouse was more fortunate. His recollection was that "it went like a breeze from start to finish, with everybody I met understanding me perfectly"; the biographer Robert McCrum suggests that nonetheless Wodehouse's isolation from his parents left a psychological mark, causing him to avoid emotional engagement both in life and in his works. Another biographer, Frances Donaldson, writes, "Deprived so early, not of maternal love, but of home life and a stable background, Wodehouse consoled himself from the youngest age in an imaginary world of his own."In 1886 the brothers were sent to a dame-school in Croydon, where they spent three years. Peveril was found to have a "weak chest". In 1891 Wodehouse went on to Malvern House Preparatory School in Kent, which concentrated on preparing its pupils for entry to the Royal Navy, his father had planned a naval career for him, but the boy's eyesight was found to be too poor for it. He was unimpressed by the school's
The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. The Ashes are regarded as being held by the team that most won the Test series. If the test series is drawn, the team that holds the Ashes retains the trophy; the term originated in a satirical obituary published in a British newspaper, The Sporting Times after Australia's 1882 victory at The Oval, its first Test win on English soil. The obituary stated that English cricket had died, "the body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia"; the mythical ashes became associated with the 1882–83 series played in Australia, before which the English captain Ivo Bligh had vowed to "regain those ashes". The English media therefore dubbed the tour the quest to regain the Ashes. After England had won two of the three Tests on the tour, a small urn was presented to Bligh by a group of Melbourne women including Florence Morphy, whom Bligh married within a year; the contents of the urn are reputed to be the ashes of a wooden bail, were humorously described as "the ashes of Australian cricket".
It is not clear whether that "tiny silver urn" is the same as the small terracotta urn given to the MCC by Bligh's widow after his death in 1927. The urn has never been the official trophy of the Ashes series, having been a personal gift to Bligh. However, replicas of the urn are held aloft by victorious teams as a symbol of their victory in an Ashes series. Since the 1998–99 Ashes series, a Waterford Crystal representation of the Ashes urn has been presented to the winners of an Ashes series as the official trophy of that series. Irrespective of which side holds the tournament, the urn remains in the MCC Museum at Lord's. An Ashes series is traditionally of five Tests, hosted in turn by England and Australia at least once every two years. There have been 70 Ashes series: Australia have won 33, England 32 and five series have been drawn; the first Test match between England and Australia was played in Melbourne, Australia, in 1877, though the Ashes legend started after the ninth Test, played in 1882.
On their tour of England that year the Australians played just one Test, at the Oval in London. It was a low-scoring affair on a difficult wicket. Australia made a mere 63 runs in its first innings, England, led by A. N. Hornby, took a 38-run lead with a total of 101. In its second innings, boosted by a spectacular 55 runs off 60 deliveries from Hugh Massie, managed 122, which left England only 85 runs to win; the Australians were demoralised by the manner of their second-innings collapse, but fast bowler Fred Spofforth, spurred on by the gamesmanship of his opponents, in particular W. G. Grace, refused to give in. "This thing can be done," he declared. Spofforth went on to devastate the English batting, taking his final four wickets for only two runs to leave England just eight runs short of victory; when Ted Peate, England's last batsman, came to the crease, his side needed just ten runs to win, but Peate managed only two before he was bowled by Harry Boyle. An astonished Oval crowd fell silent, struggling to believe that England could have lost to a colony on home soil.
When it sank in, the crowd swarmed onto the field, cheering loudly and chairing Boyle and Spofforth to the pavilion. When Peate returned to the pavilion he was reprimanded by his captain for not allowing his partner, Charles Studd, to get the runs. Peate humorously replied, "I had no confidence in Mr Studd, sir, so thought I had better do my best."The momentous defeat was recorded in the British press, which praised the Australians for their plentiful "pluck" and berated the Englishmen for their lack thereof. A celebrated poem appeared in Punch on 9 September; the first verse, quoted most reads: On 31 August, in the Charles Alcock-edited magazine Cricket: A Weekly Record of The Game, there appeared a mock obituary: On 2 September a more celebrated mock obituary, written by Reginald Shirley Brooks, appeared in The Sporting Times. It read: Ivo Bligh promised that on 1882–83 tour of Australia, he would, as England's captain, "recover those Ashes", he spoke of them several times over the course of the tour, the Australian media caught on.
The three-match series resulted in a two-one win to England, notwithstanding a fourth match, won by the Australians, whose status remains a matter of ardent dispute. In the 20 years following Bligh's campaign the term "the Ashes" disappeared from public use. There is no indication; the term became popular again in Australia first, when George Giffen, in his memoirs, used the term as if it were well known. The true and global revitalisation of interest in the concept dates from 1903, when Pelham Warner took a team to Australia with the promise that he would regain "the ashes"; as had been the case on Bligh's tour 20 years before, the Australian media latched fervently onto the term and, this time, it stuck. Having fulfilled his promise, Warner published a book entitled. Although the origins of the term are not referred to in the text, the title served to revive public interest in the legend; the first mention of "the Ashes" in Wisden Cricketers' Almanack occurs in 1905, while Wisden's first account of the legend is in the 1922 edition.
As it took many years for the name "the Ashes" to be given to ongo
The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle
"The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle" is one of 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the seventh story of twelve in the collection The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. It was first published in Strand Magazine in January 1892; as London prepares for Christmas, newspapers report the theft of the near priceless jewel, the "Blue Carbuncle", from the hotel suite of the Countess of Morcar. John Horner, a plumber and a convicted felon, is soon arrested for the theft. Though the police have yet to find the jewel, despite Horner's claims of innocence, the police are sure that they have the thief. Horner's record, his presence in the Countess's room where he was repairing a fireplace, are all the police need. Just after Christmas, Watson pays a visit to Holmes at 221b Baker Street, he finds the detective contemplating a battered old hat, one brought to him by the commissionaire Peterson. Both the hat and a Christmas goose had been dropped by a man in a scuffle with some street ruffians.
Peterson, an honest man, had hoped for Holmes' help in returning the items to their owner but although the goose bears a tag with the owner's name—Henry Baker—Holmes has little hope of finding the man. Peterson takes the goose home for dinner, Holmes keeps the hat to study as an intellectual exercise. While Watson is there, Peterson returns excited, carrying the Blue Carbuncle, claiming that the gemstone was found in the goose's crop. Realizing that the identity of Henry Baker is now part of a larger mystery, Holmes makes a concerted effort to identify him. Based on his observations of the hat and its condition, Holmes makes deductions as to Baker's age, social standing and domestic status, but cannot determine if Baker knew that he was carrying a priceless gem; when Baker appears at Baker Street in response to advertisements Holmes had placed in London newspapers, Holmes's deductions prove correct. Holmes gives Baker a new goose. Baker accepting the replacement bird, declines to take away his original bird's entrails, convincing Holmes that he knew nothing about the missing jewel.
Baker does, give Holmes the valuable information that he had purchased the goose at the Alpha Inn, a pub near the British Museum. Holmes and Watson set out across the city to determine how the jewel travelled from the room of the Countess of Morcar to a goose's crop; the proprietor of the Alpha Inn informs them that the goose was purchased from a dealer in Covent Garden. There, a salesman named Breckinridge refuses to help; the merchant complains of the pestering he has endured about geese sold to the landlord of the Alpha Inn. Holmes, realizing that he is not the only one aware of the carbuncle's connection to the goose, tricks an irate Breckinridge into revealing that the bird was supplied by a Mrs Oakshott, a poultry and egg purveyor in Brixton. A trip to Brixton proves unnecessary when Breckinridge's other "pesterer" appears, again pressuring Breckinridge to tell him the whereabouts of the Oakshott geese. Holmes and Watson invite Ryder back to Baker Street, telling Ryder that they know he is looking for a goose with a black bar on its tail.
Holmes tells Ryder that the goose "laid an egg after it was dead". Ryder is terrified. Pressured by Holmes, Ryder says that he and his accomplice Catherine Cusack, the Countess's maid, contrived to frame Horner, knowing that Horner's past would make him an easy scapegoat, but he was plagued by fears of arrest after stealing the stone. During a visit to his sister — Mrs. Oakshott — Ryder hit on the idea of hiding the jewel by feeding it to one of the geese being bred by his sister, one of, promised to him as a gift. Ryder dropped his goose and confused it with another, taking away the wrong bird. By the time Ryder realised his mistake, the other geese had been sold. Ryder got no further than Breckinridge. Being Christmas, Holmes does not have Ryder arrested, he concludes that arresting the anguished Ryder will only make him into a more hardened criminal. Ryder flees to the continent, Horner can expect to be freed as the case against him will collapse without Ryder's perjured testimony. Holmes remarks.
An American radio adaptation was aired in 1943, with Basil Rathbone as Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Watson. There have been four BBC Radio dramatizations: 1954, with Sir John Gielgud as Holmes and Sir Ralph Richardson as Watson.29 December 1961, with Carleton Hobbs as Holmes and Norman Shelley as Watson.23 July 1978, adapted by Bill Morrison, with Barry Foster as Holmes and David Buck as Watson. One of 13 Holmes stories adapted for BBC Radio 4. 2 January 1991, adapted by Bert Coules with Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson, featuring Peter Blythe as James Ryder, Ben Onwukwe as John Horner, Christopher Good as Peterson. Peter Cushing portrayed Sherlock Holmes in the 1968 BBC series. "The Adventure of Blue Carbuncle" is one of only six surviving episodes. Algimantas Masiulis as Sherlock Holmes in the same film adaptation by Belarusfilm. In 1984 the story was the subject of an episode of the Granada TV version directed by David Carson and starring Jeremy Brett; the animated television series Sherlock Holmes in the 22nd Century featured an adaptation of the story, replacing the goose with a blue stuffed toy called "Carbuncle" and the stone with a microprocessor.
The full text of The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle at Wikisource