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The Stone Roses

The Stone Roses were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1983. One of the pioneering groups of the Madchester movement in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the band's classic and most prominent lineup consisted of vocalist Ian Brown, guitarist John Squire, bassist Mani and drummer Reni; the band released their debut album, The Stone Roses, in 1989. The album was a breakthrough success for the band and received critical acclaim, many regarding it as one of the greatest British albums recorded. At this time the group decided to capitalise on their success by signing to a major label, their record label at the time, would not let them out of their contract, which led to a long legal battle that culminated with the band signing with Geffen Records in 1991. The Stone Roses released their second album, Second Coming, in 1994, met with mixed reviews; the group soon disbanded after several line-up changes throughout the supporting tour, which began with Reni departing in early 1995, followed by Squire in April 1996.

Brown and Mani dissolved the remains of the group in October 1996 following their appearance at Reading Festival. Following much intensified media speculation, The Stone Roses called a press conference on 18 October 2011 to announce that the band had reunited and would perform a reunion world tour in 2012, including three homecoming shows in Heaton Park, Manchester. Plans to record a third album in the future were floated. In June 2012, Chris Coghill, the writer of a new film, set during the Stone Roses 1990 Spike Island show, revealed that the band "have at least three or four new tracks recorded". In June 2013, a documentary about the band's reformation directed by Shane Meadows and titled The Stone Roses: Made of Stone was released. In 2016, they released their first new material in two decades; the band members continued to tour until June 2017, at which point cryptic remarks by Ian Brown indicated the band had split again confirmed in a 2019 interview with John Squire. Ian Brown and guitarist John Squire, who knew each other from Altrincham Grammar School for Boys, formed a short-lived Clash-inspired band called The Patrol in 1980 along with singer/guitarist Andy Couzens and drummer Simon Wolstencroft.

They played several gigs in 1980 and recorded a demo tape, but towards the end of that year decided on a change of direction. Brown had got a taste of being a frontman during the last Patrol show, singing Sweet's "Block Buster!" to close the set, with the band's friend/roadie Pete Garner standing in on bass, Couzens wanting to concentrate on guitar. The band members lost enthusiasm in 1981, Brown selling his bass guitar to buy a scooter, Wolstencroft joined Johnny Marr and Andy Rourke's pre-Smiths band Freak Party. Squire continued to practice guitar while working as an animator for Cosgrove Hall during the day, while Brown ran a Northern soul night in a Salford club. Squire and Couzens started a new band, The Fireside Chaps, with bassist Gary "Mani" Mounfield recruiting a singer named Kaiser and drummer Chris Goodwin, changing their name to The Waterfront, their sound influenced by 1960s groups and contemporary bands such as Orange Juice. Goodwin left before the band recorded their first demo and, shortly after the demo, Squire asked Brown to join as singer.

A meeting with Geno Washington at a party at Brown's flat in Hulme, in which Washington told Brown that he would be a star and should be a singer, convinced Brown to take Squire up on his offer. Brown joined The Waterfront in late 1983, for a time sharing vocals with Kaiser. Like the earlier attempts at bands, The Waterfront fizzled out, but in late 1983 Couzens decided to try again at starting a band, approached Brown, they decided on Wolstencroft as Pete Garner as bassist. They decided that they needed Squire in the band, when he agreed the band's line-up was cemented. Leaving their previous bands behind, they worked on new material. Brown's vocal limitations prompted him to take singing lessons for three weeks. After rehearsing for some time without a band name, Squire came up with "The Stone Roses". Several stories emerged suggesting that the band had been called "English Rose" or that the name was somehow linked to The Rolling Stones, but these were untrue, Brown explaining "No, I don't know where that English Rose story came from.

John thought up the name'Stone Roses' - something with a contrast, two words that went against each other". The band rehearsed for six months, during which time Wolstencroft had been auditioning for other bands, he left to join Terry Hall's band The Colourfield, they got Goodwin to rejoin, but he lasted for only one rehearsal, so they advertised for a replacement and began auditioning recruiting Alan "Reni" Wren in May 1984. After rehearsing and writing songs over the summer, they recorded their first demo in late August, making 100 cassettes, with artwork by Squire, set about trying to get gigs, they played their first gig as the Stone Roses on 23 October 1984, supporting Pete Townshend at an anti-heroin concert at the Moonlight Club in London, Brown having sent the demo with an accompanying letter stating "I'm surrounded by skagheads, I wanna smash'em. Can you give us a show?". The show was seen by journalists including Sounds' Garry Johnson, who arranged to interview the band a few weeks later.

The band received more gigs soon followed. Howard Jones, who had left his job as manager of The Haçienda, producer Martin Hannett, Tim Chambers agreed to work with the band on an album, setting up Thin Line Records to release it, with

Concorde-class frigate

The Concorde class was a type of 32-gun frigate of the French Navy, designed by Henri Chevillard, carrying 12-pounder long guns as their main armament. Three ships of this type were built between 1778 and 1779, served during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars; the class is noteworthy for comprising a fourth unit, laid down in 1997 and launched in 2014. ConcordeBuilder: Rochefort Begun: April 1777 Launched: 3 September 1777 Completed: January 1778 Fate: Captured by the Royal Navy on 15 February 1783. Sold on 21 February 1811. CourageuseBuilder: Rochefort Begun: September 1777 Launched: 28 February 1778 Completed: April 1778 Fate: Captured by HMS Centaur in the Action of 18 June 1799HermioneBuilder: Rochefort Begun: March 1778 Launched: 28 April 1779 Completed: June 1779 Fate: Ran aground and wrecked due to a navigation error of her pilot at Croisic on 20 September 1793HermioneBuilder: Rochefort Begun: 1997 Launched: 2012 Roche, Jean-Michel. Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours.

1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. Winfield, Rif. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-295-X

Matthew 27:60

Matthew 27:60 is the sixtieth verse of the twenty-seventh chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. This verse describes the Entombment of Jesus by Joseph of Arimathea after the crucifixion; the original Koine Greek, according to Westcott and Hort, reads: και εθηκεν αυτο εν τω καινω αυτου μνημειω ο ελατομησεν εν τη πετρα και προσκυλισας λιθον μεγαν τη θυρα του μνημειου απηλθενIn the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as: And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, departed. The modern World English Bible translates the passage as: and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut out in the rock, he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, departed. For a collection of other versions see BibleHub Matthew 27:60 Joseph of Arimathea places Jesus in his own new tomb, a sign of great loyalty by Joseph; this verse is based on Mark 15:46, is paralleled by Luke 23:53 and John 19:41. Matthew is the only gospel writer to mention that Jesus was placed.

Wealthy residents of Jerusalem would have a large family tomb, with space for many burials. The new tomb implies that no one has yet been entombed there, something made explicit in both Luke and John. Mentioning the newness, emptiness, of the tomb may be part of the body of evidence Matthew presents for the truth of the resurrection. A new tomb with only one body would prevent any confusion. Davies and Allison note that reference to the newness of the tomb might be an allusion to the newness that emerges from it with the resurrection; the newness of the tomb may reflect that Joseph's wealth is new found, or that his family is newly arrived in Jerusalem. This could explain; the description of the rock hewn tomb is in keeping with archeological evidence from the period. Jerusalem was surrounded by soft limestone rock, perforated by natural and artificial caves, creating a giant natural cemetery; the door matches examples from this period. Most tombs would have a smaller stone able to keep out animals.

More expensive tombs would have a stone large enough to keep out grave robbers. This and other verses make clear. Joseph departs. Davies and Allison note that Matthew treats his minor characters in this manner, giving no unnecessary details. Joseph leaving is in the next verses contrasted with the women who remain and the guards who arrive, his departure is not mentioned in any of the other gospels, but Matthew adds the story of the guards arriving, so that could explain adding a mention of Joseph leaving