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The Stranglers

The Stranglers are an English rock band who emerged via the punk rock scene. Scoring some 23 UK top 40 singles and 17 UK top 40 albums to date in a career spanning four decades, the Stranglers are one of the longest-surviving and most "continuously successful" bands to have originated in the UK punk scene. Formed as the Guildford Stranglers on 11 September 1974 in Guildford, they built a following within the mid-1970s pub rock scene. While their aggressive, no-compromise attitude had them identified by the media with the emerging UK punk rock scene that followed, their idiosyncratic approach followed any single musical genre, the group went on to explore a variety of musical styles, from new wave, art rock and gothic rock through the sophisti-pop of some of their 1980s output, they had major mainstream success with their 1982 single "Golden Brown". Their other hits include "No More Heroes", "Peaches", "Always the Sun" and "Skin Deep" and the 2003 Top 40 hit "Big Thing Coming", seen as a return to form.

The Stranglers' early sound was driven by Jean-Jacques Burnel's melodic bass, but gave prominence to Dave Greenfield's keyboards. Their early music was characterised by the growling vocals and sometimes misanthropic lyrics of both Burnel and Hugh Cornwell. Over time, their output grew more refined and sophisticated. Summing up their contribution to popular music, critic Dave Thompson wrote: "From bad-mannered yobs to purveyors of supreme pop delicacies, the group was responsible for music that may have been ugly and might have been crude – but it was never boring." Prior to forming the band, "Jet Black" was in his mid-30s—significantly older than the other members of the band he would assemble. A successful businessman, Black at one point owned a fleet of ice cream vans, ran "The Jackpot", a Guildford off-licence that would serve as the base for the early Stranglers. Black had been a semi-professional drummer in the late 1950s and early 1960s; the Stranglers came to be an influential band in the British punk and new wave scene of the mid-70s.

The group that formed between 1974–75 was called the Guildford Stranglers, operated out of The Jackpot. Aside from Jet Black, other original personnel were bass player/vocalist Jean-Jacques Burnel, guitarist/vocalist Hugh Cornwell and keyboardist/guitarist Hans Wärmling, replaced by keyboardist Dave Greenfield within a year. None of the band came from Guildford: Black is from Ilford, Burnel from Notting Hill, Cornwell from Kentish Town and Greenfield from Brighton, while Wärmling came from Sweden and returned there after leaving the band. Cornwell was a blues musician prior to forming the band and had been a bandmate of Richard Thompson, Burnel had been a classical guitarist who had performed with symphony orchestras, Black's musical background was as a jazz drummer, Dave Greenfield had played at military bases in Germany, their early influences included pre-punk psychedelic rock bands such as the Doors and the Music Machine. From 1976 the Stranglers became associated with the burgeoning punk rock movement, due in part to their opening for the first British tours of American punks the Ramones and Patti Smith.

Notwithstanding this association, some of the movement's champions in the British musical press viewed the band with suspicion on account of their age and musical virtuosity and the intellectual bent of some of their lyrics. However, Burnel was quoted saying, "I thought of myself as part of punk at the time because we were inhabiting the same flora and fauna... I would like to think the Stranglers were more punk plus and some."The band's early albums, Rattus Norvegicus, No More Heroes and Black and White, all released within a period of 13 months, were successful with the record-buying public and singles such as "Peaches", "Something Better Change" and "No More Heroes" became instant punk classics. Meanwhile, the band received a mixed reception from some critics because of their apparent sexist and racist innuendo. However, critic Dave Thompson argued that such criticism was oblivious to the satire and irony in the band's music, writing: "the Stranglers themselves revelled in an Monty Python-esque grasp of absurdity."

These albums went on to build a strong fan-following, but the group's confrontational attitude towards the press was problematic and triggered a severe backlash when Burnel, a martial arts enthusiast, punched music journalist Jon Savage during a promotional event. During their 1978 appearance at the University of Surrey on the BBC TV programme Rock Goes to College, the group walked off stage because an agreement to make tickets available to non-university students had not been honoured. In February 1978 the Stranglers began a mini-tour, playing three secret pub gigs as a thank-you to those venues and their landlords for their support during the band's rise to success; the first was at The Duke of Lancaster in New Barnet on Valentine's Day, with further performances at The Red Cow and The Nashville Rooms, West Kensington, in early September. In the half of the 1970s, The Stranglers toured Japan twice, joining the alternative music scene of Tokyo, evolving from the punk sound of Kyoto-based band 村八分, whose music influence spread to Tokyo in 1971.

The Stranglers were the only foreign band to take part in a landmark scene focussed around S-KEN Studio in Roppongi, The Loft venues in Shinjuku and Shimokitazawa from 1977 to 1979. The scene included bands such as Friction, they becam

Muhammad Ateeq Shaikh

Mian Muhammad Ateeq Shaikh is a Pakistani politician and a member of Senate of Pakistan, affiliated with the Mutahidda Qaumi Movement. He is a businessman by profession and is the founder and chief executive of the Shalimar Group of Companies. Shaikh began his political career by joining the Muttahida Qaumi Movement in 2012, he became a member of the central executive committee of the Muttahidda Qaumi Movement before becoming a member of the coordination committee in 2013. In 2014, he became the first president of the Muttahidda Qaumi Movement chapter in Punjab. In 2015, he was selected by the Muttahidda Qaumi Movement to run for the seat of Senate of Pakistan in 2015 Pakistani Senate election from Sindh; some members of the MQM questioned the decision of Altaf Hussain to give the ticket to Shaikh to run in the Senate election from Sindh despite the fact that he hails from Punjab. The Sindh United Party challenged the election of Sheikh as senator from Sindh for being a non-Sindhi and petitioned to get him disqualified.

He was elected to the Senate of Pakistan for the first time in 2015 Pakistani Senate election as a candidate of Muttahidda Qaumi Movement. In September 2016, a petition was filed to disqualify Shaikh from membership of the Senate for being "disloyal" to Pakistan following the controversial speech by Altaf Hussain. In October 2016, chairman of the Senate rejected the petition. In September 2017, he was expelled from the MQM

2011–12 ISU Junior Grand Prix

The 2011–12 ISU Junior Grand Prix was the 15th season of the series of junior international competitions organized by the International Skating Union. It was the junior-level complement to the 2011–12 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating contested by senior-level skaters. Skaters competed in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dance. Skaters earned points towards qualifying for the final at each of the seven Junior Grand Prix events; the top six skaters/teams in the series from each discipline met at the 2011–12 Junior Grand Prix Final, held concurrently with the senior final. The locations of the JGP events change yearly. In the 2011–12 season, the series was composed of the following events in autumn 2011: The JGP Final was held in conjunction with the senior-level version. Skaters who reached the age of 13 by July 1, 2011 but had not turned 19 or 21 were eligible to compete on the junior circuit. Unlike the senior Grand Prix, skaters for the JGP were not seeded by the ISU.

The number of entries allotted to each ISU member federation was determined by their skaters' placements at the previous season's Junior World Championships in each respective discipline. For the 2011–2012 season, in singles, the three best placed member nations at the 2011 Junior Worlds were allowed to enter two skaters in all seven events. Member nations which placed 4th through 6th were allowed to enter one skater in all seven events, those which placed 7th through 12th were allowed one skater in six of the seven events, those with a skater who qualified for the free skate were allowed one skater in five of the events. Member nations which did not qualify for the free skate but placed 25th through 30th in the short program were allowed to enter one skater in four of the events, those which placed 31st and lower in the short program were allowed one skater in three of the events, those countries which did not participate in the 2011 Junior Worlds were allowed one skater in two events. There were provisions for additional entries per member country if another country did not use all of its allotted entries.

In pairs, member nations which placed in the top five at the 2011 World Junior Championships were allowed to enter three entries in all four events which included pairs. Member nations which qualified for the free skate were allowed two entries in all four events, all others were allowed one entry in all four events. There was no limit on host nation pair entries. In ice dance, the multiple spots allowance was the same as for singles, through one entry in five events; the host country was allowed to enter up to three skaters/teams in singles and dance, with no limit for pair teams from the host nation. The general spots allowance for the 2011–2012 Junior Grand Prix events was as follows: All other member nations had one entry per discipline in two of the seven events in singles and ice dance and one entry in all four events in pairs. At each event, skaters/teams earned points toward qualification for the Junior Grand Prix Final. Following the 7th event, the top six highest scoring skaters/teams advanced to the Final.

The points earned per placement was as follows: There were seven tie-breakers in cases of a tie in overall points: Highest placement at an event. If a skater placed 1st and 3rd, the tiebreaker was the 1st place, that beat a skater who placed 2nd in both events. Highest combined total scores in both events. If a skater earned 200 points at one event and 250 at a second, that skater would win in the second tie-break over a skater who earned 200 points at one event and 150 at another. Participated in two events. Highest combined scores in the free skating/free dance portion of both events. Highest individual score in the free skating/free dance portion from one event. Highest combined scores in the short program/short dance of both events. Highest number of total participants at the events. If there was still a tie, the tie was considered unbreakable and the tied skaters all advanced to the Junior Grand Prix Final; the following skaters qualified for the 2011–2012 Junior Grand Prix Final. In Milan, Lee June-hyoung became the first Korean male skater to medal at an ISU competition.

The following is the table of total medals earned by each country on the 2011–2012 Junior Grand Prix. It can be sorted by country name, number of gold medals, number of silver medals, number of bronze medals, total medals overall; the table is numbered by number of total medals. Top scores attained in Junior Grand Prix competitions as of December 10, 2011. Skaters ranked according to total score; the short and free columns break down the total score of a skater's best overall event into the short and free program. Overall standings: Men, Pairs, Ice dance Top scores: Men, Pairs, Ice dance JGP Volvo Cup: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos JGP Brisbane: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos JGP Baltic Cup: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos, Pixie World JGP Brasov Cup: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos JGP Austria: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos JGP Trofeo Walter Lombardi: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos JGP Tallinn Cup: Detailed results at the International Skating Union, ISU videos, ISU photos, Pixie World JGP Final: Detailed results at the International Skating Union ISU videos, ISU photos International Skating Union

Pallet collar

A pallet collar is a modern and efficient wooden packaging solutions for compact, bulky or friable products of different types, that works together with the classic wooden pallet or various types of custom pallets. This solutions works as a substitution for the classic wooden boxes; the main difference in comparison to the wooden boxes is the possibility to collapse them when they are not in use. As such factors are important in professional logistics this solution has gained growing popularity worldwide in the past 20 years, with 20,000,000 new collars manufactured each year worldwide; each of the pallet collars is stacked on one another in order to form a box type of packing, but because of the convenient design they provide several important benefits that have high value in the storage and transportation industry. To provide better transportation opportunities for more types of products, pallet collars were introduced to the market and followed the increased use of classic wooden pallets as a result of the growing popularity of containerised transportation on sea and land.

A single pallet collar consists of four or six wooden boards and four or six metallic hinges that are used to hold the boards together. These hinges allow every pallet collar to collapse in order to save space, one of the most important factors in successful logistics. Pallet collars work together with different types of pallets; when quality pallet collars are used in the right way it is possible to optimise space in both warehouses and when they are transported. They provide easy handling and assembling; the access to the goods that are stored is ensured to be faster and easier. When pallet collars are not used and there are no products in this packaging it is possible to collapse them. In comparison to wooden boxes, these save up to more than 80% of space. Different types of products can be stored on pallets without the pallet collars, but they are still used in order to ensure safe multi-level both shelf and non-shelf storage which ensures warehouse optimisation. Using pallet collars make it possible to store more types of products on pallets which would be stored in classic wooden boxes.

For example, different friable products can be stored. The simple, flexible construction is what allows pallet collars to stand out from other storage and transportation solutions, it ensures the usage of pallet collars that differ in heights and sizes in order to adjust the needed capacity of every individual packaging. Standard pallet collars are manufactured in four heights: 200, 300 and 400 mm. By using the needed heights and combining them together it is possible to match every single package to particular products. Three standard sizes are manufactured: 600x800, 800x1200 and 1000x1200 mm; these standard sizes complement the majority of most used standard pallets. In order to provide quality working conditions and efficiency it is possible to manufacture any custom height and size, which can provide precise packaging for any type of products. Hinges can be customised too. For example, one side of the collar may open as a door. Standard pallet collars are manufactured from plywood. OSB or plastic pallet collars are often used.

Each of the materials has disadvantages. In order to form the needed packaging from pallet collars, only collars from one manufacturer should be stacked on one another. While the majority of manufacturers use standard sizes, minor differences can occur due to the technology used in manufacturing; such differences can cause significant safety issues. Used pallet collars are becoming popular for a variety of uses, following the popularization of pallets for many creative uses. One of the most immediate and obvious uses for pallet collars are as instant garden beds; the gardener can fill with soil. They can be filled as steps and retaining walls. Pallet collars are an inexpensive material for a variety of uses. Palletizer ISPM 15, regulation of wood packaging material in international trade European Pallet Association Kronus, wooden packaging manufacturer

Ineni (queen)

Ineni was an Ancient Egyptian queen who lived during the Thirteenth Dynasty. She is so far only known from a seal impression from Kerma, she had the titles Great Royal Wife and she, united with the white crown. She is one of the first ancient Egyptian queens; this approach to writing a name was only used for kings' names and some kings' daughters holding special positions. The name of Ineni's husband is not known with any certainty, it is thought that it was king Merneferre Ay, as her scarabs are similar in style to that of this king. Wolfram Grajetzki: Ancient Egyptian Queens, London 2005, p. 40 ISBN 0-9547218-9-6 Kim Ryholt: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B. C. by Museum Tuscalanum Press, p. 38 ISBN 87-7289-421-0

Franco Squillari

Franco Squillari is a former professional male tennis player from Argentina. He won 3 singles titles, reached the semifinals of the 2000 French Open and achieved a career-high singles ranking of World No. 11. As a junior Squillari won the 1993 South American Closed Jnr. Championships in Paraguay. Junior Grand Slam results: Australian Open: - French Open: 3R Wimbledon: 1R US Open: - Squillari won 3 ATP Tour singles titles and got to the semifinal of the 2000 French Open defeating Alexander Popp, Jiří Vaněk, Karol Kučera, Younes El Aynaoui and future champion Albert Costa, before losing to Magnus Norman, he went on to reach the fourth round the following year as well. He reached three Masters quarterfinals: Rome in 1999, Cincinnati in 2000 and Hamburg in 2001, he is one of the few tennis players to have a perfect 100% record against Roger Federer, having beaten him both times they played, in 2001 and 2003. Squillari retired in 2005. Franco Squillari at the Association of Tennis Professionals Franco Squillari at the International Tennis Federation Franco Squillari at the Davis Cup