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The Tempest

The Tempest is a play by William Shakespeare written in 1610–1611, thought to be one of the last plays that Shakespeare wrote alone. After the first scene, which takes place on a ship at sea during a tempest, the rest of the story is set on a remote island, where the sorcerer Prospero, a complex and contradictory character, lives with his daughter Miranda, his two servants—Caliban, a savage monster figure, Ariel, an airy spirit; the play contains music and songs. It explores many themes, including magic, betrayal and family. In Act IV, a wedding masque serves as a play-within-the play, contributes spectacle and elevated language. Though The Tempest is listed in the First Folio as the first of Shakespeare's comedies, it deals with both tragic and comic themes, modern criticism has created a category of romance for this and others of Shakespeare's late plays; the Tempest has been put to varied interpretations—from those that see it as a fable of art and creation, with Prospero representing Shakespeare, Prospero's renunciation of magic signaling Shakespeare's farewell to the stage, to interpretations that consider it an allegory of Europeans colonizing foreign lands.

A ship is caught in a powerful storm, there is terror and confusion on board, the vessel is shipwrecked. But the storm is a magical creation carried out by the spirit Ariel, caused by the magic of Prospero, the Duke of Milan, before his dukedom was usurped and taken from him by his brother Antonio; that was twelve years ago, when he and his young daughter, were set adrift on the sea, stranded on an island. Among those on board the shipwreck are Alonso. On the ship are Alonso's brother, "trusted counsellor", Gonzalo. Prospero plots to reverse what was done to him twelve years ago, regain his office. Using magic he separates the shipwreck survivors into groups on the island: Ferdinand, found by Prospero and Miranda, it is part of Prospero's plan to encourage a romantic relationship between Miranda. Trinculo, the king's jester, Stephano, the king's drunken butler; these three will raise an unsuccessful coup against Prospero, acting as the play's'comic relief' by doing so. Alonso, Antonio and two attendant lords.

Antonio and Sebastian conspire to kill Gonzalo so Sebastian can become King. In the play, Ariel, in the guise of a Harpy, confronts the three nobles, causing them to flee in guilt for their crimes against Prospero and each other; the ship's captain and boatswain, along with the other sailors, are asleep until the final act. Prospero betroths Miranda to marry Ferdinand, instructs Ariel to bring some other spirits and produce a masque; the masque will feature classical goddesses, Juno and Iris, will bless and celebrate the betrothal. The masque will instruct the young couple on marriage, on the value of chastity until then; the masque is interrupted when Prospero realizes he had forgotten the plot against his life. He orders Ariel to deal with this. Caliban and Stephano are chased off into the swamps by goblins in the shape of hounds. Prospero vows that once he achieves his goals, he will set Ariel free, abandon his magic, saying: I’ll break my staff, Bury it certain fathoms in the earth, And deeper than did plummet sound I’ll drown my book.

Ariel brings on Alonso and Sebastian. Prospero forgives all three, raises the threat to Antonio and Sebastian that he could blackmail them, though he won't. Prospero's former title, Duke of Milan, is restored. Ariel fetches the sailors from the ship. Caliban filled with regret, promises to be good. Stephano and Trinculo are sent away in shame by Prospero. Before the reunited group leaves the island, Ariel is told to provide good weather to guide the king's ship back to the royal fleet and to Naples, where Ferdinand and Miranda will be married. After this, Ariel is set free. In the epilogue, Prospero requests -- with their applause; the Tempest begins with the spectacle of a storm-tossed ship at sea, there is a second spectacle—the masque. A masque in Renaissance England was a festive courtly entertainment that offered music, elaborate sets and drama. A masque would begin with an "anti-masque", that showed a disordered scene of satyrs, for example and dancing wildly; the anti-masque would be dispersed by the spectacular arrival of the masque proper in a demonstration of chaos and vice being swept away by glorious civilization.

In Shakespeare's play, the storm in scene one functions as the anti-masque for the masque proper in act four. The masque in The Tempest is not an actual masque, it is an analogous scene intended to mimic and evoke a masque, while serving the narrative of the drama that contains it; the masque is a culmination of the primary action in The Tempest: Prospero's intention to not only seek revenge on his usurpers, but to regain his rightful position as Duke of Milan. Most important to his plot to regain his power and position is to marry Miranda to Ferdinand, heir to the King of Naples; this marriage will secure Prospero's position by securing his legacy. The chastity of the bride is considered essential and greatly

Neuquén-Cipolletti bridges

The Neuquén-Cipolletti bridges are a series of four bridges that connect the cities of Neuquén and Cipolletti by spanning the Neuquén River, in Argentina. Three parallel ones, two road bridges and a railway bridge, were built on a former herd wrangling path; the fourth one was built upstream. By 1899 the expansion of the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway reached the station that would become Cipolletti. To continue to the Neuquén Territory, a steel railway bridge was constructed in 1899–1902 to cross the Neuquén River. After the railroad connected Neuquén Station on the Confluencia settlement, the capital of the Territory was moved to the area, the city of Neuquén founded in 1904. Vehicular and pedestrian crossings of the river were made using canoes at that time. By the 1930s, the service was overwhelmed by the growing population; the construction of a road bridge started in 1935, the bridge opened in 1937. A second road bridge opened in 1997 to alleviate traffic congestion, while the third one is scheduled to open in 2015.

In 1896, due to territorial disputes with Chile, the Argentinian Government commissioned the British-owned company Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway to expand the existing railroad tracks from the city of Bahía Blanca, in the Buenos Aires Province, to the Neuquén National Territory. The expansion of the railroad was aimed at facilitating the quick transport of troops and supplies to the Chilean border in case of war. By that time, the capital of the Neuquén National Territory was located in the city of Chos Malal; the journey between the city of Buenos Aires and the capital of the Territory lasted fifteen days, while the mail service arrived once a month. On August 31, 1899, the expansion of the railroad reached the station Km. 1,190. The contract for the expansion, signed on March 16, 1896, established that the corporation F. C. Sud was to build a railroad bridge over the Neuquén River to continue the expansion of the tracks to the Neuquén National Territory. Across the river, the isolated Confluencia settlement was formed by Italian immigrants.

Living in a sparse group of houses, the settlers' economy was sustained by the agriculture, while they depended on boat and canoe services to cross the river and remain communicated with the rest of the country. The construction of the railway bridge was assigned to engineer Karl Krag. Due to several floods of the river during the tests of the ground, Krag decided to build the bridge 100 meters upstream from the original planned point, on the margin of the river, used as a cross by herd wranglers. An island located in the middle of the river was used to build the columns of the bridge while the water was low; the tests of Krag were sent to London and perfected by the consultants Livesey & Henderson, that projected the construction of a structure of seven spans, each 52.2 metres long. The steel sections, nuts and rivets were sent from Birmingham, United Kingdom. Unsuitable to be used for the abutment and foundations, the local rock and sand was replaced by material brought from Pichi Mahuida.

A tide gauge was placed in Paso de los Indios to measure the changes on the Neuquén River. During the construction, the workers camped in tents on the left bank, while during the summer they moved to nearby bulrush shacks; the process marked the first use in Argentina of compressed air in construction, implemented to build the foundations with caissons. The construction of the bridge was interrupted by three floods that destroyed tracks and makeshift bridges and interrupted traffic. On July 14, 1900, a telegraph message from Paso de los Indios warned the construction site of an upcoming major flood of the river; the machinery was moved, the workers were evacuated to Limay Station. The river raised 4.8 metres above its average, dragging cattle, shacks and corrals. The highest part of the construction, two cylinders that held the airlock were visible due to a wave that rose above them; the construction works were soon resumed, by June 26, 1901, the completed bridge was load tested. On July 12, 1902, it was opened for traffic.

The first passing locomotive, number 205, was operated by engineer Antonio Mazzarolo, accompanied by fireman Francesco Della Negra. Neuquén Station was built on the rural Confluencia settlement; the same year, a resolution of the territorial disputes with Chile was negotiated with British intervention. By 1904, Governor Buquet Roldán decided to move the capital of the Neuquén Territory from Chos Malal to the Confluencia settlement, founded Neuquén City; the move was leveraged by the railroad, that shortened travel time between the Territory and Buenos Aires to a maximum of three days. Following the opening of the railway bridge, pedestrian cross was facilitated by the new structure, while boats and canoes still constituted the main crossing for pedestrian and vehicle transportation; as the population grew, by the 1930s the boat services became insufficient. After several complaints and stories published in the local press, Governor Carlos H. Rodríguez requested of the National Directorate of Roadways the construction of a road bridge.

The structure was to be built next to the railway bridge, in the cross of the former herd wrangling path. The construction was assigned to the German-owned company GEOPÉ; the cornerstone was laid on May 1935, by the new governor, Enrique Raimundo Pilotto. The construction deadline was set for April 15, 1937; the structure was formed by nine spans of 51.6 metres, united with 6 metres -wide concrete tied arches. Two 1 metre sidewalks were built on each side with 1 metre (3

International Breweries plc

International Breweries plc is a brewery in Nigeria. It began production in December 1978 with an installed capacity of 200 000 hectolitres per annum, this increased to 500 000 hl/a in December 1982. On 26 April 1994 International Breweries plc became a public limited liability company and listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. International Breweries plc has a technical services agreement with Brauhaase International Management GMBH, a subsidiary of Warsteiner Group of Germany, which owned 72.03% equity. On 1 January 2012, SABMiller took operational management control of International Breweries from BGI Castel. Trophy lager, a pale lager Betamalt, a non-alcoholic malt drink Trophy Black, a dark lager Hero Lager Eagle Lager Eagle Stout List of beer and breweries in Nigeria Beer portal Companies portal Nigeria portal