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The Third Man

The Third Man is a 1949 film noir directed by Carol Reed, written by Graham Greene, starring Joseph Cotten, Alida Valli, Orson Welles, Trevor Howard. The film is set in post–World War II Vienna, it centres on Holly Martins, an American, given a job in Vienna by his friend Harry Lime, but when Holly arrives in Vienna he gets the news that Lime is dead. Martins meets with Lime's acquaintances in an attempt to investigate what he considers a suspicious death; the atmospheric use of black-and-white expressionist cinematography by Robert Krasker, with harsh lighting and distorted "Dutch angle" camera technique, is a major feature of The Third Man. Combined with the iconic theme music, seedy locations and acclaimed performances from the cast, the style evokes the atmosphere of an exhausted, cynical post-war Vienna at the start of the Cold War. Greene wrote the novella of the same name as preparation for the screenplay. Anton Karas performed the score, which featured only the zither; the title music "The Third Man Theme" topped the international music charts in 1950, bringing the unknown performer international fame.

The Third Man is considered one of the greatest films of all time, celebrated for its acting, musical score and atmospheric cinematography. In 1999, the British Film Institute voted The Third Man the greatest British film of all time. In 2011 a poll of 150 actors, writers and critics for Time Out magazine saw it ranked the second best British film ever; the American pulp Western writer Holly Martins arrives in post–Second World War Vienna seeking his childhood friend, Harry Lime, who has offered him a job. Martins is told. At Lime's funeral, Martins meets two British Royal Military Police: Sergeant Paine, a fan of Martins's books, his superior, Major Calloway. Afterwards Martins is asked to give a lecture to a book club a few days later, he meets a friend of Lime's, "Baron" Kurtz, who tells Martins that he and another friend, carried Lime to the side of the street after the accident and, before he died, Lime asked them to take care of Martins and Lime's girlfriend, actress Anna Schmidt. Martins becomes suspicious that Lime's death was not an accident.

The porter at Lime's apartment building says that Lime was killed and that three men carried the body, not two. Martins and Anna discover; the next evening Martins visits Lime's "medical adviser", Dr. Winkel, who says that he arrived at the accident after Lime was dead, only two men were there; the porter offers to give Martins more information, but someone kills him before Martins can see him. When Martins arrives, the crowd believes that he becomes hostile. Escaping from them, Martins returns to the hotel, a cab takes him to the book club, where he makes a poor speech; when Popescu enters, he asks about Martins's next book. Martins says that it will be called "a murder story" inspired by facts. Popescu tells Martins. Martins flees. Calloway again advises Martins to leave Vienna, but Martins refuses and demands that Lime's death be investigated. Calloway reveals that Lime's racket was stealing penicillin from military hospitals, diluting it, selling it on the black market, leading to many deaths.

Martins, agrees to leave. Martins learns that Anna too has been told about Lime's crimes and is about to be sent to the Soviet sector. Leaving her apartment, Martins notices someone watching from a dark doorway. A shaft of light reveals the person to be Lime, who flees, ignoring Martins's calls, vanishes. Martins summons Calloway; the British police exhume Lime's coffin and discover that the body is that of the orderly who stole the penicillin for Lime. The next day, Martins meets with Lime, they ride Vienna's Ferris wheel, the Wiener Riesenrad. Lime obliquely threatens Martins, reveals the full extent of his ruthlessness, reiterates his job offer before leaving quickly. Calloway asks Martins to help capture Lime, Martins agrees, asking for Anna's safe conduct out of Vienna in exchange. However, when Anna learns this, she refuses to leave. Exasperated, Martins decides to leave, but on the way to the airport, Calloway stops at a hospital to show Martins children dying of meningitis, treated using Lime's diluted penicillin.

Lime arrives to rendezvous with Martins. He tries once again to escape using the sewer tunnels. Lime shoots and kills Paine. Badly injured, Lime drags himself up a ladder to a street grating. Martins kills him using Paine's revolver. Martins attends Lime's second funeral. At the risk of missing his flight out of Vienna, he waits to speak to Anna, but she ignores him and walks past. Uncredited Before writing the screenplay, Graham Greene worked out the atmosphere and mood of the story by writing a novella, he wrote it as a source text for the screenplay and never intended it to be read by the general public, although it was published under the same name as the film. In 1948 he met Elizabeth Montagu in Vienna, she gave him tours of its sewers and some of its less reputable night-clubs. She introduced Greene to Peter Smolka, the central European correspondent for The Times. Smolka gave Greene the stories about the black market in Vienna; the narrator in the novella is Major Calloway, which gives t

Song Shanshan

Song Shanshan is a former professional tennis player. She won six ITF titles, all in doubles. Song made her WTA Tour main draw debut in the doubles at the 2006 Guangzhou International Women's Open, where she and Chen Yanchong made the quarter-finals, with a win over future world number one doubles player Elena Vesnina and her partner Anna Chakvetadze. At the 2007 Guangzhou International Women's Open she qualified for the singles main draw and defeated Chinese wildcard Ji Chunmei in the first round, before being eliminated in the second round by fourth seed Dominika Cibulková. Song Shanshan at the Women's Tennis Association Song Shanshan at the International Tennis Federation

List of prisoners of Theresienstadt

This article lists some notable people who were imprisoned at Theresienstadt Ghetto. Esther Adolphine, sister of Sigmund Freud Alice Archenhold and Hilde Archenhold and daughter of astronomer Friedrich Simon Archenhold Eugen Burg, German film actor Paul Nikolaus Cossmann, editor of the conservative Süddeutsche Monatshefte Ludwig Czech, chairman of the German Social Democratic Party in pre-war Czechoslovakia and former Czechoslovak minister of Social Care, Public Affairs and Public Health Robert Desnos, French Surrealist poet Oskar Fischer, physician Alfred Flatow, German Olympic gymnast, 1896 Olympics gold medallist Gisela Januszewska, physician Rudolf Karel, Czech composer Emil Kolben, Czech industrialist, one of the founders of industrial use of electricity Clementine Krämer and social worker Gretchen Metzger, mother of Otto Metzger Friedrich Münzer, German classical scholar Margarethe "Trude" Neumann, daughter of Theodor Herzl Auguste van Pels, German Jewish refugee who lived in the Secret Annex with Anne Frank.

Georg Alexander Pick, Austrian mathematician, creator of Pick's theorem Ludwig Pick, German pathologist after whom Niemann-Pick disease and Lubarsch-Pick syndrome are named Samuel Schallinger, Austrian businessman, co-owner of the Imperial and the Bristol hotels in Vienna Margarete Schiff, daughter of psychotherapist Josef Breuer Zikmund Schul, composer Amalie Seckbach, a noted painter and sculptor Mathilde Sussin, actress Alfred Tauber and Slovak mathematician Ernestine Taube, mother of pianist/composer Artur Schnabel, remained in Vienna after the Anschluss and at the age of 83, in August 1942, was deported to Theresienstadt concentration camp, where she died two months later. Josefine Winter, daughter of Helene and Rudolf Auspitz H. G. Adler, German-speaking writer and scholar Karel Ančerl, Czech conductor Inge Auerbacher, author of 6 books, the subject of a new play, The Star on My Heart Yehuda Bacon, Israeli artist Leo Baeck, German rabbi Elsa Bernstein, Austrian-German playwright Ilse Blumenthal-Weiss, German poet Ellen Burka, Dutch-Canadian figure skater and coach Arthur Eichengrün, German chemist who invented anti-gonorrhea drug Protargol Kurt Epstein, Czech Olympic water polo competitor Emil František Burian, Czech communist playwright, actor and writer Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychologist Jaro Fürth, Austrian actor Petr Ginz, Czech child prodigy writer, died in Auschwitz in 1944 Richard Glazar and Karel Unger, they were subsequently transferred to Treblinka, from which they escaped Michael Gruenbaum, writer Alena Hájková, Czech historian and resistance fighter Alice Herz-Sommer, Czech pianist.

Died at 110 years old, February 23, 2014, oldest known survivor of the Holocaust. Fredy Hirsch, deputy leader of the children at Theresienstadt, deported 8 September 1943 to Auschwitz and died 8 March 1944 Milada Horáková, Czech politician Berthold Jeiteles, Talmudic scholar, descendant of notable Prague family Ivan Klíma, Czech novelist Egon Lánský, Czech journalist and politician of Slovak origin Arnošt Lustig, Czech novelist Paul Mahrer, professional soccer player Ferdinand Münz, chemist; the inventor of EDTA. Oskar Neumann, Czech lawyer and former president of the Slovak Jewish Council Arnošt Reiser, professor of chemistry and inventor Zuzana Růžičková, Czech harpsichordist Jo Spier, illustrator Peter Spier and illustrator of children's books Sam Swaap, Dutch violinist and conductor Emil Utitz, German-language academic Ela Weissberger, the Cat in Brundibár

Assay Office, Mareeba

Assay Office is a heritage-listed mining laboratory at 167 Walsh Street, Shire of Mareeba, Australia. It was built from 1916 to 1917, it is known as Forestry Office. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 28 July 2000; the Government Assay Office was built in 1916, it is situated behind the Court House on the corner of Hort and Constance Streets, Mareeba. It was designed by the Queensland Government Architect and built by E G Greening of Atherton, at the cost of £400; the adjacent storeroom and office, constructed in the same style, was built the following year. At the end of the 1890s, the important minerals around the Mareeba area were wolfram and molybdenite, used for hardening and strengthening steel; these were mined at Wolfram Camp, Mount Carbine, Mount Perseverance and Bamford. In May 1915 Queensland's first secure Labor government was elected into power. Under the leadership of T J Ryan, with many members drawn from Queensland's northern mining fields and a policy of State capitalism, the Queensland Government set about implementing a policy of acquiring State enterprises to compete on the free market.

There was a pre-World War I boom in wolfram in both Australia and Europe, to supply armament industries. However, a wartime ruling banning the sale of ore to foreign buyers prompted the Queensland Government to assist the local mines by building a State Battery at Bamford and an Assay Office in Mareeba. Mareeba, because of its proximity to the Tablelands railway and the surrounding mineral areas, was chosen as the site for the Assay Office; the town of Mareeba was surveyed in 1893 following the arrival of the railway from the coastal port of Cairns. The line was extended to service the Herberton tin fields. In 1901, the Chillagoe railway line from Mareeba to Mungana was opened to service the Chillagoe mining fields, further securing the future of the township. By 1916 the population of the Mareeba district was estimated to be over 1,200; the Assay Office, a single, two-roomed brick and timber construction, was built in 1916 by local Atherton builder, E G Greening. The design of the Mareeba Assay Office was modified from other similar buildings, found to have certain design faults.

In particular, the original plans called for the walls and ceiling of the office to be constructed of pine timber, which could have been ignited by the heat of the muffle furnace used in the assaying process. Therefore, the plans for the Mareeba Assay Office allowed for the whole of the west wall to be constructed of brick. Other local adaptations included the inclusion of a door adjacent to the Balance Table to allow fumes to dissipate. In November 1916 the State Mining Engineer recommended that another building be provided on the site for use as a storeroom and office, he further recommended that this building be of the same dimensions as the existing Assay Office building, but of cheaper construction. Therefore, the walls of the building were constructed of chamferboard, on a concrete slab, with a fibro cement roof, he requested that the construction of the office and storeroom be dealt with "as an urgent matter" because he wanted the building completed before the Assayer was appointed. The second building was constructed in 1917, adjacent to the original Assay Office.

The Government Assayer appointed was Mr Cosmo Murray. It is said 14 year old Bill McGore was his apprentice for the last 18 months of the building's use as an Assay Office. Late in 1917, at the request of the Government Assayer, the complex was fenced at a cost of £22, to keep children from the nearby school away from the area containing poisons, as well as to deter cattle which strayed nearby at night. In 1917, the Government Assayer requested incandescent lights be installed in both the Assay Office and the storeroom, since he worked at night; these were approved of at the cost of £6. In 1917 a report showed that the Assay Office was proving convenient to miners from surrounding districts, because samples could be treated there at the same time as they were sent to buyers and this ensured better conditions regarding sales of ore. However, the metals boom came to an abrupt halt following the end of the war in November 1918. By 1921, the Mareeba Assay Office was closed. With the construction of Mareeba Airfield in 1942 and the influx of troops to the area during World War II, the Assay Office was used as an American Army PX store.

In 1943 it became the district headquarters for the Australian Women's Army. A. W. A. S. Personnel were barracked in eight-bedded huts in Arnold Park alongside the Assay Office, using the building itself as their orderly room. At this time, Mareeba railway station was the Tablelands' main depot for materials needed in the construction of roads, army camps, warehouses and other defence facilities; these movements, plus the 3,579 U. S. and Australian troops brought to the area. It became one of the "feeding points" for troops travelling by train to the Atherton Tableland, with local women providing the food from their own rationed supplies. In 1949, the Assay Office was taken over by the Queensland Forestry Department, who used it as an office until 26 July 1964; the Mareeba Magistrate's Court used the former storeroom and office as a storage area until 1978, at which time the Public Works Department began using it for storage. The Assay Office and Store are situated in the grounds of the Mareeba Court House and are located at the corner of Hort and Constance Street, Mareeba.

The complex comprises the Store Room and Office. The Assay Office is a tall, single story building 6.5 metres long and 4 metres wide, with a verandah 2.5 metres wide

Bloxwich railway station

Bloxwich railway station serves Bloxwich, in the Metropolitan Borough of Walsall, West Midlands, England. The station, all trains serving it, are operated by West Midlands Railway; the present station opened in 1989, as part of the first stage of the reopening of the Chase Line from Walsall to Hednesford to passenger trains under British Rail. An earlier Bloxwich station existed a few hundred yards to the south, just north of the level crossing and adjacent to the existing Bloxwich Signal Box; that station closed to passengers on 18 January 1965 and to goods on 10 August 1964. Monday to Saturday daytimes, Bloxwich is served by two trains per hour in each direction between Birmingham New Street and Rugeley Trent Valley where connections to Stafford, Stoke-on-Trent and Crewe are available, although a small number of trains start/terminate at Hednesford. Services are operated by Class 350 electric trains. During the morning and evening peak, trains to Walsall and Birmingham run at a 30-minute frequency.

Journey times are 7 minutes to Walsall and 31 minutes to Birmingham New Street. Train times and station information for Bloxwich railway station from National Rail

Aernout van Overbeke

Aernout van Overbeke was a Dutch writer and humorist. His works include a collection of jokes, his Rym-wercken was popular and was reprinted nine times after his death. He was born in Leiden, where his Antwerp-born parents had settled after marrying in Frankfurt and spending a period in Amsterdam, his family was quite wealthy, with a townhouse on the Rapenburg and a country residence in Alphen aan den Rijn and receiving illustrious guests such as Vossius and Barlaeus. However, Aernout's father got into financial difficulties, which seem to have affected his health - he died in 1638. Van Overbeke entered Leiden University aged eleven and completed his legal studies there on 10 March 1655 with a disputation or thesis entitled De transactionibus. On 23 January 1659 he became a lawyer for the Court of Holland, he incurred many debts around this time, for example by writing a translation of the psalms into poetry for the Lutheran church at his own expense and distributing it for free. It was his financial problems that led him to apply to work for the Dutch East India Company, becoming a fiscal lawyer for it and becoming president of the Council of Justice for Batavia.

Van Overbeke returned to the Netherlands in 1672 and little is known of his life and work after that date. He was buried in his family vault at Leiden a week later. De psalmen Davids in Nederduytsche rymen gestelt. Amsterdam: Borrit Jansz. Smit, 1663. Geestige en Vermaeckelicke Reys-beschryvinge Van den Heer Aernout van Overbeke Naer Oost-Indiën gevaren, ten dienste van de E. E. Heeren Bewinthebberen van de Oost-Indische Compagnie, Voor Raet van Justitie, in den Jare 1668. Vervattende verscheyde kluchtige voorvallen, en koddige gedachten op de selve, geduerende sijn Reyse van Amsterdam tot Batavia. Amsterdam: Jan Joosten, 1671. De rym-wercken. Amsterdam, Jan Claesz. Ten Hoorn, 1678. Anecdota sive historiae jocosae, his life and texts on the Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren Aernout van Overbeke: moppentapper en -verzamelaar