"The Three Little Pigs" is a fable about three pigs who build three houses of different materials. A Big Bad Wolf blows down the first two pigs' houses, made of straw and sticks but is unable to destroy the third pig's house, made of bricks. Printed versions date back to the 1840s; the phrases used in the story, the various morals drawn from it, have become embedded in Western culture. Many versions of The Three Little Pigs have been recreated or have been modified over the years, sometimes making the wolf a kind character, it is a type B124 folktale in the Aarne–Thompson classification system. "The Three Little Pigs" was included by James Halliwell-Phillipps. The story in its arguably best-known form appeared in English Fairy Tales by Joseph Jacobs, first published on June 19, 1890 and crediting Halliwell as his source; the earliest published version of the story is from Dartmoor in 1853 and has three little pixies in place of the pigs. The story begins with the title characters being sent out into the world by their mother, to "seek out their fortune".
The first little pig builds a house of straw. The second little pig builds a house of sticks, which the wolf blows down, the second little pig is devoured; each exchange between wolf and pig features ringing proverbial phrases, namely: The third little pig builds a house of bricks, which the wolf fails to blow down. He attempts to trick the pig out of the house by asking to meet him at various places, but he is outwitted each time; the wolf resolves to come down the chimney, whereupon the pig catches the wolf in a cauldron of boiling water, slams the lid on cooks and eats him. In some versions, the first and second little pigs are not eaten by the wolf after he demolishes their homes, but instead run to their brother's/sister's house, after the wolf goes down the chimney he either dies like in the original, or runs away and never returns to eat the three little pigs, who all survive in either case; the story uses the literary rule of three, expressed in this case as a "contrasting three", as the third pig's brick house turns out to be the only one, adequate to withstand the wolf.
Variations of the tale appeared in Uncle Remus: His Songs and Sayings in 1881. The story made an appearance in Nights with Uncle Remus in 1883, both by Joel Chandler Harris, in which the pigs were replaced by Brer Rabbit. Andrew Lang did not cite his source. In contrast to Jacobs's version, which left the pigs nameless, Lang's retelling cast the pigs as Browny and Blacky, it set itself apart by exploring each pig's character and detailing interaction between them. The antagonist of this version is a fox, not a wolf; the pigs' houses are made either of cabbage, or brick. Blacky, the third pig, rescues his brother and sister from the fox's den after the fox has been defeated; the most well-known version of the story is the award-winning 1933 Silly Symphony cartoon, produced by Walt Disney. The production cast the title characters as Fifer Pig, Fiddler Pig, Practical Pig; the first two are depicted as both arrogant. The story has been somewhat softened; the first two pigs still escape from the wolf. The wolf is not boiled to death but burns his behind and runs away.
Three sequels soon followed in 1934, 1936 and 1939 as a result of the short film's popularity. Fifer Pig, Fiddler Pig, Practical Pig and the Big Bad Wolf appeared in the 2001 series Disney's House of Mouse in many episodes, again in Mickey's Magical Christmas: Snowed in at the House of Mouse; the three pigs can be seen in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts as greetable characters. In 1943, there was a Merrie Melodies version, Pigs in a Polka, a serious musical treatment, plus the usual Friz Freleng visual humor, it parodies both the Disney version, Fantasia itself. Other versions of the tale were made. One was an MGM Tex Avery cartoon named a 1942 wartime version with the Wolf as a Nazi. Another animated spoof was a 1952 Warner Brothers cartoon called The Turn-Tale Wolf, directed by Robert McKimson; this cartoon tells the story from the wolf's point of view and makes the pigs out to be the villains. Another Warner Brothers spoof was Friz Freleng's The Three Little Bops, which depicts the three little pigs as jazz musicians who refuse to let the wolf join their band and their "houses" as the nightclubs they play at, each named accordingly.
One of Uncle Remus' stories, "The Story of the Pigs", found in Nights with Uncle Remus, is a re-telling of the story, with the following differences: There are five pigs in this version: Big Pig, Little Pig, Speckle Pig and Runt. Blunt is the only male. Big Pig builds a brush house, Little Pig builds a stick house, Speckle Pig builds a mud house, Blunt builds a plank house and Runt builds a stone house; the Wolf's verse goes: "If you'll open the door and let me in, I'll warm my hands and go home again."In 1953, Al "Jazzbo" Collins narrated a jazz version of The Three Little Pigs on a Brunswick Records 78 r.p.m. Record album titled "steve allen's grimm fairy tales for hip kids" with piano blues accompaniment by Lou Stein. In 1953, Tex Avery did a Droopy cartoon, "The Three Little Pups". In it, the wolf is a Southern-accented dog catcher trying to catch Droopy and his brothers and Loopy, to put in the dog pound. Though blowing the first two houses down, he meets his match when he fails to blow down Droopy's house of bricks
HMAS Sheean is the fifth of six Collins-class submarines operated by the Royal Australian Navy. Named for Ordinary Seaman Edward Sheean—the only submarine of the class to be named for an enlisted sailor—the boat was laid down in 1994 and launched in 1999. Sheean and sister boat Dechaineux were modified during construction as part of the "fast track" program—an attempt to fix the problems affecting the Collins class, put at least two operational submarines in service before the last Oberon-class submarine was decommissioned; the Collins class is an enlarged version of the Västergötland class submarine designed by Kockums. At 77.42 metres in length, with a beam of 7.8 metres and a waterline depth of 7 metres, displacing 3,051 tonnes when surfaced, 3,353 tonnes when submerged, they are the largest conventionally powered submarines in the world. The hull is constructed from high-tensile micro-alloy steel, are covered in a skin of anechoic tiles to minimise detection by sonar; the depth that they can dive to is classified: most sources claim that it is over 180 metres,The submarine is armed with six 21-inch torpedo tubes, carry a standard payload of 22 torpedoes: a mix of Gould Mark 48 Mod 4 torpedoes and UGM-84C Sub-Harpoon, with the Mark 48s upgraded to the Mod 7 Common Broadband Advanced Sonar System version.
Each submarine is equipped with three Garden Island-Hedemora HV V18b/15Ub 18-cylinder diesel engines, which are each connected to a 1,400 kW, 440-volt DC Jeumont-Schneider generator. The electricity generated is stored in batteries supplied to a single Jeumont-Schneider DC motor, which provides 7,200 shaft horsepower to a single, seven-bladed, 4.22-metre diameter skewback propeller. The Collins class has a speed of 10.5 knots when surfaced and at snorkel depth, can reach 21 knots underwater. The submarines have a range of 11,000 nautical miles at 10 knots when surfaced, 9,000 nautical miles at 10 knots at snorkel depth; when submerged a Collins-class submarine can travel 32.6 nautical miles at maximum speed, or 480 nautical miles at 4 knots. Each boat has an endurance of 70 days; the issues with the Collins class highlighted in the McIntosh-Prescott Report and the pressing need to have combat-ready submarines in the RAN fleet with the pending decommissioning of Otama, the final Oberon-class submarine in Australian service, prompted the establishment of an A$1 billion program to bring Sheean and sister boat Dechaineux up to an operational standard as as possible, referred to as the "fast track" or "get well" program.
The fast track program required the installation of reliable diesel engines, fixing hydrodynamic noise issues by modifying the hull design and propeller, providing a functional combat system. The original Rockwell International-designed combat system had been cancelled, but because there wasn't enough time to evaluate the replacement system to include it in the "fast track" program, the two submarines were fitted with components from the old Rockwell system, which were augmented by commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software. With the enhanced Rockwell system, it was believed that the capabilities of the fast track Collins boats was only equivalent to the Oberons. Sheean was named for Ordinary Seaman Edward "Teddy" Sheean, who manned an Oerlikon and fired on Japanese aircraft attacking the corvette HMAS Armidale, dying when the ship sank. Sheean is the only submarine named after an enlisted sailor; the submarine was laid down by Australian Submarine Corporation, on 17 February 1994, launched on 1 May 1999 by Ivy Hayes, Teddy Sheean's sister, commissioned into the RAN on 23 February 2001.
On 14 December 2000, Sheean and Dechaineux arrived at HMAS Stirling, following the completion of sea trials. The submarine participated in RIMPAC 02, where Sheean was able to penetrate the air and surface anti-submarine screens of an eight-ship amphibious task force successfully attacked both the amphibious assault ship USS Tarawa and the dock landing ship USS Rushmore. During two weeks of combat trials in August 2002, Sheean demonstrated that the class was comparable in the underwater warfare role to the Los Angeles-class nuclear-powered attack submarine USS Olympia; the two submarines traded roles during the exercise and were successful in the attacking role, despite Olympia being larger, more powerful, armed with more advanced torpedoes than Sheean. In 2006, Sheean was presented with the Gloucester Cup for being the RAN vessel with the greatest overall efficiency over the previous twelve months. Sheean was docked for a long maintenance period in 2008, but workforce shortages and malfunctions on other submarines requiring urgent attention have drawn this out: RAN and ASC officials predicted in 2010 that she would not be back in service until 2012.
The maintenance period ended in late 2012, Sheean spent the rest of the year working back up to operational status. The submarine was formally returned to service on 23 February 2013. On 16 July 2013, Sheean was damaged. Combi Dock III, a cargo ship owned by Danish company Combi Lift and intended to supply the Gorgon gas project, broke free of moorings during a storm, drifted into the submarine, causing damage to Sheean's propeller and steering apparatus. Combi Dock III was impounded by the Australian government until 13 September, when Combi Lift agreed to pay for the damage. BooksDavidson, Jon. Beneath Southern Seas. Crawley, WA: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 1-920694-62-5. OCLC 69242056. Jones, Pete
The Vía Verde de la Sierra is a rail trail for tourist use comprising 38 km of mountainous landscape between Puerto Serrano and Olvera villages, provinces of Cádiz and Sevilla. It is part of Vías Verdes of Spain; the path goes along the riverside of Guadalete and Guadalporcún, around the nature reserve of Peñón de Zaframagón and the natural monument of Chaparro de la Vega. The route uses a rail track between Almargen through the Cádiz mountains; some interesting places near the road are: Bird Hide near the natural reserve of Peñón de Zaframagón. There is a path to go to the natural monument of Chaparro de la Vega. Via Verde travel guide, in English