The Trojan Women translated as The Women of Troy, known by its transliterated Greek title Troades, is a tragedy by the Greek playwright Euripides. Produced in 415 BC during the Peloponnesian War, it is considered a commentary on the capture of the Aegean island of Melos and the subsequent slaughter and subjugation of its populace by the Athenians earlier that year. 415 BC was the year of the scandalous desecration of the hermai and the Athenians' second expedition to Sicily, events which may have influenced the author. The Trojan Women was the third tragedy of a trilogy dealing with the Trojan War; the first tragedy, was about the recognition of the Trojan prince Paris, abandoned in infancy by his parents and rediscovered in adulthood. The second tragedy, dealt with Greek mistreatment of their fellow Greek Palamedes; this trilogy was presented at the Dionysia along with the comedic satyr play Sisyphos. The plots of this trilogy were not connected in the way. Euripides did not favor such connected trilogies.
Euripides won second prize at the City Dionysia for his effort, losing to the obscure tragedian Xenocles. The four Trojan women of the play are the same that appear in the final book of the Iliad lamenting over the corpse of Hector. Taking place near the same time is Hecuba, another play by Euripides. Hecuba: Alas! Alas! Alas! Ilion is ablaze. Chorus: Like smoke blown to heaven on the wings of the wind, our country, our conquered country, perishes, its palaces are overrun by the murderous spear. Hecuba: O land that reared my children! Euripides's play follows the fates of the women of Troy after their city has been sacked, their husbands killed, as their remaining families are about to be taken away as slaves. However, it begins first with the gods Athena and Poseidon discussing ways to punish the Greek armies because they condoned that Ajax the Lesser raped Cassandra, the eldest daughter of King Priam and Queen Hecuba, after dragging her from a statue of Athena. What follows shows how much the Trojan women have suffered as their grief is compounded when the Greeks dole out additional deaths and divide their shares of women.
The Greek herald Talthybius arrives to tell the dethroned queen Hecuba what will befall her and her children. Hecuba will be taken away with the Greek general Odysseus, Cassandra is destined to become the conquering general Agamemnon's concubine. Cassandra, who can see the future, is morbidly delighted by this news: she sees that when they arrive in Argos, her new master's embittered wife Clytemnestra will kill both her and her new master, she sings Agamemnon that describes their bloody deaths. However, Cassandra is cursed so that her visions of the future are never believed, she is carried off; the widowed princess Andromache arrives and Hecuba learns from her that her youngest daughter, has been killed as a sacrifice at the tomb of the Greek warrior Achilles. Andromache's lot is to be the concubine of Achilles' son Neoptolemus, more horrible news for the royal family is yet to come: Talthybius reluctantly informs her that her baby son, has been condemned to die; the Greek leaders are afraid that the boy will grow up to avenge his father Hector, rather than take this chance, they plan to throw him off from the battlements of Troy to his death.
Helen, though not one of the Trojan women, is supposed to suffer as well: Menelaus arrives to take her back to Greece with him where a death sentence awaits her. Helen tries to seduce her husband into sparing her life. Menelaus remains resolved to kill her, but the audience watching the play knows that he will let her live and take her back. At the end of the play it is revealed. In the end, Talthybius returns. Andromache's wish had been to bury her child herself, performing the proper rituals according to Trojan ways, but her ship had departed. Talthybius gives the corpse to Hecuba, who prepares the body of her grandson for burial before they are taken off with Odysseus. Throughout the play, many of the Trojan women lament the loss of the land. Hecuba in particular lets it be known that Troy had been her home for her entire life, only to see herself as an old grandmother watching the burning of Troy, the death of her husband, her children, her grandchildren before she will be taken as a slave to Odysseus.
In 1974, Ellen Stewart, founder of La MaMa Experimental Theater Club in New York, presented "The Trojan Women" as the last Fragment of a Trilogy. With staging by Romanian-born theater director Andrei Serban and music by American composer Elizabeth Swados, this production of The Trojan Women went on to tour more than thirty countries over the course of forty years. Since 2014, The Trojan Women Project has been sharing this production with diverse communities that now include Guatemala and Kosovo. A Festival of work from all participants is scheduled for December, 2019; the French public intellectual, Jean-Paul Sartre wrote a version of The Trojan Women, faithful to the original Greek text, yet includes veiled references to European imperialism in Asia, emphases of existentialist themes. The Israeli playwright Hanoch Levin wrote his own version of the play, adding more disturbing scenes and scatological details. A 1905 stage version
James Marcelin is a Haitian professional footballer who last played for Canadian club FC Edmonton. Born in Saint-Marc, Marcelin began his career with Roulado when he was sixteen, helping the team win the Ligue Haïtienne title in 2003, before moving to Racing Club Haïtien in 2007. In 2008, he moved to the Puerto Rico Islanders of the USL First Division, where he saw limited playing time in league games. However, he played in Puerto Rico's 2008–09 CONCACAF Champions League games. In 2009, he became a regular first team starter. On 11 February 2010, the Portland Timbers of the USSF D2 Pro League signed Marcelin to a one-year contract for the 2010 season where he established himself as a regular first-team starter, he continued with the Timbers when they joined Major League Soccer in 2011, appearing in most games of the season and starting in several ones. Marcelin was waived by Portland on 25 April 2012 for'non soccer related reasons', he signed with fellow MLS club FC Dallas just over a week on 4 May 2012 for the rest of the season.
In July 2014 he signed with Fort Lauderdale Strikers of the North American Soccer League. On 16 December 2014, Marcelin signed with Sporting Kansas City of Major League Soccer but was waived in the preseason, he re-signed with Fort Lauderdale on 3 March 2015. Marcelin was traded by Fort Lauderdale to Carolina RailHawks in exchange for Neil Hlavaty on 30 December 2015. In June 2018, Marcelin signed with National Premier Soccer League side Miami United FC. On 22 February 2019, Marcelin joined Canadian Premier League side FC Edmonton, he made his debut for the Eddies on May 4 against Valour FC playing the full 90 minutes in a 2-1 victory. At the end of the season Edmonton announced that Marcelin would not be returning to the team in 2020. In 2006, Marcelin appeared for the Haitian U-21 national team. In 2007 and 2009, Marcelin played for the Haiti national football team at the Gold Cup. On 8 June 2016, Marcelin scored a historic goal for Haiti, making it the first goal scored for Haiti in a Copa América and the first Haitian goal scored against Brazil.
As of match played 8 June 2016. Haiti score listed first, score column indicates score after each Marcelin goal. Roulado Ligue Haïtienne: 2003Puerto Rico Islanders Commissioner's Cup: 2008Individual NASL Best XI: 2015 James Marcelin at National-Football-Teams.com James Marcelin at Major League Soccer James Marcelin – FIFA competition record
Lawrence Hazard was an American playwright and screenwriter active between 1933 and 1958. His career was cut short when he died at age 61 in 1959, his films include Man's Castle directed by Frank Borzage and starring Spencer Tracy and Loretta Young. Man's Castle I'll Love You Always Hooray for Love Mannequin Strange Cargo The Spoilers Jackass Mail Whistling in Dixie Dakota Wyoming The Fabulous Texan Lawrence Hazard on IMDb