The Twilight Zone is an American media franchise based on the anthology television series created by Rod Serling. The episodes are in various genres, including fantasy, science fiction, suspense and psychological thriller concluding with a macabre or unexpected twist, with a moral. A popular and critical success, it introduced many Americans to common science fiction and fantasy tropes; the original series, shot in black and white, ran on CBS for five seasons from 1959 to 1964. The Twilight Zone followed in the tradition of earlier television shows such as Tales of Tomorrow and Science Fiction Theatre; the success of the series led to a feature film, a TV film, a radio series, literature including a comic book, novels and a magazine and a theme park attraction and various other spin-offs that spanned five decades, including three revival television series. The first revival ran on CBS and in syndication in the 1980s, while the second revival ran on UPN. In December 2017, CBS All Access ordered the third Twilight Zone revival to series, helmed by Jordan Peele.
The series premiered on April 1, 2019. TV Guide ranked the original TV series #5 in their 2013 list of the 60 greatest shows of all time and #4 in their list of the 60 greatest dramas; as a boy, Rod Serling was a fan of pulp fiction stories. As an adult, he sought topics with themes such as racism, war and human nature in general. Serling decided to combine these two interests as a way to broach these subjects on television at a time when such issues were not addressed. Throughout the 1950s, Serling established himself as one of the most popular names in television, he was as famous for writing televised drama. His most vocal complaints concerned censorship, practiced by sponsors and networks. "I was not permitted to have my senators discuss any current or pressing problem," he said of his 1957 Studio One production "The Arena", intended to be an involving look into contemporary politics. "To talk of tariff was to align oneself with the Republicans. To say a single thing germane to the current political scene was prohibited."
CBS purchased a teleplay in 1958 that writer Rod Serling hoped to produce as the pilot of a weekly anthology series. "The Time Element" marked Serling's first entry in the field of science fiction. Several years after the end of World War II, a man named Peter Jenson visits a psychoanalyst, Dr. Gillespie. Jenson tells him about a recurring dream in which he tries to warn people about the "sneak attack" on Pearl Harbor before it happens, but the warnings are disregarded. Jenson believes the events of the dream are real, each night he travels back to 1941. Dr. Gillespie insists. While on the couch, Jenson falls asleep once again but this time dreams that the Japanese planes shoot and kill him. In Dr. Gillespie's office, the couch Jenson was lying on is now empty. Dr. Gillespie goes to a bar; the bartender tells him that Jenson had tended bar there, but he was killed during the Pearl Harbor attack. With the "Time Element" script, Serling drafted the fundamental elements that defined the subsequent series: a science-fiction/fantasy theme and closing narration, an ending with a twist.
"The Time Element" was purchased but shelved indefinitely. This is where things stood when Bert Granet, the new producer for Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, discovered "The Time Element" in CBS' vaults while searching for an original Serling script to add prestige to his show. "The Time Element" debuted on November 24, 1958, to an overwhelmingly delighted audience of television viewers and critics alike. "The humor and sincerity of Mr. Serling's dialogue made'The Time Element' entertaining," offered Jack Gould of The New York Times. Over 6,000 letters of praise flooded Granet's offices. Convinced that a series based on such stories could succeed, CBS again began talks with Serling about the possibilities of producing The Twilight Zone. "Where Is Everybody?" was accepted as the pilot episode and the project was announced to the public in early 1959. Other than reruns at the time "The Time Element" was not aired on television again until it was shown as part of a 1996 all-night sneak preview of the new cable channel TVLand.
It is available in an Italian DVD boxed set titled Ai confini della realtà – I tesori perduti. The Twilight Zone Season 1 Blu-ray boxed set released on September 14, 2010, offers a remastered high-definition version of the original Desilu Playhouse production as a special feature; the series was produced by Inc. a production company owned and named by Serling. It reflects his background in Central New York State and is named after Cayuga Lake, on which he owned a home, where Cornell University and Ithaca College are located. Aside from Serling, who wrote or adapted nearly two-thirds of the series' total episodes, writers for The Twilight Zone included leading authors such as Charles Beaumont, Ray Bradbury, Earl Hamner, Jr. George Clayton Johnson, Richard Matheson, Reginald Rose, Jerry Sohl. Many episodes featured new adaptations of classic stories by such writers as Ambrose Bierce, Jerome Bixby, Damon Knight, John Collier, Lewis Padgett. Twilight Zone's writers used science fiction as a vehicle
George Albert Francis, known professionally as George Francis, was a British boxing athletic trainer who trained world champion boxers such as Frank Bruno, John Conteh, Bunny Sterling, John Mugabi, Cornelius Boza-Edwards. George Francis was born in Camden Town, north London, he was only eight when his father died, left school at the age of 11 to support his family. In the 1930s, he was a bare-knuckle fighter. After a local policemen persuaded him to give that up he turned to amateur boxing. Francis worked his way up the ranks at Covent Garden Market and became a porter, he was a member of a local boxing club and it was there that he decided to switch from boxer to trainer. These early ventures into the fight game were to be the start of a career which saw him become involved with some of the greatest boxers in the world. Francis was known for making his boxers run on Hampstead Heath and swim in the cold water of Highgate Men's Pond as part of their training. After Paul McCartney visited Francis's gym to watch Conteh train, McCartney employed Francis's son Michael as a bodyguard.
Francis was found hanged at his home in Hillway, Highgate having committed suicide on 3 or 4 April 2002. He was 73, his death followed a period of severe depression that occurred after the deaths of both his wife and his son, Simon
A Turkish name consists of an ad or an isim and a soyadı or soyisim. Turkish names exist in a "full name" format. While there is only one soyadı in the full name there may be more than one ad. Married women may carry husband's surnames; the soyadı is written after all given names. At least one name two but rarely more, are given to a person at birth. Newly given names are allowed up to three words. Most names are gender-specific: Oğuz is for males, Tuğçe only for females, but there are many Turkish names. Many modern given names are given to newborns of either sex. Among the common examples of the many unisex names in Turkey include Aytaç, Derya, Evrim, Özgür, Yücel. Unlike English unisex names, most Turkish unisex names have been traditionally used for both genders. However, some unisex names are used more for one gender. Names are given to babies by their parents and registered in "The Central Civil Registration System" while preparing the baby's identity document at the birth registration office of the district's governorship.
Turkish names are words with specific meanings in the Turkish language. Most Turkish names can be differentiated from others, except those of other Turkic nations Azerbaijan if they are of pure Turkic origin; the Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet of 1928, in force as decreed by article 174 of the Constitution of Turkey, prescribes that only letters in the Turkish alphabet may be used on birth certificates. As the Turkish alphabet has no Q, W, X, or other symbols, names including those be cannot be given unless they are transliterated into Turkish. Ideological concerns of the families can affect naming behaviour; some religious families give second names of Arabic origin, which can be names of important figures in the religion of Islam such as Muhammed and Ali. Some of these names have evolved in time, differentiating from the Arabic original, as in the case of Mehmet. Another change is for linguistic reasons such as in the case of Sadettin or Nurettin; some Turkish people with two given names are referred to with just one of these names while others are referred to with both.
For example, the writer Ferit Orhan Pamuk is known as Orhan Pamuk, but another writer, Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, is known with both given names. Many Turkish people with two given names, like Orhan Pamuk, are known and called by their first name, placed between the middle and last names, as opposed to Western naming conventions; until the introduction of the Surname Law in 1934, as part of Atatürk's Reforms, Turkish citizens had no surnames. The law required all citizens of Turkey to adopt an official surname. Before that, male Turks used their father's name followed by -oğlu, or a nickname of the family, before their given name before the modern era; the Turks who descended from a ruling house used -zade, e.g. Sami Paşazade Mehmet Bey; the surname is an ancestry-based name following a person's given names, used for addressing people or the family. The surname is a single word according to Turkish law, it has no gender-dependent modifications. The soyadı is neither matronymic. Surnames in Turkey are patrilineal: they pass in the male line from father to his legal children without any change in form.
Turkey has abolished all notions of nobility. Since 2014, women in Turkey are allowed to keep their birth names alone for their whole life instead of using their husbands' names. Prior to this date, the Turkish Code of Civil Law Article 187 required a married woman to compulsorily obtain her husband's surname after the marriage. In 2014, the Constitutional Court ruled that prohibiting married women from retaining only maiden names is a violation of their rights. After divorce, the woman returns to her pre-marriage surname; the court may grant a woman the right to keep her ex-husband's surname after divorcing. A woman may have only two surnames due to marriage. Thus, a woman who continues to use double surname after divorcing, cannot take a third surname by marrying again; the child of a family takes the "family name", his or her father's surname. A child takes their mother's surname if the father is unknown. Turkish citizens may change their surnames according to Turkish Civil Law and Turkish Law on Population Services via court decision of "civil court of first instance".
Azerbaijani name Onomastics A mapping of the Turkish digital Diaspora, from recognizing Turkish names on Twitter Archive of names, date of last access: April 18, 2009 Turkish Names Behind the Name: Turkish Names, date of last access: August 9, 2008
This is a list of presidents of Djibouti. Since the establishment of the office of president in 1977, there have been two presidents; the president is both head of state and head of government of Djibouti and the commander-in-chief of the Djibouti Armed Forces. The current president is Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, since 1999. Djibouti List of prime ministers of Djibouti First Lady of Djibouti French Territory of the Afars and the Issas French Somaliland List of governors of French Somaliland Lists of office-holders World Statesmen – Djibouti
Afghanistan is one amongst the poorest countries in the world. In Afghanistan, poverty is widespread in urban areas. However, it has been estimated that poverty in Afghanistan is concentrated in rural areas, it has been estimated. In these rural areas, families without enough access to adequate nutrition see many infants and children become stunted and die each year; the regions in Afghanistan where half of the inhabitants are poor are the East and West-Central regions. According to the Afghan government's estimates, 42 percent of the Afghanistan's total population lives below the poverty line. 20 percent of people living just above the poverty line are vulnerable to falling into poverty. The recent rise of poverty rates in Afghanistan can be associated to the stagnating economy; the poverty line is defined as an income of 70 afghanis a day, equivalent to about 1 U. S. dollar. The Afghanistan Living Conditions Survey reported that the national poverty rate has risen from 38% in 2011-12 to 55% in 2016-2017, with the slowing economic growth and a deteriorating security situation as two causes.
Over half of the population is living off less than a dollar a day. Another finding from the same report showed that from poverty many other problems branch out, as food insecurity has risen by 14.5% in five years, despite large population growth, the agricultural industry and unemployment have both become worse. According to Azarakhsh Hafizi, a member of the Afghanistan Chamber of Commerce, the market economy of Afghanistan cannot operate without the necessary structure of legislation in the government. Another criticism held by members of the Afghanistan Chamber is that foreign aid is doing more damage than helping creating an artificial economy based around foreign aid. Despite this cry against foreign aid, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs published that in the 2018 Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan an estimated $83,368,135 will be donated to the food security and agriculture sector of the economy; the Afghanistan Poverty Status Update was jointly produced by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan's Ministry of Economy and the World Bank.
It used the National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment data and according to its assessment 36% of Afghan population remained poor in 2007–08 and in 2012. This meant that more than one in three Afghans did not have enough money to buy food or fulfill their basic needs; this was puzzling as the GDP growth rate during the same period was 6.9%. A report published by the United Nations Children's Fund in 2018 states that for the first time since 2002, the children out-of-school rate has increased in poverty stricken provinces; until 2017, no government monitoring on child poverty had taken place in Afghanistan. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative began working in cooperation with the Central Statistics Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund of Afghanistan to aid the Afghanistan government in creating policies and budgets to help alleviate child poverty; the Afghanistan National Development Strategy 2008–2013 served as Afghanistan's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and used the Afghanistan Compact as a foundation.
The Afghanistan National Development Strategy was launched to serve as the country’s poverty reduction strategy. It identifies factors which contribute to poverty such as lack of infrastructure, limited access to markets, social inequity and ongoing conflict, various productivity constraints; until 2017, no government monitoring on child poverty had taken place in Afghanistan. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative began working in cooperation with the Central Statistics Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund of Afghanistan to aid the Afghanistan government in creating policies and budgets to help alleviate child poverty. In order to help restart the public health system in Afghanistan after the fall of the Taliban, Afghanistan's Ministry of Public Health created based on the Basic Package of Health Services in 2002. An analysis of the effectiveness of this plan revealed that while the plan was successful in implementing the package to both disabled or female-headed households, the impoverish were still barred off from health centers and private providers that required out of pocket payments.
The United Nations Human Refugee Agency issued a post-return shelter assistance program to assist displaced Afghans coming back to Afghanistan after being refugees in neighboring countries. There was shown to be a 3 % decrease of homelessness in areas. Economy of Afghanistan Phantom aid in Afghanistan
Deadly Relations is a 1993 American television film directed by Bill Condon. It stars Shelley Fabares and Gwyneth Paltrow; the film aired on ABC on May 22, 1993. Deadly Relations is based on the true crime book Deadly Relations: A True Story of Murder in a Suburban Family by Carol Donahue and Shirley Hall. Donahue and Hall are the daughters of Leonard Fagot, a New Orleans attorney whose obsession with controlling his daughters led to him murdering their husbands for hefty insurance pay outs. Leonard Fagot loves them so much, that he usurps his control over them, he lets. And if he disapproves of them, he will have them killed to get them out of his daughters' life. Robert Urich as Leonard J. Fagot Shelley Fabares as Shirley Fagot Gwyneth Paltrow as Carol Ann Fagot Applegarth Holland Joy Farmer as Shirley Fagot, Jr. Georgia Emelin as Joanne Fagot Westerfield Jillian Boyd as Nancy Fagot Matthew Perry as George Westerfield Tony Higgins as Mike Holland Ted Marcoux as Bruce Applegarth Roxana Zal as Marty Deadly Relations on IMDb Deadly Relations at the TCM Movie Database Deadly Relations at Rotten Tomatoes