The Wash is a square bay and estuary at the north-west corner of East Anglia on the East coast of England, where Norfolk meets Lincolnshire, both border the North Sea. One of the broadest estuaries in the United Kingdom, it is fed by the rivers Witham, Welland and Great Ouse, it is a 62,046-hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest. It is a Nature Conservation Review site, Grade I, a National Nature Reserve, a Ramsar site, a Special Area of Conservation and a Special Protection Area, it is in the Norfolk Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and part of it is the Snettisham Royal Society for the Protection of Birds nature reserve. The Wash makes a large indentation in the coastline of Eastern England that separates the curved coast of East Anglia from Lincolnshire, it is a large bay with three straight sides meeting at right angles, each about 15 miles in length. The eastern coast of the Wash is within Norfolk, extends from a point a little north of Hunstanton in the north to the mouth of the River Great Ouse at King's Lynn in the south.
The opposing coast, parallel to the east coast, runs from Gibraltar Point to the mouth of the River Welland, all within Lincolnshire. The southern coast runs north-west to south-east, connecting these two river mouths and is punctuated by the mouth of a third river, the River Nene. Inland from the Wash the land is flat, low-lying and marshy: these are the Fens of Lincolnshire and Norfolk. To the east is the North Sea. Owing to deposits of sediment and land reclamation, the coastline of the Wash has altered markedly within historical times. Several towns once on the coast of the Wash are now some distance inland. Much of the Wash itself is shallow, with several large sandbanks, such as Breast Sand, Bulldog Sand, Roger Sand and Old South Sand, which are exposed at low tide along the south coast. For this reason, navigation in the Wash can be hazardous. Two commercial shipping lane channels lead inland from The Wash, the River Nene leading to Port Sutton Bridge in Lincolnshire and further inland to the Port of Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, the River Great Ouse leading to King's Lynn Docks in Norfolk.
Both shipping lanes have their own maritime pilot stations to guide and navigate incoming and outgoing cargo ships in The Wash. A re-survey of the coastline of The Wash carried out by The Ordnance Survey in 2011 revealed that an estimated additional 3,000 acres on the coastline of The Wash had been created by accretion since the previous surveys carried out between 1960 and 1980; the Wash varies enormously in water temperature throughout the year. Winter temperatures are brought near freezing from the cold North Sea flows. Summer water temperatures can reach 20 -- 23 °C after sun; this effect, which happens in the shallow areas around beaches, only in pockets of water, is exaggerated by the large sheltered tidal reach. At the end of the latest glaciation, while the sea level remained lower than it is today, the rivers Witham, Glen and Great Ouse joined into a large river; the deep valley of the Wash was formed, not by the interglacial river, but by ice of the Wolstonian and Devensian stages flowing southwards up the slope represented by the modern coast and forming tunnel valleys, of which the Silver Pit is one of many.
It was this process that narrowness. When the tunnel valley was free of ice and seawater, it was occupied by the river; this kept it free of sediment, unlike most of the tunnel valleys. Since the sea flooded it, the valley seems to have been kept open by tidal action. During the Ipswichian Stage, though the Wash River flowed by way of the site of the Silver Pit, the tunnel valley will not have been formed at this stage, as its alignment seems inconsistent; the Wash is made up of extensive salt marshes, major intertidal banks of sand and mud, shallow waters and deep channels. As understanding of the importance of the natural marshes has increased, in the 21st century the seawall at Freiston has been breached in three places to increase the saltmarsh area, in order to provide an extra habitat for birds waders, as a natural flood prevention measure; the extensive creeks in the salt marsh, the vegetation that grows there, help dissipate wave energy, thus improving the protection afforded to land behind the saltmarsh.
This last aspect is an example of the developing exploration of the possibilities of sustainable coastal management by adopting soft engineering techniques rather than dykes and drainage. The same scheme includes new brackish lagoon habitat. On the eastern side of the Wash, low chalk cliffs, with a noted stratum of red chalk, are found at Hunstanton. Gravel pits are found at Snettisham RSPB reserve, which are an important roost for waders at high tide; this SPA borders onto the North Norfolk Coast Special Protection Area. To the north-west, the Wash extends to another Special Protection Area; the confined nature of the Wash habitats, combined with the ample tidal flows, allows shellfish to breed shrimp and mussels. Some water birds such as oystercatchers feed on shellfish, it is an important breeding area for common tern, a feeding area for marsh harriers. Migrating birds, such as geese and wading birds, come to the Wash in huge numbers to spend the winter, with an average total of around 400,000 birds present at any one time.
It has been estimated that about two million birds a year use the Wash for feeding and roosting during their annual migrations. The Wash is recognised as being internationally important for 17 species of
Ukrainian General Military Committee was the highest military institution in Ukrainian People's Republic established by the First All-Ukrainian Military Congress on 18 May 1917 for the purpose of governing the Ukrainian military movement and transforming the Russian military on the territory of Ukrainian lands into national military force. The committee is seen as a precursor of the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence; the delegates of military congress decided that the committee would be subordinated to the Central Council of Ukraine rather than the Russian Provisional Government or the All-Russian General Military Command. It was composed of 19 members: Symon Petliura, Volodymyr Vynnychenko, General Mykhailo Ivanov, Colonel Ivan Lutsenko, Colonel Oleksandr Pilkevych, Colonel Viktor Pavlenko, Lt. Colonel Yuriy Kapkan, Lt. Colonel Volodymyr Poplavko, Lieutenant Arsen Cherniavsky, Lieutenant Mykola Mikhnovsky, Ensign A. Pevnyi, Ensign Vasyl Potishko, Ensign Mykhailo Poloz, Ensign Fedir Seletsky, military administrator I.
Horemyka-Krupchynsky, soldiers S. Hrazhdan and Dmytro Rovynsky, sailor Semen Pysmenyi. In June 1917 they were co-opted with General Luka Kondratovych, Colonel Oleksandr Zhukovsky, Lt. Colonel Vasyl Matiashevych, Lt. Colonel Oleksandr Slyvynsky, Captain S. Biletsky, Captain H. Hlibovsky, Lieutenant Volodymyr Kedrowsky, Lieutenant M. Levytsky, Lieutenant Petro Skrypchynsky, Soldier S. Kolos. After realizing perspectivelessness of establishment of the Ukrainian military, Mikhnovsky resigned from the committee. Chairman of the Polubotko Military Club, Mikhnovsky forcefully tried to convince members of the Central Council of Ukraine in militarization of Ukraine through the mutiny of members of Polubotko Military Club and Polubotko Regiment. During the advance of Muravyov's Red Guards, Mykhailo Poloz was arrested due to cooperating with Bolsheviks and convicted to death by firing squad. Symon Petliura became the first minister of Military Affairs of Ukraine, but resigned in protest to policies of Vynnychenko's government.
Since October 1917 Ivan Lutsenko became one of leaders of Free Cossacks. Viktor Pavlenko created two Serdyuk Divisions, he worked in creation of the Ukrainian Air Force. Yuri Kapkan replaced Pavlenko as a commander of all Ukrainian forces during the winter of 1917-18. During the World War II, Vasyl Potishko became one of organizers of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council. In 1918 Luka Kondratovych headed the anti-Soviet Turkestan Military organization in Tashkent. Oleksandr Zhukovsky became a minister of Military Affairs and minister of Naval Affairs in 1918 and chief of Border Guard in 1919. Oleksandr Slyvynsky replaced Kapkan as a commander of all Ukrainian forces. After the resignation of Pavlo Skoropadsky, Slyvynsky resigned as a chief of General Staff. Members who formed the Ukrainian General Staff: Oleksandr Slyvynsky and Fedir Seletsky. Presidium - 5 members Propaganda-Educational and Organizational Editorial-Publishing—Dmytro Rovynsky Inspectorate—Mykhailo Ivanov Mobilization and Military Communications—Volodymyr Kedrovsky Military Engineering—Mykola Shumytsky Sanitary-Medical—Dmytro Odryna Jurist-Consultative—M.
Levytsky Military Training—Volodymyr Poplavko Chancellery—S. Kolos Committee Commandant and Free Cossacks Organization—A. Pevnyi Commission of Special Services—Luka Kondratovych Headquarters in Saint Petersburg—Oleksandr Pilkevych General Staff in Saint Petersburg—Oleksandr Zhukovsky Ministry of War -- Mykhailo Poloz Southwestern Front headquarters—P. Skrypchynsky Odessa Military District headquarters—Volodymyr Poplavko Moscow Military District headquarters—Arsen Cherniavsky Naval Affairs—Semen Pysmennyi Ministry of Defence I. Pidkova, R. Shust. "Handbook on the history of Ukraine". Ukrainian General Military Committee. Boris Tristanov website. "History of Poltava"
" Je Suis un Rock Star" was a solo hit for Bill Wyman of the Rolling Stones in 1981. It was placed through A&M Records. Wyman recorded the song as a demo for Ian Dury, he was happy to hand it over to someone else because at that juncture he did not want to make solo records. The problem was that no-one would play it to Dury and it would not be played to other artists because they all thought Wyman should do it himself, so he reluctantly cut the track himself, using an accent he described as "Cockney French"; the song's highest chart position in the UK was at Number 14, it spent nine weeks in total in the Top 40. All songs written by Bill Wyman. A-side 1. " Je Suis un Rock Star" – 3:22B-side 2. "Rio De Janeiro" – 3:50 Bill Wyman – lead vocals, bass guitar, all other instruments, design Terry Taylor – guitar, backing vocals Bruce Rowland – drums on " Je Suis un Rock Star" Jim Phantom – drums on "Rio De Janeiro" Stuart Epps – engineer Mike Ross – design Graham Hughes – photography
Myrmecia regularis is a species of ant endemic to Australia. A member of the genus Myrmecia in the subfamily Myrmeciinae, it was first described by American entomologist Walter Cecil Crawley in 1925; these ants are medium to large in size, measuring 10 to 20 millimetres, they are bright brownish-red in colour. Queens and workers share similar morphological features, but they can be distinguished by the noticeable size difference. Males look similar, but collected specimens are too damaged to be examined properly. M. regularis is found in the south-western coastal regions, inhabiting eucalypt woodland and open forests. They do not build mounds. Workers are active during the day and night, foraging on trees in search for prey and sweet substances such as sap and nectar; the larvae are carnivorous and only eat insects that workers capture. Nuptial flight occurs around February to April, with queens shedding their wings inside the nest and mating near to their parent nest. Queens tend to look for food for their young before they hatch, taking as long as eight months to develop.
Certain frog species are known to dwell inside M. regularis colonies. Myrmecia regularis was first described by American entomologist Walter Cecil Crawley, who provided the first detailed description of the ant in a 1925 article, "New ants from Australia - II", published in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History; the ant was described from two syntype workers Crawley collected from Albany, Western Australia, now preserved in Crawley's collection in the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. This name was short-lived, with Australian entomologist John S. Clark synonymising M. regularis with Myrmecia lucida, now a junior synonym of Myrmecia forficata. Clark's reasons for this were unknown, William Morton Wheeler revived the species from synonymy, stating that specimens he and W. S. Brooks collected from southwest Australia were distinct after comparing the two. Wheeler stated that M. lucida was similar to M. forficata. Despite disagreeing with Wheeler's views, Clark noted in his publication that Wheeler's classification should be retained until the type specimen of M. lucida could be properly examined.
In this same publication, Clark synonymised M. lucida with M. regularis. In 1991, entomologists Kazuo Ogata and Robert Taylor reviewed the species groups of Myrmecia, they assigned M. regularis to the M. gulosa species group, based on the morphological characters of worker ants. Excluding the mandibles, M. regularis workers measure 10 to 14 millimetres, with the mandibles measuring 3.6 millimetres. Including the mandibles, workers measure 14 to 20 millimetres, queens are 18 to 20 millimetres and males are 15 to 17 millimetres; these ants are bright brownish-red in colour, with brown legs and scapes, a black gaster. The whole of the head and thorax is a bright mahogany red, while the mandibles are shaded with brown; the hair is yellow, moderately long and found all over the body, but the hairs are shorter on the legs and absent on the antennae. The pubescence is confined to the clypeus; the queen shares the same colour variation, body sculpture and pilosity of a worker, but they are larger. Queens show reduced thoracic development, Clark described them as "subapterous", suggesting that wings are present in the females as undifferentiated wing buds.
However, queens collected from Manjimup bore well developed wings. The head, epinotum and pronotum are finely striate-rugose; the head is as long. The mandibles are shorter than the head with a concave border; the pronotum is broader than its total length by one-third and the mesonotum is broader by one-sixth, being circular in shape and convex. The epinotum is broader, but only slightly; the gaster is broader, the postpetiole is one-fifth broader than long. The scutellum is oval and twice as broad as long. Male specimens have been collected, those that are available are too badly damaged for a proper examination. However, the colour and pilosity of male and worker specimens show little differentiation; the heads of the workers and queens are as long as broad with convexed sides. The mandibles are long with thirteen known teeth; the first and third segments of the funiculus are long. The thorax is longer than broad by two to three-fourths its width, the mesonotum is longer than it is broad in workers.
The node is as long as it is broad, the postpetiole is one-sixth broader than long. The first segment of the gaster is broader than its length. M. regularis shares a similar appearance to M. forficata, but there are several morphological differences that separate the two. Owing to the rugose sculpture of the head and thorax, M. regularis is noticeably smaller than M. forficata. The mandibles of M. regularis are much narrower, the posterior corners of the head are more round and the petiolar peduncle is longer. The mandibles appear to be deep red, some areas, such as the gastric segments, are golden brown. M. regularis is found in the south-western coastal regions of Australia. Nests have been recorded in the towns of Albany, Nornalup, Manjimup and around the Margaret River in south Western Australia, Kangaroo Island in South Australia and Portland in Victoria; the ant prefers to inhabit a variety of rural environments, including woodland, open forests, dry marri forests, tree heath and granite mountains.
No, No, No is the debut album by a Jamaican reggae singer Dawn Penn, released in 1994. The album was released nearly 30 years after Penn embarked on a recording career, following up the worldwide success of her single "You Don't Love Me"; the album, was met with a modest chart success. "I Want a Love I Can See" - 3:54 "I'm Sorry" - 4:10 "You Don't Love Me" - 4:37 "Night and Day" - 4:55 "My Love Takes Over" - 3:57 "The First Cut Is the Deepest" - 4:27 "I'll Do It Again" - 4:05 "Hurt" - 3:57 "Samfi Boy" - 5:09 "Keep in Touch" - 4:30 "My Man" - 3:58 "Blue Yes Blue" - 4:52 "You Don't Love Me" - 5:13 No, No, No at Discogs No, No, No at Rate Your Music
"Open" is a song recorded by American singer Mýa. Following the visual releases of "With You" and "Down," Mýa decided to gift her fans with the solo version of "Open" for their support of her thirteenth studio project. "Open" serves as the sixth single taken from TKO. A trap-influenced R&B midtempo song, it was written by Mýa and Billy Wes with production handled by frequent collaborator MyGuyMars. "Open" was released May 13, 2019. Mýa met rapper GoldLink through his manager. GoldLink and his team was looking for a singer to record a collaboration for his debut album; the track was due to feature Amerie, however upon hearing Mýa, GoldLink and his team were sold on the idea of using her vocals. After their collaboration, "Roll Call,", featured on his album At What Cost. Mýa reached out and reunited with GoldLink on "Open," a song featured on her thirteenth studio project, TKO. While the album's version features rapper GoldLink, Mýa decided to gift fans with the solo version for their support of her thirteenth studio project.
Described as "breezy", "Open" is a midtempo "atmospheric trap-flavored R&B" song written by Mýa and Billy Wes with production helmed by frequent collaborator MyGuyMars which samples an interpolation of the composition "My Life" by Mary J. Blige. "Open" is performed in the key of D♭ major. The song's tempo is set at a moderate beat at 91 beats per minute in common time. In preparation of the release, Mýa announced on her official Instagram account "Open" was available for preview and pre-order beginning May 6, 2019; the following week, "Open" was released May 13, 2019. Credits adapted from Qobuz. Mýa – vocals, songwriting Billy Wes – songwriting Lamar "Mars" Edwards – composer