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The Washington Star

The Washington Star known as the Washington Star-News and the Washington Evening Star, was a daily afternoon newspaper published in Washington, D. C. between 1852 and 1981. The Sunday edition was known as the Sunday Star; the paper was renamed several times before becoming Washington Star by the late 1970s. For most of that time, it was the city's newspaper of record, the longtime home to columnist Mary McGrory and cartoonist Clifford K. Berryman. On August 7, 1981, after 128 years, the Washington Star filed for bankruptcy. In the bankruptcy sale, The Washington Post purchased the land and buildings owned by the Star, including its printing presses; the Washington Star was founded on December 1852, by Captain Joseph Borrows Tate. It was headquartered in Washington's "Newspaper Row" on Pennsylvania Avenue. Tate named the paper The Daily Evening Star. In 1853, Texas surveyor and newspaper entrepreneur William Douglas Wallach purchased the paper; as the sole owner of the paper for the next 14 years, Wallach built up the paper by capitalizing on reporting of the American Civil War, among other things.

In 1867, a three-man consortium of Crosby Stuart Noyes, Samuel H. Kauffmann and George Adams acquired the paper, with each of the investors putting up $33,333.33. The Noyes-Kauffmann-Adams interests would own the paper for the next four generations. In 1907, subsequent Pulitzer Prize winning cartoonist Clifford K. Berryman joined the Star. Berryman was most famous for his 1902 cartoon of President Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt, "Drawing the Line in Mississippi," which spurred the creation of the teddy bear. During his career, Berryman drew thousands of cartoons commenting on American Presidents and politics. Presidential figures included former Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman; the cartoons satirized both Democrats and Republicans and covered topics such as drought, farm relief, food prices. Berryman's career continued at the Star until he collapsed on the lobby floor one morning in 1949 and died shortly after of a heart ailment; the next major change to the newspaper came in 1938, when the three owning families diversified their interests.

On May 1, the Star purchased the M. A. Leese Radio Corporation and acquired Washington's oldest radio station, WMAL, in the process. Renamed the Evening Star Broadcasting Company, the 1938 acquisition would figure in the 1981 demise of the newspaper; the Star's influence and circulation peaked in the 1950s. Nearly all top editorial and business staff jobs were held by members of the owning families, including a Kauffmann general manager who had gained a reputation for anti-Semitism, driving away advertisers. Suburbanization and television were accelerating the decline of evening newspapers in favor of morning dailies; the Post, meanwhile and merged with its morning rival, the Times-Herald, in 1954 and drew readers and advertisers away from the falling Star. By the 1960s, the Post was Washington's leading newspaper. In 1972, the Star purchased and absorbed one of Washington's few remaining competing newspapers, The Washington Daily News. For a short period of time after the merger, both "The Evening Star" and "The Washington Daily News" mastheads appeared on the front page.

The paper soon was retitled "Washington Star News" and "The Washington Star" by the late 1970s. In 1973, the Star was targeted for clandestine purchase by interests close to the South African Apartheid government in its propaganda war, in what became known as the Muldergate Scandal; the Star, whose editorial policy had always been conservative, was seen as favorable to South Africa at the time. In 1974, pro-apartheid Michigan newspaper publisher John P. McGoff attempted to purchase The Washington Star for $25 million, but his bid failed. In early 1975, the Noyes-Kauffmann-Adams group sold its interests in the paper to Joe Allbritton, a Texas multimillionaire, known as a corporate turnaround artist. Allbritton, who owned Riggs Bank the most prestigious bank in the capital, planned to use profits from WMAL-AM-FM-TV to shore up the newspaper's finances; the Federal Communications Commission stymied him with rules on media cross-ownership, however. The FCC had banned common ownership of newspapers and broadcast outlets, while grandfathering existing clusters.

Due to the manner in which Allbritton's takeover was structured, the FCC considered it to be an ownership change, stripped the WMAL stations of their grandfathered protection. WMAL-AM-FM was sold off in 1977, the TV station was renamed WJLA-TV. On October 1, 1975, press operators at the Post went on strike damaging all printing presses before leaving the building. Allbritton would not assist Katharine Graham, the owner of the Post, in any way, refusing to print his rival's papers on the Star's presses, since that would have caused the Star to be struck by the press operators as well. Allbritton had major disagreements with editor Jim Bellows over editorial policy. Unable to make the Star profitable, Allbritton explored other options, including a joint operating agreement with the Post. On February 2, 1978, Time Inc. purchased the Star for $20 million. Their flagship magazine, was the arch-rival to Newsweek, published by The Washington Post Company. An effort to draw readers with localized special "zonal" metro news sections, did li

The Life of Buddha

The Buddha is a 2007 Thai animated feature film about the life of Gautama Buddha, based on the Tripitaka. The film was released on December 5, 2007, in celebration of Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej's 80th birthday. Production of the film started in 2004 as a personal project by Thai businesswoman Wallapa Phimtong, beset by financial difficulties and delays. Wallapa sought backing and expertise through a Thai government agency, but the funding never came through, Wallapa become embroiled in a lawsuit over the production. Wallapa continued with the financing of the film on her own, at first estimated the cost of making the film at 50 million baht, but those costs doubled, she sold off her cars and personal assets to make the film. Wallapa said a businessman offered to buy the rights to film for 200 million baht but she refused the offer. "My ultimate goal, after the film has been screened in theatres, is to distribute free copies to schools nationwide. If I sell the project to the firm, that won't be possible," she said in an interview.

Bangkok Post film critic Kong Rithdee said The Buddha was well-meaning, but lacked depth and would appeal to children. " means that The Buddha mirrors the national climate of institutional worship and the indifference, if not the ignorance, to how modern society has twisted Lord Buddha's teachings into something much less pure than their original meanings."A Pali scholar contributed a critique of the film to Prachatai, in equal parts excoriating and lamenting the film's lack of historical accuracy or dramatic coherence. Depictions of Gautama Buddha in film Official website The Life of Buddha on IMDb The Buddha at SiamZone

Ecumenical creeds

Ecumenical creeds is an umbrella term used in Lutheran tradition to refer to three creeds: the Nicene Creed, the Apostles' Creed and the Athanasian Creed. These creeds are known as the catholic or universal creeds; these creeds are accepted by all mainstream Christian denominations in the West, including Lutheran, Reformed and Anglican. Many Methodist churches accept Apostles' Creed; the Eastern Orthodox Church accepts the Nicene Creed, but does not use the Apostles' Creed or the Athanasian Creed. A creed by definition is a statement of what one believes, it originates from the Latin credo meaning "I believe". The purpose of a creed is to act as a yardstick of correct belief. A creed is an epitome, not a full definition, of, it was hoped that by memorizing this summary of the faith, lay people without extensive theological training would still be able to recognize deviations from orthodox doctrines based on the Bible as interpreted in Christian tradition. The term ecumenical can refer to efforts by Christians of different church traditions to develop closer relationships and better understandings.

The term is often used to refer to efforts towards the visible and organic unity of different Christian churches in some form. List of Christian creeds Filioque Ecumenical council The ecumenical creeds in the Book of Concord

Princess Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe

Princess Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe was daughter of Prince William of Schaumburg-Lippe and consort of the last reigning Duke of Saxe-Altenburg Ernst II. Adelaide was born at Ratiboritz, Kingdom of Bohemia (now Ratibořice, seventh child and third daughter of Prince William of Schaumburg-Lippe, his wife, Princess Bathildis of Anhalt-Dessau. In 1891, her sister Charlotte became Queen Consort of William II of Württemberg. Adelaide married 17 February 1898 at Bückeburg to Prince Ernst of Saxe-Altenburg, son of Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg, his wife, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen; the marriage ended in divorce on 17 January 1920. They had four children: Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg, married on 11 July 1919 to Prince Sigismund of Prussia, had issue. Georg Moritz, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Altenburg Princess Elisabeth Karola of Saxe-Altenburg Prince Frederick Ernst of Saxe-Altenburg 22 September 1875 – 17 February 1898: Her Serene Highness Princess Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe 17 February 1898 – 7 February 1908: Her Highness Princess Ernst of Saxe-Altenburg 7 February 1908 – 17 January 1920: Her Highness The Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg 17 January 1920 – 27 January 1971: Her Serene Highness Princess Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe - Friederike Adelheid Marie Luise Hilda Eugenie Prinzessin zu Schaumburg-Lippe L'Allemagne dynastique, Giraud, Reference: II 295 Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Reference: 1961

Chiba at-large district

The Chiba at-large district is a constituency that represents Chiba Prefecture in the House of Councillors in the Diet of Japan. It has six Councillors in the 242-member house; the constituency represents the entire population of Chiba Prefecture. The district elects six Councillors to six-year terms, two sets of three each at alternating elections held every three years. Prior to the 2007 election the district elected four Councilors in two sets of two; the district has 5,092,741 registered voters as of September 2015. The Councillors representing Chiba are: Kuniko Inoguchi Hiroyuki Konishi Kenichi Mizuno Junichi Ishii Hiroyuki Nagahama Toshiro Toyoda List of districts of the House of Councillors of Japan

Skyline Apartments

Skyline Apartments is a skyscraper in Brisbane, Australia located in the CBD residential precinct known as Petrie Bight. Upon completion it was the third tallest residential building in Brisbane; the 2,631 m2 site was home to the 4BC Radio Studios, is located on the Brisbane River in close proximity to the Story Bridge. The upper levels of the tower boast spectaculars views down both reaches of the Brisbane River; the building contains 192 residential apartments, including two 2-level penthouse apartments. It is designed by Brisbane-based nettletontribe architects. Uniquely for a CBD building, the complex includes tennis court as well as a gym, steam room and heated pool. List of tallest buildings in Australia List of tallest buildings in Brisbane Official website