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The Wasp Factory

The Wasp Factory is the first novel by Scottish writer Iain Banks, published in 1984. Before the publication of The Wasp Factory, Banks had written several science fiction novels that had not been accepted for publication. Banks decided to try a more mainstream novel in the hopes that it would be more accepted, wrote about a psychopathic teenager living on a remote Scottish island. According to Banks, this allowed him to treat the story as something resembling science fiction – the island could be envisaged as a planet, Frank, the protagonist as an alien. Following the success of The Wasp Factory, Banks began to write full-time; the Wasp Factory is written from a first person perspective, told by 16-year-old Francis Cauldhame, describing his childhood and all that remains of it. Frank observes many shamanistic rituals of his own invention, it is soon revealed that Frank killed three children before he reached the age of ten himself; the book sold well, but was greeted with a mixture of acclaim and criticism, due to its gruesome depiction of violence.

The Irish Times called it "a work of unparalleled depravity." The story is told from the perspective of 16-year-old Frank Cauldhame. Frank lives with his father on a small island in rural Scotland, he has not seen his mother in many years. There is no official record of his birth, meaning his existence is unknown. Frank occupies his time with rituals, building dams, maintaining an array of weapons for killing small animals around the island, he takes long walks to patrol the island and gets drunk with his only friend, a dwarf named Jamie, at the local pub. Otherwise Frank has no contact with the outside world. He's haunted by the memory of a dog attack during his youth, which resulted in the loss of his genitalia, he resents others for his impotence women. This is in part due to the mauling coinciding with the last time he saw his absentee mother, who had come back to the island to give birth to his younger brother, leaving after. Frank's older brother, escapes from a psychiatric institution in the opening chapter, having been arrested some years prior for arson and terrorizing the local children by force-feeding them live maggots.

Eric calls him from a pay-phone to inform Frank of his progress back to the island. Eric is erratic. Frank is confused as to whether or not he is looking forward to seeing Eric, but it's clear Frank loves his brother; the Wasp Factory that the title refers to is a mechanism invented by Frank, consisting of a huge clock face, salvaged from the local dump, encased in a glass box. Behind each of the 12 numerals on the clock face is a trap which leads to a different ritual death for the wasp that Frank puts into it via the hole at the centre of the clock face. Frank believes; the Factory is located in the house's loft, which Frank's father cannot access because of a leg injury. There are “Sacrifice Poles” constructed by Frank; the corpses of animals, such as mice that Frank has killed, are placed onto the poles for the purpose of attracting birds which will fly away and alert Frank of anybody approaching the island's borders. It's revealed that when Frank was much younger, he killed three of his relatives: two cousins and his younger brother.

He exhumed the skull of the dog that castrated him, he uses it as part of his rituals. Eric is described as having been sensitive before the incident that drove him mad: a tragic case of neglect at the hospital where Eric was a volunteer when studying to become a doctor. While attempting to feed a brain-damaged newborn with acalvaria, Eric notes how the child is unresponsive and smiling, despite appearing expressionless; the child's skull is held together by a metal plate over his head. Eric checks underneath the plate to find the child's exposed brain tissue infested and being consumed by day-old maggots. Frank's father is distant and spends most of his time in his study, which he keeps locked at all times. Frank longs to know, he attempts to gain access to it each time his father leaves the house. Frank is used to being lied to by his father, who often does it purely for his own amusement or interest. At the end of the novel, Frank is alerted of Eric's imminent return when he sees a dog, burned alive and discovers Eric's campsite.

This knowledge incites Frank's father to get drunk before forgetting to conceal the keys to his study, where Frank discovers male hormone drugs and what appears to be the remains of his own genitals in a jar. Frank, who hates women, assumes that his findings mean that his father is female. During the ensuing confrontation with his father, Eric returns and attempts to destroy the house and island with explosives and fire but is not successful. After Eric flees, the father explains that it was Frank, born a female; the remains of his genitals were fake and it is suggested that his father's reasoning for doing this was to distance himself from the women he felt had ruined his life. In the closing pages Frank finds Eric, half asleep calm. Frank whether he should leave the island; the book was greeted with a mixture of acclaim and criticism, due to its gruesome depiction of violence. While this is against animals, Frank recollects killing t

Paulding Township, Paulding County, Ohio

Paulding Township is one of the twelve townships of Paulding County, United States. The 2000 census found 4,008 people in the township, 1,086 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. Located in the central part of the county, it borders the following townships: Crane Township - north Emerald Township - northeast corner Jackson Township - east Latty Township - southeast corner Blue Creek Township - south Benton Township - southwest corner Harrison Township - west Carryall Township - northwest cornerTwo villages are located in Paulding Township: most of Paulding, the county seat and largest village of Paulding County, in the northeast, it is one of two county townships without a border on any other county. It is the only Paulding Township statewide; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it.

There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website


PT Sumber Alfaria Trijaya Tbk or Alfamart is a franchised chain of convenience stores from Indonesia, with over 10,000 stores across Southeast Asia. Their business started in December 1989 as a trading and distribution company in Jakarta by its president, Djoko Susanto. Ten years Susanto ventured to a convenience store as Alfa Minimart with its first branch at Karawaci, Banten. Djoko Susanto and his family establish a trading and distribution company that sells various products in Jakarta in 1989; the distribution company has its corporate share of 70% with PT HM. Sampoerna Tbk and the remaining 30% were to Susanto's PT Sigmantara Alfaindo. In 1989, Susanto branded it as Alfa Minimart, they open their first branch at Jalan Banyan Kingdom, Tangerang, Banten. In the span of six years, it grew to 1293 branches along Java; the name was rebranded as Alfamart. In 2006, PT HM. Sampoerna Tbk sold their shares to Susanto's PT Sigmantara Alfaindo. Susanto gained 60% of its shares while the 40% of its share was granted to their new shareholder, PT Mulia Prima Horizons.

By 2009, Alfamart joined the Indonesia Stock Exchange with around 3000 branches nationwide. Their business soon renamed as PT Sumber Alfaria Trijaya Tbk. Alfamart soon brought Lawson stores in Indonesia while expanding from being a convenience store chain, to supermarket stores as Alfamidi Mini Supermarkets. In 2014, Alfamart has 7000 branches in Indonesia with an average of 2.5 million customers daily. With success they grew in Indonesia, Alfamart ventured overseas and started to its neighboring country, Philippines, their entry to the Philippines was a partnership with SM Investments Corporation with their first branch at Trece Martires, Cavite. By 2020, Alfamart in the Philippines would start expansion along Visayas and Mindanao areas in Cebu, Cagayan De Oro and Zamboanga areas. Convenience stores Indomaret 7-Eleven FamilyMart Ministop All Day Official Alfamart website

Gerard de Vries Lentsch

Gerardus "Gerard" de Vries Lentsch was a sailor from the Netherlands, who represented his native country at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. De Vries Lentsch, as crew member on the Dutch 8 Metre Hollandia, took the 2nd place with helmsman Johannes van Hoolwerff and fellow crew members: Lambertus Doedes, Cornelis van Staveren, Henk Kersken and Maarten de Wit. Gerard de Vries Lentsch is the older brother of Willem de Vries Lentsch and the uncle of Wim de Vries Lentsch. "Gerard de Vries Lentsch Bio and Results". Olympic Sports. Archived from the original on 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-08. "Zeilen, een bij uitstek Nederlandsche sport. De Olympische wedstrijden ditmaal zeer goed bezet. — Wat zal de wind doen?". Het volk: dagblad voor de arbeiderspartij. 1928-08-02. Retrieved 2014-01-22. "The Ninth Olympiad Amsterdam 1928:Officiel Report". Amsterdam: The Netherlands Olympic Committee. 1928. Archived from the original on 2008-04-08. Retrieved 2014-01-22

Coriell Institute for Medical Research

The Coriell Institute for Medical Research is an independent, non-profit biomedical research center dedicated to the study of the human genome. Coriell features programs in biobanking, personalized medicine, cell biology, cytogenetics and induced pluripotent stem cell science. Located in downtown Camden, New Jersey, the Institute has partnered with several prominent state and national health leaders, including Cooper University Hospital, the Cooper Medical School of Rowan University, the United States Air Force, the University of Pennsylvania, Stanford University. Coriell Institute was chartered in 1953 as the South Jersey Medical Research Foundation Laboratory and constructed facilities in 1956; the laboratory was named for director Lewis L. Coriell, who had worked at the Camden Municipal Hospital and developed aseptic tissue culture techniques that allowed poliovirus to be grown in culture. Dr. Coriell led the field trials for the resulting vaccine. Regarded as one of the most diverse sources of cell lines and DNA available to the international research community, the Coriell Biorepositories maintain longstanding contracts with the National Institutes of Health and houses several significant collections, including the National Institute of General Medical Sciences Human Genetic Cell Repository, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Human Genetics DNA and Cell Line Repository, the National Institute on Aging Cell Repository.

The Institute houses cells for biotechnology companies and research foundations as well. In 2018, Coriell partnered with Cooper University Health Care and the Cooper Medical School of Rowan University to form the Camden Opioid Research Initiative, a state-funded research project studying risk factors for opioid use disorder. CORI utilizes a three-pronged approach: a study of chronic pain patients, a study of patients being treated for opioid use disorder, the creation of a novel biobank of biological specimens as a resource for addiction researchers. Coriell contributes to the precision medicine space with its innovative research study, the Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative. Launched in 2007, the CPMC was a longitudinal initiative involving a network of physicians, genetic counselors, hospital and academic partners; the study aims to explore the clinical utility of genetic information and returned individualized reports to nearly 8,000 volunteer participants detailing genetic and non-genetic risks for complex disease.

A spin-off company called Coriell Life Sciences was formed in January 2013 from a partnership between the Coriell Institute for Medical Research and IBM. The company offers full-service pharmacogenetics screening options to a range of different organizations. Coriell offers a diverse selection of services to customers and partners interested in outsourcing scientific work; some of Coriell’s offered services include the creation of induced pluripotent stem cell lines, cell line authentication, cytogenetic analysis, DNA and RNA isolation, public and private biobanking services. Coriell’s quality management system has been certified to the latest ISO 9001:2015 standards. Official website

Loren Driscoll

Loren Driscoll was an American tenor who had an active international career from the 1950s through the mid-1980s. Driscoll was noted for his performances in contemporary operas and sang in many world premieres. Driscoll was born in Midwest and after studies at Syracuse University and Boston University made his professional operatic debut in 1954 as Dr. Cajus in Verdi's Falstaff with Opera of Boston. During the late 1950s and early 1960s Driscoll sang several roles with Santa Fé Opera, he made his company debut there in 1957 as Tom Rakewell in Stravinsky's The Rake's Progress and went on to sing Edgar Linton in the world premiere of Carlisle Floyd's Wuthering Heights and Hermann in the United States premiere of Paul Hindemith's Neues vom Tage. In 1962 Driscoll became a principal singer with the Deutsche Oper Berlin and remained based with company for the next 25 years, while singing at the Salzburg Festival and several other European and North American opera houses, his great performance at the Deutsche Oper Berlin as Lord Barrat in the opera Der junge Lord by Hans Werner Henze awarded him the honorary title of "Kammersänger".

He made his Metropolitan Opera debut in 1966 as David in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, a role he sang 23 times with the company between 1966 and 1972. He appeared at the Met as Alfred in their 1967 production of Die Fledermaus. In the 1950s Driscoll sang in several Broadway musicals: as the Imam of the Mosque/The Bangle Man in Kismet, Freddy Eynsford-Hill in My Fair Lady, Jerry Devine in the premiere of Marc Blitzstein's Juno. For Blitzstein, Driscoll performed the role of Leo Hubbard in the composer's Regina with the New York City Opera in 1958, appears on the recording of that production. On record, he can be heard singing in English language performances of Stravinsky's Renard the Fox and The Wedding. Both recordings were conducted by Stravinsky himself. Driscoll died in Berlin, on April 8, 2008. Roles created by Loren Driscoll include: Shridaman in Peggy Glanville-Hicks' Transposed Heads Edgar Linton in Carlisle Floyd's Wuthering Heights Pedro de Alvarado in Roger Sessions' Montezuma Lord Barrett in Hans Werner Henze's Der junge Lord Dionysos in Henze's The Bassarids.

Eumaeus in Luigi Dallapiccola's Ulisse The Architect in Aribert Reimann's Melusine First Officer in Wilhelm Dieter Siebert's Der Untergang der Titanic. Boosey & Hawkes, Wilhelm Dieter: Untergang der Titanic Cummings, David, "Driscoll, Loren", International Who's Who in Classical Music, Routledge, 2003, p. 206. ISBN 1-85743-174-X Metropolitan Opera, Performance record: Driscoll, MetOpera Database Time Magazine, "The Theater: New Musical on Broadway", 23 March 1959