The Weekly Standard

The Weekly Standard was an American political magazine of news and commentary that used to be published 48 times per year. Edited by founders Bill Kristol and Fred Barnes, the Standard had been described as a "redoubt of neoconservatism" and as "the neo-con bible", its founding publisher, News Corporation, debuted the title on September 18, 1995. In 2009, News Corporation sold the magazine to a subsidiary of the Anschutz Corporation. On December 14, 2018, its owners announced that the magazine was ceasing publication, with the last issue published on December 17. Many of the magazine's articles were written by members of conservative think tanks located in Washington, including the American Enterprise Institute, the Ethics and Public Policy Center, the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, the Hudson Institute, the Foreign Policy Initiative. Individuals who wrote for the magazine included Elliott Abrams, Peter Berkowitz, John R. Bolton, Ellen Bork, David Brooks, Gertrude Himmelfarb, Christopher Hitchens, Harvey Mansfield, Cynthia Ozick, Joe Queenan, John Yoo.

The magazine's website produced regular online-only commentaries and news articles. The site's editorial stance was described as neo-conservative; the Standard was viewed as influential during the administration of president George W. Bush, being called the in-flight magazine of Air Force One. In 2003, although the magazine's circulation was only 55,000, Kristol said that "We have a funny relationship with the top tier of the administration, they much keep us at arm's length, but Dick Cheney does send over someone to pick up 30 copies of the magazine every Monday."In 2006, though the publication had never been profitable and reputedly lost more than a million dollars a year, News Corporation head Rupert Murdoch dismissed the idea of selling it. Subsequently in June 2009, a report circulated that a sale of the publication to Philip Anschutz was imminent, with Murdoch's position being that, having since purchased The Wall Street Journal in 2007, his interest in the smaller publication had diminished.

The Washington Examiner reported that month that the Examiner's parent company, the Anschutz-owned Clarity Media Group, had purchased the Standard. The Standard increased its paid circulation by 39 percent between its June 2009 and June 2010 BPA statements, its print circulation of about 100,000 in 2013 had decreased to 72,000 by 2017, according to the BPA, with circulation dropping about 10 percent between 2016 and 2017. In late 2016, Kristol ended his time as editor-in-chief, he was replaced by the magazine's senior writer. Under Hayes' leadership, the Standard continued to be critical of Donald Trump as has been under Kristol. In December 2017, The Weekly Standard became an official fact-checking partner for Facebook. On December 14, 2018, Clarity Media Group announced that it would cease publication of the magazine after 23 years. While some speculated that the closure of The Weekly Standard was so Clarity Media's other magazine, the Washington Examiner, could absorb the Standard's subscribers, a statement from Clarity Media Group chairman Ryan McKibben said that such speculation was incorrect.

The Standard supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein. In November 1997 Bill Kristol and Robert Kagan wrote an editorial titled "Saddam Must Go", in which they stated "We know it seems unthinkable to propose another ground attack to take Baghdad, but it's time to start thinking the unthinkable."In the first issue the magazine published after 9/11, according to Scott McConnell of The American Conservative, "Gary Schmitt and Tom Donnelly, two employees of Kristol’s PNAC, clarified what ought to be the country’s war aims. Their rhetoric was to link Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden in every paragraph, to join them at the hip in the minds of readers, to lay out a strategy that gave attacking Saddam priority over eliminating al-Qaeda."On December 16, 2018, co-founder and contributing editor John Podhoretz defended the coverage answering the question by Lulu Garcia-Navarro on NPR: "Do you regret the coverage of Iraq War?" Saying "I think what—all a magazine—editors, writers—can promise is that they will be honest and say what they mean and think and argue the best way that they can.

And with the facts available at the time, what The Standard did." In 1997, nearly a year after a cover story that included allegations of hiring a prostitute and plagiarism against best-selling author Deepak Chopra, the editors of The Weekly Standard accepted full responsibility for the errors in the story, apologized." Chopra claimed. Kristol attributed the magazine's demise to the hostility of supporters of the Donald Trump administration. Stephen F. Hayes, Editor-in-Chief Bill Kristol, Editor at large Fred Barnes, Executive Editor Christopher Caldwell, Andrew Ferguson, Lee Smith, Philip Terzian, Senior Editors Jonathan V. Last, Digital Editor Matt Labash, Senior Writer Official website

Instructions per cycle

In computer architecture, instructions per cycle called Instructions per clock is one aspect of a processor's performance: the average number of instructions executed for each clock cycle. It is the multiplicative inverse of cycles per instruction; the calculation of IPC is done through running a set piece of code, calculating the number of machine-level instructions required to complete it using high-performance timers to calculate the number of clock cycles required to complete it on the actual hardware. The final result comes from dividing the number of instructions by the number of CPU clock cycles; the number of instructions per second and floating point operations per second for a processor can be derived by multiplying the number of instructions per cycle with the clock rate of the processor in question. The number of instructions per second is an approximate indicator of the performance of the processor; the number of instructions executed per clock is not a constant for a given processor.

However, certain processor features tend to lead to designs that have higher-than-average IPC values. When comparing different instruction sets, a simpler instruction set may lead to a higher IPC figure than an implementation of a more complex instruction set using the same chip technology. A given level of instructions per second can be achieved with a high IPC and a low clock speed, or from a low IPC and high clock speed. Both are valid processor designs, the choice between the two is dictated by history, engineering constraints, or marketing pressures. However, a high IPC with a high frequency will always give the best performance; the useful work that can be done with any computer depends on many factors besides the processor speed. These factors include the instruction set architecture, the processor's microarchitecture, the computer system organization, the efficiency of the operating system, most the high-level design of the application software in use. For users and purchasers of a computer system, instructions per clock is not a useful indication of the performance of their system.

For an accurate measure of performance relevant to them, application benchmarks are much more useful. Awareness of its existence is useful, in that it provides an easy-to-grasp example of why clock speed is not the only factor relevant to computer performance. Instructions per second Cycles per instruction FLOPS Megahertz myth The benchmark article provides a useful introduction to computer performance measurement for those readers interested in the topic

Craig MacGillivray (snooker player)

Craig MacGillivray is a Scottish former professional snooker player. He competed on the main tour between 1991 and 2001, was ranked 85th for the 2000/2001 season. Born in 1972, MacGillivray turned professional in 1991, he reached the last 64 at the Grand Prix of that year, beating seven opponents including Rex Williams, but was eliminated 1–5 by Neal Foulds. MacGillivray recorded nine further last-64 finishes in the following decade, progressed to the last 48 stage - a career-best - at the 1999 China International. There, he defeated Kristján Helgason, Gerard Greene and Paul Wykes, before losing 4–5 to fellow Scot Billy Snaddon, he came within one match of equalling this performance at that year's World Championship but, having overcome Munraj Pal 10–7 and Tony Chappel 10–8, lost 5–10 to Steve James. Beginning the 2000/2001 season ranked 85th, MacGillivray endured a poor run of form thereafter, dropping fifty-two places to 137th by its conclusion and losing his professional status, aged 28, he was unsuccessful.

MacGillivray's next appearance in a competitive tournament came at the 2010 World Open, where he beat fellow amateur Jamie Edwards 3–1, but lost his last-96 match 0–3 to James Wattana. Having not entered the first four editions of the World Seniors Championship, he played in the 2015 event, beating Hassan Vaizie, 1978 UK Champion Patsy Fagan and Karl Townsend, but lost his next match 1–2 to Paul McPhillips. During the 2015/2016 season, MacGillivray participated in the 2015 Six-red World Championship, but lost all five of his group matches - 1–5 to Yan Bingtao and Mark Davis, 2–5 to Soheil Vahedi and 3–5 to Noppon Saengkham and Stuart Bingham. MacGillivray now works as a taxi driver in his native Edinburgh