The Yards

The Yards is a 2000 American crime film directed by James Gray. It was written by Gray and Matt Reeves, stars Mark Wahlberg, Joaquin Phoenix, Charlize Theron and James Caan; the setting is the commuter rail yards in New York City, in the boroughs of the Bronx and Brooklyn. In the film's plot, corporate crime and political corruption are commonplace in "the yards", where contractors repair railway cars for the city Transit Authority. Rival companies sabotage each other's work to win bids; the undercutting leads to murder. Leo Handler rides the subway to his mother's house in Queens, New York, where she throws a surprise party in honor of his parole, his cousin Erica is at the party with her boyfriend Willie Gutierrez. Willie takes Leo aside and thanks him for serving time in prison, implying that Leo had taken a fall for their gang of friends. Leo is eager to find a job to support his mother. Willie suggests working for Erica's stepfather Frank Olchin; the next day, at the railway car repair company Frank owns, Leo is encouraged to enter a 2-year machinist program and Frank offers to help finance his studies.

Needing to work right away, Leo asks about working with Willie for the company but Frank discourages that idea. Leo is advised by Willie not to worry about it, saying Frank tried to get him into a machinist program as well. At Brooklyn Borough Hall, Willie explains how corrupt the contract system is for repair work on the subway. After a hearing to award contracts, Willie is approached by Hector Gallardo about leaving Frank's firm for his. Willie brushes him off, taking Leo with him to Roosevelt Island, where he bribes an official in charge of awarding contracts. One night, Willie takes Leo to a rail yard, where he and a gang sabotage the work of Gallardo's firm in order to lower their quality rating and lessen their ability to get contracts. Leo is told to stand watch. Willie heads into the yard master's office to pay him off with Knicks tickets, but is told to get his crew off the tracks, Gallardo having brought him $2,000 in cash; the yard master sounds the alarm. Terrified of returning to jail, Leo tries to run.

When the cop begins to hit Leo with his night stick, Leo beats him into unconsciousness. As he runs off, he sees Willie kill the yard master. With the cop in a coma at a hospital, the crew tells Leo that he must murder the officer to prevent him from identifying Leo when he wakes up. If the cop lives, Leo's the one. Leo flees; when the cop awakes, he identifies Leo as his attacker. The police assume Leo is responsible for the yard master's murder; when they raid his mother's apartment, she has a heart attack, leaving her in an weaker state. Though Willie has told him to lay low, Leo emerges from hiding to visit his sick mother. Erica is tending to her, she finds out Willie was with him at the yards and realizes it was Willie who killed the yard master. She breaks off their engagement. Erica implores Frank to help. Out of options, Leo turns to Gallardo for protection. With Gallardo's lawyers at his side, Leo turns himself in at a public hearing into the rail yard incident and contract corruption. Realizing that the injured cop's testimony against Leo is in no one's interest and Gallardo negotiate a new split of the contracts with the Queens Borough President in a backroom deal.

Frank disowns Willie, who tries unsuccessfully to accept a deal offered to him earlier by Gallardo for protection, which Leo had accepted. Willie goes to see Erica, trying to win her back. Frank has told him that Erica and Leo had been in love when they were younger, once were caught having sex. Fearful of his temper and jealousy, Erica triggers the silent house alarm. Willie tries to embrace her, but as she pulls away, he accidentally throws Erica off the second floor landing, causing her to fall to her death. Outside the house, he surrenders to the police. Police enter the hearing to inform Erica's mother Kitty and Frank of the incident at the house, the discovery of Erica's body. After Erica's funeral, Frank takes Leo aside to promise help in the future. Leo turns away in disgust and joins the grieving Kitty and the rest of the family in an embrace of support. Leo leaves Queens on the elevated train. Mark Wahlberg as Leo Handler Joaquin Phoenix as Willie Gutierrez Charlize Theron as Erica Soltz James Caan as Frank Olchin Ellen Burstyn as Val Handler Faye Dunaway as Kitty Olchin Steve Lawrence as Arthur Mydanick Robert Montano as Hector Gallardo Tony Musante as Seymour Korman David Zayas as Officer Jerry Rifkin John Tormey as Contract Officer The film was based on an actual corruption scandal in the mid-1980s involving the director's father.

MTA New York City Transit first refused the production companies the right to film at any of its yards because it believed the film portrayed the agency in a bad light. The film was shot in Maspeth and Elmhurst, Roosevelt Island, the Bronx, New Jersey; the railyard scenes were shot at the 207th Street shop on the New York City Transit system and at an abandoned freight yard in Brooklyn. It was shot in the spring and summer of 1998 but not released until the fall of 2000 due to studio delays; the Yards holds a rating of 64% on Rotten Tomatoes fro


Üllő5 is an archeological site in Hungary, near the town of Üllő, next to Budapest. It was excavated between 2002 and 2006 when the southeastern section of the M0 motorway, the bypass road of Budapest, was built, it was the greatest excavation in the history of Hungarian archeology. Due to the huge territory to be covered and the sheer number of workers and machines involved, six archeological teams worked together on the excavation, although only part of the territory has thus far been excavated. Üllő5 was an important centre of Late Sarmatian pottery in the 3-4th centuries AD. The people of this populous village made fireproof cooking vessels. Although the clay is only medium quality, its stratum is situated one or two meters below the surface. Typical gray, granular Üllő5 pottery was found everywhere in the north-central part of the Great Hungarian Plain, indicating lively trading activity in the region; this pottery tradition continued in the Age of Migrations well until the Early Middle Ages and the time of the Árpáds, in spite of the frequent changes of the local population.

The artefacts unearthed. Tens of thousands of artefacts of pottery were excavated and restored by the specialists of the Kossuth Museum, Cegléd, creating a collection of European importance. Only in Hungarian: Nyári régészeti csúcsforgalom Pest Megyei Közművelődési Intézet - Útépítéseket megelőző régészeti feltárások Pest megyében 2001 – 2006 - Tudományos ülés

LZ 4

The Zeppelin LZ 4 was a German experimental airship constructed under the direction of Ferdinand von Zeppelin. First flown on 20 June 1908, it made a series of successful flights including a 12-hour flight over Switzerland, it was destroyed when it caught fire after landing to carry out engine repairs during a projected 24-hour endurance trial. This disaster proved fortunate for Zeppelin: donations by the German public raised 6.5 million marks, so guaranteeing the future of his development of airships. The successful flights of LZ 3 in 1906 had produced a change in the official attitude to Count Zeppelin's work, a grant of 500,000 marks had been voted by the Reichstag. However, a condition of purchase by the government was the completion of a 24-hour trial flight; this was beyond the capabilities of LZ 3, so work was started on a larger airship with greater fuel capacity. Construction of LZ 4 was started in November 1907; the design followed that of LZ 3, but with increased diameter and length and having 17 gasbags.

A central crew cabin was added in the middle of the keel, from which a ladder ran up through the envelope to an observation platform on top of the hull, intended for making star-sightings for navigational purposes. Small rectangular rudders were fitted at either end of the hull: these proved inadequate to control the airship and were removed and replaced by single rudders mounted between the tips of the biplane horizontal stabilisers at the stern; each of these was replaced by a pair of rudders, large fixed fins bearing a large oval rudder fitted at the stern. LZ 4 was first flown on 20 June 1908, when a flight lasting 18 minutes revealed the inadequacy of its steering arrangements. After modifications further trials were made on 23 and 29 June, on 1 July a spectacular 12 hour cross-country flight was made during which it was flown over Switzerland to Zürich and back to Lake Constance, covering 386 km and reaching an altitude of 795 m. On 13 July 1908, the airship was reinflated with fresh hydrogen to ensure maximum lift for the planned 24-hour endurance trial, to be a return flight to Mainz.

Shortly after setting off the next morning a fan broke on the forward engine and it had to turn back. The following day it was damaged while being manoeuvered out of its hangar: repairs were not completed until the end of the month; the trial flight started on 4 August, when LZ 4 lifted off at 06:22 in the morning, carrying 12 people and sufficient fuel for 31 hours of flight. The flight to Zürich had excited considerable public interest, large crowds gathered along the route to witness the flight, which took it over Konstanz, Schaffhausen and Strasbourg. Shortly after passing Strasbourg the forward engine had to be stopped since the fuel tank in the engine gondola had been exhausted, needed to be refilled. At this point the airship was flying light due to the heat of the sun having caused the hydrogen to expand, was being held at a low altitude by dynamic downforce generated by flying in a nose-down attitude: with the loss of the power of one engine, it rose to an altitude of 820 m, venting gas from the relief valves as it did so.

At 1:58 p.m the aft engine had to be stopped for refuelling: this time the airship rose to 884 m, with a further loss of hydrogen. Two further engine stoppages caused further loss of gas: by now LZ 4 was only being kept in the air by dynamic lift generated by flying with a nose-up attitude, the resultant drag reducing its speed to 16 km/h, at 5:24 pm a landing was made on the Rhine near Oppenheim, 23 kilometres short of Mainz. All superfluous items and five crew members were unloaded, the flight was resumed at 10:20. Mainz was reached half an hour and the ship turned to begin its return journey. Further engine problems followed: a crank bearing in the forward engine melted at 1:27 am, reducing airspeed to about 32 km/h and it was decided to land to have the engine repaired by engineers from the Daimler works at Untertürkheim. Accordingly, LZ 4 was set down at 7:51 am at Echterdingen; the airship was tethered and engineers removed the forward engine to make repairs, but during the afternoon LZ 4 was torn from its moorings by a gust of wind.

The soldiers present as a ground handling party could not hold it down, but it was brought to earth by a crew member who had remained on board. The ship came into contact with some trees while landing, which damaged some of the gasbags, since it caught fire; the cause of ignition was ascribed to a static charge being produced when the rubberised cotton of the gasbags was torn. The disaster took place in front of an estimated 40 to 50 thousand spectators and produced an extraordinary wave of nationalistic support for Zeppelin's work. Unsolicited donations from the public poured in: enough had been received within 24 hours to rebuild the airship, the eventual total was over 6 million marks were donated, at last providing Zeppelin with a sound financial base for his experiments. Data from Robinson 1973 p.331General characteristics Length: 136 m Diameter: 12.95 m Volume: 15,008 m3 Powerplant: 2 × Daimler piston engines, 78 kW eachPerformance Maximum speed: 48 km/h Endurance: 31 hoursArmament Related lists List of Zeppelins Robinson, Douglas H.

Giants in the Sky Henley-on Thames: Foulis, 1973 ISBN 0-85429-145-8