Ted Knight was an American actor and voice artist well known for playing the comedic roles of Ted Baxter in The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Henry Rush in Too Close for Comfort, Judge Elihu Smails in Caddyshack. Knight was born Tadeusz Wladyslaw Konopka in the Terryville section of Plymouth in Litchfield County, Connecticut, to Polish-American parents and Charles Walter Konopka, a bartender. Knight dropped out of high school to enlist in the United States Army in World War II, he was a member of A Company, 296th Combat Engineer Battalion, earning five battle stars while serving in the European Theatre. During the postwar years, Knight studied acting in Connecticut, he became proficient with puppets and ventriloquism, which led to steady work as a television kiddie-show host at WJAR-TV in Providence, Rhode Island, from 1950 to 1955. In 1955, he left Providence for Albany, New York, where he landed a job at station WROW-TV, hosting The Early Show, featuring MGM movies, he was a radio announcer for sister station WROW radio.
He left the station in 1957 after receiving advice from station manager Thomas Murphy that he should take his talents to Hollywood. Knight spent most of the 1950s and 1960s doing commercial voice-overs and playing minor television and movie roles, he had a small part playing a police officer seen guarding the room where Norman Bates, now in custody, sat wrapped in a blanket at the end of Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho. He guest starred on the syndicated television series Sea Hunt with Lloyd Bridges, during the 1961 season in the episode titled "The Defector". In the 1962-1963 season, he appeared as "Haskell" in the short-lived drama and situation comedy The New Loretta Young Show on CBS, he played Phil Sterling on the ABC soap opera The Young Marrieds in the early 1960s. He appeared in television shows such as The Invaders, Highway Patrol, How to Marry a Millionaire, Peter Gunn, The Outer Limits episode The Invisible Enemy, Bourbon Street Beat, The Donna Reed Show and Gladys, The Eleventh Hour, The Man and the Challenge, Combat!, McHale's Navy, Get Smart, The Lieutenant, Gomer Pyle, U.
S. M. C; the Twilight Zone and The Wild Wild West. His final movie role was in the golf comedy Caddyshack, where he played Judge Elihu Smails, fed up with the shenanigans of Al Czervik, a guest at his golf club. Knight's distinctive speaking voice brought him work as an announcer, notably as narrator of most of Filmation's superhero cartoons as well as the voice of incidental characters, he was narrator of the first season of the Super Friends, while other animated television series featuring his work included the voices of the opening narrator and team leader Commander Jonathan Kidd in Fantastic Voyage. His role as the vain and untalented WJM newscaster Ted Baxter on The Mary Tyler Moore Show brought Knight widespread recognition and his greatest success, he received six Emmy Award nominations for the role, winning the Emmy for "Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in Comedy" in 1973 and 1976. Ted Knight was the special guest star on the first episode of The Bobby Vinton Show in September 1975.
Vinton highlighted Knight's Polish heritage and the two sang a duet of Vinton's hit My Melody of Love in Polish. Knight was featured in a production number featuring his own record "I'm In Love With Barbara Walters". In 1975, Knight recorded an album of novelty songs, "Hi Guys", on the Ranwood label; the title track, in which Knight tries to get out of various embarrassing situations by using his signature "Hi, Guy!" line, received some play on the Dr. Demento show. Knight used some of this character's style for regional commercials. In the Cleveland area during the early to late 1970s, a newsman known as "Ted" would provide news of the events at a local shopping center known as Southgate USA finishing the 60-second spot with a comedic flair, including wearing a jacket that resembled his blue "WJM" blazer; the spots were produced by UAB Productions for Southgate USA. UAB Productions was the local production arm of United Artists Broadcasting, which owned WUAB-TV in the Cleveland area at that time.
Knight returned to Albany to film promo spots for his former employer, WTEN's local news show. After The Mary Tyler Moore Show's run, Knight guest-starred in "Mr. Dennis Steps Out," the October 26, 1977, episode of the situation comedy Busting Loose, as Roger Dennis, the owner of an escort service in New York City; this episode was spun off into its own show, The Ted Knight Show, giving Knight his first starring role. The Ted Knight Showlasted for only six episodes in the spring of 1978. Knight appeared in a few episodes of The Love Boat, including one episode as a rival cruise captain, Captain Gunner Nordquist, versus Mary Tyler Moore Show co-star Gavin MacLeod's Captain Merrill Stubing; this was broadcast in March 1982 as Season 5, Episodes 24 and 25, of The Love Boat, whose segments were titled "Pride of the Pacific," "The Viking's Son," "Separate Vacations," "The Experiment," and "Getting to Know You." Knight landed the lead role as the kind, curmudgeonly cartoonist Henry Rush in the series Too Close for Comfort in 1980.
During scenes in which Henry draws in his bedroom, Knight used his earlier acquired ventriloquism talents for comical conversations with a hand-puppet version of his comic book's main character "Cosmic
CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
Edward Davis Wood Jr. was an American filmmaker and author. In the 1950s, Wood directed low-budget films in the science fiction and horror genres, intercutting stock footage. In the 1960s and 1970s, he made sexploitation movies and wrote over 80 pulp crime and sex novels. In 1975, he was awarded a Golden Turkey Award as Worst Director of All Time, renewing public interest in his work. Following the publication of Rudolph Grey's 1992 oral biography Nightmare of Ecstasy: The Life and Art of Edward D. Wood Jr. a biopic of his life, Ed Wood was directed by Tim Burton. Starring Johnny Depp as Wood, the film received two Academy Awards. Wood's father, Edward Sr. worked for the U. S. Postal Service as a custodian, his family relocated numerous times around the United States, they settled in Poughkeepsie, New York, where Ed Wood Jr. was born in 1924. According to Wood's second wife, Kathy O'Hara, Wood's mother Lillian would dress him in girl's clothing when he was a child because she had always wanted a daughter.
For the rest of his life, Wood crossdressed. During his childhood, Wood was interested in pulp fiction, he collected comics and pulp magazines, adored movies Westerns and anything involving the occult. Buck Jones and Bela Lugosi were two of his earliest childhood idols, he would skip school in favor of watching pictures at the local movie theater, where stills from the day's movie would be thrown in the trash by theater staff, allowing Wood to salvage them to add to his extensive collection. On his 12th birthday, in 1936, Wood received as a gift his first movie camera, a Kodak "Cine Special". One of his first pieces of footage, one that imbued him with pride, showed the airship Hindenburg passing over the Hudson River at Poughkeepsie, shortly before its disastrous crash at Lakehurst, New Jersey. One of Wood's first paid jobs was as a cinema usher, he sang and played drums in a band, he fronted a singing quartet called "Eddie Wood's Little Splinters", having learned to play a variety of string instruments.
In 1942, Wood enlisted in the United States Marine Corps, just months after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Assigned to the 2nd Defense Battalions, he reached the rank of corporal, he was involved in the Battle of Tarawa, among others, during the entire war, he lost his two front teeth to a Japanese soldier's rifle butt and was shot several times in the leg by a Japanese machine gunner. Wood claimed that he feared being wounded in battle more than he feared being killed because he was afraid a combat medic would discover his secret due to wearing a bra and panties under his uniform during the Battle of Tarawa. In 1947, Wood moved to Hollywood, where he wrote scripts and directed television pilots and several forgotten micro-budget westerns with names such as Crossroads of Laredo and Crossroad Avenger: The Legend of the Tucson Kid. In 1948, Wood wrote, produced and starred in Casual Company, a play derived from his unpublished novel, based on his service in the United States Marine Corps, it opened at the Village Playhouse to negative reviews on October 25.
In 1952, Wood was introduced to actor Bela Lugosi by friend and fellow writer-producer Alex Gordon, Wood's roommate at the time, who went on to help create American International Pictures. Lugosi's son, Bela Lugosi Jr. has been among those who felt Wood exploited the senior Lugosi's stardom, taking advantage of the fading actor when he could not refuse any work, while most documents and interviews with other Wood associates in Nightmare of Ecstasy suggest that Wood and Lugosi were genuine friends and that Wood helped Lugosi through the worst days of his depression and addiction. Lugosi had become dependent on morphine as a way of controlling his debilitating sciatica over the years, was in a horrendous physical state. Wood billed himself including Ann Gora and Akdov Telmig. In 1953 Wood directed the semi-documentary film Glen or Glenda with producer George Weiss; the film starred Wood, his girlfriend Dolores Fuller, Lugosi as the god-like narrator. In 1954, Wood directed and produced a crime film, Jail Bait, along with co-writer Alex Gordon, which starred Lyle Talbot and Steve Reeves.
Bela Lugosi was supposed to play the lead role of the plastic surgeon, but was busy working on another film project when filming started and had to bow out. In 1955 Wood produced and directed the horror film Bride of the Monster, based on an original story idea by Alex Gordon which he called The Atomic Monster, it starred Bela Lugosi, Swedish wrestler Tor Johnson, Loretta King. In 1956 Wood produced and directed the science fiction film Plan 9 from Outer Space, which starred Lugosi, Tor Johnson, Tom Mason, the Amazing Criswell as the film's narrator. Plan 9 premiered at a small screening in 1957, was only released theatrically under the title Plan Nine from Outer Space in 1959, was sold to late night television in 1961, thereby finding its audience over the years, it became Wood's best-known film an
Divorce known as dissolution of marriage, is the process of terminating a marriage or marital union. Divorce entails the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state. Divorce laws vary around the world, but in most countries divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process, which may involve issues of distribution of property, child custody, child visitation / access, parenting time, child support, division of debt. In most countries, monogamy is required by law, so divorce allows each former partner to marry another person. Divorce is different from annulment, which declares the marriage null and void, with legal separation or de jure separation or with de facto separation. Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash; the only countries that do not allow divorce are the Philippines, the Vatican City and the British Crown Dependency of Sark.
In the Philippines, divorce for non-Muslim Filipinos is not legal unless the husband or wife is an alien and satisfies certain conditions. The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state. Countries that have recently legalized divorce are Italy, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Ireland and Malta. Grounds for divorce vary from country to country. Marriage may be seen as a status, or a combination of these. Where it is seen as a contract, the refusal or inability of one spouse to perform the obligations stipulated in the contract may constitute a ground for divorce for the other spouse. In contrast, in some countries, divorce is purely no fault. Many jurisdictions offer both the option of a no fault divorce as well as an at fault divorce; this is the case, for example, in many US states. Though divorce laws vary between jurisdictions, there are two basic approaches to divorce: fault based and no-fault based; however in some jurisdictions that do not require a party to claim fault of their partner, a court may still take into account the behavior of the parties when dividing property, evaluating custody, shared care arrangements and support.
In some jurisdictions one spouse may be forced to pay the attorney's fees of another spouse. Laws vary as to the waiting period. Residency requirements vary. However, issues of division of property are determined by the law of the jurisdiction in which the property is located. In Europe, divorce laws differ from country to country, reflecting differing legal and cultural traditions. In some countries in some former communist countries, divorce can be obtained only on one single general ground of "irretrievable breakdown of the marriage". Yet, what constitutes such a "breakdown" of the marriage is interpreted differently from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, ranging from liberal interpretations to quite restrictive ones. Separation constitutes a ground of divorce in some European countries. Note that "separation" does not mean separate residences – in some jurisdictions, living in the same household but leading a separate life is sufficient to constitute de facto separation. Divorce laws are not static.
In the 21st century, many European countries have made changes to their divorce laws, in particular by reducing the length of the necessary periods of separation, e.g. Scotland in 2006; some countries have overhauled their divorce laws, such as Spain in 2005, Portugal in 2008. A new divorce law came into force in September 2007 in Belgium, creating a new system, no-fault. Bulgaria modified its divorce regulations in 2009. In Italy, new laws came into force in 2014 and 2015 with significant changes in Italian law in matter of divorce: apart from shortening of the period of obligatory separation, are allowed other forms of getting a divorce – as an alternative to court proceedings, i.e. the negotiations with the participation of an advocate or agreement made before the registrar of Public Registry Office. Austria, instead, is a European country; the liberalization of divorce laws is not without opposition in the United States. Indeed, in the US, certain conservative and religious organizations are lobbying for laws which restrict divorce.
In 2011, in the US, the Coalition for Divorce Refor
Margaret Ann "Peggy" McCay was an American actress whose career began in 1949, includes theatre, soap operas, feature films. McCay may be best known for originating the roles of Vanessa Dale on the CBS soap opera Love of Life, Caroline Brady, which she played from 1983 to 2016 on NBC's Days of Our Lives. McCay was born on November 1927 in Manhattan, she was the only child of Catherine and Michael Joseph McCay, who owned a construction company that specialized in building schools. Peggy attended Saint Walburga's Convent School and Barnard College, graduating from the latter in June 1949. After her father's sudden death and her mother ran his construction company for a period of time. Following her graduation from college, McCay joined impresaria Margo Jones's Texas-based theatre company and graduated to repertory, where she essayed numerous roles, she studied with Lee Strasberg in New York and helped to set up Strasberg's West Coast studio. In New York one of her first roles was in a 1956 off-Broadway production of Chekhov's Uncle Vanya, playing opposite Franchot Tone.
Her role as Sonya in Uncle Vanya earned her the off-Broadway award "OBIE" for Best "Off-Broadway" Young Actress of the Year. The next year both she and Tone reprised their roles in the Hollywood film version of the play. McCay accepted her first major role as the heroine Vanessa Dale on the soap opera Love of Life, which premiered in 1951. After four years, she left in 1955 to pursue other options. In 1958 she appeared on Perry Mason as defendant Stephanie Falkner in "The Case of the Long-Legged Models", in 1959 as fraudster Melissa Maybrook in the Maverick episode "The Sheriff of Duck'n' Shoot" with James Garner and Jack Kelly. Soon after, she was cast in an episode of Appointment with Adventure, she appeared in four feature films in the late 1950s before landing a lead role in 1962 in the ABC television series Room for One More as Anna Perrott Rose, who had written a memoir about her family life as a foster mother. In 1962, McCay starred in A Dog. On February 4, 1963, she appeared as Sheriff Andy Taylor's old girlfriend Sharon DeSpain in the "Class Reunion" episode of The Andy Griffith Show.
On April 9, 1963, McCay appeared in the episode "Broken Honor" of NBC's Laramie. The loot has been seized by bandits in a stagecoach heist and hidden away for retrieval. Roy, who uses a wheelchair, insists on keeping the money until Jess Harper, played by series regular Robert Fuller, arrives at their farm amid grave danger to all from the bandits. McCay guest-starred on ABC's The Roaring 20s, The Greatest Show on Earth, Jason Evers's Channing. In 1963, she appeared on NBC's Redigo, with Richard Egan, on CBS's Perry Mason. In 1963 she was in an episode of The Virginian as a woman seeking her husband. In 1964, she returned to daytime television as a lead on ABC's The Young Marrieds; when the show went off the air in 1966, she was written into the story line on ABC's General Hospital until 1970. In the 1970s, McCay appeared in Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years, How the West Was Won, The Lazarus Syndrome, she appeared in a 1975 television movie, John O'Hara's Gibbsville, was a regular in the cast of the short-lived 1976 series Gibbsville.
During the late 1970s and early 1980s, she had a recurring role as Marion Hume in the CBS drama Lou Grant. She may be best known as matriarch Caroline Brady on Days of Our Lives. McCay first appeared on the program in February 1983. After signing a long-term contract in 1985, she played the character of Caroline on a regular basis for over thirty years, her final appearance in the role was aired August 24, 2016. McCay died on October 2018 from natural causes at her home in the Greater Los Angeles area, she never married or had children, left no immediate survivors. Lad A Dog Promises in the Dark Bustin' Loose Second Thoughts Daddy's Girl James Dean Associated Press. "Actress Chooses to Take a Cut in Her Own Pay". The Gettysburg Times. P. 2. Retrieved 2012-12-11. Heffernan, Howard. "Personality parade: Soap Opera Queen Finds Normal Life". The Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2012-12-11. Passalacqua, Connie. "Actress is Honored Day, Night". The Kentucky New Era. Retrieved 2012-12-11. Associated Press. "Actress Waits For A Pie In Face".
The Kentucky New Era. p. 5B. Retrieved 2012-12-11. Reichardt, Nancy. "Tune In Tomorrow: Peggy McCay Fights For Animal Rights". The Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star. P. 2. Retrieved 2012-12-11. Peggy McCay on IMDb Peggy McCay at the Internet Broadway Database Peggy McCay at the Internet Off-Broadway Database "SOAP STAR STATS: Peggy McCay". Soapoperadigest.com. Retrieved January 21, 2010
CBS Corporation is an American mass media corporation focused on commercial broadcasting and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. The current President and Acting CEO is Joseph Ianniello. Sumner Redstone, owner of National Amusements, controls CBS by way of his majority ownership of the company's Class A voting stock, it is the world's eighth largest entertainment company in terms of revenue after The Walt Disney Company, NBCUniversal, WarnerMedia, Bertelsmann and Sony Corporation. The company began trading on the NYSE on January 3, 2006; until the corporation was known as Viacom, is the legal successor to said company. A new company, keeping the Viacom name, was spun off from CBS. CBS, not Viacom, retains control of over-the-air television broadcasting, TV production and distribution, pay-cable, basic cable, recording owned by the larger company. CBS has its headquarters in the CBS Building, Manhattan, New York City, United States. Viacom was created in 1971 as the television syndication division of CBS, was spun off in 1971.
However, in 1999, Viacom acquired its former parent, by this time named CBS Corporation Westinghouse Electric. The prior CBS Corporation owned CMT and The Nashville Network, which remained Viacom properties after the 2005 split, but the prior CBS did not own UPN, Paramount Television, Paramount Parks, or Simon and Schuster. In March 2005, Viacom announced plans of looking into splitting the company into two publicly traded companies, amid issues of the stock price stagnating. On June 14, 2005, the Viacom Board of Directors approved the split of the company into two firms; the CBS Corporation name would be revived for one of the companies, to be headed by longtime television executive Leslie Moonves, would include CBS, UPN, Infinity Broadcasting, Viacom Outdoor, Showtime Networks, Paramount's television studio. The split was structured such that the new Viacom was spun off from the old Viacom, renamed CBS Corporation. In a sense, this was a repeat of the 1971 spinoff. However, in this case, CBS retained all of the prior firm's broadcast TV assets, including its various syndication companies.
With the split, the two new companies began trading on the NYSE on January 3, 2006. Investors anticipated Viacom benefiting from the split, but instead, it dropped 20 percent, while CBS rose 9 percent. Announced in January 2006, CBS and DIC Entertainment signed a multi-year deal in which DIC bought the Saturday morning airtime as "CBS's Saturday Morning Secret Slumber Party". In June 2006, DiC added a production partner AOL's KOL. Thus, this block would be called "KOL's Saturday Morning Secret Slumber Party on CBS". On January 24, 2006, CBS Corporation, Warner Bros. announced that they were to create a new broadcast network, The CW Television Network. The network debuted on September 18, 2006; the network formally debuted on September 20 with the 2 hour premiere of America's Next Top Model. The network is the result of a merger of The WB and UPN. CBS Corporation and Time Warner each own 50% of the network. Tribune Broadcasting and CBS Corporation will contribute its stations as new network affiliates.
Three days after the announcement of The CW, on January 27, CBS announced that it was selling its Paramount Parks division. On May 23, 2006, CBS Corporation sold Paramount Parks to the Cedar Fair Entertainment Company. With this acquisition, Cedar Fair became the third-largest theme park operator. On June 30, 2006, Cedar Fair announced that it has completed its acquisition of Paramount Parks from CBS Corporation in a cash transaction valued at US$1.24 billion. The transaction included a 10-year license that allowed Cedar Fair to use the Paramount name in the parks through the 2017 season. On February 7, 2007, CBS announced it was selling seven stations in Providence, Rhode Island, Texas, Salt Lake City and West Palm Beach, Florida to Cerberus Capital Management for US$185 million, it sold another station, WFRV-TV in Green Bay and its satellite station, WJMN-TV in Escanaba, Michigan, to Liberty Media on February 13, 2007. News reports estimate the deal at about US$234 million. CBS is swapping the stations and US$170 million in cash for 7.59 million shares of CBS common stock held by Liberty Media.
On February 26, CBS announced that it will invest in Electric Sheep, a virtual world content developer. CBS hired Electric Sheep to develop some projects, including the creation of "The L-Word in Second Life". CBS shot a commercial within the virtual world Second Life to promote its show Two and a Half Men. Another project that Electric Sheep was working on for CBS was a Star Trek-themed area in Second Life. By investing in Electric Sheep, CBS hoped to expand its activity "beyond the living room". On March 20, CBS/CSTV had acquired an online high school sports network. On April 12, CBS Corporation announced the creation of the CBS Interactive Audience Network. On May 30, CBS Interactive bought Last.fm for £140 million. On May 15, 2008, CBS Interactive announced that it had agreed t
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia