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Theater (structure)

A theater, theatre or playhouse, is a structure where theatrical works or plays are performed, or other performances such as musical concerts may be produced. A theatre used for opera performances is called an opera house. While a theater is not required for performance, a theater serves to define the performance and audience spaces; the facility is traditionally organized to provide support areas for performers, the technical crew and the audience members. There are as many types of theaters. Theaters may be built for a certain types of productions, they may serve for more general performance needs or they may be adapted or converted for use as a theater, they may range from open-air amphitheaters to ornate, cathedral-like structures to simple, undecorated rooms or black box theaters. Some theaters may have a fixed acting area, while some theaters, such as black box theaters, may not, allowing the director and designers to construct an acting area suitable for the production; the most important of these areas is the acting space known as the stage.

In some theaters proscenium theaters, arena theaters and amphitheaters, this area is permanent part of the structure. In a blackbox theater the acting area is undefined so that each theater may adapt to a production. In addition to these acting spaces, there may be offstage spaces as well; these include wings on either side of a proscenium stage where props and scenery may be stored as well as a place for actors awaiting an entrance. A Prompter's box may be found backstage. In an amphitheater, an area behind the stage may be designated for such uses while a blackbox theater may have spaces outside of the actual theater designated for such uses. A theater will incorporate other spaces intended for the performers and other personnel. A booth facing the stage may be incorporated into the house where lighting and sound personnel may view the show and run their respective instruments. Other rooms in the building may be used for dressing rooms, rehearsal rooms, spaces for constructing sets and costumes, as well as storage.

There are two main entrances. One is at the front, used by the audience, leads into the back of the audience space, sometimes first going through a ticket booth; the second is called the stage door, it is accessible from backstage. This is where the cast and crew enter and exit the theater, fans sometimes wait outside it after the show in order to get autographs, called "stage dooring"; this term can be used to refer to going to a lot of shows or living in a big theater city, such as New York or Chicago. All theaters provide a space for an audience; the audience is separated from the performers by the proscenium arch. In proscenium theaters and amphitheaters, the proscenium arch, like the stage, is a permanent feature of the structure; this area is known as the house. Like the stage in a blackbox theater, this area is defined by the production The seating areas can include some or all of the following: Stalls or arena: the lower flat area below or at the same level as the stage; the word parterre is sometimes used to refer to a particular subset of this area.

In North American usage this is the rear seating block beneath the gallery whereas in Britain it can mean either the area in front near the orchestra pit, or the whole of the stalls. The term can refer to the side stalls in some usages. Derived from the gardening term parterre, the usage refers to the sectioned pattern of both the seats of an auditorium and of the planted beds seen in garden construction. Throughout the 18th century the term was used to refer to the theater audience who occupied the parterre. Balconies or galleries: one or more raised seating platforms towards the rear of the auditorium. In larger theaters, multiple levels are stacked vertically behind the stalls; the first level is called the dress circle or grand circle. The next level may be the loge, from the French version of loggia. A second tier inserted beneath the main balcony may be the mezzanine; the highest platform, or upper circle, is sometimes known as the gods in large opera houses, where the seats can be high and a long distance from the stage.

Boxes: placed to the front and above the level of the stage. They are separate rooms with an open viewing area which seat up to five people; these seats are considered the most prestigious of the house. A "state box" or "royal box" is sometimes provided for dignitaries. House seats: these are "the best seats in the house", giving the best view of the stage. Though each theater's layout is different, these are in the center of the stalls; these seats are traditionally reserved for the cast and crew to invite family members and others. If they are not used, they go on sale on the day of the performance. Greek theater buildings were called a theatron; the theaters were open-air structures constructed on the slopes of hills. They consisted of three principal elements: the orchestra, the skene, the audience; the centerpiece of the theater was the orchestra, or "dancing place", a large circular or rectangular area. The orchestra was the site of the choral performances, the religious rites, the acting. An altar was located in the middle of the orchestra.

Behind the orchestra was a large rectangular building called the skene. It was

Pat's Pizza

Pat's Pizza is a chain of restaurants in Maine. The chain was started in 1931 when Carl D. "Pat" Farnsworth bought the ice cream store in Orono, Maine, in which he had worked as a high-schooler. In 1953, he added pizza to the menu, it was such a hit that he changed Farnsworth's Cafe into a pizza parlor, giving it its current name, it grew to 13 locations, covering the state. The original store was known as a "second home to generations of University of Maine students". In 1993, Pat reported. Pat Farnsworth died at the age of 90 in 2003; the chain is in negotiations to be sold to a well known family in Maine who call themselves the “Grilled Cheese Boys”. They plan to add a grilled cheese stand at every location. Official website "Farnsworth, Maine pizza franchise legend, dead at 90". Pizza Marketplace. February 18, 2003. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-05. "Where is the Best Pizza in Maine?". PBS Food. June 3, 2015. Retrieved 2018-03-15

Woodbridge High School (New Jersey)

Woodbridge High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school located in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey, serving students in ninth through twelfth grades as part of the Woodbridge Township School District. The high school is one of three in the district, together with Colonia High School and John F. Kennedy Memorial High School; the school has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1928. As of the 2015-16 school year, the school had an enrollment of 1,521 students and 134.5 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1. There were 129 eligible for reduced-cost lunch; the school was the 159th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. The school had been ranked 170th in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 229th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.

The magazine ranked the school 231st in 2008 out of 316 schools. The school was ranked 222nd in the magazine's September 2006 issue, which surveyed 316 schools across the state. Schooldigger.com ranked the school tied for 40th out of 381 public high schools statewide in its 2011 rankings which were based on the combined percentage of students classified as proficient or above proficient on the mathematics and language arts literacy components of the High School Proficiency Assessment. The current Woodbridge High School was occupied in 1956 and built adjacent to the new modern football stadium; the old stadium was vacated to make way for the southbound lanes of the New Jersey Turnpike. Prior to 1957, the high school was located on Barron and Grove Avenue, the current site of the Woodbridge Middle School, it operated on split sessions for many years: Freshmen and Sophomores attended school in the afternoon. The last graduating class of the Barron Avenue "Woodbridge High School" was 1956; the first school building was erected in 1876 in Woodbridge Township, was designated PS 1.

It was located on School Street in Woodbridge Proper. Classes started in January 1877. High school class were first conducted in PS 1; the building now houses the Woodbridge Board of Education. In 1883, the first high school students graduated. There were two graduates. In 1911, high school classes were conducted in the new building on Barron Avenue; this building now houses Woodbridge Middle School. In 1948, a football field and stadium building was constructed on the site of an old wooden surfaced auto racetrack called the'Woodbridge Speedway', it was dedicated as'The Stadium'. The field was re-dedicated'Nick Priscoe Field' in the 1970s after a longtime former head football coach. In 1956, the current Woodbridge HS building was erected and'Kelly Street' ran through the HS property; the roadway was renamed'Samuel Lupo Place" in the 1980s after another head football coach. In 1956, WHS graduated the final class to graduate from the Barron Avenue building; the Woodbridge High School Barrons compete in the Greater Middlesex Conference, which includes public and private high schools in the greater Middlesex County area and operates under the supervision of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association.

With 1,132 students in grades 10-12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2015-16 school year as North II, Group IV for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 1,114 to 4,800 students in that grade range. The boys' basketball team won the 1975 Group IV New Jersey state championship, defeating Eastside Paterson by a score of 73-58 in the title game, the program's first tournament final in a season they finished with a 29-2 record. Boys' and girls' bowling team have won 15 state championships between the two; the boys' team won the overall team title in 1981, 1983 and 1992 won the Group III state championship in 2007, 2011, 2012, 2018 and 2019. The team won the Tournament of Champions in 2012 and 2018; the girls' bowling team won the overall state championship in 1989, 1993, 1998, 1999, 2001 and 2006, won the Group III state title and the Tournament of Champions in 2007. The seven titles won by the girls' team are the second most in the state.

The football team has won 12 Conference/Divisional Titles, nine state championships: 1930, 1938, 1939, 1960, 1970, 1971, 1980, 1993 and 1997. The softball team won the Group IV state championship in 1978, defeating Westfield High School, were runners up in 1979 when they lost to Ridgewood High School; the boys' shuttle hurdle relay team won the Group IV state championship in 1995 with the fastest time in the state, 31.27 seconds. Erik Christensen, wide receiver who played for the Washington Redskins. Christensen attended Woodbridge High School before transferring to Fork Union Military Academy. Lou Creekmur, offensive lineman with the Detroit Lions, inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1996. Libell Duran, Miss New Jersey USA 2013. Edward M. Hundert, medical ethicist. Jack H. Jacobs, Medal of Honor Recipient, awarded 1969. Kyle Johnson, fullback with the Denver Broncos. Michael Jones and internet personality. Dawn Marie Psaltis, former female professional wrestler and WWE Diva. Richie Sambora, former lead guitarist of the rock band Bon Jovi, honored by having the street leading to t