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Theater District, Manhattan

New York City's Theater District is an area in Midtown Manhattan where most Broadway theaters are located, as well as many other theaters, movie theaters, restaurants and other places of entertainment. It is bounded by West 40th Street on the south, West 54th Street on the north, Sixth Avenue on the east and Eighth Avenue on the west, includes Times Square; the Great White Way is the name given to the section of Broadway which runs through the Theater District. It contains recording studios, record label offices, theatrical agencies, television studios, Duffy Square, Shubert Alley, the Brill Building, a Ripley's Believe It or Not! Odditorium, Madame Tussauds New York; the City of New York defines the subdistrict for zoning purposes to extend from 40th Street to 57th Street and from Sixth Avenue to Eighth Avenue, with an additional area west of Eighth Avenue from 42nd Street to 45th Street. The Times Square Alliance, a Business Improvement District organization dedicated to improving the Theater District, defines the district as an irregularly shaped area within the bounding box of 40th Street, 6th Avenue, 53rd Street, 9th Avenue.

As of 2018, the Vivian Beaumont Theater is the only Broadway-class theater not located in the Theater District. In 1836, mayor Cornelius Lawrence opened 42nd Street in an attempt to get the city to expand north, saying "move up town and enjoy the pure, clean air"; the Theater District first began attracting theaters and restaurants to the neighborhood after the Metropolitan Opera House moved to West 39th Street and Broadway in 1883. Oscar Hammerstein I opened his Victoria Theatre on 42nd Street in 1899; the Theater District became more accessible from the rest of the city after electrified trolley lines started running in 1899, followed by the opening of the New York City Subway's first line in 1904."The Great White Way" is a nickname for a section of Broadway in Midtown Manhattan that encompasses the Theater District. In 1880, a stretch of Broadway between Union Square and Madison Square was illuminated by Brush arc lamps, making it among the first electrically lighted streets in the United States.

By the 1890s, the portion from 23rd Street to 34th Street was so brightly illuminated by electrical advertising signs that people began calling it "The Great White Way". When the theater district moved uptown before the turn of the century, the name was transferred to the Theater District. Over the years since the district has been referred to by New Yorkers as "the Rialto," as "The Main Stem," and as "Broadway," and at the turn of the 20th century, was called "The Street". By the 1970s, 42nd Street had become run-down and seedy – with the opening of some X-rated movie houses, peep shows, so-called grind houses there – and was considered a somewhat dangerous place to venture into by many New Yorkers; the entire area was significantly revitalized by the city in the 1990s, with the closing of most of those businesses, the opening of an array of new theaters, multiplex movie houses and tourist attractions. In 1974, the Lyceum Theatre was the first Broadway theatre to get the landmark status from the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.

In the Spring of 1982, Joseph Papp, the Broadway theatrical producer, director who had established The Public Theater, led a campaign called "Save the Theatres" in Manhattan. The primary initial goal of the "Save the Theatres" effort, sponsored by Papp's not-for-profit group and supported by the Actors Equity union, was to save several theater buildings in the Theatre District neighborhood from their impending demolition by monied Manhattan development interests. Papp provided financial resources, campaign buttons and newspaper ads for the effort. At Papp's behest, in July 1982, U. S. Representative Donald J. Mitchell of New York, 13 co-sponsors, introduced a bill entitled "A bill to designate the Broadway/Times Square Theatre District in the City of New York as a national historic site"; the proposed legislation, not enacted, would have required the Federal Government to aid financially and otherwise in preserving the district and its historic theatre houses as an official National Historic Site.

The Save the Theatres campaign turned their efforts toward supporting the establishment of the Theater District as a registered New York City historic district. In December 1983, Save the Theatres prepared "The Broadway Theater District, a Preservation Development and Management Plan," and demanded that each theater in the district receive landmark designation. Mayor Koch responded by creating a Theater Advisory Council, that included Papp as a member, which led to the area being zoned as the "Theater Subdistrict." In January 2001, the New York Appellate Division, First Department in Fisher v. Giuliani upheld the 1998 expansion of the Theater Subdistrict zoning regulations, which added receiving sites along Eighth Avenue where development rights from the landmarked Broadway theaters could be sold. Community and civic organizations opposed the expansion of the district as it would impinge the nearby residential neighborhood of Hell's Kitchen/Clinton; the court objection, filed in 1999, did not challenge the pre-existing Theater Subdistrict itself or the original development rights zoning legislation.

Under the 1998 zoning regulation, New York City created the Theater Subdistrict Council, a not-for-profit corporation. The TSC administers the Theater Subdi

Episode 100 (American Horror Story)

"Episode 100" is the sixth episode of the ninth season and the 100th episode overall of the anthology television series American Horror Story. Written by Ryan Murphy and Brad Falchuk and directed by Loni Peristere, it aired on October 23, 2019, on the cable network FX. One year after the events at Camp Redwood, Richter has grown weary of Ramirez's murderous tendencies and alerts the locals to his presence, giving Richter the chance to drive away alone and resulting in Ramirez's arrest. Four years the ghosts of Montana and Xavier, still trapped in purgatory on the campgrounds, kill anyone who trespasses, much to the frustration of Ray's ghost and the ghosts of the 1970 counselors. Meanwhile, Margaret has become a rich real estate mogul by renovating infamous murder locations alongside Trevor, who survived her murder attempt; the two entered into a contentious marriage amid Trevor's threat to expose the truth. Margaret chooses Camp Redwood as her next project, to the chagrin of Chet's ghost. A reformed Richter, now with a new name and living a quiet life in Alaska with his new wife and son, learns of the project.

He returns home one night to find his wife murdered by Ramirez, who broke out of prison with Satan's help. Richter leaves, intent on killing Ramirez. Brooke is executed for the Camp Redwood murders, but Donna, posing as the executioner, saves her. "Episode 100" was watched by 1.35 million people during its original broadcast, gained a 0.6 ratings share among adults aged 18–49. The episode received positive reviews from critics. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, "Episode 100" holds a 92% approval rating, based on 13 reviews with an average rating of 7.4/10. The critical consensus reads: "Though the meandering plot continues to confuse, an intriguing time jump and a host of previous season tie-ins drive this episode home."Ron Hogan of Den of Geek gave the episode a 4/5, saying, "The true story is insane, rather than embellishing it, the show plays it straight and the end result is funnier than most jokes could have been in that situation." He praised the cast, commenting that "Leslie Grossman and Matthew Morrison play out early in the episode feels like one they've had many times before, sort of a Virgina Woolf situation if Elizabeth Taylor's Martha had murdered several people.

Leslie Jordan, as always, steals the scenes. John Carroll Lynch continues is criminally underrated actor, putting in good work in a role that won't be appreciated outside of horror circles." He concluded his review by "It takes a few twists to get everyone involved in 1984 back to the place where it all started, but it works. Rich people throwing music festivals was a big deal in the late 1980s, it's a smart way to get the gang back together despite most of them being dead. Nothing gets people talking like a sequel, Camp Redwood is ripe for the picking."Kat Rosenfield of Entertainment Weekly gave the episode a B+ rating. She enjoyed the different scenes with the ghosts at Camp Redwood, commenting that "The ghosts of Camp Redwood are numerous, fabulous." She appreciated the evolution of some characters in this episode. The first one being Brooke, as she noted that she "traded her virginal innocence for something, uh, else." The second one being Jingles, as she wondered if the character would "once again donning his villain's raincoat" or if he would become a hero in the last episodes of the season.

However, Rosenfield was more critical of Margaret's evolution, commenting that it "seems a little cliché". She enjoyed the cliffhanger of the episode, with the appearance of Donna, more the return of Leslie Jordan for the rest of the season. Variety's Andrea Reiher gave a positive review, said "The 1984 season is now on an different timeline and trajectory from the beginning of the season, but the Camp Redwood setting is still integral to the storytelling, so the final four episodes should see everyone congregate back on the campgrounds for some more murderous fun before season’s end. "Episode 100" didn’t offer any cameos from quintessential players from American Horror Story’s past, such as Evan Peters, Sarah Paulson or Jessica Lange, but who knows what may happen in the back half of the season?" "Episode 100" on IMDb

List of awards and nominations received by Dalida

Dalida was a French singer, actress and record producer. She received numerous awards and tributes recognizing her success in music, television and film, in France and in several other. Inomplete awards and nominations history: Commander of the National Order of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic. Commander of the Order of the Crown of Belgium. Companion of the Order of Canada. Commander of the Order of the Nile of Egypt. Commander of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic. Bronze medal of the National defense of the French Republic. Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of the French Republic. 1962: Calabrian Citizen of Honour. 1968: Godmother of Montmartre street urchins. 1980: Graulhet Citizen of Honour. France: Place Dalida, Paris Canada: rue Dalida, Quebec, Canada