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Theodor Escherich

Theodor Escherich was a German-Austrian pediatrician and a professor at universities in Graz and Vienna. He discovered the bacterium Escherichia coli, named after him in 1919, determined its properties. Theodor Escherich was born in Ansbach, as the younger son of Kreismedizinalrat Ferdinand Escherich, a medical statistician, his second wife, Maria Sophie Frederike von Stromer, daughter of a Bavarian army colonel; when Theodor Escherich was five, his mother died, five years Ferdinand Escherich moved to Würzburg to take up his former position as Kreismedizinalrat and married his third wife. When Theodor was 12, he was sent to a boarding school run by Jesuits in Feldkirch, Austria for three years, he finished secondary education in Würzburg, where he attended a Gymnasium and took his Abitur examination in 1876. After a half-year military service in Strasbourg, Escherich took up his studies of medicine at the University of Würzburg in the winter term of 1876, he attended the universities of Kiel and Berlin, returned to Würzburg before passing his medical examination with excellence in December 1881.

After an 18-month service in a military hospital in Munich, Escherich returned to Würzburg in 1882 to become second and first assistant to the internist Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt in the medical clinic of the Julius Hospital, Würzburg. Gerhardt suggested the topic of his thesis. On 27 October 1882, Escherich was awarded his medical doctorate. In the following two years, he attended lectures in Vienna and did bacteriological research work at the St Anna Children's Clinic. In August 1884, he continued his research work in Munich, where pediatrics had been established as a department of the medical faculty. In October 1884, the Bavarian authorities sent Escherich to Naples to do research work in the actual cholera epidemic, he travelled to Paris, where he heard lectures by Jean-Martin Charcot, the renowned neurologist. In 1886, after intensive laboratory investigations, Escherich published a monograph on the relationship of intestinal bacteria to the physiology of digestion in the infant.

This work, presented to the medical faculty in Munich and published in Stuttgart, Die Darmbakterien des Säuglings und ihre Beziehungen zur Physiologie der Verdauung, was to become his habilitation treatise and established him as the leading bacteriologist in the field of paediatrics. It was the publication where Escherich described a bacterium which he called “bacterium coli commune” and, to be called Escherichia coli. For the next four years, Escherich worked as first assistant to Heinrich von Ranke at the Munich Von Haunersche Kinderklinik. In 1890, Escherich succeeded Rudolf von Jaksch, called to Prague, as professor extraordinary of pediatrics and director of the St Anna children’s clinic in Graz, where he became professor ordinary four years later. While working in Graz, he married daughter of the physicist Leopold Pfaundler, they had a son Leopold, who died at age ten, a daughter Charlotte, who survived to the 1980s. Escherich made the Graz pediatric hospital one of the best-known institutions in Europe.

In 1902, Escherich succeeded Hermann Widerhofer as full professor of pediatrics in Vienna, where he directed the St.-Anna-Kinderspital. Escherich became renowned in 1903 when he founded the Säuglingsschutz and started a high-profile campaign for breastfeeding, he died in Vienna in 1911. 1894 — Honorary member of the Moscow Pediatric Society 1905 — Honorary member of the American Pediatric Society 1905 — Member of the Academy of Science, St. Louis 1906 — Awarded title of kaiserlich-königlicher Hofrat 1906 — Member of the Medical Academy in Rome 1909 — Honorary member of the Belgian Liga de la Protection de la Première Enfance Oberbauer, Barbara A.. Theodor Escherich: Leben und Werk. FAC. 11. Munich: Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie e. V. Futuramed-Verlag. ISBN 3-923599-66-8. Hellbrügge, Theodor. Gründer und Grundlagen der Kinderheilkunde. Documenta pädiatrica. 4. Lübeck: Hansisches Verlagskontor. — contains Grundlagen und Ziele der modernen Pädiatrie um die Jahrhundertwende by Theodor Escherich Biography on Who Named It?

Literature by and about Theodor Escherich in the German National Library catalogue

USS Enaj (SP-578)

USS Enaj was a United States Navy patrol vessel in commission from 1917 to 1918. Enaj was built as a private steam yacht of the same name by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Company at Bristol, Rhode Island, in 1909. On 11 June 1917, the U. S. Navy acquired her under a free lease from her owner for use as a section patrol vessel during World War I, she was commissioned the same day as USS Enaj with USNRF, in command. Assigned to the 2nd Naval District in southern New England, Enaj carried out patrols and executed special duty assignments with the Inspection Section at Newport, Rhode Island, for the rest of World War I. Enaj was returned to her owner on 31 December 1918; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. SP-578 Enaj at Department of the Navy Naval History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images: U. S. Navy Ships -- Listed by Hull Number "SP" #s and "ID" #s -- World War I Era Patrol Vessels and other Acquired Ships and Craft numbered from SP-500 through SP-599 NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Enaj

SerranĂ­a de Chiribiquete

The Serranía de Chiribiquete or Chiribiquete Mountains are a group of isolated table mountains in the Amazon Region of Colombia. The mountains are part of the western edge of the Guiana Shield; the area is protected as a national park. This area is habitat for an endemic hummingbird; the waterfall Caño Paujil originates from the Serranía de Chiribiquete. Chiribiquete National Park is the largest national park in Colombia and the largest tropical rainforest national park in the world, it hosts important archaeological evidence in the form of rock art. More than 600,000 traces of around 20,000 petroglyphs and pictographs have been discovered in the mountain chain, the oldest of which may date to 20,000 years BP; the rock art has been produced until the 16th century. The rock paintings were first recorded by the American botanist Richard Evans Schultes in the 1940s. Investigations were carried out by Thomas van der Hammen. British wildlife filmmaker Mike Slee Mike Slee and Colombian photographer and explorer Francisco Forero Bonell photographed and filmed the rock paintings on the vertical rock faces within the park in 2014.

Serranía de Chiribiquete is featured in the 2015 documentary Colombia, magia salvaje, made by Mike Slee. Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos announced that Chiribiquete National Natural Park would be expanded by 15,000 km2 on 21 February, 2018; the park was expanded to 43,000 km2 and declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO on 2 July, 2018

Vince Martell

Vince Martell is best known as the lead guitarist for Vanilla Fudge. Martell was born in the Bronx to parents who encouraged him to play as well. While in his teens, Martell joined the Navy. In 1963, Martell moved with his family to Florida and soon joined a band called Ricky T & The Satans Three that played in Miami blues clubs and shrimp bars in Key West. In 1966, he formed the band The Pidgeons with organist Mark Stein, bassist Tim Bogert and drummer Joe Brennan. After Brennan was replaced by Carmine Appice and a record deal forced the band to change its name, the band became Vanilla Fudge. After the breakup of Vanilla Fudge in 1970, Martell continued to perform until Vanilla Fudge reunited for another album in 1984 called Mystery. In 2000, he released his first solo CD, Endless High, followed in 2001 by a self-titled CD, Vince Martell. In 2002, he recorded a third solo CD as a tribute to Jimi Hendrix, whom Martell had befriended when Vanilla Fudge and Hendrix toured together. In 2005, Vanilla Fudge reformed with all the original members including Martell, Mark Stein, Tim Bogert and Carmine Appice, for a tour with The Doors and Steppenwolf.

In July 2006, Vanilla Fudge recorded a tribute to Led Zeppelin, working title Out Through the in Door, scheduled for release in early 2007. Martell continues to tour with Vanilla Fudge, his own band, the Vince Martell Band with Peg Pearl, Pete Bremy, Russ T. Blades and TigerBill Meligari. Martell is preparing for a 2008 spring/summer tour sharing some dates with The Shadows of Knight, with whom he has performed with at Irving Plaza. A new CD is in the works. Vince along with fellow original members Bogert and Appice opened for Deep Purple on August 7, 2007 at Radio City Music Hall, continuing to tour in this lineup in early 2008. Vince and Mark Stein appeared on The "My Music" series on PBS in March/April 2008, they are seen performing "You Keep Me Hangin' On" with backing musicians from Mark Stein's solo band. Vince and Mark Stein soon thereafter began performing around the country together as "Vanilla Fudge's Mark Stein and Vince Martell" with a new rhythm section featuring JimmyJack Tamburo from Mark Stein's band on drums, Pete Bremy from Vince's band on bass.

This lineup toured throughout the summer of 2009. In April 2008 Vince Martell signed with Collectables Records as a solo artist, his Endless High album, which appeared in 2000 was re-released on Spectra Records. As of 2019, Martell is back to touring with Vanilla Fudge, alongside original bandmates Mark Stein and Carmine Appice, with Pete Bremy in place of original member Tim Bogert, who retired from touring in 2010. 1967: Vanilla Fudge 1968: The Beat Goes On 1968: Renaissance 1969: Near the Beginning 1970: Rock & Roll 1984: Mystery 2000: Endless High 2000: Vanilla Fudge – The Return / Then And Now 2001: Vince Martell: Lead Guitarist of Vanilla Fudge 2002: Pyschedlic Cymbals 2005: Vanilla Fudge – Out Through The In Door 2009: Vince Martell – Comin'to Get Ya Official Vince Martell web site Official Vanilla Fudge web site

National Committee for Intelligence Coordination

The National Committee for Intelligence Coordination is the principal forum used by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh for matters of national security and co-ordination between intelligence agencies. Since its inception under Sheikh Hasina, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the prime minister on national security and foreign policies; the Committee serves as the prime minister's principal arm for co-ordination, integration of intelligence on foreign and internal security matters by bringing together the principal civilian and military intelligence outfits. The Council has counterparts in the Joint Intelligence Committee of many other nations. Bangladesh is situated nearby the infamous ―Golden Crescent and close to the ―Golden Triangle- located in Myanmar; this makes it a transit point for illegal arms from Myanmar. From Bangladesh, one can reach Pakistan and Afghanistan; the close proximity of Bangladesh to Myanmar, Pakistan and insurgency affected states of India results in a high probability for Bangladesh to have complex security problems arising from terrorism.

The last nail of the coffin that showed the lack of co-ordination between intelligence agencies was the disastrous mutiny in the Bangladesh Rifles in 2009, in which the country lost 74 people, including 47 bright military officers. Reform initiatives taken after the mutiny which led to the creation of "National Committee for Intelligence Coordination". Compared with the American and Indian intelligence co-ordination structures the intelligence co-ordination mechanism in Bangladesh is quite unique. At least two factors can reveal why the Bangladeshi case is unique, does not resemble the UK, US or Indian model. First, the Prime Minister's security advisor is the coordinator of the NCIC unlike UK and India, where a serving bureaucrat in the cabinet secretariat assumes the role of intelligence coordinator. In the US, the Director of National Intelligence is responsible for the co-ordination of various civilian and signals intelligence agencies. In the United Kingdom and India, the Joint Intelligence Committee —located in the cabinet secretariat—is responsible for the co-ordination of domestic and defence intelligence agencies.

Therefore, a cabinet secretary in the British and Indian system of JIC acts as a counterpart of American DNI. Second, the co-ordination structure in Bangladesh is sharply different from the American case, in which the position of Director of National Intelligence is separate from that of the National Security Advisor. In July 2009, the government formed an eight-member "National Committee for Intelligence Coordination," with the prime minister as the chairperson, to co-ordinate the intelligence activities of different agencies; this committee coordinated by her security advisor. The NCIC comprises the Cabinet Secretary, Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister's Office and the respective Director Generals of the National Security Intelligence, the Directorate General of Forces Intelligence, Special Security Force and the Inspector General of Police; the heads of the Rapid Action Battalion, the Special Branch, the Criminal Investigation Department are required to assist the NCIC in performing its activities.

Provide necessary information to the government before any crisis arises. Coordinate and strengthen the activities of the various intelligence agencies functioning within Bangladesh. Improving the campaign against extremism through exchanges between law enforcement and intelligence agencies

Roland CUBE

Roland CUBE is a series of guitar and bass amplifiers manufactured and distributed by the Roland Corporation. The CUBE series use amplifier modeling technology. A multi-purpose battery-powered portable amplifier featuring 5 Watt stereo power and two 4" speakers, it features a microphone instrument channel with tone, delay/reverb and chorus controls. The Micro Cube is a small battery-powered 2 Watt portable amplifier, for use as a portable practice amp or when larger or more expensive amplifiers may not be practical. Features a single 5" speaker. A portable amplifier with four 4" speakers. A portable bass amplifier with four 4" speakers. A 5W battery-powered amplifier featuring two 6.5" speakers. As the name implies, this amplifier is suited for buskers. Larger 50W busker battery-powered amplifier featuring two 8" speakers. A small 2 channel, 15 Watt practice amplifier with a single 8" speaker. A 20 Watt amplifier with a single 8" speaker. A 30 Watt amplifier with a single 10" speaker. A 30 Watt bass amplifier with a single 10" speaker.

A 30 Watt multi-purpose portable mixing monitor with a 6.5" speaker. A 60 Watt amplifier with a single 12" speaker. A 60 Watt bass amplifier with a single 12" speaker. An 80 Watt amplifier with a single 12" speaker. A 100 Watt bass amplifier with a single 12" speaker