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Theodore Olson

Theodore Bevry Olson is an American lawyer, practicing at the Washington, D. C. office of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. Olson served as United States Solicitor General under President George W. Bush. Theodore Olson was born in the son of Yvonne Lucy and Lester W. Olson, he grew up in California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. He graduated from Los Altos High. In 1962, Olson completed his undergraduate degrees in Communications and History at the University of the Pacific where he was a charter member of the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity chapter, he earned his law degree from Boalt Hall School of Law at the University of Berkeley. At Boalt, Olson served as a contributor to the California Law Review. In 1965, Olson joined the Los Angeles, office of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher as an Associate. In 1972, he was named Partner. From 1981 to 1984, Olson served as an Assistant Attorney General in the Reagan administration. While serving in the Reagan administration, Olson was Legal Counsel to President Reagan during the Iran-Contra Affair's investigation phase.

Olson was the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel when President Ronald Reagan ordered the Administrator of the EPA to withhold the documents on the ground that they contained "enforcement sensitive information." This led to an investigation by the House Judiciary Committee that produced a report suggesting Olson had given false and misleading testimony before a House subcommittee during the investigation. The Judiciary Committee forwarded a copy of the report to the Attorney General, requesting the appointment of an independent counsel investigation. Olson argued that the Independent Counsel took executive powers away from the office of the President of the United States and created a hybrid "fourth branch" of government, answerable to no one, he argued that the broad powers of the Independent Counsel could be abused or corrupted by partisanship. In the Supreme Court Case Morrison v. Olson, the Court disagreed with Olson and found in favor of the Plaintiff and independent counsel Alexia Morrison.

He returned to private law practice as a partner in the Washington, D. C. office of his firm, Gibson Dunn. A high-profile client in the 1980s was Jonathan Pollard, convicted of selling government secrets to Israel. Olson handled the appeal to United States Court of Appeals for the D. C. Circuit. Olson argued the life sentence Pollard received was in violation of the plea bargain agreement, which had excluded a life sentence. Olson argued that the violation of the plea bargain was grounds for a mistrial; the Court of Appeals ruled. Olson argued a dozen cases before the Supreme Court prior to becoming Solicitor General. Olson represented presidential candidate George W. Bush in the Supreme Court case Bush v. Gore, which ended the recount of the contested 2000 Presidential election. Olson was nominated for the office of Solicitor General by President Bush on February 14, 2001, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 24, 2001, took office on June 11, 2001. In July 2004, Olson retired as Solicitor General and returned to private practice at the Washington office of Gibson Dunn.

In 2006, Olson represented a defendant journalist in the civil case filed by Wen Ho Lee and pursued the appeal to the Supreme Court. Lee sued the federal government to discover which public officials had named him as a suspect to journalists before he had been charged. Olson wrote a brief on behalf of one of the journalists involved in the case, saying that journalists should not have to identify confidential sources if subpoenaed by a court. In 2011, Olson represented the National Football League Players Association in the 2011 NFL lockout. In 2009, he joined together with President Clinton's former attorney David Boies, his opposing counsel in Bush v. Gore, to bring a federal lawsuit, Perry v. Schwarzenegger, challenging Proposition 8, a California state constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, his work on the lawsuit earned him a place among the Time 100's greatest thinkers. In 2011, Olson and David Boies were awarded the ABA Medal, the highest award of the American Bar Association.

Apple Inc. hired Olson to fight the FBI–Apple encryption dispute court order to unlock an iPhone, which ended with the government withdrawing its case. Olson represented New England Patriots quarterback Tom Brady in the Deflategate scandal, which ended with Brady electing not to pursue Supreme Court appeal of a four-game suspension. More Olson represents a group of billboard advertisers in a lawsuit against the City of San Francisco; the group is challenging a city law requiring soda companies to include in their advertisements warnings that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with serious health risks like diabetes. The suit claims. In September 2017, a panel of the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals agreed with Olson and provisionally barred the city's mandated warnings. In March 2018, Olson turned down an offer to represent Donald Trump in the probe of Russian interference in the 2016 election. Olson has been married four times, his first marriage was to Karen Beatie. Olson's second wife was an attorney and a liberal Democrat.

Olson's third wife, Barbara Kay Olson, an attorney and conservative commentator, was a passenger on the

Tiranga TV

Tiranga TV was a short-lived Indian English language television news channel. It went on air on 26 January 2019 using Harvest TV name, it was broadcast by Veecon Media and Broadcasting Pvt Ltd which runs another channel named Kaatyayani too according to Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Since the election results on 23 May 2019, payments of the employees have been stopped and from 16 July 2019, it has stopped providing any live content. Senior journalist Barkha Dutt has lambasted it's promoter Kapil Sibal over non-payment of dues and acrimoniously firing its 200 employees without any notice or severance package. Media in India List of news channels in India 8. Tiranga TV's employees sacked. Https:// barkha-dutt/amp/ Official website

1981 Illinois Fighting Illini football team

The 1981 Illinois Fighting Illini football team was an American football team that represented the University of Illinois during the 1981 Big Ten Conference football season. In their second year under head coach Mike White, the Illini compiled a 7–4 record and finished in three-way tie for third place in the Big Ten Conference; the team's offensive leaders were quarterback Tony Eason with 3,360 passing yards, running back Calvin Thomas with 390 rushing yards, wide receiver Oliver Williams with 760 receiving yards. Several Illinois players ranked among the Big Ten leaders, including the following: Tony Eason led the conference with 248 pass completions, a 61.1 pass completion percentage, 3,360 passing yards, a 140.0 passing efficiency rating, 20 passing touchdowns, 14 interceptions, 3,331 total yards. Oliver Williams ranked third in the conference with six receiving touchdowns and 20.0 yards per reception and ranked fifth in the conference with 760 receiving yards. Kirby Wilson ranked second in the conference with 546 kickoff return yards.

Mike Bass ranked third in the conference with 33 extra points made, fifth with 10 field goals and a 58.8% field goal percentage, sixth with 63 points scored. Tony Eason threw; the two teams overall combined to throw 109 passes, breaking the conference mark set earlier in the year by Minnesota and Ohio State

The Future of Palestine

The Future of Palestine known as the Samuel memorandum, was a memorandum circulated by Herbert Samuel to the British Cabinet in January and March 1915, two months after the British declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire. It was the first time in an official record that enlisting the support of Jews as a war measure was proposed. Palestine was first discussed at British Cabinet level on 9 November 1914, four days after Britain's declaration of war on the Ottoman Empire. David Lloyd George Chancellor of the Exchequer "referred to the ultimate destiny of Palestine." Lloyd George's law firm Lloyd George, Roberts and Co had been engaged a decade before by the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland to work on the Uganda Scheme. In a discussion after the meeting President of the Local Government Board Herbert Samuel, Lloyd George assured him that "he was keen to see a Jewish state established in Palestine." Samuel outlined the Zionist position more in a conversation with Foreign Secretary Edward Grey.

He spoke of Zionist aspirations for the establishment in Palestine of a Jewish state, of the importance of its geographical position to the British Empire. Samuel's memoirs state: I mentioned that two things would be essential—that the state should be neutralized, since it could not be large enough to defend itself, that the free access of Christian pilgrims should be guaranteed.... I said it would be a great advantage if the remainder of Syria were annexed by France, as it would be far better for the state to have a European power as neighbour than the Turk The same evening, Prime Minister H. H. Asquith announced that the dismemberment of the Turkish Empire had become a war aim in a speech for the Lord Mayor's Banquet at the Mansion House, "It is the Ottoman Government, not we who have rung the death knell of Ottoman dominion not only in Europe but in Asia." In December 1914 Samuel met Chaim Weizmann, who after the war was elected as the President of the World Zionist Organization, the first President of Israel.

Samuel was a member of the British Cabinet in his role as President of the Local Government Board. According to Weizmann's memoirs, Samuel was an avid believer in Zionism, believed that Weizmann's demands were too modest. Samuel did not want to enter into a detailed discussion of his plans, but mentioned that "perhaps the Temple may be rebuilt, as a symbol of Jewish unity, of course, in a modernised form". A case study says that recollections of Josiah Wedgwood confirm those of David Lloyd George that the first meeting between Lloyd George and Weizmann was in August 1915 while noting that several sources refer to a meeting in December 1914 or January 1915. At the end of January, Samuel forwarded the memorandum to Prime Minister H. H. Asquith and Foreign Minister Edward Grey for approval. Lloyd George, to be Prime Minister himself at the time of the Balfour Declaration, was noted by Asquith to be the only Cabinet member in favour of the proposal; the memorandum began by noting that the outbreak of World War I presented an opportunity for a change "in the status of Palestine".

He noted that it would be too early for an independent Jewish state, that incorporation into the British Empire would be the solution "which would be much the most welcome to the leaders and supporters of the Zionist movement throughout the world". The memorandum set out five benefits to the British Empire of such a strategy; these were: 1. It would enable the country "to fulfil in yet another sphere her historic part of civiliser of the backward countries." 2. It would raise the prestige of the British Empire 3, it would allow a positive outcome of the war for the British Empire without stripping Germany of her colonies and creating a war of revenge 4. It would improve the defences of Egypt, acting as a strong frontier 5, it "would win for England the lasting gratitude of the Jews throughout the world", including 2 million Jews in the United StatesThe alternatives to British annexation were considered. French annexation was considered "unwelcome to the Jews", Internationalisation would "lay the country under a dead hand", annexation to a Greater Egypt would introduce complications, leaving the country to Turkey with guarantees for Jewish colonisation would leave the situation unimproved.

Samuel concluded by noting that whilst a British Palestine would not alone solve the Jewish question in Europe, it would have an important effect upon "the character" of the world's Jews, thereby enriching the world. Samuel concluded by referencing a famous parliamentary speech given by Thomas Babington Macaulay in 1833 during the emancipation of British Jews "Let a Jewish centre be established in Palestine; the sordid associations which have attached to the Jewish name would be sloughed off, the value of the Jews as an element in the civilisation of the European peoples would be enhanced. The Jewish brain is a physiological product not to be despised. For fifteen centuries the race produced in Palestine a constant succession of great men – statesmen and prophets and soldiers. If a body be again given in which its soul can lodge, it may again enrich the world. Till full scope is granted, as Macaulay said in the House of Commons, "let us not presume to say that there is no genius among the countrymen of Isaiah, no heroism among the descendants of


The Nadaco commonly known as the Anadarko, are a Native American tribe from eastern Texas. Their name, Nadá-kuh, means "bumblebee place." The Nadaco were part of the trive branch of the Caddo Confederacy and occupied territory in present-day east Texas. Spanish explorers encountered the tribe in 1542 in east Texas. Around 1700, the tribe kept their distinct identity and culture. In 1716, Spanish monks founded the San José Mission to serve the Nasoni tribes. By 1787, they lived in villages along the northern part of Texas. By Texas Independence in 1836, the tribe had moved to the forks of the Trinity River. During the winter of 1838-39 the Texans forced the Nadaco from their ancestral homelands into Indian Territory. Disliking the harsh conditions in Indian Territory, the tribe returned to Texas in 1843, settling along the Brazos River. After Texas became a state, the United States federal government signed a treaty with the Nadaco and neighboring tribes. In 1859, the Nadaco were again removed to Indian Territory to lands near the Wichita Agency.

Their principal leader Lesh was killed in 1862, many of the tribe fled to Kansas to avoid Civil War hostilities. Several Indian tribes allied with Confederate forces in Indian Territory, there were skirmishes with Union troops; the Nadaco returned to the Territory in 1867. In 1862 the Wichita-Caddo Reservation was established, the Nadaco joined the greater Caddo Nation there. In 1950, an estimated 449 Nadaco lived in Oklahoma. Today, Nadaco people are enrolled as members in the federally recognized Caddo Nation of Oklahoma, headquartered in Binger, Oklahoma. Beside Nadaco and Anadarko, the tribe is known as the Nadacoco, Nadargoe, Nondacao and Nadarko. Anadarko, Oklahoma is named for the tribe. A joke that might have some historical veracity is when the town was founded, residents suggested that it would be appropriate to name the town after "a Nadarko." Another is that the additional "A" was a clerical error. Anadarko Creek, an upper branch of the Angelina River in Texas is named for the tribe.

Bolton, Herbet E. The Hasinais: Southern Caddoans As Seen by the Earliest Europeans. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-8061-3441-3. Sturtevant, William C. general editor and Raymond D. Fogelson, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Southeast. Volume 14. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. ISBN 0-16-072300-0. Anadarko tribe, Oklahoma Historical Society The Nadaco, from Access Genealogy

Saleem Takla

Saleem Takla was the founder of Al-Ahram with his brother Beshara Takla. Saleem Takla was born in Kfarshima, Lebanon in 1849 to Nada Takla; the Takla family was Melkite Greek Catholic. When he was 12, he was sent to school in Beirut, first to a grade school organized by Cornelius Van Alen Van Dyck and to the National School in Abey founded by Butrus al-Bustani. During that time, the 1860 Druze–Maronite conflict impacted the region. After completing his studies, Takla taught at the Patriarchal College in Beirut founded by Gregory II Youssef. In 1874 Takla moved to Egypt. During this period, Alexandria was “both a bridgehead of European colonialism and a crucible of Egyptian national integration and identity.” More people were becoming literate, thanks in part to the development of new schools in the city, conflicts and crises throughout the Middle East piqued public interest in world events. Furthermore, Alexandria was becoming a center of the news and publishing businesses, with many European news services, printing presses, publishers setting up shop in the city.

A large population of translators in the city, many of them Syro-Lebanese, further aided the newspaper business by allowing Arabic newspapers to better report on international events using sources in other languages. Isma'il Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt from 1863–1879, his successors patronized several Alexandria newspapers, which aided the development of the industry; as Syro-Lebanese immigrants, the Takla brothers benefited from belonging to a community recognized for “their knowledge of languages,” familiarity “with the practice of Arabic journalism,” and “close connections with Egypt's political and commercial élite.” In the newspaper business, “offering news of events in Syria and in the Syrian community” gave new papers access to a niche market the Syrian community in Alexandria. Despite all of these advantages, the Takla brothers “moved cautiously.” They “spent seven months attempting to find subscribers, printed up a facsimile copy for promotional purposes, before going to press.” In 1876, the Takla brothers began publishing al-Ahram, “for a long time the most prestigious daily in the Arab world”.

The next year, in 1877, they began publishing Sada al-Ahram, followed by al-Waqt in 1879 and al-Ahwal in 1882. As described above, Alexandria in the 1860s and 1870s offered many benefits to newspapers, including the patronage of Isma'il Pasha. However, that support came with the expectation; this policy was enforced not only through government patronage, but by law. According to Juan Cole: “In October 1863 the Egyptian foreign minister made it known that Ottoman censorship laws would henceforth be more applied in Egypt, through a special government department overseeing newspapers. Newspapers were to abstain from any criticism of governmental actions and avoid any discussion of matters, the mention of which might affect relations with foreign powers. Reporters had to report news from the provinces in a manner that kept to the facts, avoiding any criticism of officials. Editors were responsible for orally reporting the content of articles to the Press Bureau before going to press. Newspapers contravening these articles of the law would receive three warnings, after which they would be closed down and large fines would be imposed.”These declarations aside, the environment of Alexandria moderated the force of censorship laws.

The large foreign presence in Alexandria, including Syro-Lebanese like the Takla brothers, helped limit enforcement of the laws, since many foreigners enjoyed some form of protected status in Egypt, a system that began with the Capitulations of the Ottoman Empire. The educational system further provoked resistance to censorship by developing and enlarging the intellectual class. Furthermore, by allowing newspapers more license, Isma'il Pasha hoped “to use the press to fight off the increasing influence of Britain and France over Egyptian internal affairs” and therefore “allowed a livelier Arabic political press to grow up that had some hope of surviving financially.”Eventually, the Takla brothers did run afoul of censorship laws. They first “had their Sada al-Ahram suspended and fined for finding fault with Isma'il, on its second serious offense the Publications Department ordered it out of existence.” However, the Takla brothers had other newspapers, this setback did not prevent them from continuing to attempt to exert political influence using their other outlets