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Theophanu

Theophanu, was an Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire by marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Otto II, regent of the Holy Roman Empire during the minority of her son from 983 until her death in 990. She was the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimiskes. According to the marriage certificate issued on 14 April 972—a masterpiece of the Ottonian Renaissance—Theophanu is identified as the neptis of Emperor John I Tzimiskes, of Armenian descent, she was of distinguished noble heritage: the Vita Mahthildis identifies her as augusti de palatio and the Annales Magdeburgenses describe her as Grecam illustrem imperatoriae stirpi proximam, ingenio facundam. Recent research tends to concur that she was most the daughter of Tzimiskes' brother-in-law Constantine Skleros and cousin Sophia Phokaina, the daughter of Kouropalatēs Leo Phokas, brother of Emperor Nikephoros II. Theophanu was not the blue-blood or "purple-born" princess. Theophanu's uncle, John I Tzimiskes, was considered the usurper of the Byzantine throne, placing Theophanu in a precarious position.

The match was made, on paper, to seal a treaty between the Holy Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Otto I was told by some to send Theophanu away, on account of the notion that her questionable imperial origin would not legitimize the emperorship. A reference by the Pope to Emperor Nikephoros II as "Emperor of the Greeks" in a letter while Otto's ambassador, Bishop Liutprand of Cremona, was at the Byzantine court, had destroyed the first round of marriage negotiations. With the ascension of John I Tzimiskes, who had not been referred to other than as Roman Emperor, the treaty negotiations were able to resume. However, not until a third delegation led by Archbishop Gero of Cologne arrived in Constantinople, were they completed. After the marriage negotiations completed and Otto II were married by Pope John XIII in April 972 and she was crowned as Holy Roman Empress the same day in Rome. According to Karl Leysers' book Communications and Power in Medieval Europe: Carolingian and Ottonian, Otto I's choice was not "to be searched for in the parlance of high politics" as his decision was made on the basis of securing his dynasty with the birth of the next Ottonian emperor.

Otto II succeeded his father on 8 May 973. Theophanu accompanied her husband on all his journeys, she is mentioned in one quarter of the emperor's formal documents - evidence of her privileged position and interest in affairs of the empire, it is known that she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Adelaide of Italy, which caused an estrangement between Otto II and Adelaide. According to Abbot Odilo of Cluny, Adelaide was happy when "that Greek woman" died; the Benedictine chronicler Alpert of Metz describes Theophanu as being an unpleasant and chattery woman. Theophanu was criticized for having introduced new luxurious garments and jewelry into France and Germany; the theologian Peter Damian asserts that Theophanu had a love affair with John Philagathos, a Greek monk who reigned as Antipope John XVI. Otto II died on 7 December 983 at the age of 28 from malaria, his three-year-old son, Otto III, had been appointed King of the Romans during a diet held on Pentecost of that year at Verona. At Christmas, Theophanu had him crowned by the Mainz archbishop Willigis at Aachen Cathedral, with herself ruling as Empress Regent on his behalf.

Upon the death of Emperor Otto II, Bishop Folcmar of Utrecht released his cousin, the Bavarian duke Henry the Quarrelsome from custody. Duke Henry allied with Archbishop Warin of Cologne and seized his nephew Otto III in spring 984, while Theophanu was still in Italy, he was forced to surrender the child to his mother, backed by Archbishop Willigis of Mainz and Bishop Hildebald of Worms. Theophanu ruled the Holy Roman Empire as regent for a span of five years, from May 985 to her death in 990, despite early opposition by the Ottonian court. In fact, many queens in the tenth century, on an account of male rulers dying early deaths, found themselves in power, creating an age of women rulers for a small period of time. During her regency, Theophanu brought from her native east, a culture of royal women at the helm of a small amount of political power, something that the West--of which she was in rule of--had remained opposed to for centuries before her regency. Theophanu and her mother-in-law, are known during the empress' regency to have butted heads frequently--Adelaide of Italy is quoted as referring to her as "that Greek empress."

Theophanu's rivalry with her mother-in-law, according to historian and author Simon Maclean, is overstated. Theophanu's "Greekness" was not an overall issue, there was a grand fascination with the culture surrounding Byzantine court in the west that slighted most criticisms to her Greek origin. Theophanu did not remain as an image of the Ottonian empire, but as an influence within the Holy Roman Empire, she intervened within the governing of the empire a total of seventy-six times during the reign of her husband Otto II—perhaps a foreshadowing of her regency. Her first act as regent was in securing Otto III, as the heir to the Holy Roman Empire. Theophanu

Martyn Jacques

Martyn Jacques is a British musician and songwriter known as the founder and front man of cult British trio The Tiger Lillies. Martyn Jacques grew up in Slough, his song "Slough" on YouTube on the 1996 The Tiger Lillies release "The Brothel to The Cemetery" concerns his childhood memories, echoing John Betjeman's 1937 poem. As a child, he had piano lessons from Florence De Jong. In his early 20s he dropped out of Lampeter's Theology and Philosophy course and headed to London where he lived in a squat in Finsbury Park and in a flat in Soho's Rupert Street where he got a pretty good taste of the lowlife which became his main source of inspiration, he spent his whole 20s training as a musician and singer and developing his characteristic falsetto voice, which has led to him being known as the infamous Criminal Castrato, a description first coined by Ken Campbell. In his Tiger Lillies appearances, Jacques sings about "sexual perversions, seedy underbellies, the gruesome and visceral". Jacques has been described as enjoying when audience members walk out of his shows, noting "It's always funny when people are offended by what I do... after all, I'm just an entertainer."Jacques' songs range from hilarious, dark, up-beat music darker and mysterious songs and some cover versions, such as "My Funny Valentine" and "Send in the Clowns".

He is the musical director of the junk opera Shockheaded Peter. Various Artists - Дед Мороз Против Анти Деда Мороза Bad Taste Новый Год "Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year" The Real Tuesday Weld - I, Lucifer "Someday" The Real Tuesday Weld - Les Aperitifs Et Les Digestifs "Someday" Various Artists - Blood, Muscle & Air: The Intimate Voice "The Pedophile in the Park" The Real Tuesday Weld - Seasons Dreamings "A Song for December" Têtes Raides – L'An Demain "Marteau-Piqueur", "So Free" Various Artists - Opera North - The Lullaby Project "Rock-a-Bye Baby" The Real Tuesday Weld & Friends - In Memorium "Someday" Opera Chaotique – Bukowski: Poems of a Dirty Old Man "As Hank Said II", "The Genius Of The Crowd" The Independent On Sunday, "The Tiger Lillies: Funny. Peculiar." The Tiger Lillies with Kronos Quartet on Ralph. "Lifting a Musty Curtain For a Peek Inside the Crypt. New York Times. P. E1. Retrieved 2010-01-20

301st Cavalry Regiment (United States)

The 301st Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry unit of the United States Army during World War I and the interwar period. It was broken up in the middle of the year to form new artillery units; the unit was recreated as a New York Organized Reserve unit during the interwar period, was converted into a signal aircraft warning regiment after the United States entered World War II. Shortly after the United States entered World War I, the regiment was constituted in the National Army on 18 May 1917, organized on 3 February 1918 at Camp Fremont. However, it was broken up on 27 August and its men were used to create the 46th and 47th Field Artillery Regiments, the 16th Trench Mortar Battery. All three artillery units were demobilized on 15 February 1919 at Camp Kearny. On 15 October 1921, the 46th and 47th Field Artillery and the 16th Trench Mortar Battery were reconstituted in the Organized Reserve as the 301st Cavalry Regiment, part of the 61st Cavalry Division in the Second Corps Area; the 301st was initiated on 15 October with regimental headquarters at Syracuse, 1st Squadron at Rochester, 2nd Squadron at Utica.

The regiment joined the division's 151st Cavalry Brigade. From 1 March 1922 to 19 June 1925, the regiment was commanded by Colonel William J. Donovan, the future head of the Office of Strategic Services; the headquarters was relocated to Buffalo in November 1924 and to Rochester in April 1929. On 25 August 1928, the 2nd Squadron moved to Buffalo, on 2 July 1929 the regiment added a new 3rd Squadron at Buffalo; the regiment held its Inactive Training Period meetings at the Culver Road Armory in Rochester. It conducted regular equestrian training on the horses of the 121st Cavalry Regiment at the Culver Road Armory; the regiment conducted summer training at Fort Ethan Allen, with the 1st Squadron, 3rd Cavalry Regiment, at Fort Belvoir, with the remainder of the 3rd Cavalry. Its designated mobilization training station was the Syracuse Concentration Area in New York. After the United States entered World War II, it was converted into the 542nd Signal Aircraft Warning Regiment on 30 January 1942; the regiment was disbanded on 11 November 1944.

An unrelated reserve unit, the 301st Armored Cavalry Regiment existed after the war in Georgia. The 301st was commanded by the following officers: Colonel Sterling P. Adams Lieutenant Colonel Nathan C. Shiverick Colonel William J. Donovan Colonel Nathan C. Shiverick Colonel Carl H. Loebs Colonel Russell R. Ward The 301st's coat of arms was approved on 16 June 1924 and its distinctive unit insignia on 18 June 1925; the distinctive unit insignia included a 1 1/8 in gold colored metal and enamel device, which consisted of a yellow shield with a red chevron in the center, a red star to the left of a walking grizzly bear in the upper left corner, a beaver below the chevron. The shield's color symbolized the cavalry, the red chevron represented its artillery service, the bear and red star were from the Seal of California, where the 301st was formed, the beaver was from the Seal of New Netherland, representing its location in New York; the regimental motto, "Fort Et Loyal", was attached to the bottom of the distinctive unit insignia.

The regimental coat of arms was of a similar design to the distinctive unit insignia but included the Organized Reserve's Minuteman crest above the shield and omitted the motto. Clay, Steven E.. US Army Order of Battle 1919–1941. 2. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: Combat Studies Institute Press. ISBN 9781780399171. Sawicki, James A.. Cavalry regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, Virginia: Wyvern Publications. ISBN 9780960240463

Zavet (town)

Zavet is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Razgrad Province and located in the geographic region of Ludogorie. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Zavet Municipality, which lies in the northern part of Razgrad Province. Zavet is situated in the western Ludogorie Plateau, 12 kilometres from Isperih and Kubrat and 35 kilometres from Tutrakan and Razgrad. Zavet used to be a village in the 1970s. In 1974, Zavet was promoted to the municipal centret. Zavet municipality includes the following 7 places: Zavet Saddle on Smith Island, South Shetland Islands is named after Zavet. Zavet municipality website Zavet town website Time capsule message dated Feb. 4, 1915, noting the cornerstone laying for a building to house the Samorazvitie Community Center & Public Library in Zavet, District of Razgrad, Bulgaria

Willie Banks

William Augustus Banks, III is an American athlete. Born at Travis Air Force Base, California, he grew up in San Diego County and went to Oceanside High School. Banks is an Eagle Scout. Banks was a field athlete competing in the triple jump. On June 16, 1985 he set a world record of 17.97 m at the national championships in Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. He finished second in the NCAA Championships in 1977 and 1978, he earned his B. A. and Juris Doctor from UCLA. He broke the American triple jump record in 1981, he qualified for the 1980 U. S. Olympic team but did not compete due to the U. S. Olympic Committee's boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Russia, he was one of 461 athletes to receive a Congressional Gold Medal instead. Banks was a member of the 1984 and 1988 Olympic teams and participated with the 1983 and 1987 IAAF World Championships in Athletics World Championship teams, he was awarded the Track & Field News and United States Olympic Committee Athlete of the Year in 1985 and won the Jesse Owens Award as the Outstanding Athlete in Track and Field.

He served USA Track & Field as chair of the Athletes Advisory Committee in addition to serving as an organization vice president. Banks will always be remembered as one of the most flamboyant athletes to compete in track and field, he is the originator of the now common hand clapping that takes place during many track and field events. His exuberant personality was present in his jumping, he has been reported as laughing during some of his jumps. When he set the world record of 17.97 m at the 1985 USA Outdoor Track and Field Championships, his attention seemed more intent on completing his jump in order to cheer for teammate Louise Romo, completing her 800 metres on the track adjacent to the runway at the same time. He held that record for over ten years until Jonathan Edwards broke it for the first time in 1995 with 17.98m. He jumped 18.20m at Indianapolis in 1988, but this was assisted by an over the limit wind reading of 5.2 m/s. Banks was inducted into the USA National Track & Field Hall of Fame in 1999 and was still competing at an advanced age.

In 2006, he cleared an impressive 14.00 m to head the 2006 World Masters rankings in the 50–54 age group, just 7 cm behind that age-group's world record. He won the 2007 World Masters Athletics Championships in that same age group. On September 22, 2012, Banks became the oldest American to clear 6 feet in the high jump at the age of 56 using just a 3-step approach and the classic "roll" technique. For that performance, Banks was named the USATF Athlete of the Week. Banks was President of the US Olympians Association from 2005 to 2008. In 2008 he joined the newly reconstituted USATF Board of Directors. Banks was on a panel on an ESPN "Outside the Lines" episode regarding athlete involvement in social issues, dated May 18, 2008. Banks serves as the President & Chief Executive Officer of the Local Organizing Committee of ANOC 2019 World Beach Games San Diego 2019, the inaugural World Beach Games. Banks was ranked among the best in the US and the world over the incredible spread of 18 seasons from 1975 to 1992, including twice world number 1 in 1981 and 1985, according to the votes of the experts of Track and Field News.

World Fit Evans, Hilary. "Willie Banks". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC

Ren Shang

Ren Shang was the Protector General of the Western Regions under Eastern Han between 102-106 CE. In February, 91, he and Geng Kui defeated the unnamed Northern Shanyu shortly after the Battle of Ikh Bayan, on commission by Dou Xian. In 93, he killed Yuchujian Chanyu during a pursuit with Wang Fu. A Chinese inscription stele of him, the Achievements Inscription of Ren Shang of the Han was excavated in 1957 from Kumul, which recorded the event in 93; when Ban Chao was retiring from the post of Protector General of the Western Regions in 102 CE, due to age an ill health, Ren Shang asked him for some advice. Ban Chao said: "The officers who are outside the Barrier are not devoted sons and obedient grandsons. All have been deported for some misdeed and ordered to fill a post in the frontier military colonies. On the other hand, the barbarians have the emotions of wild animals, it is difficult to foster their good tendencies and easy to destroy them. Now, you have an strict character. Well, when a river is clear, it doesn’t have big fish.

A government, too meticulous doesn’t obtain the sympathy of its inferiors. You have to be flowing and accommodating, be indulgent with the little mistakes, content yourself with guiding the hand of the principal generals. After Chao left, Shang said in private to his close friends: “I think that Lord Ban has some marvellous prescriptions, but what he said to me was ordinary."In 107 CE, the Western Regions in modern Xinjiang province rebelled against Chinese rule. Ban Yong was appointed as a Major and, with his elder brother, Ban Xiong, went via Dunhuang to meet up with the Protector General of the Western Regions, Ren Shang, who had replaced Ban Chao as Protector General in 102 CE; the Chinese had to retreat and, following this, there were no Chinese functionaries in the Western Regions for more than ten years until Ban Yong returned in 126 CE. According to the Hou Hanshu, Chap. 117, p. 6b, Ren Shang was recalled and executed in 118 CE, for committing the mistakes which Ban Chao had warned him against.

Chavannes, Édouard. Trois Généraux Chinois de la dynastie des Han Orientaux. Pan Tch'ao. Chapitre LXXVII du Heou Han chou. T'oung pao 7. Hill, John E.. Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, First to Second Centuries CE. BookSurge. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1