SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Theuderic II

Theuderic II, king of Burgundy and Austrasia, was the second son of Childebert II. At his father's death in 595, he received Guntram's kingdom of Burgundy, with its capital at Orléans, while his elder brother, Theudebert II, received their father's kingdom of Austrasia, with its capital at Metz, he received the lordship of the cities of Toulouse, Nantes, Saintes, Angoulême, Périgueux, Chartres, Le Mans. During his minority, he reigned under the guidance of his grandmother Brunhilda, evicted from Austrasia by his brother Theudebert II. In 596, Clotaire II, king of Neustria, Fredegund, Clotaire's mother, took Paris, supposed to be held in common. Fredegund her son's regent, sent a force to Laffaux and the armies of Theudebert and Theuderic were defeated. In 599, Brunhilda was forced out of Austrasia by Theudebert and she was found wandering near Arcis in Champagne by a peasant, who brought her to Theuderic; the peasant was rewarded with the bishopric of Auxerre. Theuderic welcomed her and fell under her influence, inclined to vengeful war with Theudebert at the time.

Soon and his brother were at war. He defeated Theudebert at Sens, but their cousin Clotaire's restless warmaking prompted them to ally against him. They, in 600, defeated Clotaire at Dormelles on the Orvanne; the land between the Seine and the Oise was divided between Theuderic and Theudebert, with Theuderic receiving the territory between the Seine and the Loire including the Breton frontier. They campaigned together in Gascony, where they subjugated the local population and instated Genialis as duke. At this point, the two brothers took up arms against each other resulting in Theuderic's defeat of Theudebert at Étampes. Theuderic's kingdom was invaded by Clotaire in 604, was confronted by Clotaire's son Merovech and his mayor Landric. Theuderic met them at Étampes on the Louet. Theuderic won the day; the next mayor, Protadius, a partisan of Brunhilda, encouraged war with Austrasia, but the nobles assassinated him and battle was never met, a pact being enforced by Theuderic's men. In 610, he lost Alsace, the Saintois, the Thurgau, Champagne to his brother and his men east of the Jura were soundly defeated by the Alemanni.

However, he routed Theudebert at Toul and at Tolbiac in 612. He captured the fleeing Theudebert in the latter battle and gave him over—after taking his royal paraphernalia—to his grandmother Brunhilda, who had him put up in a monastery. Bishop Ludegast is said to have beseeched him in a fable to spare Theudeberts life. Brunhilda had Theudebert murdered to allow Theuderic to succeed to both thrones unhindered. Theuderic died of dysentery in his Austrasian capital of Metz in late 613 while preparing a campaign against his longtime enemy, who had, based on a treaty with Theuderic during the last fraternal war, retaken the duchy of Dentelin, he married Ermenberga, the daughter of the Visigothic king of Spain, Witteric, at Chalon in 606, the next year, he sent her home in disgrace and a quadruple alliance of Clotaire, Theudebert and the Lombard king Agilulf connived against him, but it all came to naught. Thus depriving himself of the opportunity of having legitimate offspring, he was succeeded by his bastard son Sigbert II under the regency of Brunhilda.

Theuderic had four sons by unnamed mistresses: Sigebert II, who succeeded him in both his realms Childebert Corbus Merovech, godson of Clotaire II Wallace-Hadrill, J. M. translator. The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar with its Continuations Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1960

Fatehabad district

Fatehabad District, is one of the twenty-two districts of the state of Haryana, India. The Fatehabad district was carved out of Hisar district on 15 July 1997. Indo-European language-speaking people first settled on the banks of the Sarasvati and Drsadvati Rivers rivers expanded to cover a wider area of Hisar and Fatehabad; the area was included in the kingdom of the Pandavas and their successors. Pāṇini mentions a number of towns in the region including Aisukari and Rori, which have been identified with Hisar and Rohri respectively. According to the Puranas, the areas of Fatehabad district remained a part of the Nanda Empire; the discovery of Ashokan pillars at Hisar and Fatehabad shows that this area remained a part of Mauryan empire. The people of Agroha area assisted Chandra Gupta Maurya in the war against the Indo-Greek Kingdom. After the fall of the Mauryas and Shungas, the Agras along with the Yaudheyas — the republican tribes of the region — asserted their independence; the Agras settled in the region covering Barwala and Agroha, the capital headquarters, from where they issued coins.

As attested by the discovery of coin-moulds and terracottas, the region was a part of the Kushan empire. According to Anant Sadashiv Altekar, the Yaudheys made a second bid for independence towards the end of the 2nd century AD when they succeeded in freeing their homeland and ousted the Kushans; this finds support from seals discovered at the Agroha Mound. The early 11th century saw. Sultan Masud led expeditions towards Agroha; the Chauhans seem to have taken special measures for protecting the area against Mongol incursions. The area of Agroha passed under Ghurid rule after the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan III in the Second Battle of Tarain. After the Battle of Tarain, Sultan Shihab-ud-din Muhammad Ghuri placed one of his generals in the Indian campaigns, but it appears. Seizing the opportunity, a Rajput clan, Jats, a branch of Tomar/Tanwar Rajputs extended their power in Fatehabad area including Agroha. Firuz shot these areas into prominence; the ruler came to have somewhat unusual fancy for the tract.

He rebuilt two canals. After the death of Firuz and confusion spread all round; the situation deteriorated still further when Timur invaded in 1398. During his invasion, Timur invaded Fatehabad, captured without any opposition from the inhabitants. Lastly, the invader reached Tohana but he could not set-up his permanent rule over the area, he soon left for Samana after looting these areas. The areas of Fatehabad came under the control of Humayun. There is a small mosque known as Humanyun mosque at Fatehabad; the legend assigns the association of the mosque to the Mughal Emperor Humayun who in his flight after his defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri happened to pass through Fatehabad. Fatehabad was one of important Mahals during Akbar's time. By 1760, the areas became the scene of a sort of triangular duel between the sturdy Sikhs of north-east, marauding Bhattis of north-west and the Muslim chiefs of the south. None of them could, hold the region permanently except for the Bhattis who became the masters of Fatehabad pargana.

In 1774, Maharaja Amar Singh of Patiala along with his famous minister Dewan Nanumal laid siege to the stronghold of Bighar near Fatehabad which fell shortly afterwards. The Raja took Fatehabad and Sirsa and invaded Rania held by Bhattis. Tohana was seized by the Chief of Patiala, but after a treaty of Jind in 1781, Fatehabad and Sirsa were made over to the Bhattis and remaining territories were allowed to be retained by the Sikhs. By 1798, Agroha and Tohana were important parganas under the control of George Thomas; when George Thomas was driven out from here by the Sikh-Maratha Confederacy, a French Officer Lt. Bourquian controlled these areas on behalf of Marathas, he is said to have rebuilt the towns of Hissar. These areas were placed under the charge of Illias Beg, a Mughal noble of Hansi. In November 1884, the Sirsa district was abolished and Sirsa tahsil after the distribution of villages was formed. In 1889, 15 villages forming a detached block known as Budhlada were transferred form Kaithal tahsil to Fatehabad tahsil.

The Barwala tahsil containing 139 villages was abolished with effect from 1 January 1891 and its area was distributed between 3 contiguous tahsils. At the same time 13 villages were transferred from Hissar tahsil to Bhiwani tahsil and a sub-tahsil was established at Tohana in Fatehabad tahsil. In 1923, the Tohana sub-tahsil was transferred from Fatehabad to Hissar tahsil. In 1972, Tohana sub-tahsil was upgraded to tahsil. Two sub-tahsils, one at Ratia of tahsil of Fatehabad and other at Adampur of Hissar tahsil were created in 1979. By the end of 1978, the Hissar district comprised 486 villages, divided between tahsils of Fatehabad. Fatehabad came into existence as a full-fledged district with effect from 15 July 1997, now having three sub-divisions, three tahsils and three sub-tahsils. According to the 2011 census Fatehabad district has a population of 942,011 equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Delaware; this gives it a ranking of 461st in India. The district has a population density of 371 inhabitants per square kilometre.

Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 16.79%. Fatehabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 69.1%. At the time of the 2011 Census

Tercera División de México

The Liga TDP is Mexico's fourth tier in the Mexican League System. The Liga TDP is divided into 13 groups. For the 2009/2010 season, the format of the tournament has been reorganized to a home and away format, which all teams will play in their respective group; the 13 groups consist of teams who are eligible to play in the liguilla ascenso for two promotion spots, teams who are affiliated with teams in the Liga MX, Ascenso MX and Liga Premier, which are not eligible for promotion but will play that who the better filial team in an sixteen team filial playoff tournament for the entire season. Participating clubs for the 2019–20 tournament: * Teams with an affiliate in the Liga MX and that are not eligible for promotion. ** Teams with an affiliate in the Ascenso MX and that are not eligible for promotion. *** Teams with an affiliate in the Liga Premier and that are not eligible for promotion. There are 15 teams in Group 1 There are 17 teams in Group 2 Note: Albinegros de Orizaba There are 12 teams in Group 3 There are 18 teams in Group 4 There are 15 teams in Group 5 There are 11 teams in Group 6 There are 16 teams in Group 7 There are 15 teams in Group 8 There are 9 teams in Group 9 There are 19 teams in Group 10 Note: Loros UdeC There are 17 teams in Group 11 There are 14 teams in Group 12 There are 7 teams in Group 13.

The are 7 teams in Group 14. This is an exhibition group, for that reason. Note: Internacional F. C. will not participate in Clausura 2020 Tercera División features 195 teams divided into 14 groups. There are 23 teams with filials in the Liga MX, Ascenso MX or Liga Premier, who are not eligible for promotion; the Tercera follows the usual double round-robin format in which each club plays every other club twice within their own group. The teams will be divided in accordance to their geographical zone; the teams in each subgroup of 13 will play each other in the double round-robin format within their own subgroup. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, no points for a loss. If a game ends in a draw both team are awarded one point for the draw in regulation time and will move on to the execution of penalties; the team who wins in the penalty series will be awarded a point in addition to the point won for drawing during regulation time. Teams are ranked by total points won. Two teams from the Tercera Division will be promoted to Second Division de Mexico and Subcampéon.

The champion will be promoted to the Liga Premier Serie A, depending on their economic development and infrastructure, the team could be placed in Serie B in case of failure to comply with the participation requirements of Serie A. The runner-up will play in Serie B. Of the teams that are eligible for promotion, 64 teams will qualify for play-offs to determine which team will be promoted; the Round of 32, Round of 16, Quarter-finals, Semi-finals and the finals will be played in a home and away format, the winner being determined by the aggregate score. Participating in the play-offs is the 16 affiliate clubs without the right to be promoted to the Liga MX, Ascenso MX and Liga Premier; the 64 teams classified to the promotion stage will be divided into two zones of 32 clubs according to their geographical location. Zone A will integrate the teams from groups 1 to 7 of the regular season and Zone B will group the clubs belonging to groups 8 to 13; the teams will be seeded based on their final overall record in regular season play