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Theudis

Theudis, was king of the Visigoths in Hispania from 531 to 548. He was the sword-bearer of Theodoric the Great, who sent him to govern the Visigothic kingdom during the minority of Amalaric, the son of king Alaric II and Theodegotha, the daughter of king Theodoric. According to Procopius, during his governorship Theudis had married a Spanish woman who "belonged to the house of one of the wealthy inhabitants of that land, not only possessed great wealth but a great estate in Spain." With this wealth he was able to muster a private army of two thousand men making him independent of Theodoric's authority. Theodoric did not take any action against Theudis. One reason was that doing so would give the Franks, who had killed the Visigothic king Alaric in the Battle of Vouillé, an excuse to take to the field once again. Another was that Theudis was careful to obey the commands of his king, never failed to send the annual tribute. Following the death of Amalaric, last of the Balti dynasty, Theudis was elected king.

Renown historian Herwig Wolfram believes one factor that led to his selection was support of fellow Ostrogoths who had gone west with him. Whereas historian Peter Heather posits a second, noting that two of Theudis' Italian relatives—Ildibad and Totila—became kings of the Ostrogoths following the fall of the House of Theodoric in the Gothic Wars, adding that they represented "a powerful non-royal clan."In 541, Theudis had to confront the Franks under Chlothar I and Childebert I, who had penetrated as far as Zaragoza, which they besieged for forty-nine days, but according to Gregory of Tours the Franks lifted their siege when they learned the city was protected by the relics of Saint Vincent of Saragossa. The primary sources disagree over the outcome of this Frankish invasion. Historian Roger Collins observes that this was the first Visigothic victory over their Frankish rivals—an achievement which undoubtedly added to Theudis' prestige. Early in his reign, Theudis received a delegation from the Vandal king Gelimer seeking help against the impending Byzantine assault.

Theudis received them cordially, throwing a banquet in their honor, at which he asked them how matters were at home. The envoys had traveled to Hispania, were out of contact with events in Carthage. So when they proposed an alliance against the Byzantines, Theudis declined. Instead, he told them to go to the sea-coast, "For from there you will learn of the affairs at home with certainty." Puzzled at this response, the envoys followed his advice and returned to Carthage where they were taken prisoner by the victorious Byzantines. Roger Collins suggests that Theudis exploited the Vandals' defeat by occupying a portion of North Africa opposite Spain; this would explain why in 542 the Visigoths made an unsuccessful attempt to come to the defense of Ceuta, when the Byzantines besieged it from land and sea. According to Isidore of Seville, the invading army refused to fight on the Sabbath, when the Byzantines learned of this attacked the Visigoths and left not one alive. Despite Theudis being an Arian Christian, Isidore of Seville praises him, for he not only tolerated the practices of the native Roman Catholic citizens, but permitted their bishops to meet at Toledo to arrange "those matters which were necessary for the teaching of the Church."

Collins notes that "of the few provincial councils that are known to have taken place in Spain before 589, nearly half were held during his reign: I Barcelonia in 540, Lerida in 546 and Valencia in 546." During his reign a further codification of Gothic law was effected and promulgated in November 546, which quoted numerous Roman authorities and was intended to scale payments made to the iudices for rendering justice. In 548, he was assassinated in his palace by a man who had feigned madness in order to get close enough to strike the fatal blow. According to Isidore of Seville, as he bled out Theudis called out that no one kill his murderer, "saying that he had received a requital agreeing with his own deserts, because he himself too as a private citizen had killed his leader." Motivation for this murder may well have been a "blood feud" according to historian Herwig Wolfram, who notes that of some forty kings and anti-kings beginning with Alaric I, not half of them died a natural death

OTC Exchange of India

The OTC Exchange Of India known as the Over-the-Counter Exchange of India, is based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is India's first exchange for small companies, as well as the first screen-based nationwide stock exchange in India. OTCEI was set up to access high-technology enterprising promoters in raising finance for new product development in a cost-effective manner and to provide a transparent and efficient trading system to investors. OTCEI is promoted by the Unit Trust of India, the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India, the Industrial Development Bank of India, the Industrial Finance Corporation of India, other institutions, is a recognised stock exchange under the SCR Act; the OTC Exchange Of India was founded in 1990 under the Companies Act 1956 and was recognized by the Securities Contracts Regulation Act, 1956 as a stock exchange. The OTCEI is no longer a functional exchange as the same has been de-recognised by SEBI vide its order dated 31 Mar 2015. List of stock exchanges in the Commonwealth of Nations Official website

Carl G. O. Hansen

Carl G. O. Hansen was a Norwegian-American journalist and author. Hansen was born the son of Sivert Christian Marit Megrund in Trondheim, Norway, he immigrated to the United States with his mother and siblings in 1881. His mother, widowed since 1872, took the family to Walnut Grove, where her parents and siblings had settled. In 1882 she and her children moved to Minneapolis. Except for a short stint in Chicago, her son Carl would live in the city for the next seventy-eight years. In his adopted hometown Hansen wrote for and edited the Dano-Norwegian newspaper Minneapolis Daglig Tidende from 1897 until 1935. In Chicago he was employed at Skandinaven newspaper between 1935 and 1937, he edited Sons of Norway magazine in Minneapolis and served as the organization's educational director from 1939 until his retirement in 1954. A lifelong musician, Hansen sang with and directed male choruses or church choirs from the age of sixteen until impaired hearing forced him to give up the activity; the Sons of Norway published a songbook in 1926 that provided a comprehensive collection of Norwegian songs for community singing by its membership.

A valuable resource, the book enjoyed large sales before in the 1940s, going out of print. The need had arisen for lyrics in both English. A new edition of the book, meeting this requirement, was published in 1948; the two editors, Carl G. O. Hansen and Frederick Wick, produced several of the translations themselves. Since its initial publication, the bilingual Sons of Norway songbook has gone through numerous printings and been reissued in paperback and digital formats. In 1956 Hansen published a memoir, My Minneapolis, whose subtitle was "A chronicle of what has been learned and observed about the Norwegians in Minneapolis through one hundred years". Although the book was autobiographical, it covered topics outside of the author's personal experience, he wrote, for instance, of Ole Bull's 1856 visit to Minneapolis and of Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson's 1880-1881 Midwestern lecture tour. Upon his arrival in Minneapolis, Hansen encountered the Norwegian authors Kristofer Janson and Knut Hamsun, who lived for a time in the city, the Norwegian-American artists Jacob Fjelde and Herbjørn Gausta.

These men and many others figured in his historical narrative. Hansen was decorated as a Knight, First Class of the Order of St. Olav in 1923 and received the St. Olav's Medal in 1939. From the 1948 Sons of Norway Songbook History of Sons of Norway 1944 Sons of Norway Songbook 1948 My Minneapolis 1956 Carl G. O. Hansen Papers at NAHA. Norwegian-language article Carl G. O. Hansen: Norsk biografisk leksikon Carl G. O. Hansen: translationPhotos Carl G. O. Hanson at the Library of Congress. Carl G. O. Hansen at the Hennepin County Library. Carl G. O. Hanson at the National Library of Norway. Online book My Minneapolis at the National Library of Norway.00. Preface 03. Two Notable Scandinavian Visitors 10; the City's First 17th of May Celebration 15. The Bjørnson Visit 28. Kristofer Janson and Knut Hamsun 45; the Cedar-Riverside Area 49. The Ole Bull Monument 52. Herbjørn GaustaLyrics from 1948 songbook Aa kjøre vatten aa kjøre ved Deilig er jorden Den store hvide flok vi se Eg elskar dei voggande tonar Hils til dem der hjemme Kan du glemme gamle Norge Længsel Når solen ganger til hvile Se Norges blomsterdal Sinklars vise Sætergjentens Søndag TordenskjoldInternet Archive audioCarl G. O. Hansen Norwegian singers Norwegian songsOnline recordings Norwegian songs at the Library of Congress.

Norwegian songs on Edison Cylinder Records. Norwegian songs at Gustavus Adolphus College