Ernakulam is a district of Kerala, India situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 3,068 km2, Ernakulam district is home to over 12% of Kerala’s population, its headquarters is located at Kakkanad in Kochi. Ernakulam is known as the commercial capital of Kerala; the district is famous for its ancient temples and mosques. The district includes the largest metropolitan region of Greater Cochin. Ernakulam district is the highest revenue yielding district in the state, it is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram.. Ernakulam district hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state; the language spoken in Ernakulam is Malayalam, the mother-tongue of Kerala. English is used in business circles. Ernakulam became India's first district having 100 percent banking or full'meaningful financial inclusion' in 2012; the name Ernakulam is derived from Erayanarkulam. Ernakulam was known as "Rishinagakulam" in ancient days.
Formed on 1958 April 1. Head quaters at Kakkanad. 1st and only Borstal school in kerala is situated at Kakkanad. Cochin special Economic Zone is at Kakkanad. Highest Per capita income in kerala. Leading Producer of Pinaples in Kerala. Pulthylam research center is at odakkali. First Fully Literated district in india. First E-governance / e-District / e-Payment district. Father of Mordern Kochi is Shakthan thamburan. Kochi was known as "Perumbadappu swaroopam"; the largest corperation in Kerala. The arcitect of Cochin port was Robert Bristow, its R. K Shanmukha chetti. Kochin port is the first e-port in india kochin port was declared as a major port in 1936. Kochin port is working under kochin port trust; the first Ship Constructed in Kochin Shipyard was Rani "Padmini" Kochi Metro is Indias 8th Metro project in india. Inaugurated by PM Narendra modi on 17jun2017 Coconut Development Board head office is situated Kochi Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute is located at Panangad. Kochi Head quarters of Civil supplies corporation is at Ernakulam Spices Board of India is Located at Kochi.
Sugandha Bavan is sitiuted at Kochi. Aluva is known as "Kerala's Commercial city" FACT, founded in the year 1943 is located at Aluva. First Unit of IRE in india is at Aluva. Adhvaitha asram of Guru is at Aluva, Sarva matha sammelanam was held at here. Indias First and Oldest active Jewish synagogue among Common wealth contries is Paradesi Synagogue at Mattancheri Indias first English School is at Mattancheri founded by J dowzen in 1818. Europeans called Edappalli as Museum of Kerala History is located here. Cherayi Beach is in Ernakulam, cherayi is the Birthplace of Sahodaran Ayyappan. Vallarpadam is india's first International Trans shipment container Terminal, was inaugurated by Manmohan Singh in 2011. Christian pilgrim center Malayatoor palli. Kaaladi is the birth place of sree Shankaracharyar, home to the Sanskrit University. Paaliyam Satyagraha was conducted in Chendamagalam. Cheranallur is the Birth place of Pandit Karuppan. Udayam peroor sunnahadose was held at Udayamperoor in 1599. Koonan kurishu sathyam was held at Mattancheri Saint Thomas Cristians church.
Bhoothathankett Dam is Situated in Ernankulam. Thattekad Bird Sanctuary is in Ernakulam. Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Known For having its Location at center of Kochi City, Its know as "green lung of Kochi". Head quarters of Kerala high Court is at Ernakulam. Kallil jaina Kshetram is located at Ernakulam JawaharLal Nehru International Cricket Stadium is situated at Kaloor; the first Airport in india to construct with a Private partnership is Nedumbassery airport. It is the First Solar airport all over the World. NH47A/ NH966B is the Shortest National Highway of India which leads from Kundannoor to willingdon island. Headquarters of CUSAT is at Kalamassery. Headquarters of NUALS is at Kalamassery. unit of HMT company is at Kalamassery. Headquarters of Southern Naval Command is at Kochi. Cochin Stock Exchange, which started in 1978; the Dutch Palace was Built by Portughese. The Bolgatty Palace was built by the Dutch. First fort built by Europeans Fort Manual / vypin fort / pallipuram fort India's First Floating ATM started in 2004 between Vypin and Kochi.
Sahaj International school is the first school for Transgender in India Kerala's First child friendly district. Kumbalangy Tourism Village. First electronic Voting machine trial was taken 1982 North Paravur Patanam Excavation. Elephant training center kodanad. Cochin Praja Mandalam Formed 1941, initiated by V. R. Krishnan Ezhuthachan, first Annual meating was held at irinjalakuda From ancient times Ernakulam district has played a part in the political history of south India; the Jews, Arabs, Dutch and Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to Kingdom of Cochin and left their impressions in the town. In 1896, the Maharaja of Cochin initiated local administration by forming a town council in Ernakulam. Ernakulam district's headquarters was at Ernakulam, which gave the district its name. According to the 2011 census Ernakulam district has a population of 3,282,388 equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa; this gives it a ranking of 104th in India. The district has a population density of 1,072 inhabitants per square kilometre.
Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5.69%. Ernakulam has a sex ratio of 1027 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 95.89%. This district is listed as the "most advanced" district in Kerala, it had a resident population of 3,105,798 as of 2001, excluding the
Ernakulam refers to the central, mainland portion of the city of Kochi in central Kerala and has lent its name to the Ernakulam district. The Kerala High Court, the office of the Kochi Municipal Corporation and the Cochin Stock Exchange are situated here; the Ernakulam Junction is a major railway station of the Indian Railways. Ernakulam was the headquarters of the Ernakulam District but was shifted to Kakkanad. Ernakulam was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin, it is located 220 kilometres north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and is a major financial and commercial hub of Kerala; the state government and the GCDA have plans to include Angamaly, Perumbavoor and Kolenchery in the Ernakulam district. The newly formed metropolis would be put under the charge of a new authority called Kochi Metropolitan Regional Development Authority. Starting from the Stone Age, Ernakulam has been the site of human settlement.
Monolithic monuments like Dolmens and rock-cut caves can be seen in many parts of Ernakulam. The region can claim to have played a significant part in fostering the trade relations between Kerala and the outside world in the ancient and medieval period; the early political history of Ernakulam is interlinked with that of the Chera Dynasty of the Sangam age, who ruled over vast portions of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the Cheras, the place was ruled by the Kingdom of Cochin. Ernakulam was the capital of the erstwhile Cochin State. In the first state census of 1911, the population of Ernakulam was 21,901; the City of Ernakulam is situated in the Ernakulam District of Central Kerala in India. Ernakulam is located at 9.98°N 76.28°E / 9.98. It has an average elevation of 4 m. Under the Köppen climate classification, the City of Ernakulam features a Tropical monsoon climate. Since the region lies in the south western coastal state of Kerala, the climate is tropical, with only minor differences in temperatures between day and night, as well as over the year.
Summer lasts from March to May, is followed by the South-west monsoon from June to September. October and November form retreating monsoon season. Winter from December through February is cooler, windy, due to winds from the Western Ghats; the City is drenched in the monsoonal season by heavy showers. The average annual rainfall is 3000 mm; the South-west monsoon sets in during the last week of May. After July the rainfall decreases. On an average, there are 124 rainy days in a year; the maximum average temperature of the City in the summer season is 33 degree Celsius while the minimum temperature recorded is 22.5 degrees Celsius. The winter season records a maximum average of 29 degree Celsius and a minimum average of 20 degree Celsius.. Ernakulam is a major commercial hub of Kerala; the Cochin Port, DP World Kochi and Cochin Shipyard have resulted in the faster growth of the city. The technology park InfoPark and SmartCity, Kochi is on the outskirts of the city. Tourism has contributed to the economy of Ernakulam.
The city with its temples, old churches and its culture, is ranked first in the number of domestic tourists visiting. Vypin or Vypeen is one of a group of islands that form part of the city of Kochi, in the southwestern Indian state of Kerala. Vypin is one of the densely populated islands in Asia; the western coast of Vypin has the longest beaches in Kochi namely, the Cherai Beach, Kuzhuppilly Beach and the Puthuvype Beach. Marine Drive, Kochi Durbar Hall Ground Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary Bolghatty LuLu International Shopping Mall Mahatma Gandhi Road Sahodaran Ayyappan Road. Maharajas College ground with Synthetic Athletic track Jawahar Lal Nehru International Stadium, Kaloor Rajeev Gandhi Indoor Stadium, Kadavathara Kerala High Court Subhash Park Children's Park Changampuzha Park B. R. Ambedkar Stadium Penta Meneka Hill Palace, Tripunithura St. Albert's College, Ernakulam Vivekananda Statue, Elamakkara Sacred Heart College, Thevara The Vytilla Mobility hub caters to the transportation needs of the city.
Ernakulam is well served by private/government buses, autorickshaws and short distance trains and ferries. Ernakulam disembark from ferries. Traveling via ferries autos; the main jetty is called the Ernakulam jetty from where one can board a ferry to Fort Kochi and Willingdon Island. Ernakulam is connected to the North-South Corridor National Highway System via the four-laned National Highway 66; the highway traverses through the entire length and breadth of the city from different points and provides access to the nearby cities such as Thrissur, Palakkad and Coimbatore. NH 66 provides two main exit points at Vytilla to the Ernakulam city; the city is dependent on city buses and auto rickshaws for public transport. The state-owned Kerala State Road Transport Corporation runs inter-state, inter-district and city services; the National Highway 17, National Highway 49 connected to Madurai, Main Central Road, State Highways are the roads which connect city with its suburbs and municipalities. Major Roads — M. G. Road, Sahodharan Ayyappan Road and Marine drive walkway, Banerjee Road, Shanmugham Road, Kaloor-Kadavanthara Road.
KL 07 Reg.. Ernakulam Junction Railway Station is the one of the busiest railway station i
Sisters of the Destitute
Sisters of the Destitute is a Syro-Malabar Catholic women's religious institute. The Congregation of the Sisters of the Destitute was founded by Venerable Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly in Chunangamvely, Kerala on 19 March 1927, it includes over 1,500 nuns and is composed of physicians, lawyers and social workers. Now it is working in Asia, Europe and the USA. One of the branch in Kayakkunn near Panamaram, Wayanad District. Sisters of the Destitute runs many institutions like: Homes for the sick and the needy Rehabilitation centres for mentally and physically handicapped children Health centres for AIDS and cancer patients Dispensary for the poor Libraries Nursing homes Schools Hospitals Servant of God Servant of God Short Biography of Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly in Malayalam Official home page of S. D. SarvCRM
Postal Index Number
A Postal Index Number, or sometimes redundantly a PIN code, is a code in the post office numbering or postal code system used by India Post, the Indian postal entity. The code is six digits long; the PIN system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications. The system was introduced to simplify the manual sorting and delivery of mail by eliminating confusion over incorrect addresses, similar place names, different languages used by the public. There are nine postal zones including eight regional zones and one functional zone; the first digit of the PIN indicates the zone. The second digit indicates the sub-zone, the third digit indicates the sorting district within that zone; the final three digits are assigned to individual post offices. The first digit of the PIN is allocated over the 9 zones as follows: 1 — Delhi, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Kashmir, Chandigarh 2 — Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 3 — Rajasthan, Gujarat and Diu, Dadra and Nagar 4 — Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 5 — Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka 6 — Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Lakshadweep 7 — West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya and Nicobar Islands, Sikkim 8 — Bihar, Jharkhand 9 — Army Post Office and Field Post Office The first three digits of the PIN represent a specific geographical region called a sorting district, headquartered at the main post office of the largest city and is known as the sorting office.
A state may have one or more sorting districts depending on the volume of mail handled. The fourth digit represents the route; this is 0 for offices in the core area of the sorting district. The last two digits represent the delivery office within the sorting district starting from 01 which would be the General Post Office or head office; the numbering of the delivery office is done chronologically with higher numbers assigned to newer delivery offices. If the volume of mails handled at a delivery office is too large, a new delivery office is created and the next available PIN is assigned. Thus, two delivery offices situated next to each other will only have the first four digits in common; each PIN is mapped to one delivery post office which receives all the mail to be delivered to one or more lower offices within its jurisdiction, all of which share the same code. The delivery office can either be a General Post Office, a head office, or a sub-office which are located in urban areas; the post from the delivery office is sorted and routed to other delivery offices for a different PIN or to one of the relevant sub-offices or branch offices for the same PIN.
Branch offices have limited postal services. Find Pincode – India Post
Geographic coordinate system
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection; the invention of a geographic coordinate system is credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene, who composed his now-lost Geography at the Library of Alexandria in the 3rd century BC. A century Hipparchus of Nicaea improved on this system by determining latitude from stellar measurements rather than solar altitude and determining longitude by timings of lunar eclipses, rather than dead reckoning. In the 1st or 2nd century, Marinus of Tyre compiled an extensive gazetteer and mathematically-plotted world map using coordinates measured east from a prime meridian at the westernmost known land, designated the Fortunate Isles, off the coast of western Africa around the Canary or Cape Verde Islands, measured north or south of the island of Rhodes off Asia Minor.
Ptolemy credited him with the full adoption of longitude and latitude, rather than measuring latitude in terms of the length of the midsummer day. Ptolemy's 2nd-century Geography used the same prime meridian but measured latitude from the Equator instead. After their work was translated into Arabic in the 9th century, Al-Khwārizmī's Book of the Description of the Earth corrected Marinus' and Ptolemy's errors regarding the length of the Mediterranean Sea, causing medieval Arabic cartography to use a prime meridian around 10° east of Ptolemy's line. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes' recovery of Ptolemy's text a little before 1300. In 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England as the zero-reference line; the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911.
In order to be unambiguous about the direction of "vertical" and the "horizontal" surface above which they are measuring, map-makers choose a reference ellipsoid with a given origin and orientation that best fits their need for the area they are mapping. They choose the most appropriate mapping of the spherical coordinate system onto that ellipsoid, called a terrestrial reference system or geodetic datum. Datums may be global, meaning that they represent the whole Earth, or they may be local, meaning that they represent an ellipsoid best-fit to only a portion of the Earth. Points on the Earth's surface move relative to each other due to continental plate motion and diurnal Earth tidal movement caused by the Moon and the Sun; this daily movement can be as much as a metre. Continental movement can be up to 10 m in a century. A weather system high-pressure area can cause a sinking of 5 mm. Scandinavia is rising by 1 cm a year as a result of the melting of the ice sheets of the last ice age, but neighbouring Scotland is rising by only 0.2 cm.
These changes are insignificant if a local datum is used, but are statistically significant if a global datum is used. Examples of global datums include World Geodetic System, the default datum used for the Global Positioning System, the International Terrestrial Reference Frame, used for estimating continental drift and crustal deformation; the distance to Earth's center can be used both for deep positions and for positions in space. Local datums chosen by a national cartographical organisation include the North American Datum, the European ED50, the British OSGB36. Given a location, the datum provides the latitude ϕ and longitude λ. In the United Kingdom there are three common latitude and height systems in use. WGS 84 differs at Greenwich from the one used on published maps OSGB36 by 112 m; the military system ED50, used by NATO, differs from about 120 m to 180 m. The latitude and longitude on a map made against a local datum may not be the same as one obtained from a GPS receiver. Coordinates from the mapping system can sometimes be changed into another datum using a simple translation.
For example, to convert from ETRF89 to the Irish Grid add 49 metres to the east, subtract 23.4 metres from the north. More one datum is changed into any other datum using a process called Helmert transformations; this involves converting the spherical coordinates into Cartesian coordinates and applying a seven parameter transformation, converting back. In popular GIS software, data projected in latitude/longitude is represented as a Geographic Coordinate System. For example, data in latitude/longitude if the datum is the North American Datum of 1983 is denoted by'GCS North American 1983'; the "latitude" of a point on Earth's surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth. Lines joining points of the same latitude trace circles on the surface of Earth called parallels, as they are parallel to the Equator and to each other; the North Pole is 90° N. The 0° parallel of latitude is designated the Equator, the fun
Kundannoor is a fast developing region in the city of Kochi, in the state of Kerala, India. It is located around 3.5 km from Vytilla Junction and around 7 km from Ernakulam Junction Railway Station. It is part of Maradu Municipality, is located on the Kochi Bypass at the junction of three National Highways, namely NH 47, NH 49 and NH 47A. NH 47A is the shortest highway of Kerala in India; the Le Meridien and Crowne Plaza hotels are situated near Kundanoor junction. Many shopping malls are proposed and some are under construction in Kundanoor