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Thomas A. Burke

Thomas Aloysius Burke was an American Democratic Party politician from Ohio. He served as the 48th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio and in the United States Senate from November 10, 1953 until December 2, 1954. Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport is named after him. Born in Cleveland, Burke served in the U. S. Army before attending the College of the Holy Cross and Western Reserve University School of Law, now Case Western Reserve University. After serving in various capacities in the law offices of the city of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, the state of Ohio, Burke was elected Mayor of Cleveland in 1945. In 1947 he worked to create an airport on the lake and Burke Lakefront Airport was dedicated in his name, he was appointed to the U. S. Senate by Governor Frank Lausche upon the death of Robert A. Taft. Burke lost a special election for the remainder of the term in late 1954 to George H. Bender by a narrow margin. Bender in turn lost to Lausche in 1956. Burke resumed the practice of law forming the influential Cleveland law firm of Burke and Berick.

Burke died of undisclosed causes on December 5, 1971, at St. Vincent Charity Medical Center in Cleveland, where he'd been admitted the day before, he was buried at Calvary Cemetery in Cleveland. The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History by Cleveland Bicentennial Commission, David D. Van Tassel, John J. Grabowski ISBN 0-253-33056-4 Burke Lakefront Airport History:


Scrumpy is a type of cider originating in the West of England Devon, Somerset, Wiltshire and Herefordshire. Traditionally, the dialect term "scrumpy" was used to refer to what was otherwise called "rough", a harsh cider made from unselected apples. Today the term is more used to distinguish locally made ciders produced in smaller quantities and using traditional methods, from mass-produced branded ciders. Various origins of the name have been proposed; the Oxford English Dictionary, which finds the term first used in 1904, derives it from the noun scrump, meaning something withered or dried up, not apples. Other claimed derivations include a noun scrimp with the same meaning, derived from a verb scrump, meaning to steal fruit. Neither of these meanings is attested in the Oxford English Dictionary, the English Dialect Dictionary confirms the existence of a word "scrump" applied to "anything small or undersized" apples, notes a related word scrumpling for a small apple, it can be applied to basic home made ciders as well as to commercially produced and marketed varieties.

In 1997 a legal case on trademark law was fought in Ireland between Symonds and Showerings, in which the defendant argued that "scrumpy" was a part of the "commonage" of the language, being a generic term referring to rough dry farmhouse cider. Traditional "rough" was fermented out to absolute dryness, with a strong, full bodied character but no distinguishable apple flavour: in 19th century Devon "rough" was much preferred for home consumption, while sweeter, less alcoholic cider was produced for an'export' market outside the county. "Rough" was known as the customary drink of farm labourers in the west of England, who would receive up to a quart daily as an incentive on top of their wages. Modern scrumpy can be dry or sweet, is still rather than carbonated, but may have some degree of carbonation. However, it tends to be more tannic than most commercial ciders. Due to its traditional methods of production, it is very pulpy, resultantly cloudy in appearance, it is produced by pulping and pressing a quantity of apples, adding the juice to a vessel with a special lid to ensure the pressure does not rise too much.

It may be necessary to add a Campden tablet to prevent undesirable bacterial action, the vessel must be sanitized. The vessels are left to ferment for a few months; as well as scrumpy made with apples, there exists pear scrumpy, similar to perry. Scrumpy and Western describes a kind of music from the West Country, where scrumpy is traditionally produced, typified by The Wurzels. How to Make Rough Cider

Enrique Alférez

Enrique Alférez was a Mexican-American artist who specialized in sculpting architectural reliefs and the human form. Born in a rural village in northern Mexico, Alférez was introduced to sculpture by his father, a woodworker, trained, he ran away at age 12, was conscripted into the Constitutional Army during the Mexican Revolution. In 1920, he fled his home country and made his way to El Paso, where he found work as a photographer's assistant, it was here he attended a lecture presented by art teacher Lorado Taft, visiting El Paso on an Art Institute of Chicago tour. Seeing potential in the young man, Taft encouraged Alferez to come study under him in Chicago, which he did from 1927 through 1929. After completing his education in 1929, he moved to New Orleans, where he spent much of the rest of his life, he married an American woman named Margaret, with whom he had a daughter. His sculptures and reliefs adorn many parks and landmarks in the New Orleans Metropolitan Area, many of them commissioned by the Works Progress Administration.

Some of the most notable include those in City Park, as well as the "Molly Marine" statue, the first American sculpture to depict a woman in military uniform His fountain at New Orleans Lakefront Airport is a well known local landmark. He made reliefs for a number of buildings, including the Charity Hospital Building in New Orleans and the Palmolive Building in Chicago. Alférez was not only a sculptor, produced work in other artistic disciplines. Notably, he painted an official portrait of Senator Huey P. Long. Alférez remained active into his years, both as a working artist and an art teacher. In 1993, he appeared in a PBS American Experience documentary entitled "The Hunt for Pancho Villa". Enrique Alferez in The Hunt For Pancho Villa

Thomas Emmrich

Thomas Emmrich is a former tennis player for East Germany. Between 1970 and 1988, Emmrich won 46 German Democratic Republic titles, he entered the tennis scene after the GDR had decided to promote only those sports which were relevant for the Olympics’ medals table. Thus, he was barred from international competitions outside the Eastern bloc countries and had to keep the status as an amateur. However, he gained some points at an ATP tournament in Sofia as GDR functionaries had not noticed that it had become part of the ATP tour. After this tournament, the ATP ranked him number 482—the only entry of a GDR tennis player in the ATP rankings. Martina Navratilova claimed. After the German reunification in 1990, Emmrich proved that he could compete on a high international level as he won several titles, i.e. runners-up in the European Championships of the 35+ Seniors, runners-up in the Doubles World Championships in 2003, European Champion in 2006. In addition, he gained many national titles after 1990 in senior competitions.

His daughter Manuela Emmrich picked up the tennis sport and played college tennis in the US. She won the National Championship in 2005, his son, Martin Emmrich, is a professional tennis player and is successful on the doubles pro circuit. Thomas Emmrich at the Association of Tennis Professionals Thomas Emmrich at the International Tennis Federation

Harry White (footballer, born 1901)

Harold Barns White was an English footballer who played in the Football League for Southend United. He played at left-half, but appeared as a centre-forward. Born in Manor Park, White played cricket and football in Leigh-on-Sea, the latter with Southend and District League club Leigh Ramblers, where he scored 50 goals during the 1920–21 season. White joined Southend United for the 1921–22 season, he made four appearances in the Third Division South in his two seasons with the club. He joined Grays Thurrock United in 1925, he was appointed as Grays Thurrock manager in June 1929


Coccidinium is a genus of parasitic syndinian dinoflagellates that infect the nucleus and cytoplasm of other marine dinoflagellates. Coccidinium, along with two other dinoflagellate genera and Duboscquella, contain species that are the primary endoparasites of marine dinoflagellates. While numerous studies have been conducted on the genus Amoebophyra Amoebophyra ceratii, little is known about Coccidinium; these microscopic organisms have gone unstudied after the initial observations of Édouard Chatton and Berthe Biecheler in 1934 and 1936. The first species of Coccidinium that were described were C. legeri and C. duboscquii, found in the cytoplasm of dinoflagellates in brackish waters near Sète, France. They have been noted as lacking photosynthetic stages in their life cycles, to be expected given their parasitic nature. Sexual reproduction has been observed “time and again” in C. mesnili as stated by Chatton and Biecheler. First discovered by Édouard Chatton and Berthe Biecheler in 1934, Coccidinium was observed in the cytoplasm of the dinoflagellates Glenodinium sociale and Peridinium sp. both taken from the waters of Sète.

They identified two species of C. legeri and C. duboscquii. In 1936, C. mesnili and C. punctatum were added to the list of existing Coccidinium species by Chatton and Biecheler. They were found in the same brackish waters of Sète, but in two other peridinians: Kryptoperidinium foliaceum and Coolia monotis respectively. Observations of Coccidinium showed that they were coccidian-like in their vegetative and replication stages, but their dinospores, a biflagellate zoospore, resembled syndinian dinoflagellates. Chatton and Biecheler therefore gave this new genera of endoparasitic dinoflagellates the name of Coccidinium. A complete understanding of Coccidinium morphology is not yet possible due to insufficient research. There are no other studies completed apart from the initial observations conducted by Chatton & Biecheler in 1934 and 1936, therefore the little information known are based off their descriptions. In C. duboscquii, the trophozoite, the feeding form of the parasite, is present in two forms that originate from small uninucleate forms found in close contact with the nucleus of the host and that are distinguished by their load in carbohydrate globules.

In the first form, heavy and large starchy matter are present whereas in the second form this is absent or rare. Recent interpretation of those uninucleate forms without starch grains suspect that they might be the parasite Parvilucifera. Sporocyte nuclei are large and spherical, with around 4-5 chromosomes in total in a general V-shape, typical for Syndiniales; the nuclei lie around the periphery of the cell. Dinospore movement is via flagellar locomotion. In the forms rich with starch grains, these parasites grow for extended periods of time with a single nucleus, which Chatton and Biecheler term as “synenergid”, they will surround themselves with a thin cystic membrane before undergoing division, but will not exceed 16 or 32 nuclei. In C. legeri, two stages are observed. The first form consists of small plasmodia that contain a maximum of 8 nuclei, which are assumed to give rise to dinospores; the second form consists of Coccidinium multiplying inside the host, however the nucleus does not undergo division until after the death of the host and the encystment of the parasite in its remains.

Coccidinium are haplontic. Reproduction can occur either asexually or sexually. Sexual reproduction has been observed in 1934 when Chatton and Biecheler witnessed a two-by-two fusion of imperceptibly dissimilar spores from separate organisms of C. mesnilii, resulting in a mobile zygote with two pairs of flagella. The zygotes form a hyaline cyst. Parasitism in organisms implies ecological and human economic repercussions, but in the case of Coccidinium, these repercussions carry little importance in the ecology of host organisms from an anthropocentric point of view. Unless the host species is commercially significant, studies conducted on parasitic dinoflagellates are few and far between, therefore not much is known about the ecological importance of Coccidinium specifically. Coccidinium are endophytic, they tend to parasitize other dinoflagellates, thus are found in aquatic environments, ranging from freshwater to marine. Coccidinium are able to inhabit environments with variable salinity levels as a result, though the exact range is not known due to insufficient research.

Coccidinium, while carrying little relevance to humans, contain species that have other marine dinoflagellates as hosts and therefore are relevant to these protists. There are clear examples of sudden outbreaks of parasitism by specific dinoflagellates in a short time period, leading to a sudden decrease in zooplankton population density, implying that parasitic dinoflagellates can create fluctuations in marine plankton. There is insufficient information however regarding the parasitism process in Coccidinium, such as how the sporozoite enters the host and its specific effects on the dinoflagellate population. What is clear. Juvenile trophozoite lie close to the host’s nucleus, where it will undergo growth through the consumption of either the nucleus and chromosomes, or cytoplasm, depending on the species; the trophozoite will depress the host’s nucleus before infecting and destroying it, though the exact mechanism is yet to be known. Throughout this growth process, the host has been described as still motile, but the entire digestion of the nucleus and/or cytoplasm is rapid, around 2