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Thomas B. Costain

Thomas Bertram Costain was a Canadian-American journalist who became a best-selling author of historical novels at the age of 57. Costain was born in Ontario to John Herbert Costain and Mary Schultz, he attended high school there at the Brantford Collegiate Institute. Before graduating from high school he had written four novels, one of, a 70,000 word romance about Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange; these early novels were rejected by publishers. His first writing success came in 1902 when the Brantford Courier accepted a mystery story from him, he became a reporter there, he was an editor at the Guelph Daily Mercury between 1908 and 1910. He married Ida Randolph Spragge in York, Ontario on January 12, 1910; the couple had two children and Dora. In 1910, Costain joined the Maclean Publishing Group where he edited three trade journals. Beginning in 1914, he was a staff writer for and, from 1917, editor of the Toronto-based Maclean's magazine, his success there brought him to the attention of The Saturday Evening Post in New York City where he was fiction editor for fourteen years.

In 1920 he became a naturalized U. S. citizen. He worked for Doubleday Books as an editor 1939-1946, he was the head of 20th Century Fox’s bureau of literary development from 1934 to 1942. In 1940, he wrote four short novels but was “enough of an editor not to send them out”, he next planned to write six books in a series he called “The Stepchildren of History”. He would write about six unknown historical figures. For his first, he wrote about the seventeenth-century pirate John Ward aka Jack Ward. In 1942, he realized his longtime dream when this first novel For My Great Folly was published, it became a bestseller with over 132,000 copies sold; the New York Times reviewer stated at the end of the review "there will be no romantic-adventure lover left unsatisfied." In January 1946 he "retired" to spend the rest of his life writing, at a rate of about 3,000 words a day. Raised as a Baptist, he was reported in the 1953 Current Biography to be an attendant of the Protestant Episcopal Church, he was described as a handsome, broad-shouldered man with a pink and white complexion, clear blue eyes, a slight Canadian accent.

He was white-haired by the time. He loved animals and could not kill a bug, he loved movies and the theatre. Costain's work is a mixture of commercial history and fiction that relies on historic events, his most popular novel was The Black Rose, centred in the time and actions of Bayan of the Baarin known as Bayan of the Hundred Eyes. Costain noted in his foreword that he intended the book to be about Bayan and Edward I, but became caught up in the legend of Thomas a Becket's parents: an English knight married to an Eastern girl; the book was a selection of the Literary Guild with a first printing of 650,000 copies and sold over two million copies in its first year. His research led him to believe that Richard III was a great monarch tarred by conspiracies, after his death, with the murder of the princes in the tower. Costain supported his theories with documentation, suggesting that the real murderer was Henry VII. Costain died in 1965 at his New York City home of a heart attack at the age of 80.

He is buried in the Farringdon Independent Church Cemetery in Brantford. He received a Doctor of Letters degree from the University of Western Ontario in May 1952 and he received a gold medallion from the Canadian Club of New York in June 1965; the Thomas B. Costain public elementary school and the Thomas B. Costain – S. C. Johnson Community Centre in Brantford are named in his honour, his daughter Molly Costain Haycraft became a writer of historical novels. George R. R. Martin has cited Costain's non-fiction books on the Plantagenet dynasty as an influence on his book Fire and Blood, part of Martin's "A Song of Ice and Fire" series. For My Great Folly Joshua: Leader of a United People - A Realistic Biography - with Rogers MacVeagh Ride With Me The Black Rose The Moneyman High Towers Son of a Hundred Kings The Silver Chalice The Tontine illustrated by Herbert Ryman Below the Salt The Darkness And The Dawn The Last Love The Conquerors: The Pageant of England The author's "First Work of History" reissued as The Conquering FamilyThe White and the Gold The Chord of Steel: The Story of the Invention of the Telephone William the Conqueror a Landmark book The Plantagenets series The Conquering Family The Magnificent Century The Three Edwards The Last Plantagenets Stories to Remember a selection of novels and short stories chosen by Costain and John Beecroft.

First of 3 collections. More Stories to Remember with John Beecroft Thirty Stories with John Beecroft Come Read with Me, a selection of short stories and novellas The Black Rose starring Tyrone Power Son of a Hundred Kings CBC mini-series The Silver Chalice starring Paul Newman The Chord of Steel CBC seven episode mini-series aired in 1964 Bell Homestead National Historic Site Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 9: American Novelists, 1910-1945. Luther, Phil

Journal of Immunotoxicology

The Journal of Immunotoxicology is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles in the fields of immunotoxicology and toxicology. It is published by Informa; the journal publishes findings about the immunomodulating effects, as well as mechanisms of activity, of: industrial chemicals pharmaceuticals environmental contaminants food products radiation stressors The editor in chief of the Journal of Immunotoxicology is Mitchell D. Cohen (New York University School of Medicine, New York, United States. According to the Journal Citation Reports it received an impact factor of 2.054, ranking it 55th out of 87 journals in the category "Toxicology". Official website

Morris Lottinger Sr.

Morris Albert Lottinger Sr. was a Democratic attorney who served in the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1936 until 1950 from his native Houma in Terrebonne Parish in South Louisiana. For the last two years of his tenure, he was the Speaker of the chamber under Governor Earl Kemp Long. Lottinger was one of three sons of the former Lucille Victor Lottinger. Lottinger's paternal grandparents were Marie Dugas Lottinger. In 1926, Lottinger was president of the Houma chapter of Rotary International. In the 1940 United States Census, Representative Lottinger was listed as living with his wife, the former Effie J. Hellier, their two children and Morris Jr. in the Houma household of her father, Harry Hellier Sr.. Lottinger ran for the House in the 1932 party primary but lost, 1,638 to 1,221, to Allen J. Ellender, a favorite of the Long faction of the Louisiana Democratic Party, who became Speaker in May of that year. Lottinger was elected four years to succeed Ellender, who instead went to the United States Senate upon his election to fill the seat held by his ally, Huey Pierce Long Jr. Huey Long's brother, Earl Long proposed Lottinger for Speaker in 1948, when Long began the first of his two full four-year terms as governor.

Lottinger resigned from the House in 1950 to become judge of the Louisiana First Circuit Court of Appeal, a position which he held until his resignation in 1975. He had been unopposed for reelection in the year before in 1964. A His son, Morris Lottinger Jr. represented District 52, including Terrebonne Parish, in the state House from 1971 to 1975. Thereafter, he was a judge of the Louisiana First Circuit Court of Appeal, which includes his Terrebonne Parish; the second Judge Lottinger retired in 1998

Islamic toilet etiquette

Islamic toilet etiquette is a set of personal hygiene rules in Islam followed when going to the toilet. This code of Muslim hygienical jurisprudence is known as Qadaa' al-Haajah; the only requirement of the Qur'an is washing of one's hands and face with pure earth if water is not available. Issues of chirality, such as whether one uses the left or right hand, which foot is used to step into or out of toilet areas, are derived from hadith sources. A Muslim must first find an acceptable place away from standing people's pathways, or shade, they are advised that it is better to enter the area with the left foot, facing away from the Qiblah. It is reported in the hadith of Bukhari that whenever Muhammad went to the toilet, he said, Bismillahi Allahumma Inni Audhubika Minal Khubsi Wal Khabais. Following this prophetic ideal, Muslims are advised to say this supplication before entering into the toilet. While on the toilet, one must remain silent. Talking, answering greetings, or greeting others is discouraged.

When defecating together, two men look at each other's genitals. Eating any food while on the toilet is forbidden; the anus must be washed with water using the left hand after defecating. The penis or vulva must be washed with water with the left hand after urinating; this washing is known as istinja, is done using a vessel sometimes known as a bodna. The Qur'an suggests that one should wash one's hands as well, discussed in verse 5:6; when leaving the toilet, one is advised to leave with the right foot, say a prayer – "Praise be to Allah who relieved me of the filth and gave me relief." Asher yatzar, a Jewish blessing after e.g. defecation Bidet shower Squat toilet Islamic toilet etiquette in the hadith and fiqh


Toulouges is a commune in the Pyrénées-Orientales department in southern France. Toulouges is located between Thuir and Perpignan, in the canton of Perpignan-6 and in the arrondissement of Perpignan; the town covers an area of 8.04 km2, with 669 inhabitants per km². Toulouges borders the following municipalities: Perpignan, Canohès, Thuir, El Soler, Baho. Toulouges grew upon a Roman villa, it was first mentioned in 904 at the same time mentioning the church called Tulogias. Other names that are Toulouges are Tologis, Tuluges, Toluges. Toulouges hosted an ecumenical council known as the Council of Elge-Toulouges in 1027, it aimed to promote peace among the feudal lords of France by declaring the Truce of God, attempting to limit the days of the week and times of year that the nobility could engage in violence. During the 14th and 15th centuries Toulouges grew rapidly. A wall and hospital were in existence. In 1628, part of the population was killed by a plague. Today, Toulouges is again growing rapidly.

Communes of the Pyrénées-Orientales department INSEE commune file

Philippe Boucher

Philippe Boucher is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey defenceman who played in the National Hockey League. He is the general manager of the Drummondville Voltigeurs of the QMJHL, he served as GM with the Quebec Remparts and the Rimouski Oceanic. As a youth, Boucher played in the 1985, 1986 and 1987 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournaments with minor ice hockey team from Lotbinière, Quebec and Rive-Sud. Boucher began his junior ice hockey career with the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League's Granby Bisons in 1990. Boucher enjoyed immense success in his first season, producing at a nearly point-per-game average and winning the QMJHL Rookie of the Year award, he was named a second-team QMJHL All-Star. His second season came with just as much success, as Boucher notched 77 points in 65 games with Granby and the Laval Titan, once again being named a second-team All-Star. Boucher spent one more seasons in the QMJHL, splitting time between Granby and two professional teams; the Buffalo Sabres drafted Boucher in 13th overall, in the 1991 NHL Entry Draft.

A year Boucher would begin his professional career, starting the 1992–1993 season as a defenceman for the Sabres. Despite some solid outings, a game where Boucher posted a +5 plus/minus rating, Boucher ended the season with the Rochester Americans of the American Hockey League. After three somewhat disappointing seasons with the Sabres, Boucher was dealt to the Los Angeles Kings during the 1994–1995 season. In Los Angeles, Boucher produced better numbers, but still proved unreliable to finish a complete 80+ game season in the NHL. Criticisms aimed at Boucher claimed he was not as defensively reliable or physical as other professional defencemen his size. So, Boucher was a consistent blueliner for the Kings for eight seasons, played a career-high 80 games in the 2001–2002 season. In 2002, Boucher signed as a free agent with the Dallas Stars, reuniting with the former special teams coach of the Kings, Dave Tippett. On November 28, 2003, late in the third period of a game against the New Jersey Devils, an errant puck hit Boucher on the left side of his face, breaking his left orbital bone.

Boucher had surgery on December 1 to repair the bone. Since the injury, Boucher has worn a visor. In the 2006–07 NHL season, Boucher had a break-out year, tying the Stars' franchise record for most goals by a defenceman in a regular season, with 19 goals. Boucher was selected by the NHL to play in the 55th National Hockey League All-Star Game in Dallas on January 24, 2007. Since Scott Niedermayer, one of two defencemen on the starting line-up chosen by the fans, was injured at the time, Western All-Star coach Barry Trotz named Boucher on the starting line-up as Niedermayer's replacement. During the 2008–09 season on November 16, 2008, Boucher was traded by the Stars to the Pittsburgh Penguins in return for Darryl Sydor, he helped the Penguins capture the Stanley Cup, his first, before announcing his retirement from the NHL on September 3, 2009. Boucher resides with his wife Lucie and their two children and Vanessa in Quebec City during the summer. Boucher founded the Philippe-Boucher Foundation, which helps underprivileged children in the Lotbinière region.

RDS Cup – 1990–91 OMJHL Second-Team All-Star – 1990–91 and 1991–92 Played in NHL All-Star Game – 2007 Stanley Cup – 2009 Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or, or The Internet Hockey Database