click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Thomas County, Kansas

Thomas County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 7,900, its county seat is Colby. For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U. S. state. Thomas County was founded in October 8, 1885, it was named for George Henry Thomas, a Union General during the American Civil War, hero of the Battle of Chickamauga. The townships of the county were named after the soldiers. According to the U.

S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,075 square miles, of which 1,075 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. Interstate 70 U. S. Highway 24 U. S. Highway 83 Kansas Highway 25 Rawlins County Decatur County Sheridan County Gove County Logan County Sherman County As of the census of 2000, there were 8,180 people, 3,226 households, 2,125 families residing in the county; the population density was 8 people per square mile. There were 3,562 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.14% White, 0.43% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. 1.85 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 3,226 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.10% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 13.50% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,034, the median income for a family was $45,931. Males had a median income of $33,833 versus $21,310 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,028. About 6.60% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.90% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. Thomas County is Republican, And has been this way over the past few election cycles; the last time a democratic candidate has carried. Thomas County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.

Brewster USD 314 Colby USD 315 Golden Plains USD 316 Brewster Colby Gem Menlo Oakley Rexford Levant Thomas County is divided into thirteen townships. The townships were named in honor of men; the city of Colby is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. Geographically, Colby is surrounded by Morgan Township. In the following table, the population center is the largest city included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size. Standard Atlas of Thomas County, Kansas. A. Ogle & Co. CountyThomas County - Official Website Thomas County - Directory of Public OfficialsMapsThomas County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society

South African type XM4 tender

The South African type XM4 tender was a steam locomotive tender. Type XM4 tenders entered service in November 1911, as tenders to the second batch of 2-6-6-2 Superheated Mallet type steam locomotives which were delivered to the Central South African Railways in that year; these locomotives were designated Class MF on the South African Railways in 1912. Type XM4 tenders were built in 1911 by the American Locomotive Company. In November 1911, the Central South African Railways placed a second batch of five 2-6-6-2 Mallet articulated compound steam locomotives in service, built by ALCO; these locomotives were designated Class MF on the South African Railways in 1912. The Type XM4 tender entered service as tenders to these five engines; as built, the tender had a coal capacity of 10 long tons and a water capacity of 4,000 imperial gallons, with an average maximum axle load of 12 long tons 15 hundredweight. It rode on diamond frame bogies with a 5 feet 10 inches wheelbase per bogie. In the SAR years, tenders were numbered for the engines.

In most cases, an oval number plate, bearing the engine number and also the tender type, would be attached to the rear end of the tender. Only the second batch of five Class MF locomotives were delivered new with Type XM4 tenders, they were numbered in the range from 1629 to 1633, directly onto the SAR roster, marking the introduction of the SAR renumbering scheme under the Union programme. Since many tender types are interchangeable between different locomotive classes and types, a tender classification system was adopted by the SAR; the first letter of the tender type indicates the classes of engines. The "X _" tenders could be used with the locomotive classes. Cape Government Railways Mountain, SAR Class 4. SAR Class 4A. SAR Class 5. Cape Government Railways 6th Class of 1897, SAR Class 6B. Oranje-Vrijstaat Gouwerment-Spoorwegen 6th Class L3, SAR Class 6E. Cape Government Railways 6th Class of 1901, SAR Class 6H. Cape Government Railways 6th Class of 1902, SAR Class 6J. Cape Government Railways 8th Class of 1902, SAR Class 8.

Imperial Military Railways 8th Class, SAR Class 8A. CSAR Class 8-L2, SAR Class 8B. CSAR Class 8-L3, SAR Class 8C. Cape Government Railways 8th Class 4-8-0 of 1903, SAR Class 8D. Cape Government Railways 8th Class Experimental, SAR Class 8E. Cape Government Railways 8th Class 4-8-0 of 1904, SAR Class 8F. Cape Government Railways 8th Class 2-8-0 of 1903, SAR Class 8Y. Cape Government Railways 8th Class 2-8-0 of 1904, SAR Class 8Z. CSAR Class 9, SAR Class 9. CSAR Class 10, SAR Class 10. CSAR Class 10-2 Saturated, SAR Class 10A. CSAR Class 10-2 Superheated. SAR Class 10B. CSAR Class 10-C, SAR Class 10C. CSAR Class 11, SAR Class 11. Cape Government Railways 9th Class of 1903, SAR Class Experimental 4. Cape Government Railways 9th Class of 1906, SAR Class Experimental 5. Cape Government Railways 10th Class, SAR Class Experimental 6. SAR Class ME. CSAR Mallet Superheated, SAR Class MF; the second letter indicates the tender's water capacity. The "_M" tenders had a capacity of 4,000 imperial gallons. A number, when added after the letter code indicates differences between similar tender types, such as function, wheelbase or coal bunker capacity

Ouyang Xiu

Ouyang Xiu, courtesy name Yongshu known by his art names Zuiweng and Liu Yi Jushi, was a Chinese essayist, poet, calligrapher and epigrapher of the Song dynasty. A much celebrated writer, both among his contemporaries and in subsequent centuries, Ouyang Xiu is considered the central figure of the Eight Masters of the Tang and Song, it was he who revived the Classical Prose Movement and promoted it in imperial examinations, paving the way for future masters like Su Shi and Su Zhe. Ouyang Xiu's interests as a writer were remarkably diverse; as a historian, he was put in charge by Emperor Renzong of Song of creating the New Book of Tang, completed in 1060. He wrote in his spare time the Historical Records of the Five Dynasties, the only book in the Twenty-Four Histories to have been written in private by a single author; as a poet, he was a noted writer of shi genres. But it was his prose writings like Zuiweng Tingji. Treatises from Ouyang's voluminous oeuvre range from studies of flowers to literary criticism and political commentaries.

Politically, Ouyang Xiu was one of the major proponents of the Qingli Reforms of the 1040s. When lead reformer Fan Zhongyan fell from power in 1045, Ouyang was demoted to posts away from the capital, he returned to the central government only in 1054, moved up the bureaucratic ladder again, until in 1060 he was made the assistant councilor of the state. He retired from politics in 1071, after vehemently opposing the New Policies of Wang Anshi, whose career he much helped, he was born in Sichuan, where his father was a judge, though his family comes from present day Jishui, Jiangxi. His family was poor, not coming from one of the old great lineages of Chinese society. Losing his father when he was three, his literate mother was responsible for much of his early education, he was unable to afford traditional tutoring and was self-taught. The writings of Han Yu were influential in his development, he passed the jinshi degree exam in 1030 on his third attempt at the age of 22. After passing the jinshi exam, he was appointed to a judgeship in Luoyang, the old Tang Dynasty eastern capital.

While there, he found others with his interest in the writings of Han Yu. Politically, he was an early patron of the political reformer Wang Anshi, but became one of his strongest opponents. At court, he was both much loved and resented at the same time. In 1034 he was appointed to be a collator of texts at the Imperial Academy in Kaifeng where he was associated with Fan Zhongyan, the prefect of Kaifeng. Fan was demoted, after criticizing the Chief Councillor and submitting reform proposals. Ouyang was demoted as well for his defense of Fan, an action that brought him to the attention of other reform-minded people. Military threats from the Liao Dynasty and Xi Xia in the north in 1040 caused Fan Zhongyan to come back into favor. Fan offered Ouyang a post as secretary. Instead, in 1041 Ouyang obtained a position preparing a catalogue of the Imperial Library.1043 was the high point in the first half of the eleventh century for reformers. Ouyang and Fan spurred a ten-point reform platform. Among other things, these included improved entrance examinations for government service, elimination of favouritism in government appointments, increased salaries.

They were able to implement some of these ideas in what was called the Minor Reform of 1043, but the emperor rescinded their changes and Fan and his group fell from power. Ouyang was demoted to service in the provinces, he returned to court in 1049 but was forced to serve a two-year sabbatical during the mourning period for his mother, who died in 1052. Upon his return to government service, he was appointed to the Hanlin Academy, charged with heading the commission compiling the New Book of Tang, he served as Song ambassador to the Liao on annual visits and served as examiner of the jinshi examinations, working on improving them in the process. In the early 1060s, he was one of the most powerful men in court, concurrently holding the positions of Assistant Chief Councillor, Hanlin Academician, Vice Commissioner of Military Affairs, Vice Minister of Revenues. Around the time of the ascension of Emperor Shenzong of Song in 1067, Ouyang was charged with several crimes, including having sexual relations with his daughter-in-law.

While the charges had no credibility, the investigation alone damaged Quyang's reputation. His request to retire was declined by the emperor, who sent him to magistrate positions in Shandong and Anhui. While a magistrate in Shandong, he opposed and refused to carry out reforms advocated by Wang Anshi a system of low-interest loans to farmers, he was permitted to retire in 1071. In his prose works, he followed the example of Han Yu. While posted in Luoyang, Ouyang founded a group, he is listed as one of the Eight Masters of the Song. Among his most famous prose works is the Zuiweng Tingji; the Zuiweng Pavilion near Chuzhou is named in his honor whilst the poem is a description of his pastoral lifestyle among the mountains and people of Chuzhou. The work is lyrical in its quality and acclaimed as one of the highest achievements of Chinese travel writing. Chinese commentators in the centuries following the work's composition focused on the nature of the writing. Huang Zhen said that t

Michael Frendo

Michael Frendo is a former Maltese politician, a lawyer and consultant. He served in the government of Malta in various functions including as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2004 to 2008 and Speaker of the House of Representatives of Malta from 2010 to 2013. Frendo was first elected to the House of Representatives of Malta in 1987 and was re-elected in 1992, 1996, 1998 and 2003. From 1990 to 1992 he was Minister of State for Youth and Consumer Protection. From 1992 to 1994 he was Minister of Arts. From 1994 to 1996 he was Minister of Transport and Technology, he was Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from March to July 2004 before becoming Minister of Foreign Affairs on 3 July 2004, replacing John Dalli. Frendo was not re-elected to the House of Representatives in the March 2008 parliamentary election and was replaced as Foreign Minister on 12 March 2008. However, he regained a parliamentary seat in a casual election on 17 April 2008, after Cabinet had been formed. After serving as Chairman of the Foreign and European Affairs Committee, in 2010, Michael Frendo was unanimously elected as Speaker of the House of Representatives, Malta's Parliament.

Frendo has been a member of the European Convention on the Future of Europe and a signatory to its Draft Constitutional Treaty, as well as a signatory to the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe and to the Treaty of Lisbon which superseded it and, came into force on 1 December 2009. The only other person in Europe, a signatory to all three documents leading to the new constitutional framework of the European Union is EU Commissioner and former Belgian Foreign Minister Karel De Gucht. In April 2010 he was nominated as Speaker of the House of Representatives, succeeding Louis Galea, who resigned office after being appointed as the Maltese representative in the European Court of Auditors. Michael Frendo is a member of the European Commission for Democracy through Law since June 2013. Back in private practice as a lawyer and consultant, he is the Managing Director of Frendo Advisory, a firm specialising in offering immigration advise, is the Managing Partner of Frendo Lapira Legal, he is the Chairman of Banif Bank Plc.

Michael Frendo is a Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Laws of the University of Malta. Michael Frendo has received honours from a number of countries including Spain, Italy, Cyprus and Tunisia. In December 2013, he was appointed Companion of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Malta. Frendo has published numerous books based on European Affairs: The Future of Europe, The Case for Membership, Malta in the Council of Europe, Malta in the European Community - Commercial and Legal Considerations, Is Malta Burning?. He has written on a varied number of legal issues, in particular relating to Information and Communications technologies, Maritime affairs and the European Union. Malta Ministry of Foreign Affairs Partit Nazzjonalista

Sri Valli (1961 film)

Sri Valli is a 1961 Tamil-language Hindu mythological film directed by T. R. Ramanna. A remake of the 1945 film of the same name, the film featured Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini in the lead supported by T. R. Mahalingam, E. R. Sahadevan, C. K. Saraswathi and J. P. Chandra Babu in other prominent roles; this film was taken in Gevacolor. Cast adapted from the film's song book and the opening credits: Support castC. S. Pandian, Chittam Pillai Venkataraman, S. V. Shanmugam, Karikol Raj, Nandi Velayutham, Ponnandi, Pattammal, Vathsala; the original story was based on a folk tale which describes the romance between Lord Muruga and Valli, a tribal girl. Exhibited as stage plays, the story was developed into a silent film titled Valli Thirumanam in 1921, it was followed by another silent release, Sri Subramanyam in 1930. N. D. Sarpotdhar remade the film the same year for the "Aryan Film Company" and named it as Subramaniam. Another version titled Valli Kalyanam released the same year, where Sundar Rao Nadkarni enacted the lead role.

The first talkie version of the story was produced by Samikannu Vincent in 1933. Named Valli Thirumanam, the film was directed by P. V. Rao. T. P. Rajalakshmi played the role of Valli in the which became a box office success. For the next ten years, no movies were made based on the story until A. V. Meiyappan produced Sri Valli in 1945, that had T. R. Mahalingam and Kumari Rukmini playing Lord Muruga and Valli respectively; the film was instrumental in making AVM a successful production company. Sixteen years a colour film based on the same story was produced by Narasu Studios, it had Sivaji Padmini as the lead pair. T. R. Mahalingam, who played Muruga in the previous version was given the role of Narada in this film. Goddess Valli had her heart and soul dedicated to Lord Subramanya and would always pray with fervent devotion and love, to be with Him; the Lord was moved by the highest form of love expressed by the mountain princess, so He planned to appease Her in person by creating the perfect situation after an enactment of His lila.

The mountain chief planned to develop a field for growing millet, assigned Valli to take charge of protecting the field from birds and animals who might devour the crops. Lord Murugan saw this as an opportunity to meet the Goddess, therefore He assumed the form of a handsome tribal hunter and appeared before her, as if he had lost his way on chasing a deer during hunting. Valli promptly asked him to leave the place; the Hunter was about to leave and at that moment the chief was returning to the place bringing honey and fruits for Valli. The God, in order to avoid being caught, turned himself into a tree. After the chief and his followers left the place, the God changed back into the hunter form and proposed his love to Valli; the princess who had only the Mountain God in her heart, was infuriated at the proposal and lashed out at the hunter.. The chief and his followers were again returning to the place, so the hunter changed himself into an old man, without being noticed by Valli; the chief, on seeing the old man, requested him to stay with Valli.

The old man was hungry and asked Valli for food, she gave Him a mixture of the millet flour and honey, but it made him thirsty and He asked for water. She provided water from a nearby stream and the Lord jokingly remarked that she had satisfied his thirst and she could quench his thirst for a companion; the Goddess was started to leave the place. The Lord requested assistance from His brother, Lord Ganesha to appear as a wild elephant at that time. On seeing the wild elephant, Valli was scared and ran back to the old man, pleading with Him to save Her from the elephant. Lord Muruga proposed to save Her. In the heat of the moment, she agrees and the Lord reveals His true form, it was Valli realised that it was her beloved Lord, with her all the time. After the millet harvest was over, the chief with his daughter and entourage returned to their native land; the Lord, again returned for His devotee and The Divine Couple enjoyed their time away from Valli's family. Nambi Raja on being flew into rage and went in search of Her.

When they found The Lord along with Valli, the chief and followers shot arrows at Him, but they all failed to touch the Lord and instead, the chief and his sons fell lifeless. Goddess Valli was disheartened to see the lifeless bodies of her kith and kin, requested the Lord to bring them back to life. Lord Murugan instructed Her to revive them Herself and by Her mere touch everyone was brought back to life; the chief Nambi Raja and his tribesmen realised that it was their God of Mountains, in the form of the old man and prayed to Him. Lord Muruga took his true form and blessed the tribesmen, the chief conducted the marriage of his daughter and the Lord; the film was directed by T. R. Ramanna, while Thanjai Ramaiah Das wrote lyrics; the musical score was provided by G. Ramanathan, with songs recorded T. M. Soundararajan, T. R. Mahalingam, Sirkazhi Govindarajan, P. Susheela, Jikki, A. G. Rathnamala, A. P. Komala and J. P. Chandrababu. Actor Vijayakumar made his debut through the film playing the younger role of Lord Muruga an Lakshmi to make her debut through the film playing the younger role of Valli.

This movie was shot in Geva Color and dubbed in Telugu as Sri Valli Kalyanam in year 1962. This album contains 20 songs composed by G. Ramanathan, written by Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass. Singer are J. P. Chandrababu. Playback singers are T. M. Soundararajan, See

James L. Barry

James L. Barry is a comics artist known for his work on the Warriors manga through Tokyopop, he has done online comics, such as The Lost Horn, Lost Marbles, The Last Prophet, Your Fun-Packed Rapture Guide, Rabid Rabbit. He has exhibited in New York's Museum of Comic and Cartooning Art He earned his MLA from the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan. Barry's clients include Tokyopop and Harper Collins for the Warriors manga series and Rubicam, Real Media Solutions. Barry completed work on his ninth manga series illustration, following The Lost Warrior, Warrior's Refuge, Warrior's Return, Shattered Peace, A Clan in Need, The Heart of a Warrior, The Rescue, Beyond the Code; the new title is called After the Flood. He has not done all of the illustrations, as Don Hudson has done the Tigerstar and Sasha trilogy, Bettina Kurkoski has done the standalone title The Rise of Scourge. Barry has done guides on how to draw manga versions of Graystripe, both sitting and walking cats. Barry has illustrated short comics at the end of the super editions Bluestar's Prophecy, SkyClan's Destiny, Crookedstar's Promise and the illustrations for the Warriors Adventure Game in the back of the Omen of the Stars arc.

The Lost Horn is an online comic set in a fantasy world about a unicorn whose horn is taken by an evil king for his daughter to play with. It has yet to be completed. Lost Marbles is an online comic about a paraplegic who dreams of scaling the heights and jumping throughout the city while the song "Plastic Jesus" plays on the radio; the Last Prophet is an online comic about a youth who sees the rapture in church after envisioning that a winged squirrel throws a flaming acorn in his eyes. The same winged squirrel comes to him and tells him that he must accept his fate by proclaiming the will of the New Trinity; the teenager announces his sighting, but nobody believes him until the rapture happens three days but the adolescent does not get raptured. He sees the sign that the behemoth is coming, the teenager knows that he has been selected to be the last prophet. Punzel is an online comic, a modern Rapunzel story; as the new prince scales through Punzel's hair, her cruel father cuts off her hair.

When the man falls, Punzel follows, they land in her cut-off hair. Your Fun-Packed Rapture Guide is an online comic, set newspaper-style soon after the rapture happens, it is filled with some satire towards the United States, as no souls rise from the Georgia Power Building, the Democratic Party, or the Philadelphia Phillies, Sonny Perdue is too oversized to rise up. Rabid Rabbit is a series of comic anthologies that has had three contributions from James L. Barry: "Throwin' Out the Trash" from Rabid Rabbit's Trash, "A New York City Haircut" from Rabid Rabbit's Alphabet City, "The Theory of Dinosaurs in the Garden of Eden" from Rabid Rabit's Holistic Alternative to the Theory of Evolution