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Thomas J. Watson

Thomas John Watson Sr. was an American businessman. He served as the CEO of International Business Machines, he oversaw the company's growth into an international force from 1914 to 1956. Watson developed IBM's management style and corporate culture from John Henry Patterson's training at NCR, he turned the company into a highly-effective selling organization, based on punched card tabulating machines. A leading self-made industrialist, he was one of the richest men of his time and was called the world's greatest salesman when he died in 1956. Thomas J. Watson was born in Campbell, New York, the fifth child and only son of Thomas and Jane Fulton White Watson, his four older siblings were —Jennie, Effie and Emma. His father farmed and owned a modest lumber business located near Painted Post, a few miles west of Elmira, in the Southern Tier region of New York. Thomas worked on the family farm in East Campbell, New York and attended the District School Number Five in the late 1870s; as Watson entered his teen years he attended Addison Academy In New York.

Having given up his first job—teaching—after just one day, Watson took a year's course in accounting and business at the Miller School of Commerce in Elmira. He left the school in 1891, taking a job at $6 a week as bookkeeper for Clarence Risley's Market in Painted Post. One year he joined a traveling salesman, George Cornwell, peddling organs and pianos around the farms for William Bronson's local hardware store, Watson's first sales job; when Cornwell left, Watson continued alone. After two years of this life, he realized he would be earning $70 per week if he were on a commission, his indignation on making this discovery was such that he quit and moved from his familiar surroundings to the relative metropolis of Buffalo. Watson spent a brief period selling sewing machines for Wheeler and Wilson. According to Tom Watson, Jr. in his autobiography: One day my dad went into a roadside saloon to celebrate a sale and had too much to drink. When the bar closed, he found that his entire rig—horse and samples—had been stolen.

Wheeler and Wilson dunned him for the lost property. Word got around, of course, it took Dad more than a year to find another steady job. Watson would enforce strict rules at IBM against alcohol consumption off the job. According to Tom Jr.: This anecdote never made it into IBM lore, too bad, because it would have helped explain Father to the tens of thousands of people who had to follow his rules. Watson's next job was peddling shares of the Buffalo Building and Loan Company for a huckster named C. B. Barron, a showman renowned for his disreputable conduct, which Watson deplored. Barron absconded with the loan funds. Next Watson opened a butcher shop in Buffalo, which soon failed, leaving Watson with no money, no investment, no job. Watson had a newly acquired NCR cash register in his butcher shop, for which he had to arrange transfer of the installment payments to the new owner of the butcher shop. On visiting NCR, he asked him for a job. Determined to join the company, he called on Range until, after a number of abortive attempts, he was hired in November 1896, as sales apprentice to Range.

Led by John Patterson, NCR was one of the leading selling organizations, John J. Range, its Buffalo branch manager, became a father figure for Watson and was a model for his sales and management style. In years, in a 1952 interview, he claimed he learned more from Range than anyone else, but at first, he was a poor salesman, until Range took him in hand. He became the most successful salesman in the East, earning $100 per week. Four years NCR assigned Watson to run the struggling NCR agency in Rochester, New York; as an agent, he got 35% commission and reported directly to Hugh Chalmers, the second-in-command at NCR. In four years Watson made Rochester an NCR monopoly by using the technique of knocking the main competitor, out of business, sometimes resorting to sabotage of the competitor's machines; as a reward he was called to the NCR head office in Ohio. In 1912, the company was found guilty of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. Patterson, 26 other NCR executives and managers were convicted for illegal anti-competitive sales practices and were sentenced to one year of imprisonment.

Their convictions were unpopular with the public because of the efforts of Patterson and Watson to help those affected by the Dayton, Ohio floods of 1913, but efforts to have them pardoned by President Woodrow Wilson were unsuccessful. However, their convictions were overturned on appeal in 1915 on the grounds that important defense evidence should have been admitted. Charles Ranlett Flint who had engineered the amalgamation forming the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company found it difficult to manage the five companies, he hired Watson as general manager on May 1914 when the five companies had about 1,300 employees. Eleven months he was made president when court cases relating to his time at NCR were resolved. Within four years revenues had been doubled to $9 million. In 1924, he renamed CTR to International Business Machines. Watson built IBM into such a dominant company that the federal government filed a civil antitrust suit against it in 1952. IBM owned and leased to its customers more than 90 percent of all tabulating machines in the United States at the time.

When Watson died in 1956, IBM's revenues were $897 million, the company had 72,500 employees. Throughout his life, Watson maintained a deep interest in international relations, from both a diplomatic and a business perspective. He

Chinatown, Sydney

Chinatown is an urban locality in the southern part of the Sydney central business district, in New South Wales, Australia. It is located between Central station and Darling Harbour, it is Australia's largest Chinatown. Sydney and the colony of New South Wales experienced large waves of Chinese immigration during the gold rush years; the site of Chinatown has existed in at least one other area in Sydney with the earliest site being around the Rocks district. Many of the Chinese stayed in the country after the gold rush boom years ended, weathering the sentiment, unleashed during the anti-immigration years. One of the many nationalities to arrive in Australia in the Gold Rush years of the 1850s were the Chinese. Large groups stayed. Many settled in their own communities; some of these Chinese immigrants became gardener's on the city's fringe. By 1861 there were some 13,000 Chinese living in New South Wales, during this time the Chinatown was in The Rocks district. Anti-immigration sentiment was rife during the 1880s and a Royal Commission into'Alleged Chinese Gambling and Immorality' began in 1892, due to the amount of opium dens and brothels that were found in the area, similar to Melbourne's Chinatown.

This attitude of negativity towards the Chinese had settled down by the time of Federation in 1901. By the 1920s, Sydney's Chinatown migrated over to Campbell Street, was placed with the Capitol Theatre; the current location is the third in Sydney to be known as Chinatown. By this time it had moved to the area near Market Street at Darling Harbour; when Sydney's produce market moved from what became the site of the Queen Victoria to the Belmore Markets, the Haymarket and Surry hills areas became the focus for Sydney's Chinese citizens and by the 1920s, it began to be established in its current location. Chinatown is centred on Dixon Street, a pedestrian street mall with many Chinese restaurants, with a Paifang at each end. At the eastern side, running parallel with Dixon Street, are Sussex Street, which has a number of shops, George Street, one of Sydney's main thoroughfares. At the eastern end of Chinatown, at the corner of George Street and Hay Street, there is a sculpture made from a dead tree trunk.

Other streets and lanes within Sydney's Chinatown include Factory Street, Goulburn Street, Little Hay Street, Kimber Lane and Thomas Street. At the southern side of Chinatown, next to Hay Street, a large complex called Market City has been built, behind the walls retained from the site's old produce markets, it contains a modern shopping centre, boutique shops, City Amusements, the Haymarket Paddy's Markets, a Wednesday-to-Sunday produce and flea market, as well as a large residential high-rise building called the Peak Apartments. Unlike the Chinatowns in some other countries, Sydney's Chinatown has been free of crime and hygiene issues. However, since there are many skyscrapers in Sydney, there are some concerns within the Chinese community about the building height restrictions imposed by the image-conscious local government authorities. There are satellite Chinatowns that have emerged in the past two decades in several Sydney suburbs such as Cabramatta, Hurstville, Campsie, Chatswood, Burwood and Kingsford.

But Sydney's Chinatown still remains a major focus for the Chinese Australian community. Sydney is the sister city of Guangzhou in China, as a gift to Sydney during the Australian Bicentenary in 1988, the Chinese Garden of Friendship was constructed on the western border of Chinatown in the Darling Harbour Precinct, it is one of the few public traditional Chinese gardens outside of China. Sydney's Chinatown is the setting and film location of the music video for David Bowie's 1983 single China Girl. Parts of it appear in the 1999 film Two Hands. Chinese Garden of Friendship Shirley Fitzgerald. "Chinatown". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 26 September 2015. SYDNEY.com - Chinatown and Haymarket Fitzgerald, Shirley. Red Tape, Gold Scissors. State Library of New South Wales Press in association with The City of Sydney. Pp. 206 pages. ISBN 0-7310-6607-3. Richards, D. Manning. Destiny in Sydney: An epic novel of convicts and Chinese embroiled in the birth of Sydney, Australia. First book in Sydney series. Washington DC: Aries Books, 2012.

ISBN 978-0-9845410-0-3

WFGI (AM)

WFGI was an American radio station broadcasting at a daytime power of 250 watts, a nighttime power of five watts. The station was last licensed to Keymarket Licenses, LLC and served the area around Charleroi, south of Pittsburgh. For many of its years, this station was known as WESA-AM; the station debuted November 9, 1947, for much of its existence, operated as a full-service station serving the Mon-Yough valley, which comprises communities along the Monongahela and Youghiogheny Rivers. Pierre Paulin was the first manager of WESA, which operated from studios and offices at Charleroi Recreational Park on Fifth Street in downtown Charleroi, was owned by the Monongahela Valley Broadcasting Corporation. Dr. A. S. Sickman served as the company's president. One of the station's owner principals was Milton Hammond, who would venture on his own during the 1960s to sign on a new FM known as WNUF in New Kensington, go on to publish "The Green Sheet" in the late 1970s. On April 23, 1965, Monongahela Valley Broadcasting Corporation sold WESA to Laubach Radio Properties, headed by John Laubach.

William G. Richards became the station's new general manager; the station operated as a sunrise to sunset operation for many years until receiving nighttime power authorization in the late 1980s. WESA was joined by an FM station, WESA-FM, which signed on July 10, 1967. From this time, both stations simulcast one another part of the day until about 1981, when the first round of FCC deregulation came about, eliminating the 50/50 rule mandating that AM/FM combo operators originate separate programming for at least half of the broadcast day. Both stations became 100 percent simulcast; the two stations were sold in May 1985 from Laubach Radio Properties to Farr Communications, headed by Alan Murdoch, who served as general manager. Farr Communications left the stations unchanged until 1998, when on-air operations were split. WESA-FM became Z98 with new call letters a new Top 40/Modern Rock format; some programming continued to be simulcast between both stations, but WESA's programming was more news and information oriented, along with local talk, as had been the case in its halcyon years.

The station was sold in early 2000 for $1.3 million. Keymarket changed the station's format to its popular "Froggy" country music format, petitioned the FCC to change the FM station's city of license from Charleroi to Duquesne, which would allow the station to move its signal closer to Pittsburgh; the station's popular "Froggy" country format resonated well with listeners, soon Keymarket petitioned the FCC for a power increase of one of its properties west of Pittsburgh, completed the sale of another station east of Pittsburgh. With coverage of Pittsburgh from these two stations now complete, Keymarket decided to sell off 98.3 FM to Educational Media Foundation, which used the station as the Pittsburgh outlet of its popular "K-Love" contemporary Christian radio format. 940 AM continued its simulcast of the "Froggy" format, but the station was plagued by transmitter problems and was more or less a non-factor among its more powerful FM counterparts. On April 9, 2012, AM 940 was silenced by Keymarket.

In a letter dated November 19, 2012, Keymarket formally surrendered the station's license, declaring that it would not "return to the air in the future." By any name, WESA Showed Staying Power - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, August 27, 2006. 1960 Broadcasting and Cable Yearbook 1967 Broadcasting and Cable Yearboook 1986 Broadcasting and Cable Yearbook Query the FCC's AM station database for WFGI Radio-Locator Information on WFGI Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WFGI

Conus tribblei

Conus tribblei, common name Tribble's cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. This species was named after the pet cat of the original discoverer; the subspecies Conus tribblei queenslandis da Motta, 1984: is a synonym of Conus queenslandis da Motta, 1984 The size of the shell varies between 42 mm and 138 mm. This marine species occurs off Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands and Australia. Walls, J. G. 1977. Two New Cones from the Western Pacific; the Pariah 1: 1-3 Shikama, T. 1979. Description of new and noteworthy Gastropoda from western Pacific Ocean. Science Reports of the Yokosuka City Museum 26: 1-6 Röckel, D. Korn, W. & Kohn, A. J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae. Volume 1: Indo-Pacific Region. Wiesbaden: Hemmen 517 pp. Tucker J. K. & Tenorio M.

J. Illustrated catalog of the living cone shells. 517 pp. Wellington, Florida: MdM Publishing. Puillandre, N.. F.. M.. "One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1–23. Doi:10.1093/mollus/eyu055. PMC 4541476. PMID 26300576; the Conus Biodiversity website Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea "Splinoconus tribblei tribblei". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019

Polar Bears (film)

Polar Bears is a 2008 Nickelodeon television movie written and directed by Polly Draper which stars her musical prodigious sons Nat Wolff and Alex Wolff, real life brothers who portray themselves. It tells of the siblings' who, along with their bandmates, take a ride on their tour bus to New Orleans, Louisiana; the plot chronicles around Alex's ambitions to save the polar bears by preserving the environment, as well as a conflict in which Rosalina is suspicious of Nat when he becomes close to his childhood friend "Little" Grace. The TV movie is presented in the style of a mockumentary—a parody shot in documentary format—and was part of a three-part episode that concluded the second season of The Naked Brothers Band TV series, airing on June 6, 2008 to 1.7 million viewers who were aged 6–11. It earned Draper a Writers Guild Award for Children's Script: Long Form or Special. Brothers Nat and Alex, aged twelve and nine are members of a rock band called The Naked Brothers Band; the film begins with the group—along with their ditzy nanny, Jesse—eating outside on a table in Pawnee Junction, Missouri.

The cellist, shows the audience a magazine which features a "Nat Wolff Exclusive." It shows "five reasons why Nat Wolff isn't perfect," and much to Nat's denial, the first one is: "he slurps his soup." The group has been touring the country in their psychedelic tour bus and their final stop is to New Orleans, Louisiana. While they are traveling on the bus, Jesse conducts a "manners class" for everyone, apart from Alex because he is "too young to play with knives"; this is arranged by Jesse. While Jesse was in the middle of her lesson, Alex walked into the room. Jesse urged Alex to watch a digital versatile disc. Alex replies: "And what movie is this my lovely sugar plum?" Jesse recalled that a salesman from Blockbuster recommended buying this old humorous film called The Awful Truth, starring Cary Grant. After watching it, Alex comes back into the room explaining. Alex recalls that "... Polar bears die in it, because the earth is too hot so their homes melt." That night, Alex becomes overly concerned about the polar bears losing their homes, so Nat suggests they gather all the money they make from their upcoming concert and give the proceeds to the environment.

The next morning, Alex shows the viewers a list of things that he will be doing to preserve the environment. He wrote it on his arm so he does not waste paper and it includes recycling and not taking baths — except for "foot baths and butt baths." When they arrive to New Orleans, they meet up with the siblings' dad—along with the Wolff family's dog Lucky—waiting for them at the bus stop. They arrive at Onita's family's house, everyone is overjoyed that they have reunited. Onita's family has been friendly with the boys, their father and late mother since the siblings' early childhood; the band members interact with Onita's daughters, "Big Ella" and "Little Grace", despite "Big Ella" being the younger sister and "Little Grace" being the eldest. The next day, the flooding from Hurricane Katrina flew Onita's house away, because of this, the family had to move into a trailer home. Over dinner that night, to be well-mannered, Qaasim puts his napkin on Little Grace's lap. Little Grace did not seem to show much interest in what he did for her, so Rosalina explains to Qaasim that Little Grace dislikes guys who are polite and to be more of a "bad boy".

On the other hand, Nat begins questioning Little Grace as to whether Rosalina likes him more than just a friend. Little Grace explains that it seems like Rosalina has a crush on Qaasim because Rosalina was telling her how she was fascinated by his table manners. Nonetheless, Rosalina only made that remark to have Little Grace fall in love with Qaasim. Following Rosalina's advice, Qaasim pinches her butt. Little Grace becomes furious and she ensues his actions by taking her bowl of spaghetti and pouring it over his head. Thereafter, the entire group speaks at a press conference, to where Alex looks at a calendar placed on the wall. Alex says, "Look at the calendar. Our picture. It's bigger. We're bigger than Santa Claus." News reporters falsely claim that he said, "Santa is a big fat blubber belly." The journalists get mad and they subsequently chase the band to Onita's trailer where they hide from the reporters. The misinterpretation causes the band's state dinner party to be cancelled. On, Alex and Big Ella show Nat the documentary cameras which reveals Rosalina being attracted to Nat instead of Qaasim.

The footage depicts Qaasim and Rosalina talking that night at dinner, prior to when they were talking on the tour bus. They were discussing. While watching the tape, Nat starts shouting, "No! No! I'm in love with Rosalina. How could she not know that I love her?" Alex replies, "She does now." Nat finds Rosalina smiling in the kitchen doorway. They begin to kiss each other, to show their forgiveness; the next morning, Big Ella wakes everyone up explaining that she provided evidence on a newscasting that the reporters made false accusations about Alex. Alex does not believe her and so she turns on the television to the media explaining: "Alex was framed by nasty reporters who just wanted a story." Big Ella, obsessed with Santa Clause, is shown on television explaining to reporters that "Alex loves Santa Clause. All Alex wanted to do was tell you that he was giving all his mon

George Steinmetz

George Steinmetz is an American photographer. He was born in the neighbourhood of Beverly Hills in Los Angeles and graduated from Stanford University with a degree in Geophysics in 1979, he began his career in photography in New York City after hitchhiking through Africa for 28 months in his twenties. His current work focuses on photographing the world's deserts while piloting a motorized paraglider; this experimental aircraft enables him to capture images of the world inaccessible by traditional aircraft and most other modes of transportation. His work has been featured in The New Yorker, Smithsonian, TIME, The New York Times Magazine, he is a regular contributor to National Geographic magazine, he is the author of four books, African Air, Empty Quarter, Desert Air, "New York Air" which feature portfolios of his work in many regions of the world. African Air is a compilation of pictures from ten years of flying over Africa with a motorized paraglider. Empty Quarter contains images of the Arabian landscape, its people, its wildlife.

Desert Air is a photographic collection of the world’s “extreme deserts,” which receive less than four inches of precipitation per year. Included are photographs of the Gobi Desert, the Sahara, Death Valley. "New York Air" is an aerial portrait of New York City with all its boroughs in all four seasons. He has won awards for photography during his 25-year career, including two first prizes in science and technology from World Press Photo, his most recent project on large scale food production won The One Club Gold Cube Award He has won awards and citations from Pictures of the Year, including the 74th Annual POYi Environmental Vision Award, Overseas Press Club and Life magazine's Alfred Eisenstadt Awards. In 2006 he was awarded a grant by the National Science Foundation to profit from the work of scientists in the Dry Valleys and volcanoes of Antarctica; the LOOK3 Festival hosted Steinmetz as a keynote speaker in 2011 for his presentation titled "Wild Air". There is a selection of his work represented by Anastasia Photo in NYC.

His work has been exhibited in Dubai, the Brookfield Winter Garden in New York. The Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, The Konica-Minolta Plaza in Tokyo as well as public venues Houston, Los Angeles, Stuttgart, Expo 2015 in Milano, the Triennale di Milano, twice in the Festival Photo La Gacilly in France. There are several videos online that feature Steinmetz and his work, he was featured at TED Global 2017 in Tanzania. He was interviewed by the Explorers Club and presented his work at the LOOK3 Festival in Charlottesville, the New England Aquarium, Harvard University, he has videos to preview his books African Air, Empty Quarter, Desert Air