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Thomas O. Paine

Thomas Otten Paine, an American engineer and advocate of space exploration, was the third Administrator of NASA, serving from March 21, 1969 to September 15, 1970. During his administration at NASA, the first seven Apollo crewed missions were flown, including the first manned lunar landing by Apollo 11. Paine was deeply involved in preparing plans for the post-Apollo era at NASA. Born in Berkeley, Paine attended public schools in various cities and graduated from Brown University in 1942 with an A. B. degree in engineering. At Brown, Paine joined Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity. In World War II, he served as a submarine officer in the Pacific and in the subsequent Japanese occupation. In late 1945, Paine became the executive officer of the prize crew which sailed the Japanese aircraft-carrying submarine I-400 from Japan to Pearl Harbor, he qualified as a Navy deep-sea diver and was awarded the Commendation Medal and Submarine Combat Insignia with stars. From 1946–49, Paine attended Stanford University, receiving an M.

S. degree in 1947 and Ph. D. degree in 1949 in physical metallurgy. During his career, Paine received honorary doctor of science degrees from Brown, Clarkson College of Technology, Nebraska Wesleyan University, the University of New Brunswick, Oklahoma City University, an honorary doctor of engineering degree from Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Paine began his career as a research associate at Stanford University from 1947 to 1949, where he made basic studies of high-temperature alloys and liquid metals in support of naval nuclear reactor programs. Paine joined the General Electric Research Laboratory in Schenectady, New York, in 1949 as a research associate, where he started research programs on magnetic and composite materials. In 1951, Paine transferred to the Meter and Instrument Department of G. E. in Lynn, Massachusetts, as the manager of materials development, as a laboratory manager. Under Dr. Paine's management, this lab received the Award for Outstanding Contribution to Industrial Science in 1956 from the American Association for the Advancement of Science for its work in fine-particle magnet development.

From 1958 through 1962, Dr. Paine was a research associate and manager of Engineering Applications at the Research and Development Center of the General Electric Company in Schenectady, N. Y. From 1963 to 1968, Paine was manager of TEMPO, the Center for Advanced Studies of General Electric located in Santa Barbara, California. Dr. Paine was appointed Deputy Administrator of NASA on January 31, 1968. Upon the retirement of James E. Webb on October 8, 1968, he was named Acting Administrator of NASA, he was nominated as NASA's third Administrator on March 5, 1969, confirmed by the Senate on March 20, 1969. Dr. Paine was recruited to succeed Mr. Webb by President Lyndon Johnson, he was tasked with the responsibility of getting the Apollo program back on track in the wake of the Apollo 1 disaster, fulfilling President Kennedy's goal "before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth." During his administration at NASA, the first seven Apollo manned missions were flown, highlighted by the first manned lunar landing by Apollo 11.

In all, 20 astronauts orbited Earth, 14 traveled to the Moon, twelve walked upon its surface. Many automated scientific and applications spacecraft were flown in U. S. and cooperative international programs. Paine was deeply involved in preparing plans for the post-Apollo era at NASA. Along with George Mueller and others, Paine developed an ambitious plan calling for the establishment of a lunar base and a massive space station in Earth orbit before the end of the 1970s, culminating in a manned mission to Mars as early as 1981. President Richard Nixon rejected these plans, however, he was awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. Paine was instrumental in acquiring the sentiments of world leaders that became the Apollo 11 Goodwill Messages which rest on the lunar surface today, he corresponded with the heads of what became seventy-three participating nations, coordinated the efforts to enshrine their messages on a tiny silicon disc manufactured by the Sprague Electric Company of North Adams, Massachusetts.

Paine's name is etched onto the disc. Paine proposed the idea of the messages to the State Department's Under Secretary for Political Affairs U. Alexis Johnson. A high level committee determined that a plaque declaring that "We Came in Peace for all Mankind" and the planting of a U. S. flag on the Moon were to be part of the ceremonial activities for Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the lunar surface. Paine resigned from NASA September 15, 1970, to return to the General Electric Co. in New York City as Vice President and Group Executive, Power Generation Group, became Senior Vice President for Science and Technology. Paine left GE in 1976 to become the President and Chief Operating Officer of Northrop Corporation, where he served as a Director. Paine retired as President of Northrop in 1982. On October 12, 1984, President Ronald Reagan issued Executive Order 12490 that commissioned a panel of experts to investigate and evaluate the future of the national space program. President Ronald Reagan appointed Dr. Paine to be the chairman of this investigation.

Rather than naming the commission after himself, as is customary, he chose instead to name it The National Commission on Space. Members of the 15-member commission included Dr. Luis Alvarez, Neil Armstrong, Dr. Gerard K. O'Neill, Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan (S

Sam Backo

Sam Backo is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played as a prop in the 1980s and 1990s. Named as one of the greatest Aboriginal players of the 20th century, he represented Australia and Queensland, played club football in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership for the Canberra Raiders and Brisbane Broncos as a prop forward. Backo was the first Australian forward to score tries in all three Tests of an Ashes series, following his retirement was named in an Indigenous Australian team of the century. Former chairwoman of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, Evelyn Scott gave birth to Sam Backo on 1 January 1961. From North Queensland township, Ingham he was a forward for Cairns in the Queensland Rugby League's Northern Division before moving south to Woden Valley in the New South Wales Country Rugby League's Group 8 competition in 1981; the following year he returned to his home state to play for Yeppoon in the Central Division competition. After playing in the Brisbane Rugby League premiership for Fortitude Valley, in 1983 Backo was given his first opportunity in Sydney's NSWRFL premiership with the Canberra Raiders in their second season.

He went on to play a handful of games that season. From 1984, Backo was a regular member of the starting line-up at Canberra and in 1987 appeared in his, the club's, first grand final, lost to the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles. While in his final season at Canberra, Backo was first selected to play State of Origin football for the Queensland Maroons in the 1988 series, he played in all three games at prop forward, scoring one try in game II and two tries in game III. Queensland won the series in a three-game whitewash. In games II and III Backo won consecutive man-of-the-match awards, one of only a handful of players to do so. During the 1988 Great Britain Lions tour Backo was selected to make his test match debut at prop forward in the first of the Ashes series against Great Britain in Sydney, scoring a try, he went on to become the first Australian forward to score tries in all three Tests of an Ashes series, at the time he was only the second Australian player to do so after legendary winger Ken Irvine.

At the end of the 1988 NSWRL season Backo was the Dally M front rower of the year. A late season injury playing for Canberra saw him miss selection in Australia's World Cup Final winning team. Moving to England, Backo played in the 1988–89 Rugby Football League season for Leeds. on Sunday 16 October 1988 he played as an interchange, replacing prop Hugh Waddell, in Leeds' 33-12 victory over Castleford in the 1988 Yorkshire Cup Final at Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds. Backo's final two seasons of top-level football, 1989 and 1990, were spent in Queensland, with the Brisbane Broncos, he was selected to go on the 1989 Kangaroo Tour of New Zealand. Backo played in a further four games for the Maroons – games II and III of the 1989 State of Origin series, games II and III of the 1990 series – despite his knee problems, which limited his participation with his club to only five appearances during 1990 and forced his retirement at the end of the season. Although selected for the 1990 Australia team to play France in the NSW country town of Parkes, he was forced to withdraw because of his ongoing knee injury.

In total, Backo scored three tries. In 1991, Backo made a short-lived return to football to play for Logan Scorpions in the Brisbane competition. Backo was awarded the Australian Sports Medal in 2000 for his contribution to Australia's standing in rugby league; the Indigenous Team of the Century was announced in 2001 with Backo included in the starting line-up which included Arthur Beetson, Gorden Tallis and John Ferguson. In 2004, Backo was named in the Canberra Raider's All Indigenous team, his son, Daniel Backo didn't make an NRL appearance. Alan Whiticker & Glen Hudson; the Encyclopedia of Rugby League Players. Wetherill Park, New South Wales: Gary Allen Pty Ltd. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-877082-93-1. Malcolm Andrews. ABC of Rugby League. Sydney, New South Wales: ABC Enterprises. P. 32. ISBN 0-7333-0176-2. Gary Lester. Rugby League Action'85. Sydney, New South Wales: John Fairfax Marketing. P. 17. ISBN 0-909558-83-3. Sam Backo at Sam Backo at Sam Backo biography at Foley Shield fan site

A. J. Davis (cornerback, born 1983)

A. J. Davis is a former American football cornerback, drafted by the Detroit Lions in the fourth round of the 2007 NFL Draft, he played college football at North Carolina State. Davis was a member of the Cleveland Browns, Kansas City Chiefs, Indianapolis Colts and Houston Texans. Davis attended Northern Durham High School, he played at wide receiver. He made 13 career interceptions; as a senior, he made 42 receptions for nine touchdowns. He played in the 2002 U. S. Army All-American Bowl following his high school career. Davis was a Parade All-American cornerback at Northern Durham High School during his senior year, where he competed as a receiver. Tom Lemming's Prep Football Report, a scouting service that awarded Davis with first-team All-American honors, ranked him the top cornerback in the nation; the North Carolina High School Athletics Association named him North Carolina's Male High School Athlete of the Year. rated Davis the 24th-best prospect in the nation, regardless of position and Prep Star/CBS SportsLine accorded him Top 125 Dream Team accolades as the third-best defensive back in the nation and the best defensive back in the Atlantic region.

At the U. S. Army All-American Game, Davis was timed as the contest's fastest player, boasting a 4.28-second timing in the 40-yard dash. rated Davis the sixth-best cornerback in the national high school ranks. Davis made 23 starts out of 46 games played, he made 1.5 Quarterback sack and 4 Interceptions during his college career. ALL-ACC Cornerback 2006, he was an All-ACC member of the track team 2003 and 2004. He majored in communications. Davis was selected by the Detroit Lions in the fourth round in the 2007 NFL Draft, he was waived by the Lions but was signed on September 3. He was released again on September 13. A day after his release from the Lions, Davis was signed to the Cleveland Browns on September 14, 2007, he spent the entire season on the squad and attended training camp with the Browns in 2008 before being waived during final cuts on August 30. Davis was signed to the Kansas City Chiefs on October 1, 2008 after the team released cornerback Travarous Bain, he was released on October 28.

Davis was signed to the Indianapolis Colts on November 5, 2008 after cornerback Brandon Sumrall was placed on the injured list. The Colts released Davis on November 14, only to re-sign him on November 19, he was released on December 12. Davis was signed to the Houston Texans on December 16, 2008, he signed a Three year extension on August 25, 2009 and was placed on Injury Reserve on September 7, 2009. Davis resides in North Carolina. Cleveland Browns bio* Houston Texans bio* Kansas City Chiefs bio

Lennox Lewis vs. Michael Grant

Lennox Lewis vs. Michael Grant, billed as "Two Big", was a professional boxing match contested on April 29, 2000 for the WBC, IBF, IBO and Lineal Heavyweight Championship. In his previous fight, Lennox Lewis had captured the undisputed heavyweight championship, unifying the three major heavyweight titles after defeating Evander Holyfield by unanimous decision; the contract Lewis signed prior to his fight with Holyfield stated that Lewis' first defense of his newly won championship would have to come against the WBA's number one contender, who at the time was Lewis' previous adversary Henry Akinwande but because of illness was changed to John Ruiz. However, Lewis refused to face Ruiz and instead agreed to match with undefeated prospect Michael Grant; the WBA voted in favor of Lewis keeping his WBA title on the condition that he face Ruiz as soon as possible should he defeat Grant, but a federal judge overturned the decision and ordered that Lewis be stripped of his WBA championship. Grant started the fight aggressively, but things went downhill for the challenger.

Just past the midway point of the first round, Lewis was able to land a strong right hand to the top of Grant's head that sent Grant down. Grant was able to get back up at the count of eight, but was hurt from the blow and found himself in more trouble as Lewis continued his aggressive assault; as the second minute came to an end, Lewis landed three consecutive punches to the lower head and neck, sent Grant staggering into the corner where the ropes prevented him falling to ground, though referee Arthur Mercante Jr. still counted it as the knockdown. With Grant now on wobbly legs, Lewis continued to land power punches and with 13 seconds left in the round hit Grant with a left–right combination that sent Grant to the canvas for the third time in the round. Though Lewis had done enough to score the knockout victory, Grant just managed to get back up as the round ended. Lewis started the second round aggressively in an attempt to obtain the knockout victory over the exhausted Grant, but after being unable to do so in the first minute of the round, took a more conservative approach.

With 23 seconds left in the round, Lewis was able to end the fight after landing a right uppercut. Grant attempted to get back up, but failed to make the referee's count, giving Lewis the knockout victory at 2:53 of the second round

Milwaukee (album)

Milwaukee marked a return of Elliott Murphy collaborating with Talking Heads member Jerry Harrison, a former bandmate, who served as producer after performing on Murphy's 1976 album Night Lights. Milwaukee was his first album released on the French label New Rose in Europe. All tracks composed by Elliott Murphy. "Taking The Silence" "People Don't Learn" "Out For The Killing" "Sister Real" "Niagara Falls" "Running Around" "Clean It Up" "Texas" "He Who Laughs Last" "Going Through Something" Elliott Murphy - vocals, harmonica, keyboards Art Lbriola - piano, keyboards Jesse Chamberlain - drums Ernie Brooks - bass Jerry Harrison - synth David Vartanian - engineer


The suffix -monas is used in microbiology for many genera and is intended to mean "unicellular organism". The suffix -monas found in many genera in microbiology is similar in usage to -bacter, -bacillus, -coccus or -spirillum; the genera with the suffix are not a monophyletic group and the suffix is chosen over -bacter simply out of stylistic preferences to match with Greek words. The first genus to be given the suffix -monas was Pseudomonas, a genus of gammaproteobacteria; the generic epithet Pseudomonas was coined by Walter Migula in 1894. Since the 7th edition of Bergey's manual, other authors have given the etymology to be: Greek pseudēs and monas, which can mean "false unit". However, "false unit" conceptually does not make much sense, namely, it does not mean "an organism which may falsely appear as a single unit but it is not" as it is not found in multicellular chains nor was it described as such. One speculation is that the name was chosen out of aesthetics, while the most plausible theory states that Migula intended it as false Monas, a nanoflagellate protist.

Subsequently, the term "monas" was used in the early history of microbiology to denote single-celled organisms. In English to make a vernacular name for members of a genus, i.e. trivialising the scientific name, the scientific name is taken and written with sentence case and in roman type as opposed to uppercase italic, the plurals are constructed by adding an "s", regardless of Greco-Roman grammar. In the case of genera ending in monas the ending is changed to monad with plural -monads. Example: a member of the genus Pseudomonas is a pseudomonad; the use of the stem for non-nominative cases is seen more in botany, where trivialisation is more common, e.g. a bromeliad is a member of the genus Bromelia. -bacter