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Thomaskantor is the common name for the musical director of the Thomanerchor, now an internationally known boys' choir founded in Leipzig in 1212. The official historic title of the Thomaskantor in Latin, Cantor et Director Musices, describes the two functions of cantor and director; as the cantor, he prepared the choir for service in four Lutheran churches, Nikolaikirche, Neue Kirche and Peterskirche. As director, he homages. Functions related to the university took place at the Paulinerkirche. Johann Sebastian Bach was the most famous Thomaskantor, from 1723 to 1750. Leipzig has had a university dating back to 1409, is a commercial center, hosting a trade fair first mentioned in 1165, it has been Lutheran since the Reformation. The position of Thomaskantor at Bach's time has been described as "one of the most respected and influential musical offices of Protestant Germany; the readings and required music of the Lutheran services in Leipzig were regulated in detail. The Church Book lists the prescribed readings, repeated every year.

The church year began with the First Sunday in Advent and was divided in feast days, fasting periods and the feast-less time after Trinity Sunday. For music, there was no concert music such as a cantata during the fasting times of Advent and Lent. Modest music was performed during the second half of the church year, rich music with more complex instrumentation and more services per day on feast days. Christmas and Pentecost were celebrated for three days each, many other feast days were observed; the library of St. Thomas contained works in vocal polyphony from the fifteenth century onward; the Thomaskantor reported to the city council, the rector of the Thomasschule and the church superintendent. He had the duty to prepare the choir for service in the city's four Lutheran churches: the main churches Thomaskirche and the Nikolaikirche, the Neue Kirche and the Peterskirche; as cantor, the Thomaskantor had to compose and take care of copying and performances. He had to teach music and general subjects.

He took part in the admission process for new students to the school. The choir was divided in groups: the most advanced singers performed a cantata every Sunday, alternating between St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, a second group sang at the other church, beginners on feast days at the smaller churches. On high holidays, the cantata was performed in both churches, a morning service in one and a vespers service in the other. To earn additional funding, the choir performed for weddings and funerals; as director of music, the Thomaskantor was Leipzig's "senior musician", responsible for the music on official occasions such as town council elections and homages. Functions related to the university took place at the Paulinerkirche. Today, the Thomaskantor leads the music in services at the Thomaskirche, including weekly afternoon services called Motette which contain a Bach cantata, he conducts the choir in recordings and on tours. The following table shows the names of the known people in the position, their time of service, in chronological order from the Reformation to now.

Dürr, Alfred. Die Kantaten von Johann Sebastian Bach. 1. Bärenreiter-Verlag. OCLC 523584. Petzoldt, Martin. "Liturgy and Music in Leipzig's Main Churches". Wolff, Christoph. Bach: Essays on His Life and Music. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-05926-9. Wolff, Christoph. Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-32256-9. "Peterskirche Leipzig / Geschichte". St. Peter, Leipzig. 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015. Stefan Altner: Das Thomaskantorat im 19. Jahrhundert. Bewerber und Kandidaten für das Leipziger Thomaskantorat in den Jahren 1842 bis 1918. Quellenstudien zur Entwicklung des Thomaskantorats und des Thomanerchors vom Wegfall der öffentlichen Singumgänge 1837 bis zur ersten Auslandsreise 1920. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-938543-15-9. Johann Gottfried Stallbaum: Über den innern Zusammenhang musikalischer Bildung der Jugend mit dem Gesammtzwecke des Gymnasiums. Eine Inauguralrede, nebst biographischen Nachrichten über die Cantoren an der Thomasschule zu Leipzig.

Fritzsche, Leipzig 1842. Ordnung / Der Schule / zu S. Thomæ, Leipzig 1723 The Leipzig City Council’s Statutes for St. Thomas School, Leipzig 1723

Zazoo U

Zazoo U is an American animated series that aired on Fox Children's Network block on Saturday mornings from September 8, 1990 to February 26, 1991. The series followed the antics of an institution of higher learning, populated by animals. Michael Horton... as Boink Jerry Houser... as Grizzle Brian Cummings... as Bully Neil Ross... as Logan Chomper Tress MacNeille... as Ms. Devine Susan Silo... as Tess S. Scott Bullock... as Slogo Bonito Stu Rosen... as Dr. Russell Danny Mann... as Rarf Lee Thomas... as Seymour Dorian Harewood... as Buck, Rawld-O Stu Rosen - Voice Director Only 11 of the 13 episodes were broadcast. Zazoo U on IMDb


Elanex, Inc. known as Elanex, is a translation services company based in San Francisco, California, USA. The company provides localization and interpreting services. Elanex provides professional human translation, managed by an advanced internally developed technology platform, they serve the High Technology, Financial Services, Energy and mergers and acquisitions/M&A industries. The company was founded in 2002 by Jonathan Kirk, has operations in Silicon Valley, Washington, New York, New York, San Francisco, California, USA. In June, 2012, Elanex launched expressIt, a rapid response translation service that marries the best of professional human translators with AI-guided automatic workflow. In September, 2014, Elanex launched VeriFast, a service that combines machine translation with expert human verification. Building on Elanex's automation and workflow technologies, it enables large volumes of content to be translated and reviewed for accuracy. Translation Search Engine Elanex official site expressIt official site

Speed Walton

Speed Walton is an American hip hop artist based in Cincinnati, Ohio. Speed gained recognition. During that time he released various underground projects. In 2009 Speed released Hip Hop Super Hero in collaboration with DJ Mick Boogie. Speed gained a social media presence and created a fan base which he refers to as “Space Invadaz.” In 2010 he released” Mutant Level 5. The project featured Little Brother, Tanya Morgan and others. In 2011 Speed formed the band Gold Shoes; the band consisted of a diverse group of musicians drawn from Cincinnati. Due to the groups diversity, a influences in the music include jazz and funk. During this time he performed solo hip-hop and teamed up with friend and Cincinnati native DJ Clock Work. Together they released the mix-tape Wrath of Zeus which assisted in winning a City Beat Cincinnati Entertainment Award in 2012. In 2014 he won another Cincinnati Entertainment Award for the release of the project “Scattered thoughts of an American poet”. During that year he was invited by Talib Kweli to join his Prisoner of Conscious tour.

In 2016 Speed signed with Talib’s Javotti Media along with fellow Cincinnati hip-hop -artist Donte of MOOD as the Space Invadaz. Speed is working on projects with Capitol Records and touring on the Talib Kweli Radio Silence tour. Speed was brought up in the neighborhood of Corryville, he lived with his grandmother, whom he referred to as "Big Momma", his older brother Jeremy, his mother Tanya, his aunt and five [cousins. Speed hada strong relationship with his grandmother who played a critical role in introducing him to music. Speed’s mother soon relocated to a troubled Cincinnati neighborhood called Northside with his younger brother Noel, he attended Kirby and Chase schools where he earned the nickname Buggs. He would go on to Aiken High School and collaborate with his friends and classmates Charles Beataholic Reynolds, Fredrick Mango, Tawon Arnold, Herm. Speed credits the music venues Bogart's and Sudsy Malones of Cincinnati as some of childhood musical influences. Speed is a member of the Moorish Science.

He is of Dominican descent. Speed Walton have 2 kids, Gabrielle Lenisha Willingham and Torrence. Hip Hop Supa Hero 2009 Mutant Level 5 2010 Wrath of Zeus 2012 Lost Luggage 2013 Scattered Thoughts of an American Poet 2014 Contact Space Invadaz 2016 Cincinnati Entertainment Award Hip Hop 2012-13 Cincinnati Entertainment Award Hip Hop 2014 Cincinnati Entertainment Award Hip Hop 2015 Cincinnati Entertainment Award Hip Hop 2016 Cincinnati Entertainment Award Hip Hop 2017

In the Flesh (Star Trek: Voyager)

"In the Flesh" is the fourth episode of season five of the science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager, the 98th episode overall. It aired on November 4, 1998; the story was written by son of astronomer Carl Sagan. On stardate 52136.4, the Federation starship Voyager encounters a space station that contains a near-complete recreation of Starfleet Academy on Earth. First Officer Chakotay and Tactical Officer Tuvok have investigated the recreation, finding that those inside appear to be Starfleet personnel and others, such as the groundskeeper Boothby, played by Ray Walston. Chakotay meets an officer, Commander Valerie Archer, arranges to meet her for a date. Caught in an area they should not be in by a cadet and Tuvok stun him and transport him back to Voyager; when they attempt to question the cadet and take a DNA sample, he commits suicide. The Doctor discovers the "cadet" is a genetically-altered member of Species 8472, a dangerous race the crew had encountered. Captain Janeway orders Seven of Nine to begin preparing warheads using her Borg nanoprobes, but looks for a diplomatic solution, sending Chakotay back to the simulation to learn more.

Chakotay keeps a date he earlier arranged with Valerie, during which she speaks candidly about the simulation, with which Chakotay attempts to play along. Valerie secretly discovers that Chakotay is human, she alerts her superiors, soon Chakotay is captured. Boothby, appearing as the highest-ranking member of Species 8472 present at the simulation, interrogates Chakotay, believing that Starfleet is preparing to invade fluidic space and attack their species; the Voyager crew arrives at the simulation to attempt to rescue Chakotay, creating a tense stalemate. Janeway and Boothby agree to enter negotiations to settle the matter peacefully. During these talks, the Voyager crew learn that this station is but one of several similar training grounds for Species 8472, question if the species themselves are planning to invade Earth, while the aliens steadfastly refuse to believe that Starfleet is not preparing to attack them. Janeway, seeing the stalemate, orders her crew to stand down, which gains the trust of Valerie and Boothby.

They reveal the stations are not a staging area, but only a reconnaissance mission to prepare themselves for an eventual invasion by Starfleet. Agreeing that a truce is possible, the Voyager crew trades information on the Borg nanoprobes for Species 8472's information on genetic modifications; the two sides complete their discussions, soon Voyager resumes its journey home with less fear of the threat from Species 8472. According to writer Nick Sagan, the original concept for "In The Flesh" had the Voyager crew discovering a picture of Species 8472 in an ancient Earth culture, leading them to discover that some human legends of demons and devils grew out of early contact with Species 8472; when the writers couldn't work this idea out, Sagan wrote the episode as a Cold War parable, using his father's work toward détente as inspiration. Sagan says the episode "didn't end quite so'happy happy. Producer Brannon Braga wanted to resolve the issue; the script called for a dream sequence where Species 8472 razed Janeway's hometown on Earth.

However, due to the high cost of the computer animation used for Species 8472, the scene was scrapped. Sagan believes that the character of Valerie Archer "is in some way a connection to Captain Jonathan Archer on Enterprise." Archer's name is an homage to two other science-fiction characters: Dave Bowman, the lead character of 2001: A Space Odyssey. "You put bow and arrow together and you get Archer," said Sagan. Tucker Smallwood made his first appearance in the Star Trek franchise with "In the Flesh". At the time he was recovering from bell's palsy, he only agreed to an audition because he thought he'd play an alien and have it covered by make-up. Instead, he played the human form of the member of Species 8472 masquerading as Admiral Bullock, he went on to gain the recurring role of the Xindi-Primate council member in the third season of Star Trek: Enterprise. The computer monitor used by Species 8472 in this episode is composed of parts from an earlier prop: a Krenim game used in the Star Trek: Voyager episode "The Year of Hell, Part II".

This monitor reappears in the episodes "Life Line" and "Nightingale". Actor Robert Beltran, who played Chakotay, listed "In The Flesh" among his favorite episodes of the series. At, fan votes rated the episode 8.8 out of 10. TrekWeb gave the episode an "A-/A" rating, calling it "Voyager's best this year, with a nice twist and a wonderful message" despite what "really was a bad premise". Jim Wright "enjoyed it immensely", saying that the episode "has a real TOS feel to it" and declaring it "one of those episodes I watched repeatedly." David Sluss at The Cynics Corner gave the episode a 6.0 rating, calling it "A reasonably well-executed episode, but the ideas behind it are suspect, to say the least." Sluss faulted the "ongoing emasculation" of Species 8472. The Trek Nation found the episode "engrossing... apart from unfortunate similarities with the excellent Deep Space Nine episode'Homefront', which took place at Starfleet Command and focused on shapeshifting aliens who were planning to infiltrate E

Martin W. Clement

Martin Withington Clement was the 11th President of the Pennsylvania Railroad, from 1935 to 1948. Clement was born and raised in Sunbury and was the son of Major General Charles M. Clement, he attended Trinity College in Hartford, graduating in the Class of 1901 with a degree in civil engineering. Martin W. Clement was a veteran of the Pennsylvania National Guard’s 12th Regiment. During World War I he was an advisor to the U. S. Railroad Administration, he performed a similar function for the War Department during World War II. After serving with the Pennsylvania National Guard, he joined the Pennsylvania Railroad as a rodman for the principal assistant engineer of a PRR subsidiary. Rising through the railroad's engineering ranks, Clement assisted in surveying the floor of the Hudson River during construction of Pennsylvania Station, New York City in the 1900s. After serving as superintendent of transportation of the United States Railroad Administration during World War I, Clement was tapped to become head of the PRR's Lake Division in Cleveland, rose through the corporate ranks to the PRR's executive vice-presidency.

Clement was formally nominated to the PRR presidency in April 1935 by his retiring predecessor, William Wallace Atterbury, in whose capacity Clement had acted since July 1934. Under Clement, operating revenues grew from $368 million in 1935 to a peak of over $1 billion in 1944. One of his great accomplishments was the continuation of electrification of the PRR mainlines, begun under General Atterbury, from New York City to Philadelphia, Washington, DC, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, he oversaw the introduction of more streamlined locomotives and old passenger cars that were air-conditioned, the beginning of dieselization. By the end of World War II, PRR controlled more than 20 percent of American passenger traffic and 11 percent of freight traffic. Succeeded by Walter S. Franklin in the railroad's presidency, Clement continued to serve as Chairman of the Board until 1951, as a PRR director until 1957. Clement retired to his home in Rosemont, where he died on August 30, 1966. Two days all PRR trains systemwide came to a stop for one minute at 3:00 PM Eastern Time in his honor.

Clement was buried at Church of the Redeemer Cemetery in Bryn Mawr. List of railroad executives Martin W. Clement at Find a Grave Clement on the cover of Time Magazine, March 16, 1936