Thomson Reuters Corporation is a Canadian multinational media conglomerate. The company was founded in Toronto, Canada, where it is headquartered at 333 Bay Street. Thomson Reuters was created by the Thomson Corporation's purchase of the British company Reuters Group in April 2008, is majority owned by The Woodbridge Company, a holding company for the Thomson family. Thomson Reuters was ranked as Canada's "leading corporate brand" in the 2010 Interbrand Best Canadian Brands ranking; the forerunner of the Thomson company was founded by Roy Thomson in 1934 in Ontario as the publisher of The Timmins Daily Press. In 1953, Thomson moved to Scotland the following year, he consolidated his media position in Scotland in 1957 when he won the franchise for Scottish Television. In 1959, he bought the Kemsley Group, a purchase that gave him control of the Sunday Times, he separately acquired the Times in 1967. He moved into the airline business in 1965, when he acquired Britannia Airways and into oil and gas exploration in 1971 when he participated in a consortium to exploit reserves in the North Sea.
In the 1970s, following the death of Thomson, the company withdrew from national newspapers and broadcast media, selling the Times, the Sunday Times and Scottish Television and instead moved into publishing, buying Sweet & Maxwell in 1988. The company at this time was known as the International Thomson Organisation Ltd. In 1989, ITOL merged with Thomson Newspapers. In 1996, The Thomson Corporation acquired West Publishing, a purveyor of legal research and solutions including Westlaw; the Company was founded by Paul Julius Reuter in 1851 in London as a business transmitting stock market quotations. Reuter set up his "Submarine Telegraph" office in October 1851 and negotiated a contract with the London Stock Exchange to provide stock prices from the continental exchanges in return for access to London prices, which he supplied to stockbrokers in Paris, France. In 1865, Reuters in London was the first organization to report the assassination of Abraham Lincoln; the company was involved in developing the use of radio in 1923.
It was acquired by the British National & Provincial Press in 1941 and first listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984. Reuters began to grow in the 1980s, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media and economic services: key product launches included Equities 2000, Dealing 2000-2, Business Briefing, Reuters Television for the financial markets, 3000 Series and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service; the Thomson Corporation acquired Reuters Group PLC to form Thomson Reuters on April 17, 2008. Thomson Reuters operated under a dual-listed company structure and had two parent companies, both of which were publicly listed — Thomson Reuters Corporation and Thomson Reuters PLC. In 2009, it unified its dual listed company structure and stopped its listing on the London Stock Exchange and NASDAQ, it is now listed only as Thomson Reuters Corporation on the New York Stock Exchange and Toronto Stock Exchange. In February 2013, Thomson Reuters announced it would cut 2,500 jobs to cut costs in its legal and risk divisions.
In October 2013, Thomson Reuters announced it would cut another 3,000 jobs in those same three divisions. The Thomson-Reuters merger transaction was reviewed by the U. S. Department of Justice and by the European Commission. On February 19, 2008, both the Department of Justice and the Commission cleared the transaction subject to minor divestments; the Department of Justice required the parties to sell copies of the data contained in the following products: Thomson's WorldScope, a global fundamentals product. The proposed settlement further requires the licensing of related intellectual property, access to personnel, transitional support to ensure that the buyer of each set of data can continue to update its database so as to continue to offer users a viable and competitive product; the European Commission imposed similar divestments: according to the Commission's press release, "the parties committed to divest the databases containing the content sets of such financial information products, together with relevant assets and customer base as appropriate to allow purchasers of the databases and assets to establish themselves as a credible competitive force in the marketplace in competition with the merged entity, re-establishing the pre-merger rivalry in the respective fields."These remedies were viewed as minor given the scope of the transaction.
According to the Financial Times, "the remedy proposed by the competition authorities will affect no more than $25m of the new Thomson Reuters group’s $13bn-plus combined revenues."The transaction was cleared by the Canadian Competition Bureau. In November 2009, The European Commission opened formal antitrust proceedings against Thomson Reuters concerning a potential infringement of the EC Treaty's rules on abuse of a dominant market position; the Commission investigated Thomson Reuters' practices in the area of real-time market datafeeds, in particular whether customers or competitors were prevented from translating Reuters Instrument Codes to alternative identification codes of other datafeed suppliers to the detriment of competition. In December 2012, the European Commission adopted a decision that renders binding the commitments offered by Thomson Reuters to create a new licence allowing customers, for a monthly fee, to use R
The 2001 UEFA Regions' Cup was the second UEFA Regions' Cup. It was held in the Czech Republic and won by the Moravia team from the host nation, which beat Portugal's Braga 4–2 on penalties, after drawing 2–2 after extra time, in the final; the 35 teams entered were drawn into eight groups of four and one group of three, with the following countries hosting each group's matches: Group 1 – Bulgaria Group 2 – Czech Republic Group 3 – Finland Group 4 – France Group 5 – Luxembourg Group 6 – Malta Group 7 – Russia Group 8 – San Marino Group 9 – Bosnia and HerzegovinaSeven group winners automatically qualified for the final tournament, with the two "worst winners" playing against each other in a playoff for the remaining place. The two teams which won their groups with the fewest available points went through to compete in a playoff for the remaining final tournament place. In the event of multiple teams sharing the same number of points, the points margin and score between first and second places was taken into account.
The two legs were played in both teams' home regions. First leg Second leg The Czech Republic was chosen to host the final tournament, with matches being played from 18 June to 24 June 2001; the seven automatic preliminary group winners and the playoff winner were drawn into two groups of four, with the two group winners advancing to the final. UEFA Regions' Cup Official UEFA Regions' Cup site RSSSF page for the 2001 UEFA Regions' Cup
The Thin Blue Line is a 1988 American documentary film by Errol Morris, depicting the story of Randall Dale Adams, a man convicted and sentenced to death for a murder he did not commit. Adams' case was reviewed and he was released from prison after 12 years a year after the film's release; the Thin Blue Line has won multiple awards. The film presents a series of interviews about the investigation of the shooting of Dallas police officer Robert Wood and a re-enactment of the crime based on the testimony and recollections of Adams, the judge presiding over the case, several witnesses, as well as detectives. Two attorneys who represented Adams at the trial where he was convicted appear: they suggested that Adams was charged with the crime despite the evidence against Harris because he was a juvenile at the time and that Adams, as an adult, could be sentenced to death under Texas law; the prosecutor does not appear in the film. The film's title comes from prosecutor Doug Mulder's phrase during his closing argument that the police are the "thin blue line" separating society from "anarchy".
This is a re-working of a line from Rudyard Kipling's poem "Tommy" in which he describes British soldiers as the "thin red line", from the color of their uniforms and their formation. The film was scored by Philip Glass. Morris was going to film a documentary about prosecution psychiatrist Dr. James Grigson, known as Doctor Death, who testified in more than 100 trials that resulted in death sentences; as an expert psychiatrist, Dr. Grigson made a name for himself by giving testimony in capital cases for the prosecution. Under the law in Texas, the death penalty can only be issued if the jury is convinced that the defendant is not just guilty, but will commit violent crimes in the future if not put to death. In every instance, Dr. Grigson would, after examining a defendant, testify that he had found the individual in question to be an incurable sociopath, who he was "one hundred percent certain" would kill again. Grigson told the jury that Adams would be an ongoing menace if kept alive but Morris, after meeting Adams, became skeptical that he committed the crime.
The film contained re-enactment scenes built from witnesses' statements, which became common in documentaries. Although the film recreates several versions of the shooting, it does not recreate one in which David Harris shoots the officer, the interpretation which it argues is true. Prior to directing the film, Morris worked as a private detective. Once fascinated by the Adams/Harris case, he applied those skills to his research on the film. Harris was tried and executed for committing the unrelated murder of Mark Walker Mays on September 1, 1985. On the weekend of that murder, Morris had an interview scheduled with Harris. Morris remarked in an interview with James Hughes: "I say it's my favorite excuse for missing an appointment:'I'm sorry, I was off killing someone.'"Morris' interview style, that of the subject staring directly into the camera, led to a invention that his wife termed "the Interrotron". It was first used in Fast and Out of Control, places Morris behind a curtain staring into a camera, which feeds into a teleprompter-like device that the interviewee can interact with.
The interviewee, looks directly at Morris, the camera. The final scene, in which Morris and Harris are only heard, while shots of a tape recorder appear from various angles, was not planned. Morris' camera broke down on the day of the interview, forcing Morris to use a tape recorder to document the dialogue; the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, National Endowment for the Arts, Program Development Company Productions Inc. public television stations, The Chubb Group of Insurance Companies funded the documentary. Marketing the film was not an easy task, as Morris wished to avoid the label of documentary attached to his film. Miramax, the film's distributor that had picked it up for its unconventional look, used marketing hooks to make the film "transition from the arthouse to the multiplex". Harvey Weinstein, former head of Miramax, which distributed the film, declared: "Never has Miramax had a movie where a man's life hangs in the balance"; the poster for the film gave it the feel of a whodunit: "A softcore movie, Dr. Death, a chocolate milkshake, a nosy blonde and The Carol Burnett Show.
Solving this mystery is going to be murder." Weinstein sent a note to Errol Morris pushing him to promote the film better during interviews. The note included, "Heard your NPR interview and you were boring," and recommended the director sell the movie as a thrilling and emotional experience similar to watching thrillers or horror movies, to adopt the usage of shorter and clearer sentences; the Thin Blue Line grossed $1,209,846 in the Canada. On its opening weekend, in only one theatre, it took in $17,814. Although the film is the 95th highest grossing documentary film released since 1982, Morris says he lost money on the production; the Thin Blue Line made its DVD premiere in July 2005 from MGM. In Australia, the film was released on DVD by Umbrella Entertainment in June 2007; the DVD includes Umbrella Entertainment trailers as special features. A special edition Blu-ray of the film was released in North America by the Criterion Collection in March 2015. New features include interviews with filmmaker Joshua Oppenheimer.
The Thin Blue Line has a metascore of 79 on Metacritic and 100% fresh rating on Rotten Toma