Thonburi is an area of modern Bangkok. During the era of the kingdom of Ayutthaya, its location on the right bank at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River had made it an important garrison town, reflected in its name: thon a loanword from Pali dhána wealth and buri, from púra fortress; the full formal name was Thon Buri Si Mahasamut. For the informal name, see the history of Bangkok under Ayutthaya. In 1768, a year after the sack of Ayutthaya by the Burmese, General Taksin took back Thonburi and, by right of conquest, made it the capital of the Thonburi Kingdom with himself king until 6 April 1782. Rama I, the newly enthroned king, moved the capital across the river, where stakes driven into the soil of Bangkok for the City Pillar at 06:45 on 21 April 1782, marking the official founding of the new capital. Thonburi remained an independent town and province, until it was merged with Bangkok in 1971. Thonburi stayed less developed than the other side of the river. Many of the traditional small waterways, still exist there, while they are nearly gone from the other side of the river.
In 1950, Bangkok had around 1.3 m people, the municipality of Thonburi around 400,000. In 1970 Thonburi was Thailand's second largest city proper with around 600,000 residents. Wongwian Yai is a landmark of Thonburi District. At the time of the merger, Thonburi province consisted of nine districts. Thonburi District Bangkok Yai District Khlong San District Taling Chan District Bangkok Noi District Bang Khun Thian District Phasi Charoen District Nong Khaem District Rat Burana District As of 2012, these have been reorganized into 15 districts. Smithies, Michael, "Three military accounts of the 1688'Revolution' in Siam", Itineria Asiatica, Orchid Press, Bangkok, ISBN 974-524-005-2. Syamananda, Rong. A History of Thailand. Chulalongkorn University. Wyatt, David K.. Thailand: A Short History. Yale University Press. Knoles, Gordon D. Bangkok Page 56-57, Temples to visit in Thonburi. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1106.html - http://www.thailand-delights.com/page1107.html Thonburi Area | Bangkok Travel Guide & Info, Travel Information and Tourist Guide for Bangkok City.
Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.bangkok-bangkok.org/sights-attractions-in-bangkok-thailand/thonburi-aera/4/ Bangkok Palace - ComeThailand.com. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.comethailand.com/bangkok-palace/blog The King Taksin Monument - a Monument to a Great Warrior. Retrieved, September 20, 2011 from http://www.tour-bangkok-legacies.com/king-taksin-monument.html Wat Arun - Temple of the Dawn. Retrieved, September 21, 2011 from http://www.bangkoksite.com/WatArun/WatArunPage.html Thonburi travel guide from Wikivoyage
Charles Stewart Sharp was a British businessman in Hong Kong active in the early 1900s. He worked with the Gibb, Livingston & Co. one of the leading mercantile firms in the colony and subsequently was elected as chairman of the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce in 1902. During his spell as chairman of the Chamber of Commerce, he held a committee meeting on the question of local currency on the gold standard and concluded that Hong Kong should stay in the course of silver basis as the colony's largest trading partner, remained on silver standard. China and Hong Kong did not abandon silver standard until 1935, he was made Justice of the Peace in 1891. and was member of the Medical Board since 1901. He was part of the Committee of Inquiry into the Adequacy of the Staff of the Medical Department and the committee's report in 1901 recommended a scale of reform in the Medical Department, he was appointed unofficial member of the Legislative Council for a six-year-term from 23 April 1902 but resigned in 1904.
He notably helped amending the Public Health and Buildings Ordinance of 1903 during his time as the member of the legislature. He was appointed as unofficial member of the Executive Council on 12 June 1902 during the absence of T. H. Whitehead. List of Executive Council of Hong Kong unofficial members 1896–1941
The Veterans Day Parade is an annual parade produced by the United War Veterans Council in New York City. It is the second largest Veterans Day event in the United States of America, behind Fresno, California's Veteran's Parade; the event, held in the New York City borough of Manhattan honoring living U. S. servicemen and women, begins just after 11 a.m. EST on Veterans Day; the Veterans Day Parade begins on Fifth Avenue at 23rd Street, continues north along Fifth Avenue to 56th Street. The Veterans Day Parade in New York has been in existence since 1919. Over 25,000 people participate in the Veterans Day Parade in New York City each year, making it one of the largest in the nation; the Veterans Day commemoration begins with a wreath-laying ceremony one hour prior to the start of the parade at the Eternal Light Flagstaff in Madison Square Park. The celebrations are aired live on ABC's flagship NYC station, WABC-TV, is streamed live on its official Facebook fanpage. President Donald Trump took part in the parade, being the first President of the United States to attend the parade, which commemorated in 100th anniversary since its inception.
Robert M. Morgenthau, the former Manhattan district attorney. Former New York City Police Commissioner Ray Kelly was the Grand Marshal for the 95th edition of the parade. Kelly was bestowed the honor in recognition of his time in the Marines, as well as Kelly's 13 years as police commissioner in two separate appointments, under Mayors David Dinkins and Michael Bloomberg, respectively. Ret. General Officer Ann Dunwoody, the first-ever female Four Star general in the U. S. Army, served as Grand Marshal, in honor of Dunwoody's near-four decades worth of dedicated military service. Late New York City Mayor Ed Koch served as Grand Marshal of the 2012 parade; the parade took place on November 11, 2011, commemorating the 10th anniversary of the attacks of September 11, 2001. The 2011 parade included 27 active military units from all branches, six Medal of Honor recipients, veterans groups and high school bands from around the nation. There are a variety of marchers and marching bands in the Veterans Day Parade.
Participants include active officers, various veterans groups, junior ROTC members, the families of veterans. 2018 Washington Veterans Day Parade
Climate change opinion is the aggregate of public opinion held by the adult population. Cost constraints restrict surveys to sample only one or two countries from each continent or focus on only one region; because of differences among questions and methods—it is difficult to reliably compare results or to generalize them to opinions held worldwide. In 2007–2008, the Gallup Poll surveyed individuals from 128 countries in the first comprehensive study of global opinions; the Gallup Organization aggregated opinion from the adult population fifteen years of age and older, either through the telephone or personal interviews, in both rural and urban areas except in areas where the safety of interviewer was threatened and in scarcely populated islands. Personal interviews were stratified by population size or geography and cluster sampling was achieved through one or more stages. Although error bounds vary, they were all below ±6% with 95% confidence. Weighting countries to a 2008 World Bank population estimate, 61% of individuals worldwide were aware of global warming, developed countries more aware than developing, with Africa the least aware.
The median of people perceiving it as a threat was 47%. Latin America and developed countries in Asia led the belief that climate change was a result of human activities, while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, countries from the Former Soviet Union led in the opposite. Awareness translates to concern, although of those aware, individuals in Europe and developed countries in Asia perceived global warming as a greater threat than others. People in Africa are concerned about climate change compared to the Middle East and parts of Asia. However, they are less concerned than most of Latin Europe. 61% of people in Africa consider climate change to be a serious problem, 52% believe that climate change is harming people now. While 59% of Africans are worried about droughts or water shortages, only 16% are concerned about severe weather, 3% are concerned about rising sea levels. Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are troubled about increasing desertification as they account for.04% of global carbon dioxide emissions.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, the concern over climate change drops to only 34% of the population considering climate change to be a "very" or "somewhat serious issue". So, according to the Pew Research Center 2015 Global Attitudes Survey, some particular countries are more concerned than others. In Uganda 79% of people, 68% in Ghana, 45% in South Africa and 40% in Ethiopia consider climate change to be a serious problem. Latin America has a larger percentage of people concerned with climate change than other regions of the world. 74% consider climate change to be a serious problem and 77% say that it is harming people now, 20 points higher than the global median according to the Pew Research Center. 63% of people in Latin America are concerned that climate change will harm them personally. When looked at more Mexico and Central America are the most worried at 81.5% believing that climate change is a serious issue. South America is less anxious at 75% and the Caribbean, at the high rate of 66.7%, is the least concerned.
Brazil is an important country in global climate change politics because it is the eleventh largest emitter and unlike other large emitter countries, 86% consider global warming to be a serious problem. Compared to the rest of the world, Latin America is more concerned with high percentages of the population worried about climate change. Further, in Latin America, 67% believe in personal responsibility for climate change and say that people will have to make major lifestyle modifications. Europeans have a tendency to be more concerned about climate change than much of the world, with the exception of Latin America; however there is a divide between Eastern Europe, where people are less worried about climate change, Western Europe. In Europe, there is a range from 88% to 97% of people feeling that climate change is happening and similar ranges are present for agreeing that climate change is caused by human activity and that the impacts of it will be bad. Eastern European countries are less to believe in climate change, or the dangers of it, with 63% saying it is serious, 24% considering it to be serious and only 10% saying it is not a serious problem.
When asked if they feel a personal responsibility to help reduce climate change, on a scale of 0, not at all, to 10, a great deal, Europeans respond with the average score of 5.6. When looked at more Western Europeans are closer to the response of 7 while Eastern European countries respond with an average of less than 4; when asked if Europeans are willing to pay more for climate change, 49% are willing, however only 9% of Europeans have switched to a greener energy supply. Thus, while a large majority of Europeans believe in the dangers of climate change, their feelings of personal responsibility to deal with the issue are much more limited. In terms of actions that could have been taken - such as having switched to greener energies discussed above - one can see Europeans' feelings of personal responsibility are limited. Asia and the Pacific have a tendency to be less concerned about climate change, except small island states, with developing countries in Asia being less concerned than developed countries.
In Asia and the Pacific, around 45% of people believe that climate change is a serious problem and 48% believe that it is harming people now. Only 37% of people in Asia and the Pacific are concerned that climate change will harm them personally. There is a large gap between developing Asia and developed
Scratch Acid is the self-titled debut by the Austin, Texas noise rock band Scratch Acid. It was only released on vinyl, but now can be found as the first 8 tracks on the compilation album The Greatest Gift. Kurt Cobain put the album in his "favorite albums" lists in his Journals. Scratch Acid reached #26 in the UK Indie Chart. All tracks are written by Scratch Acid. Scratch AcidBrett Bradford – guitar David Wm. Sims – bass guitar Rey Washam – drums, string arrangement on "Owner's Lament" David Yow – vocalsProduction and additional personnelStacey Cloud – production Kerry Crafton – engineering Mark Todd – illustrations Scratch Acid at Discogs
The 1989 CCHA Men's Ice Hockey Tournament was the 18th CCHA Men's Ice Hockey Tournament. It was played between March 3 and March 11, 1989. First round games were played at campus sites, while'final four' games were played at Joe Louis Arena in Detroit, Michigan. By winning the tournament, Michigan State received the Central Collegiate Hockey Association's automatic bid to the 1989 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament; the tournament featured three rounds of play. The team that finished below eighth place in the standings was not eligible for postseason play. In the quarterfinals, the first and eighth seeds, the second and seventh seeds, the third seed and sixth seeds and the fourth seed and fifth seeds played a best-of-three series, with the winners advancing to the semifinals. In the semifinals, the remaining highest and lowest seeds and second highest and second lowest seeds play a single-game, with the winners advancing to the finals; the tournament champion receives an automatic bid to the 1989 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament.
Note: GP = Games Played.