click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Thoth

Thoth is one of the ancient Egyptian deities. In art, he was depicted as a man with the head of an ibis or a baboon, animals sacred to him, his feminine counterpart was Seshat, his wife was Ma'at. He was the god of wisdom, hieroglyphs, magic, art and the dead. Thoth's chief temple was located in the city of Hermopolis. Known as el-Ashmunein in Egyptian Arabic, it was destroyed in 1826. In Hermopolis, Thoth led "the Ogdoad", a pantheon of eight principal deities, his spouse was Nehmetawy, he had numerous shrines in other cities. Thoth played many vital and prominent roles in Egyptian mythology, such as maintaining the universe, being one of the two deities who stood on either side of Ra's solar barge. In the history of ancient Egypt, Thoth became associated with the arbitration of godly disputes, the arts of magic, the system of writing, the development of science, the judgment of the dead; the Egyptian pronunciation of ḏḥwty is not known, but may be reconstructed as *ḏiḥautī pronounced * or *. This reconstruction is based on the Ancient Greek borrowing Thōth or Theut and the fact that the name was transliterated into Sahidic Coptic variously as ⲑⲟⲟⲩⲧ Thoout, ⲑⲱⲑ Thōth, ⲑⲟⲟⲧ Thoot, ⲑⲁⲩⲧ Thaut, as well as Bohairic Coptic ⲑⲱⲟⲩⲧ Thōout.

These spellings reflect known sound changes from earlier Egyptian such as the loss of ḏ palatalization and merger of ḥ with h i.e. initial ḏḥ > th > tʰ. The loss of pre-Coptic final y/j is common. Following Egyptological convention, which eschews vowel reconstruction, the consonant skeleton ḏḥwty would be rendered "Djehuti" and the god is sometimes found under this name. However, the Greek form "Thoth" is more common. According to Theodor Hopfner, Thoth's Egyptian name written as ḏḥwty originated from ḏḥw, claimed to be the oldest known name for the ibis written as hbj; the addition of - ty denotes. Hence Thoth's name would mean "He, like the ibis", according to this interpretation. Other forms of the name ḏḥwty using older transcriptions include Jehuti, Tahuti, Zehuti, Techu, or Tetu. Multiple titles for Thoth, similar to the pharaonic titulary, are known, including A, Lord of Khemennu, Khenti, Hab, A'an. In addition, Thoth was known by specific aspects of himself, for instance the Moon god Iah-Djehuty, representing the Moon for the entire month.

The Greeks related Thoth to their god Hermes due to functions. One of Thoth's titles, "Thrice great", was translated to the Greek τρισμέγιστος, making Hermes Trismegistus. Thoth has been depicted in many ways depending on the era and on the aspect the artist wished to convey, he is depicted in his human form with the head of an ibis. In this form, he can be represented as the reckoner of times and seasons by a headdress of the lunar disk sitting on top of a crescent moon resting on his head; when depicted as a form of Shu or Ankher, he was depicted to be wearing the respective god's headdress. Sometimes he was seen in art to be wearing the Atef crown or the United Crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt; when not depicted in this common form, he sometimes takes the form of the ibis directly. He appears as a dog-faced baboon or a man with the head of a baboon when he is A'an, the god of equilibrium. In the form of A'ah-Djehuty he took a more human-looking form; these forms are metaphors for Thoth's attributes.

Thoth's roles in Egyptian mythology were many. He served as scribe of the gods, credited with the invention of writing and Egyptian hieroglyphs. In the underworld, Duat, he appeared as an ape, the god of equilibrium, who reported when the scales weighing the deceased's heart against the feather, representing the principle of Maat, was even; the ancient Egyptians regarded Thoth as One, self-begotten, self-produced. He was the master of both physical and moral law, making proper use of Ma'at, he is credited with making the calculations for the establishment of the heavens, stars and everything in them. The Egyptians credited him as the author of all works of science, religion and magic; the Greeks further declared him the inventor of astronomy, the science of numbers, geometry, medicine, theology, civilized government, the alphabet, reading and oratory. They further claimed he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge and divine. Thoth has played a prominent role in many of the Egyptian myths.

In the Osiris myth, being of great aid to Isis. After Isis gathered together the pieces of Osiris's dismembered body, he gave her the words to resurrect him so she could be impregnated and bring forth Horus. After a battle between Horus and Set in which the latter plucked out Horus' eye, Thoth's counsel provided him the wisdom he needed to recover it; this mythology credits him with the creation of the 365-day calendar. According to the myth, the year was only 360 days long and Nut was sterile during these days, unable to bear children. Thoth gambled with the Moon for 1/72nd of its light, or 5 days, won. During these 5 days and Geb gave birth to Osiris, Set and Nephthys. Thoth was a Moon god; the Moon not only provides light at night, allowing time to still be measured without the sun, but its phases and prominence gave it a significant importance in early a

Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar

Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar is an Indian director, screenwriter and a lyricist who predominantly works in Kannada Cinema. He made his film debut as a screenplay writer in Kadina Benki which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film and the Karnataka State Award, his directorial debut was Undu Hoda Kondu Hoda for which he won the Karnataka State Film Award for Best Story. Three of his films, Kotreshi Kanasu, America America and Hoomale won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Kannada. Directed telefilm on Suggi – Telecasted in Bangalore TV station in 1991 Directed telefilm "Karunalu Baa Belake" – On Buddha's life and message, telecasted in Bangalore TV station in 1992 Directed telefilm "Avalokana" – Telecasted in Bangalore TV station in 1995 Directed telefilm "Kavya Saurabha" – Telecasted in Bangalore TV station in 1995 Screenplay and Dialogues for the teleserials "Kaveri", "Vayyaari", "Aranyadallondu Aragini", "Raaga Lahari" Mega serials that were telecasted in Udaya TV Official Website of Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar Nagathihalli back to roots Official Website of Nagathihalli Film School Nagathihalli Chandrashekhar on IMDb

73rd Illinois Infantry Regiment

The 73rd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, known as the "Persimmon Regiment" or the "Preacher's Regiment" was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. 73rd Regiment Illinois was organized at Camp Butler and mustered into Federal service on August 21, 1862. The regiment was discharged from service on June 10, 1865; the regiment suffered 5 officers and 109 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 167 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 281 fatalities. Colonel James F. Jacquess – Mustered out with the regiment. List of Illinois Civil War Units Illinois in the American Civil War The Civil War Archive A history of the Seventy-third Regiment of Illinois Infantry Volunteers at the Internet Archive

HMT Thames (1938)

Thames was a Rescue tugboat that saw service with the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Named for the River Thames in England, she was launched in 1938. With the outbreak of the Second World War, she was acquired by the Royal Navy in June 1940, she was based at the strategically vital naval base at Gibraltar, moving the large warships there in and out of the harbour. Her duties included coming to the assistance of any allied ships, naval or merchant, that might be damaged and require towing to safety. If this was impossible, she would take off survivors. To protect against air attacks she was fitted with a 12-pounder anti-aircraft gun. On 13 November 1941, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal was torpedoed some 30 miles off Gibraltar by the German submarine U-81. After damage control efforts seemed to have stabilised the subsequent flooding, the commander of Force H, Sir James Somerville sped into Gibraltar aboard the battleship HMS Malaya to organise salvage operations; the Thames and another tug, the St Day were dispatched to the scene.

Thames was able to attach a tow line to the stricken carrier. She attempted to tow her to Gibraltar, but her efforts were foiled by the strong current flowing through the Strait of Gibraltar. Despite towing Ark Royal for nine hours at a speed of two knots, she could make little headway. Ark Royal capsized and sank the following day, 14 November, after being overwhelmed by flooding that could not be controlled; the belief that Ark Royal had been under tow for nine hours led the subsequent Board of Inquiry to assume that Ark Royal had sunk closer to Gibraltar than was the case. The true site of the sinking was not discovered until Ark Royal’s wreck was located by a film crew in 2002. Thames continued in service with the Navy until 1944, by which time the allies had secured control of the Mediterranean, she left Navy service. Mike Rossiter, Ark Royal: the life and rediscovery of the legendary Second World War aircraft carrier. ISBN 978-0-552-15369-0 Thames at Uboat.net

Ronald Naar

Ronald Edwin Naar was a Dutch mountaineer known as the Netherlands' most famous adventurer. Naar was born in The Hague, was an active climber from the 1970s onwards, he made the first ascents of Peak 6393 in the Karakoram, Djo Drake in Bhutan, Tilleketinda on Greenland and Duivelsei in Surinam. He made the first Dutch ascents of several mountains, including the Eiger and K2, was the first Dutch climber to complete the Seven Summits, he wrote several books about climbing. He was criticized internationally because in 1992, high on the flanks of Mount Everest he ordered his expedition to do nothing to assist a dying Indian climber, 30 meters away from their tent camp. Naar answered his critics in Leven en dood op de Mount Everest, Naar himself died while climbing on Cho Oyu in Tibet at an altitude of around 8000 metres after becoming unwell. Dutch mountaineer Ronald Naar dies during China climb, DutchNews.nl, May 23, 2011 Ronaldnaar.nl

Where Is Madame Catherine?

Where Is Madame Catherine? is a 2003 Spanish-French comedy film directed by Marc Recha. It was entered into the Un Certain Regard section at the 2003 Cannes Film Festival. Dominique Marcas - Madame Catherine Jérémie Lippmann - Axel Olivier Gourmet - Eric Eduardo Noriega - Gerard Jeanne Favre - Lola Antoine Pereniguez - Le contrôleur Sébastien Viala - Philippe Rajko Nikolic - Monsieur Georges Eulalia Ramón - Maria Mireille Perrier - Sophie Michèle Carbonnel - Caissière supermarché Mireia Ros - Anna Pierre Berriau - Yann Luis Hostalot - Jean-Claude Francesc Tollet - Octave Where Is Madame Catherine? on IMDb