click links in text for more info

Thunderbird (mythology)

The thunderbird is a legendary creature in certain North American indigenous peoples' history and culture. It is considered a supernatural being of strength, it is important, depicted, in the art and oral histories of many Pacific Northwest Coast cultures, but is found in various forms among some peoples of the American Southwest, East Coast of the United States, Great Lakes, Great Plains. In Algonquian mythology, the thunderbird controls the upper world while the underworld is controlled by the underwater panther or Great Horned Serpent; the thunderbird throws lightning at the underworld creatures and creates thunder by flapping its wings. Thunderbirds in this tradition are depicted as having an X-shaped appearance; this varies from a simple X to recognizable birds. The X-shaped thunderbird is used to depict the thunderbird with its wings alongside its body and the head facing forwards instead of in profile; the Menominee of Northern Wisconsin tell of a great mountain that floats in the western sky on which dwell the thunderbirds.

They control the hail and delight in fighting and deeds of greatness. They are the enemies of the great horned snakes - the Misikinubik - and have prevented these from overrunning the earth and devouring mankind, they are messengers of the Great Sun himself. The Ojibwe version of the myth states that the thunderbirds were created by Nanabozho for the purpose of fighting the underwater spirits, they were used to punish humans who broke moral rules. The thunderbirds arrived with the other birds in the springtime. In the fall they migrated south after the ending of the underwater spirits' most dangerous season. Winnebago tradition states that a man who has a vision of a thunderbird during a solitary fast will become a war chief; the historians Adrienne Mayor and Tom Holland have suggested that stories of the Thunderbird were based on discoveries of pterosaur fossils by Native Americans. In 1925, Aleuts were recorded as using the term to describe the Douglas World Cruiser aircraft which passed through Atka on the first aerial circumnavigation by a US Army team the previous year.

In one of his speeches, which took place few days before the Iranian revolution, Shapour Bakhtiar, the last Prime Minister of Imperial Iran, said: "I am a thunderbird, I am not afraid of the storm." Due to this, Bakhtiar is known as the Thunderbird. Media related to Thunderbird at Wikimedia Commons

Genius of Modern Music: Volume 2

Genius of Modern Music: Volume 2 is the name given to at least four different compilation albums by jazz pianist Thelonious Monk. Each version comprises some of Monk's recordings as a band leader for Blue Note, recorded between 1947 and 1952; the original LP with this title was compiled in 1952. Two different CD compilations have been given this title. Both redistribute the material from the two volumes in different orders; the individual volumes of both CD compilations omit a July 2, 1948 session featuring "Evidence", "Misterioso", "Epistrophy", "I Mean You", "All The Things You Are" and "I Should Care", which were released on a Milt Jackson compilation instead. A'monochrome cover' 2-CD set called The Complete Genius follows the track sequence of the original monochrome CDs, but adds all ten released Blue Note performances of these missing six titles between the contents of "Volume 1" and "Volume 2". All compositions except where noted. Side 1: "Four in One" "Who Knows?" "Nice Work if You Can Get It" "In Walked Bud"Side 2: "Humph" "Straight, No Chaser" "Suburban Eyes" "Ask Me Now" Side 1: "Carolina Moon" "Hornin' in" "Skippy" "Let's Cool One" "Suburban Eyes" "Evonce" Side 2: "Straight, No Chaser" "Four in One" "Nice Work" "Monk's Mood" "Who Knows?"

"Ask Me Now" "Four in One" "Four in One" "Criss Cross" "Criss Cross" "Eronel" "Straight, No Chaser" "Ask Me Now" "Ask Me Now" "Willow Weep For Me" "Skippy" "Skippy" "Hornin' In" "Hornin' In" "Sixteen" "Sixteen" "Carolina Moon" "Let's Cool One" "I'll Follow You" 1-9 recorded July 23, 1951 10-18 recorded May 30, 1952 The sessions were recompiled, under the same title, on CD in 2001 as part of the RVG series. The cover art for the original 8-song LP was used. While the earlier CD grouped all takes of each title together, the recompilation put the alternate takes at the end of each session; the July 2, 1948 session featuring "Evidence", "Misterioso", "Epistrophy", "I Mean You", "All The Things You Are" and "I Should Care" was released on Blue Note CD Milt Jackson: Wizard of the Vibes. "Four In One" "Criss Cross" "Eronel" "Straight, No Chaser" "Ask Me Now" "Willow Weep For Me" "Four In One" "Criss Cross" "Ask Me Now" "Skippy" "Hornin' In" "Sixteen" "Carolina Moon" "Let's Cool One" "I'll Follow You" "Skippy" "Hornin' In" "Sixteen" 1-9 recorded July 23, 1951 10-18 recorded May 30, 1952 Thelonious Monk - piano Art Blakey - drums Sahib Shihab - alto saxophone Milt Jackson - vibraphone Al McKibbon - bass Kenny Dorham - trumpet Lou Donaldson - alto saxophone Lucky Thompson - tenor saxophone Nelson Boyd - bass Max Roach - drums Album's page on Blue Note website

James Madison Leach

This page is about the Democratic politician from North Carolina. For other people named James Leach, please see James Leach. James Madison Leach was a U. S. Representative from North Carolina. Leach was born on his family's homestead, "Lansdowne", in Randolph County, North Carolina, January 17, 1815, he attended Caldwell Institute in Greensboro, North Carolina. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1838, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1842. Leach began his law practice in Lexington, North Carolina, served in the State house of commons from 1848 to 1858. Leach served as a presidential elector on the American Party ticket in 1856 and was elected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-sixth Congress. During the American Civil War, Leach served as a captain and lieutenant colonel of the 21st North Carolina Infantry in the Confederate Army, he saw action including the Valley Campaign. He served in the Army of Northern Virginia during the Peninsula Campaign and other battles, including the Battle of Gettysburg, where the regiment assaulted Cemetery Hill.

He served as a member of the Confederate States Congress in 1864 and 1865. He served as a member of the North Carolina State senate in 1865, 1866, again in 1879 and was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-second and Forty-third Congresses. Leach died in Lexington, North Carolina on June 1, 1891, is interred in Hopewell Cemetery, near Trinity, North Carolina. Entry in Congressional Biographical Database

Paint Township, Clarion County, Pennsylvania

Paint Township is a township in Clarion County, United States. The population was 1,699 at the 2010 census. Paint Township is located near the and is bordered to the southeast by the Clarion River and its tributary, Toby Creek, its western side contains the unincorporated community of Marianne, the borough of Clarion, the county seat, is one mile to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 20.7 square miles, of which 20.3 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles, or 1.71%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,778 people, 685 households, 467 families residing in the township; the population density was 86.8 people per square mile. There were 758 housing units at an average density of 37.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 97.75% White, 0.67% African American, 1.29% Asian, 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population. There were 685 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families.

27.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.87. In the township the population was spread out, with 20.9% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males. The median income for a household in the township was $39,167, the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $21,250 for females; the per capita income for the township was $20,936. About 8.3% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. Paint Township listing at Clarion County Association of Township Officials

Welcome, or No Trespassing

Welcome, or No Trespassing is a Soviet movie by Elem Klimov made in 1964. It is a satirical comedy about the excessive restrictions that children face during their vacation in a Young Pioneer camp, imposed by their masters. Most of the actors are children, while the protagonist is the director Dynin, played by Yevgeniy Yevstigneyev; the film was selected to be screened in the Cannes Classics section of the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. In a Soviet Young Pioneer camp, the administrator is afraid that the children may succumb to harmful accidents and that he will be deemed responsible, he believes. Hence, he believes, everything must be done according to formal instructions and regulations. One boy, Kostya Inochkin, breaks one of the cardinal rules by swimming out alone to an island instead of swimming in the specially designated swimming area, supervised by staff; as a result, Inochkin is sent home. Inochkin is afraid that if his grandmother, with whom he lives, discovers that he has been expelled, she will die from sorrow, so instead of going home he returns to camp illegally.

He hides but is discovered by some of the other children, who start helping him to stay, outsmarting the adults. Adults are added to the plot and oppose Dynin's strict regime. Dynin is removed from office and expelled to the town; the film's final scenes show the joy of freedom without Dynin's restrictions and adults swim and unrealistically jump over the river. The film makes jokes about a quip popular in Nikita Khrushchev's time - "corn - queen of fields". Viktor Kosykh as Kostya Inochkin Yevgeniy Yevstigneyev as Comrade Dynin, head of Pioneer Camp Arina Aleynikova as pioneer leader Valia Ilya Rutberg as gym teacher Lidiya Smirnova as doctor Aleksei Smirnov as steward pioneer of Pioneer Camp In the middle of the making, there was a cable to stop filming, but it was still finished; the movie released to screen soon after dismissal of Nikita Khrushchev as a party leader. According to some sources this allowed the film to be screened. Others say. 13.4 million viewers saw it in the USSR, the movie received a positive critical acclaim.

In UK the movie had the title No Holiday for Inochkin. 100 Great Russian Movies, Moscow, 2006 Welcome, or No Trespassing at AllMovie Welcome, or No Trespassing on IMDb Welcome, or No Trespassing

Prato della Valle

Prato della Valle is a 90,000 square meter elliptical square in Padova, Italy. It is the largest square in Italy, one of the largest in Europe. Today, the square is a large space with a green island at the center, l'Isola Memmia, surrounded by a small canal bordered by two rings of statues. Prior to 1635, the area which would come to be known as the "Prato della valle" was a featureless expanse of swampy terrain just south of the old city walls of Padova. In 1636 a group of Venetian and Veneto notables financed the construction there of a temporary but lavishly appointed theater as a venue for mock battles on horseback; the musical entertainment which served as prologue to the jousting is considered to be the immediate predecessor of the first public opera performances in Venice which began the following year. In 1767 the square, which belonged to the monks of Santa Giustina became the public property of the city of Padua. In 1775 Andrea Memmo, whose statue is in the square, decided to reclaim and restructure the entire area.

The entire project, never completed, is represented in a famous copper engraving by Francesco Piranesi from 1785. It seems that Memmo had commissioned this and other representations and kept them on exhibition at the Palazzo Venezia, the headquarters of the Embassy of the Republic in Rome, he did this in order to entice other important figures into financing the construction of statues to decorate the square. The project was approved by professor of architecture at Vicenza and Padova; the preliminary excavations done to install the plumbing system and reclaim the area were directed by Simone Stratico. These excavations brought to light the remains of an ancient Roman theater; these findings conferred a sense of historical dignity to the initiative, transformed it into a project of reclamation for its natural public use. Andrea Memmo resided at Palazzo Angeli, constructed in the 15th century and located in Prato della Valle at an angle with the avenue Umberto I. Today, the monumental palazzo, the property of the city of Padova, hosts the Museum of Precinema, Minici Zotti Collection.

Of particular interest are the benedictine Abbey of Santa Giustina, the neoclassical style Loggia Amulea, the many interesting palazzi constructed between the 14th and the 18th centuries that surround the square. Prato della Valle has, from the beginning, taken its place in the hearts of Padovans who refer to it as Il Prato. At various times it was known as valley without grass because the number of trees prevented much grass from growing there. Today, however, it is covered with grass, many small trees. During the 1990s, the Prato went through a period of degradation and neglect, but today it has been restored through reclamation projects and the concern and involvement of the citizens of Padova. During the summer, the square is alive with large numbers of visitors who skate, stroll or study while tanning themselves in the sun. Summer evenings are marked by the presence of teenagers and young adults who chat until the early hours of the morning. For several years, Prato della Valle has been the seat of the Padovan section of the Festivalbar, it has played host to skating competitions, thanks to the wide asphalted ring which surrounds the square.

Every New Year's Day, during the Feast of the Annunciation in mid August, parties with music and fireworks take place in the Prato. The monumental 15th century building of the Palazzo Angeli, belonging to the City of Padova and once the home of Andrea Memmo, hosts the Museum of Precinema – Minici Zotti Collection. Today there are 78 statues, following the original plan, they were made from stone of Vicenza between 1883 by various artists. Among the numerous statues in the square, one represents Andrea Memmo, the patrician Venetian known as the provider of Padova. Pierluigi Petrobelli." L'Ermiona di Pio Enea Obizzi ed i primi spettacoli d'opera venetiani" in La nuova musicologica italiana, Einaudi, 1965 Prosdocimi, Aldo. Il Prato della Valle, Padova. 1978. Stratico, Simone. Dell'antico teatro di Padova, Padova, 1795. Stefano Zaggia. Isoletta sacra al commercio ed all’arti". Andrea Memmo, Melchiorre Cesarotti e il Prato della Valle come esperimento di riforma del paesaggio urbano, in Melchiorre Cesarotti e le trasformazioni del paesaggio europeo, a cura di F. Finotti, Trieste, EUT, 2010, pp. 112–128.