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Thyestes

In Greek mythology, Thyestes was a king of Olympia. Thyestes and his brother, were exiled by their father for having murdered their half-brother, Chrysippus, in their desire for the throne of Olympia, they took refuge in Mycenae, where they ascended the throne upon the absence of King Eurystheus, fighting the Heracleidae. Eurystheus had meant for their lordship to be temporary; the most popular representation of Thyestes is that of the play Thyestes by Seneca in 62 AD. This play is one of the originals for the revenge tragedy genre. Although inspired by Greek mythology and legend, Seneca's version is different. Thyestes was the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, father of Pelopia and Aegisthus, his three sons by a naiad, killed by Atreus were named Aglaus and Calaeus. Pelops and Hippodamia are parents to Thyestes. However, they were cursed by a servant of King Oenomaus, the father of Hippodamia. Myrtilus was promised the right to Hippodamia's virginity and half of Pelops' kingdom, but Pelops denied both to him and killed him by throwing him into the sea.

With his dying gasp, Myrtilus cursed their line, where Thyestes and Atreus comes in. Thyestes' brother and King of Mycenae, vowed to sacrifice his best lamb to Artemis. Upon searching his flock, Atreus discovered a golden lamb which he gave to his wife, Aerope, to hide from the goddess, she gave it to her lover, who convinced Atreus to agree that whoever had the lamb should be king. Thyestes claimed the throne. Atreus retook the throne using advice. Thyestes agreed to give the kingdom back when the sun moved backwards in the sky, a feat that Zeus accomplished. Atreus retook banished Thyestes. Atreus learned of Thyestes' and Aerope's adultery and plotted revenge, he cooked them, save their hands and heads. He served Thyestes his own sons and taunted him with their hands and heads; this is the source of modern phrase "Thyestean Feast," or one. When Thyestes was done with his feast, he released a loud belch, which represents satiety and pleasure and his loss of self-control. An oracle advised Thyestes that, if he had a son with his own daughter Pelopia, that son would kill Atreus.

Thyestes did so by raping Pelopia and the son, did kill Atreus. However, when Aegisthus was first born, he was abandoned by his mother, ashamed of the origin of her son. A shepherd found the infant gave him to Atreus, who raised him as his own son. Only as he entered adulthood did Thyestes reveal the truth to Aegisthus, that he was both father and grandfather to the boy and that Atreus was his uncle. Aegisthus killed Atreus. While Thyestes ruled Mycenae, the sons of Atreus and Menelaus, were exiled to Sparta. There, King Tyndareus accepted them as the royalty. Shortly after, he helped the brothers return to Mycenae to overthrow Thyestes, forcing him to live in Cytheria, where he died; as a token of good will and allegiance, King Tyndareus offered his daughters to Agamemnon and Menelaus as wives and Helen respectively. When Agamemnon left Mycenae for the Trojan War, Aegisthus seduced Agamemnon's wife and the couple plotted to kill her husband upon his return, they succeeded, killing his new concubine, Cassandra.

Clytemnestra and Aegisthus had three children: Aletes and Helen who died as an infant. Seven or eight years after the death of Agamemnon, Agamemnon's son Orestes returned to Mycenae and, with the help of his cousin Pylades and his sister Electra, killed both their mother and Aegisthus. Tired of the bloodshed, the gods exonerated Orestes and declared this the end of the curse on the house of Atreus, as described in Aeschylus' play The Eumenides. However, other stories say that when Aletes and Erigone came of age and became rulers at Mycenae, Orestes returned with an army killed his half-brother and raped his half-sister, who gave birth to a son, Penthilus. In the first century AD, Seneca the Younger wrote. In 1560 Jasper Heywood a Fellow of All Souls College, published a verse translation. Shakespeare's tragedy Titus Andronicus derives some of its plot elements from the story of Thyestes. In 1681, John Crowne wrote Thyestes, A Tragedy, based on Seneca's Thyestes, but with the incongruous addition of a love story.

Prosper Jolyot Crebillon wrote a tragedy "Atree et Thyeste", prominent in two tales of ratiocination by Edgar Allan Poe. In 1796, Ugo Foscolo wrote a tragedy called Tieste, first presented in Venice one year later. Caryl Churchill, a British dramatist wrote a rendition of Thyestes. Churchill's specific translation was performed at the Royal Court Theater Upstairs in London on June 7, 1994 In 2004, Jan van Vlijmen completed his opera Thyeste; the libretto was a text in French based on his 20th century play with the same title. Thyestes appears in Persephone. Seneca's influence in literature is reflected through other works. In Arnold's Sonnet on Shakespeare, the influence of Seneca is apparent. "The reminiscence of Atreus’ speech in the Thyestes of Seneca, which might subtend Cleopatra's own passionate, distended rhetoric about Antony". Bibliotheca Epitome 2.10-2.15 Hyginus, Fabulae, 85: Chrysippus, 86:Sons of Pelops, 88:Atreus Aeschylus' Agamemnon Edgar Allan Poe, The Purloined Letter, 140 Milton, Paradise Lost, book 10, lines 687-691

George Cartwright (soldier)

George Cartwright, was a British-born Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was one of 64 Australians to receive the award for their actions during the First World War, performing the deeds that led to his award in September 1918 during the Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin while serving with Australian Imperial Force on the Western Front. After the war, Cartwright worked as a mechanic, he continued to serve in the military part-time, returning to full-time service during the Second World War, undertaking a training role in Australia. He was demobilised in 1946, returned to civilian life, he died at the age of 83. Cartwright was born in South Kensington, London, on 9 December 1894 to William Edward Cartwright, a coach trimmer, his wife Elizabeth, he attended the local school, before emigrating to Australia in 1912 at the age of eighteen without his family. Settling in New South Wales, Cartwright gained employment at a sheep station in the Elsmore district as a labourer.

On 9 December 1915—his 21st birthday—Cartwright enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force for service during the First World War. Allotted to the newly raised 33rd Battalion—an infantry battalion raised in New South Wales—as a private, he embarked aboard HMAT Marathon at Sydney on 4 May 1916. Disembarking at Devonport, two months the members of the 33rd Battalion spent the following four months training at Larkhill Camp on Salisbury Plain. After the 3rd Division, to which the 33rd Battalion was assigned, deployed to the Western Front in November 1916, Cartwright served with them through the Battle of Messines where he was wounded in June 1917. In April 1918, he was wounded again when the 33rd Battalion's position was attacked with gas while holding a position around Villers-Bretonneux, he was hospitalised but returned to duty in June. In August, the Allies launched the Hundred Days Offensive around Amiens, which resulted in a series of advances as the Allies sought to break through the Hindenburg Line.

On 31 August 1918, at Road Wood, south-west of Bouchavesnes, near Peronne, when two companies became held up by machine gun fire, Cartwright attacked the gun alone under intense fire. He shot three of the crew, having bombed the post, captured the gun and nine enemy soldiers. For his actions he was recommended for the Victoria Cross. On 30 September 1918 he was evacuated to England. Cartwright was conferred with his VC by King George V, at the end of the war Cartwright was repatriated to Australia, arriving in March 1919 and as the AIF was demobilised, he was discharged on 16 May 1919. For his war service he received the following medals: the Victoria Cross, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. During the inter-war years, Cartwright moved to Sydney, he married Elsie Broker at St Stephen's Anglican Church, at Chatswood, New South Wales, on 25 June 1921. They had two children, but the marriage ended in divorce, he remained in the military, serving part-time in the Militia, posted to the 4th/3rd Battalion being commissioned as an officer on 25 February 1932.

Following the outbreak of the Second World War, Cartwright was mobilised for war service on 5 March 1940, serving in a training role in Australia. He was promoted to captain in 1942, served throughout the war. In addition to the decorations he received for his previous service, Cartwright later received the Efficiency Decoration and the War Medal 1939–1945. After the war, Cartwright was demobilised in May 1946, he worked as an assistant-cashier and in 1948 remarried, exchanging nuptials with Evelyn Mary Short on 4 September 1948 in the Congregational Church, at Pitt Street in Sydney. During his life, he attended several functions held in London for Victoria Cross and George Cross recipients, he died at the age of 84 on 2 February 1978, at New South Wales. He was cremated and his Victoria Cross and other decorations were donated by his widow to the Imperial War Museum in London, where they are held. Cartwright is commemorated in the New South Wales Garden of Remembrance, at Rookwood, at the Kurrajong Memorial in Inverell, New South Wales, unveiled in 2005 in honour of the 114 men from the town who enlisted in January 1916.

Bomford, Michelle. The Battle of Mont St Quentin–Peronne 1918. Australian Army Campaigns Series # 11. Newport, New South Wales: Big Sky Publishing. ISBN 978-1-921941962. Gliddon, Gerald; the Road to Victory 1918. VCs of the First World War. Sparkford, England: Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-2083-1. "George Cartwright – Discovering Anzacs". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 10 October 2014. George Cartwright on Lives of the First World War Staunton, Anthony. Victoria Cross: Australia's Finest and the Battles they Fought. Prahran, Victoria: Hardie Grant Books. ISBN 1-74066-288-1

South Carolina Highway 133

South Carolina Highway 133 is a 20.4-mile state highway in Pickens County, South Carolina, connecting Clemson and western Pickens County with access to the Blue Ridge Mountains and the SC 11. The route of SC 133 travels in a south–north direction, beginning at an intersection with U. S. Routes 76 and 123 and SC 28 in Clemson. SC 133 passes under a Norfolk Southern railway viaduct and leaves the Clemson area, passing by Lake Hartwell; the highway skirts rural areas west of Central before entering the community of Six Mile. North of Six Mile, SC 133 becomes more rural and hilly in nature before terminating at SC 11, near Lake Jocassee and Devils Fork State Park. Prior to streetscaping activities in downtown Clemson, the route used to include College Avenue and terminated at SC 93 at the front of the campus of Clemson University; the entire route is in Pickens County. Media related to South Carolina Highway 133 at Wikimedia Commons