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Thyme

Thyme is any member of the genus Thymus of aromatic perennial evergreen herbs in the mint family Lamiaceae. Thymes are relatives of the oregano genus Origanum, they have culinary and ornamental uses, the species most cultivated and used for culinary purposes is Thymus vulgaris. Ancient Egyptians used thyme for embalming; the ancient Greeks used it in their baths and burnt it as incense in their temples, believing it was a source of courage. The spread of thyme throughout Europe was thought to be due to the Romans, as they used it to purify their rooms and to "give an aromatic flavour to cheese and liqueurs". In the European Middle Ages, the herb was placed beneath pillows to aid sleep and ward off nightmares. In this period, women often gave knights and warriors gifts that included thyme leaves, as it was believed to bring courage to the bearer. Thyme was used as incense and placed on coffins during funerals, as it was supposed to assure passage into the next life; the name of the genus of fish Thymallus, first given to the grayling, originates from the faint smell of thyme that emanates from the flesh.

Thyme is best cultivated in a sunny location with well-drained soil. It is planted in the spring, thereafter grows as a perennial, it can be dividing rooted sections of the plant. It tolerates drought well; the plants are found growing wild on mountain highlands. In some Levantine countries, Assyria, the condiment za'atar contains many of the essential oils found in thyme, it is a common component of the bouquet garni, of herbes de Provence. Thyme is sold both dried. While summer-seasonal, fresh greenhouse thyme is available year-round; the fresh form is more flavourful, but less convenient. However, the fresh form can last many months if frozen. Fresh thyme is sold in bunches of sprigs. A sprig is a single stem snipped from the plant, it is composed of a woody stem with paired flower clusters spaced 1⁄2 to 1 inch apart. A recipe may measure thyme by the sprig, or by the tablespoon or teaspoon. Dried thyme is used in Armenia in tisanes. Depending on how it is used in a dish, the whole sprig may be used, or the leaves removed and the stems discarded.

When a recipe specifies "bunch" or "sprig", it means the whole form. It is acceptable to substitute dried for whole thyme. Leaves may be removed from stems either by scraping with the back of a knife, or by pulling through the fingers or tines of a fork. Thyme retains its flavour on drying better than many other herbs. Oil of thyme, the essential oil of common thyme, contains 20–54% thymol. Thyme essential oil contains a range of additional compounds, such as p-cymene, myrcene and linalool. Thymol, an antiseptic, is an active ingredient in various commercially produced mouthwashes such as Listerine. Before the advent of modern antibiotics, oil of thyme was used to medicate bandages. Thymus citriodorus – various lemon thymes, orange thymes, lime thyme Thymus herba-barona is used both as a culinary herb and a ground cover, has a strong caraway scent due to the chemical carvone. Thymus praecox, is cultivated as an ornamental. Thymus pseudolanuginosus is grown as a ground cover. Thymus serpyllum is an important nectar source plant for honeybees.

All thyme species are nectar sources, but wild thyme covers large areas of droughty, rocky soils in southern Europe and North Africa, as well as in similar landscapes in the Berkshire and Catskill Mountains of the northeastern US. The lowest growing of the used thyme is good for walkways, it is an important caterpillar food plant for large and common blue butterflies. Thymus vulgaris is a used culinary herb, it has medicinal uses. Common thyme is a Mediterranean perennial, best suited to well-drained soils and full sun. S. S. Tawfik, M. I. Abbady, Ahmed M. Zahran and A. M. K. Abouelalla. Therapeutic Efficacy Attained with Thyme Essential Oil Supplementation Throughout γ-irradiated Rats. Egypt. J. Rad. Sci. Applic. 19: 1-22. Flora of China: Thymus Flora Europaea: Thymus Rohde, E. S.. A Garden of Herbs. Easter, M.. International Thymus Register and Checklist

S├╝leyman Seyyid

Süleyman Seyyid Bey was a Turkish painter and art teacher known for his still-lifes. He was born into a noble Anatolian family, his grandfather was a well-known master craftsman. After completing his primary education, he attended the Turkish Military Academy, his sketches and watercolors attracted the attention of Giovanni Schranz, a Maltese painter, visiting Istanbul. At Schranz's urging, Seyyid decided to pursue art as a career. In 1862, he went to study in Paris at a special school, established for Turkish students entered the workshop of Alexandre Cabanel. After that, he studied in Italy for a year and returned home in 1870, where he became a teacher at the Academy; the following year, Şeker Ahmet Paşa returned from Paris and joined the Academy as its other art teacher. Growing disagreements between the two led to Seyyid's resignation in 1880, he taught at the Kuleli Military High School for four years transferred to the Military Medical School, where he remained until 1910 rising to the rank of Colonel.

During that time, he organized exhibitions intended to familiarize the Ottoman public with Western styles of painting. He wrote essays on art and worked as a translator for several newspapers. An intensely spiritual man, he gave away most of his works. Su resimleri: Süleyman Seyyid'den günümüze Türk resminde suluboya exhibition catalog, Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık, 2001 ISBN 975-08-0344-2 Biographical notes and criticism by Taha Toros @ Antikalar

Clubby

Clubby was a Beanie Baby, available in 1998 by mail order to those who joined the Beanie Babies Official Club by purchasing a kit. It was followed up in years by other bears named "Clubby" followed by a Roman numeral. In all, a total of ten styles of bears, named Clubby, Clubby II, Clubby III, Clubby IV, Clubby V, Clubby VI, Clubby VII and Clubby VIII. In addition, larger sized Beanie Buddies of Clubby, Clubby II, Clubby III, Clubby IV, Clubby V and Clubby VI were produced. A four pack box set of Jingle Beanies containing Clubby, Clubby II, Clubby III and Clubby IV was released. Although the Clubby bears were not rare, they proved elusive for people who weren't enrolled in the club, who were forced to search for them on the secondary market or through the Ty Store; the first of the series, Clubby I known as Clubby, came out in 1998. The bear could be obtained through the purchase of a BBOC kit for about $5, followed by mailing in a membership application form, along with about $10 for the cost of the bear itself plus shipping.

While the offer was made, there was a heavy demand for the collectible, many orders came long past when they were promised as the volume overwhelmed production and fulfillment capabilities, leading many consumers to grow frustrated and become disenchanted with the club. The Federal Trade Commission issued a $216,000 fine against the company. Clubby II came out in 1999. In order to settle complaints from customers during the previous year about delayed shipments, Clubby II was sold within the kit, found in stores for about $20, which included a coin, a checklist, a set of Ty trading cards, other Beanie items. In another CYRK blunder, the "carrying case" for the kit was made out of PVC, known to damage fabric over time. In 1999, Clubby and Clubby II Beanie Buddies became available to BBOC members by mail order; this made orders somewhat more convenient to collectors who did not have Internet or a computer/laptop. More Clubby orders soon came on demand. Ty Beanies Tracker: The World's Most Complete Ty Guide By Inc Ty