click links in text for more info


TiVo is a digital video recorder developed and marketed by Xperi and introduced in 1999. TiVo provides an on-screen guide of scheduled broadcast programming television programs, whose features include "Season Pass" schedules which record every new episode of a series, "WishList" searches which allow the user to find and record shows that match their interests by title, director, category, or keyword. TiVo provides a range of features when the TiVo DVR is connected to a home network, including film and TV show downloads, advanced search, personal photo viewing, music offerings, online scheduling. Since its launch in its home market of the United States, TiVo has been made available in Australia, Mexico, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Taiwan and the United Kingdom. Newer models, have adopted the CableCARD standard, only deployed in the United States, which limits the availability of certain features. TiVo was developed by Jim Barton and Mike Ramsay through a corporation they named "Teleworld", renamed to TiVo Inc.

Though they intended to create a home network device, it was redesigned as a device that records digitized video onto a hard disk. They began the first public trials of the TiVo device and service in late 1998 in the San Francisco Bay Area. After exhibiting at the Consumer Electronics Show in January 1999, Mike Ramsay announced to the company that the first version of the TiVo digital video recorder would ship "In Q1", despite an estimated 4 to 5 months of work remaining to complete the device; because March 31, 1999, was a blue moon, the engineering staff code-named this first version of the TiVo DVR "Blue Moon". The original TiVo DVR compressed analog video from any source. TiVo integrates its DVR service into the set-top boxes of satellite and cable providers. In late 2000, Philips Electronics introduced the DSR6000, the first DirecTV receiver with an integrated TiVo DVR; this new device, nicknamed the "DirecTiVo", stored digital signals sent from DirecTV directly onto a hard disk. In early 2000, TiVo partnered with electronics manufacturer Thomson Multimedia and broadcaster British Sky Broadcasting to deliver the TiVo service in the UK market.

This partnership resulted in the Thomson PVR10UK, a stand-alone receiver released in October 2000, based on the original reference design used in the United States by both Philips and Sony. TiVo ended UK unit sales in January 2003, though it continued to sell subscriptions and supply guide data to existing subscribed units until June 2011. TiVo branded products returned to the UK during 2010 under an exclusive partnership with cable TV provider Virgin Media. TiVo was launched in Australia in July 2008 by Hybrid Television Services, a company owned by Australia's Seven Media Group and New Zealand's TVNZ. TiVo launched a special 2009 Christmas TiVo DVR that has a 320Gb hard Drive and comes with the HNP free. TiVo Australia launched Blockbuster on demand and as of early December launched a novel service called Caspa on Demand. TiVo went on sale in New Zealand on 6 November 2009. Janet Jackson's Super Bowl halftime show incident on February 1, 2004, set a record for being the most watched and replayed moment in TiVo history.

The baring of one of Jackson's breasts at the end of her duet with Justin Timberlake, which caused a flood of outraged phone calls to CBS, was replayed a record number of times by TiVo users. A company representative stated, "The audience measurement guys have never seen anything like it; the audience reaction charts looked like an electrocardiogram." A TiVo DVR serves a function similar to that of a videocassette recorder, in that both allow a TV viewer to record programming for viewing at a time, known as time shifting. Unlike a videocassette recorder, which uses removable magnetic tape cartridges, a TiVo DVR stores TV programs on an internal hard drive, much like a computer. A TiVo DVR automatically records programs that the user is to be interested in. TiVo DVRs implement a patented feature that TiVo calls "trick play", allowing the viewer to pause live television and rewind and replay up to 30 minutes of viewed TV. TiVo DVRs can be connected to a computer local area network, allowing the TiVo device to download information, access video streaming services such as Netflix or Hulu, as well as music from the Internet.

TiVo DVRs "call home" daily to receive program information updates, including description and guest actors, genres, whether programs are new or repeats, whether broadcast is in High Definition. Information is updated daily into its program guide from Tribune Media Services. Users can select individual programs to a "Season Pass" to record an entire season. There are options to record First Run and Repeats, or All Episodes. An episode is considered "First Run"; when users' requests for multiple programs are conflicting, the lower priority program in the Season Pass Manager is either not recorded or clipped where times overlap. The lower priority program will be recorded. TiVo DVRs with two tuners record the top two priority programs. TiVo pioneered recording programs based on household viewing habits. Users can rate programs from three "thumbs up" to three "thumbs down". TiVo user ratings are combined to create a recommendation, based on what TiVo users with similar viewing habits watch. For example, if one user likes American Idol, America's Got Talent and Dancin

Frederick Halsey

Sir Thomas Frederick Halsey, 1st Baronet, was an English Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 to 1906. Halsey came from one of the most prominent families of Hertfordshire, whose seat was at Gaddesden Place, near Hemel Hempstead, he was the son of Thomas Plumer Halsey and his wife Frederica Johnston, daughter of General F. Johnston, his father was Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire from 1847 until he was drowned with his wife and his younger son in the shipwreck of the steamer Ercolano in the Gulf of Genoa on 24 April 1854. Frederick Halsey was at Eton at the time, he progressed from there to Oxford. He rowed in the losing Oxford eight in the Boat Race in 1860. After graduating in 1861, Halsey took up the life of a county notable in Hertfordshire, obtaining a commission in the North Hertfordshire Yeomanry and becoming a Justice of the Peace, he was chairman of the Gaddesden School Board. At the 1874 general election Halsey was elected Conservative MP for Hertfordshire and served in the post until 1885, when the constituencies were reorganised under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

The 1885 general election he was elected for Watford. He was an alderman of Hertfordshire County Council from 1888, was interested in the Hertfordshire Constabulary, he served as deputy chairman of the St Albans Quarter Sessions from 1889 to 1908. In 1899 he was elected Chairman of the House of Commons Standing Orders Committee, for service in this role was appointed to the Privy Council after the accession of King Edward VII on 24 January 1901, entitling him to the style "The Right Honourable". Halsey held his seat until 1906. After his parliamentary defeat he once more devoted himself to county affairs, serving as chairman of the St Albans Quarter Sessions from 1908 to 1918. No decision of his court was appealed, he retired from the Hertfordshire Yeomanry with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, having served as second-in-command, joined the county Territorial Force association, becoming its chairman. Announced in the 1920 Birthday Honours, he was created a baronet on 22 June 1920, He was an active Freemason, served as Deputy Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England and Second Grand Principal of the Supreme Grand Chapter of the Royal Arch from 1903.

From 1886 he was the Provincial Grand Master for Hertfordshire in the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of England and Wales, an office he held for 40 years. He served as Provincial Grand Master of Craft Freemasonry in Hertfordshire from 1873, Superintendent of Royal Arch Freemasonry in Hertfordshire from 1875; as the presiding officer at Supreme Grand Chapter of England on the day after war was declared in 1914, Halsey made the first statement by a Masonic Ruler concerning the outbreak of war, in which he commended those Freemasons who were taking up the call to arms. In December 1908, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Hertfordshire. Halsey lived at Hemel Hempstead, he died at the age of 87. Halsey married Mary Julia Wells in 1865, his fourth son was Admiral Sir Lionel Halsey. List of Oxford University Boat Race crews Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Frederick Halsey Portraits of Frederick Halsey at the National Portrait Gallery, London

Hasan Rami Pasha

Hasan Rami Pasha was an Ottoman career officer and naval minister, who participated in the Greco-Turkish War. He was born in Selanik to an Albanian family in 1842. In 1856, after graduating from the naval academy he was appointed as a navy officer. During the Russo-Turkish War he was a commander of a warship. In 1882, he was appointed as the commander of the navy. Three years he became the adjutant of sultan Abdul Hamid II, a prestigious but inactive post. In 1897, at the eve of the Greco-Turkish War he was tasked with defending the Dardanelles. In 1906, he was appointed as the naval minister. Two years however, following the Young Turk Revolution he was dismissed by the now powerful Committee of Union and Progress partisans, he was downgraded. He spent his last years in İstanbul and died in 1923. Abdülaziz, the sultan before 1876, tried to form a powerful navy. In the mid 19th century, the Ottoman Navy was one of the most powerful navies in the world, but Abdul Hamid II never allowed any naval activity.

After the Russo-Turkish War, for about 20 years, the navy had no maneuver or maintenance. All warships stayed in the Golden Horn without the slightest training. According to one view, Abdülhamit was afraid of navy officers' possible coup, but before the war against Greece, Abdülhamit decided to send the navy to Dardanelles Strait as a precaution against a possible Greek naval offensive.. Hasan Rami, the commander of this navy soon found out that all ships and most of the weapons needed major repairs. Although Hasan Rami Pasha was able to sail up to the Dardanelles with difficulty, he saw that the navy was out of commission, he suggested to purchase new warships instead of repairing the old ships. He further pointed out. Rauf Bey was one of the subordinates of Hasan Rami Pasha. According to his memoirs, his expectations were high in Hasan Pasha’s reform projects, but he was disappointed. Because unlike his former self, Hasan Pasha became a passive politician and did nothing to reform the navy. After the Young Turk Revolution he was accused for the miserable condition of the navy.

Hasan Rami Pasha published his memoirs to be acquitted. In 2013 his memoirs, together with Rauf Bey’s critics was republished by Osman Öndeş, a retired naval officer and an editor. Media related to Hasan Rami Pasha at Wikimedia Commons

French Chad

Chad was a part of the French colonial empire from 1900 to 1960. Colonial rule under the French began in 1900. From 1905, Chad was linked to the federation of French colonial possessions in Middle Africa, known from 1910 under the name of French Equatorial Africa. Chad suffered from chronic neglect. Chad distinguished itself in 1940 for being, under the governorship of Félix Éboué, the first French colony to rally by the side of Free France. After World War II, the French permitted a limited amount of representation of the African population, ushering the way to the clash in the political arena between the progressive and southern-based Chadian Progressive Party and the Islamic conservative Chadian Democratic Union, it was the PPT which emerged victorious and brought the country to independence in 1960 under the leadership of François Tombalbaye. European interest in Africa grew during the 19th century. By 1887, motivated by the search for wealth, had driven inland from its settlements on central Africa's west coast to claim the territory of Oubangui-Chari.

It claimed this area as a zone of French influence, within two years it occupied part of what is now southern Chad. In the early 1890s, French military expeditions sent to Chad encountered the forces of Rabih az-Zubayr, conducting slave raids in southern Chad throughout the 1890s and had sacked the settlements of Bornu and Wadai Empire. After years of indecisive engagements, French forces defeated Rabih az-Zubayr at the Battle of Kousséri in 1900. In the next years, the French expanded into eastern and northern Chad, encountering heavy resistance such as during the Wadai War. France conquered the last independent polities in Chad in 1917, had defeated the last major native insurgencies by 1920. Two fundamental themes dominated Chad's colonial experience with the French: an absence of policies designed to unify the territory and an exceptionally slow pace of modernization. In the French scale of priorities, the colony of Chad ranked near the bottom; the French came to perceive Chad as a source of raw cotton and untrained labour to be used in the more productive colonies to the south.

Within Chad, there was neither the will nor the resources to do much more than maintain a semblance of law and order. In fact this basic function of governance was neglected. Chad was linked in 1905 with three French colonies to the south—Oubangui-Chari, Middle Congo, Gabon, but Chad did not receive separate colony status or a unified administrative policy until 1920. The four colonies were administered together as French Equatorial Africa under the direction of a governor general stationed in Brazzaville; the governor general had broad administrative control over the federation, including external and internal security and financial affairs, all communications with the French minister of the colonies. Lieutenant governors appointed by the French government, were expected to implement in each colony the orders of the governor general; the central administration in Brazzaville controlled the lieutenant governors despite reformist efforts toward decentralisation between 1910 and 1946. Chad's lieutenant governor had greater autonomy because of the distance from Brazzaville and because of France's much greater interest in the other three colonies.

As for the number of troops deployed in the country, there were three battalions for a total of about 3,000 soldiers. The lines of control from Brazzaville, feeble as they may have been, were still stronger than those from N'Djamena to its hinterland. In the huge Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti Region, the handful of French military administrators soon reached a tacit agreement with the inhabitants of the desert. In central Chad, French rule was only more substantive. In Ouaddaï and Biltine prefectures, endemic resistance continued against the French and, in some cases, against any authority that attempted to suppress banditry and brigandage; the thinly staffed colonial administration provided only weak supervision over arid Kanem Prefecture and the sparsely populated areas of Guéra and Salamat prefectures. Old-fashioned razzias continued in the 1920s, it was reported in 1923 that a group of Senegalese Muslims on their way to Mecca had been seized and sold into slavery. Unwilling to expend the resources required for effective administration, the French government responded with sporadic coercion and a growing reliance on indirect rule through the sultanates.

France managed to govern only the south, but until 1946 administrative direction came from Bangui in Oubangui-Chari rather than N'Djamena. Unlike northern and central Chad, a French colonial system of direct civilian administration was set up among the Sara, a southern ethnic group, their neighbors. Unlike the rest of Chad, a modest level of economic development occurred in the south because of the introduction in 1929 of large-scale cotton production. Remittances and pensions to southerners who served in the French military enhanced economic well-being, but the advantages of more income and roads failed to win popular support for the

Judd, for the Defense

Judd, for the Defense was an American legal drama broadcast on the ABC network on Friday nights from September 8, 1967, to September 19, 1969. The show stars Carl Betz, who had spent eight years in the role of Dr. Alex Stone, husband of Donna Reed in ABC's The Donna Reed Show. In his new role based on high-profile lawyers such as F. Lee Bailey and Percy Foreman, Betz played Clinton Judd, a flamboyant attorney based in Houston, who took on controversial cases across the country. Playing his top assistant, Ben Caldwell, was Stephen Young. Before the show premiered, Foreman threatened a lawsuit by saying that the program was "appropriating for commercial purposes my career as a lawyer." Throughout the course of the two-year run of the show, there were never enough viewers to establish Foreman's claim, although critics gave it positive reviews. Undoubtedly, the skittishness of viewers was a result of the program's dealing with then-taboo subjects such as homosexuality and draft evasion, with open-ended conclusions in many episodes.

The show's producer, Harold Gast, sought to break new ground with the program, using a number of new writers for scripts that veered away from previous television conventions. In addition, one personal experience involving credit card problems caused by computers became the basis for an episode titled "Epitaph on a Computer Card". In 1968, Gast and writer Leon Tokatyan won an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for the episode "Tempest in a Texas Town". In an attempt to boost the low ratings of the hour-long program, the episode which aired on January 31, 1969, combined the Judd cast with that of another ABC series, Felony Squad, starring Dennis Cole; the idea did not salvage either program. Betz's portrayal of a lawyer was enough to provide him paid opportunities to speak before groups of attorneys, helped him win both Golden Globe and Emmy Awards after the show's final season. Additionally, screenwriter Robert Lewin won a Writer's Guild award for the episode "To Kill a Madman".

Other actors appearing on episodes of the show included Ed Asner, Karen Black, Scott Brady, Len Birman, Russ Conway, Tyne Daly, Richard Dreyfuss, Robert Duvall, Lee Grant, Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr. Ron Howard, Vivi Janiss, Wright King, Ida Lupino, Barry Morse, Jessica Tandy, Lurene Tuttle, William Windom. Judd, for the Defense on IMDb Judd, for the Defense at

The Lottery of Life

The Lottery of Life is an 1867 play by John Brougham, one of his more popular works. The play debuted at the Howard Athenaeum in Boston in September 1867, had a four week run at the Walnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia in November-December 1867, it played in Washington, D. C. at the National Theatre in January 1868, played for two weeks in San Francisco, played in Richmond, Virginia in February 1868, among other places. By early March 1868, the play's success on the road dictated it would get a run in New York, The play had its New York debut at Wallack's Theatre on June 8, 1868, to open their "summer season," and ran for nine weeks. Brougham played the role of Irish immigrant to New York, Terence O'Halloran, who leaves a life of crime to become an amateur detective, his nemesis is the anti-Semitic depiction of counterfeiter Mordie Solomons. "Coal Oil Tommy" was a popular song from the play. Terry by John Brougham Bob Mawley by Edward Lamb Sir William Downe by T. J. Hind Oil Tommy by Benjamin T. Ringgold Dodges by W.

J. Leonard Dummy Dennis by J. Quiqley Duffy by E. Cashin Hawkeye by E. Menturn Sam by G. White Mordie Solomons by Charles Fisher Robert Mordaunt by C. H. Rockwell Frank by James McGee Polly by Effie Germon Miss Tartar by Fanny Morant Judy by George Holland Emily by Miss M. Barrett Marx by Mis F. Carman Biddy by Miss C. Carman Lucy by Miss E. Monell Jenny by Miss J. Day. In 1877, Brougham wrote, he noted that it was "originally written as a burlesque upon the sensation of the time," where he "exaggerated the sensational parts of it, it was something which I expected would be horrifying," yet "I found it was taken in perfect earnest." Thus, he altered the play somewhat into "a not altogether impossible, though somewhat improbable piece." He opined that the play "is not good enough to win the success it has achieved, not bad enough to receive the animadversions of the hypercritical."Upon receiving criticism in Philadelphia, Brougham announced from the stage before a performance that he had written the play not to please critics, but the public, demanding plays of this type, that his aim was to make money.

The New York Herald received the play positively in New York, though with no illusions: "According to the legitimate drama of the day this is a first rate plot as it abounds in the latest sensations from beginning to end." It complimented the New York scenery of the play, quoted a departing patron as stating "this thing ought to succeed and will succeed, for it is the legitimate drama of 1868, with all the modern improvements--pretty waiter girls, negro minstrels and all."By August 1868, the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph reported that "Brougham has made $1700 out of the piece of trash called "The Lottery of Life." " Nevertheless, Brougham converted the play into his first novel, which commenced a run in Fireside Companion that same month, netted him an additional $2,000. The play saw performances around the United States into the 1890s. To the extent the play gets any attention in the modern day, it is about the stereotyped Jewish villain of the play, called upon to wear a "false Jewish nose."