The Tibesti Mountains are a mountain range in the central Sahara located in the extreme north of Chad, with a small extension into southern Libya. The highest peak in the range, Emi Koussi, lies to the south at a height of 3,445 metres and is the highest point in both Chad and the Sahara. Bikku Bitti, the highest peak in Libya, is located in the north of the range; the central third of the Tibesti is of volcanic origin and consists of five shield volcanoes topped by large craters: Emi Koussi, Tarso Toon, Tarso Voon, Tarso Yega and Toussidé. Major lava flows have formed vast plateaus; the volcanic activity was the result of a continental hotspot that arose during the Oligocene and continued in some places until the Holocene, creating fumaroles, hot springs, mud pools and deposits of natron and sulfur. Erosion has shaped volcanic spires and carved an extensive network of canyons through which run rivers subject to irregular flows that are lost to the desert sands. Tibesti, which means "place where the mountain people live," is the domain of the Toubou people.
The Toubou live along the wadis, on rare oases where palm trees and limited grains grow. They harness the water that collects in gueltas, the supply of, variable from year-to-year and decade-to-decade; the plateaus are used to graze livestock in the harvest grain in the summer. Temperatures are high, although the altitude ensures that the range is cooler than the surrounding desert; the Toubou, who first appeared in the range in the 5th century BC, adapted to these conditions and turned the range into a large natural fortress. They arrived in several waves, taking refuge in times of conflict and dispersing in times of prosperity, although not without intense internal hostility at times; the Toubou came into contact with the Carthaginians, Tuaregs and the Arabs, as well as the French colonists who first entered the range in 1914 and took control of the area in 1929. The independent spirit of the Toubou and the geopolitical situation in the region has complicated the exploration of the range as well as the ascent of its peaks.
Tensions continued after Chad and Libya gained independence in the mid-20th century, with hostage-taking and armed struggles occurring amid border disputes over the allocation of natural resources. The geopolitical situation and the lack of infrastructure has hampered the development of tourism; the Saharomontane flora and fauna, which include the rhim gazelle and Barbary sheep, have adapted to the mountains, yet the climate has not always been as harsh. Greater biodiversity existed in the past, as evidenced by scenes portrayed in rock and parietal art found throughout the range, which date back several millennia before the arrival of the Toubou; the isolation of the Tibesti has sparked the cultural imagination in both literature. The Tibesti Mountains are named for the Toubou people written Tibu or Tubu, that inhabit the area. In the Kanuri language, tu means "rock" or "mountain" and bu means "a person" or "dweller," and thus Toubou translates to "people of the mountains" and Tibesti to "place where the mountain people live."Most of the mountain names are derived from Arabic as well as the Tedaga and Dazaga languages.
The term ehi refers to peaks and rocky hills, emi to larger mountains, era to craters and tarso to high plateaus or sloping mountains. For example, the Ehi Mousgou is a 2,849-metre stratovolcano near Tarso Voon; the name Toussidé means "that which killed the Tou," as in the Toubou, reflecting the danger of the still active volcano. The name of Bardaï, the principal town in the range, means "cold" in Chadian Arabic, because of its low nocturnal temperatures. In the Tedaga language, the town is known as Goumodi, which means "red pass," signifying the color of the mountains at dusk; the mountains lie on the border between Chad and Libya, straddling the Chadian regions of Borkou and Tibesti and the Libyan districts of Murzuq and Kufra, around 1,000 kilometres north of N'djamena and 1,500 kilometres south-southeast of Tripoli. The range is adjacent to Niger and located halfway between the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Chad, just south of the Tropic of Cancer; the East African Rift is 1,900 km to the east and the Cameroon line lies 1,800 km to the southwest.
The range is 380 km in length, 350 km in width, spans 100,000 km2. It draws a large triangle with sides of 400 km and vertices facing south and northeast in the heart of the Sahara, making it the largest geologic area of the desert, it is larger than the Massif Central in France, with which it shares some geomorphological characteristics. The highest peak in the Tibesti Mountains, as well as the highest point in Chad and the Sahara Desert, is the 3,445-metre Emi Koussi, located at the southern end of the range. Other prominent peaks include Pic Toussidé at 3,296 m and the 3,012-metre Ehi Timi on its western side, the 2,972-metre Tarso Yega, the 2,925 m Tarso Tieroko, the 2,849-metre Ehi Mousgou, the 2,845-metre Tarso Voon, the 2,820-metre Ehi Sunni, the 2,774-metre Ehi Yéy near the center of the range; the 2,978-metre Mouskorbe and the 2,812-metre Kegueur Terbi are two peaks notable for their height in the northeastern part of the mountain range. The 2,267-metre Bikku Bitti, the highest point in Libya, is nearby, on the other side of the border.
The average elevation of the Tibesti Mountains is about 2,000 metres.
The 2001 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season was the franchise's 26th season in the National Football League. The season began with the team trying to improve on a 10–6 season. Quarterback Shaun King was benched, Brad Johnson was brought in from free agency. Johnson broke Tampa Bay team records for passing yards and attempts. However, the team stumbled out of the gate, started the season with a 3–4 record; the team rallied in the second half of the season, improving to finish 9–7 and clinched a playoff spot. In the Wild Card playoffs, Tampa Bay was routed by Philadelphia for the second year in a row. Two days head coach Tony Dungy was fired by the management; the Ryan Leaf experiment ended about as fast. Tampa Bay signed the troubled quarterback during the offseason; the Buccaneers were intrigued by his physical talent and planned to develop his abilities more by having him watch and learn. However, Leaf's wrist still had not healed, he refused to have surgery despite doctors' strong recommendations. After mediocre performances in the Buccaneers' four preseason games, the club asked Leaf to accept a lower salary.
He refused, the club released him just five days before the start of the 2001 season. Brad Johnson started his first game for the Buccaneers, led them to a 10–6 victory. Despite holding a poor Cowboys club to only 127 yards, a fourth-quarter touchdown run by Johnson was needed to seal the victory, it was the Bucs' first victory in Dallas. The game was a anticipated rematch from last season's wild card round. However, after 9/11, all week 2 games were postponed and rescheduled to become week 18; the NFL resumed play in week 3. After 21 days, the Buccaneers played their second game of the season. Three Martin Gramatica field goals and a Warrick Dunn touchdown run gave the Buccaneers a 16–13 lead in the fourth quarter. However, Vikings quarterback Daunte Culpepper capped off a 96-yard drive with an 8-yard touchdown run with 1:03 remaining, Minnesota took the victory 20–16. Tampa Bay played their first home game, five weeks into the season. Shelton Quarles intercepted Brett Favre and returned the ball 98 yards for a touchdown, the longest such in franchise history.
The Buccaneers intercepted Favre a total of three times, Mike Alstott clinched the victory with a 39-yard touchdown run late in the fourth quarter. Brad Johnson passed for 287 yards and three touchdown forced overtime. However, the Titans won the game on their first possession of overtime; the Steelers sacked Brad Johnson ten times, Jerome Bettis rushed for 143 yards, as the Buccaneers fell to 2–3 on the season. After trailing 17–3, Tampa Bay got into the endzone with 28 seconds to go, but the result was not as close as the score indicated. After slumping for several weeks, the Buccaneers rolled over their division rivals, the Minnesota Vikings. Mike Alstott rushed for 129 yards, three touchdowns, while Brad Johnson threw two touchdown passes and no interceptions. Tampa Bay looked to break a winless streak against Green Bay at Lambeau Field that dated back to 1989. Brad Johnson connected on two touchdown passes, Martin Gramatica scored two field goals for a 20–14 lead late in the fourth quarter.
The Buccaneer defense performed, intercepting Brett Favre twice. With 3:03 to go, Allen Rossum scored a game-winning 55-yard punt return touchdown to foil the Buccaneers' chances at victory. Tampa Bay traveled to the Silverdome for the final time to take on a pitiful 0–9 Lions team. With 4 seconds to go, Martin Gramatica scored a 35-yard field goal to pull out the victory, avoid the upset. Tampa Bay improved to 4–4. Tampa Bay trailed 24–16 entering the fourth quarter, but Brad Johnson rallied the Buccaneers to a 3-point deficit; as time expired, Martin Gramatica attempted a 48-yard game-tying field goal to force overtime. The ball hit the upright and fell no good, Chicago held on for a 27–24 win. Tampa Bay traveled to St. Louis on Monday night, it was the second rematch of the 1999 NFC Championship, the latest installment of an popular rivalry between the Buccaneers and Rams. The game went back and forth, was tied 17–17 after three quarters. Warrick Dunn scored a 21-yard touchdown run in the fourth quarter, which proved to be the winning margin.
Following the short week, Tampa Bay traveled to Cincinnati to take on the less-than-mediocre Cincinnati Bengals. Despite the poor opposition, Tampa Bay's only touchdown came from a blocked punt. Martin Gramatica scored two field goals, the Buccaneers held a 13–6 lead, With 8 seconds left in regulation, Jon Kitna connected with Corey Dillon for a game-tying 6-yard touchdown pass, forced overtime. In the overtime period, Tampa Bay received, they drove to the Cincinnati 35-yard line. Punter Mark Royals pinned the Bengals at their own 4-yard line. On the first play of the Bengals drive, Dillon fumbled the ball, it was recovered by John Lynch at the 3-yard line. Without hesitation, Gramatica came on to the field, kicked a chip-shot 21-yard field goal to win the game; the Lions were led by rookie quarterback Mike McMahon. The Lions never managed to reach the endzone, Tampa Bay's offense struggled all day and found themselves trailing 12–7. With just over a minute to go, the Buccaneers faced 8 at the Detroit 28-yard line.
Brad Johnson completed a 15-yard pass to Keyshawn Johnson to keep the drive alive. With 45 seconds to go, the Johnson and Johnson duo connected again, this time for a game-winning touchdown pass. Tampa Bay gave up 27 unanswered points, was swept by the
Nyanga High School, Marist Brothers shortly known as'Marist Nyanga', is a Catholic, boarding, high school located in the Nyanga District of Zimbabwe’s Manicaland, 32 kilometres from Nyanga town. Marist Nyanga has a student population of about 550 pupils. In 2016, the school's quiz team won first place in National School Quiz Championship contest held in Johannesburg, with 23 schools from South Africa, Botswana and Zimbabwe participating. Like most high schools in Zimbabwe, which follow the traditional British school system, students at Marist Nyanga are divided into four houses each having its own colour: Champagnat, named after Saint Marcellin Champagnat, the founder of the Marist movement. Michael, named after the Arch-angel Michael Patrick, named after Saint Patrick Kizito List of schools in Zimbabwe List of boarding schools List of Marist Brothers schools
Conor Cruise O'Brien nicknamed "The Cruiser", was an Irish politician, writer and academic who served as Minister for Posts and Telegraphs from 1973 to 1977, a Senator for University of Dublin from 1977 to 1979, a Teachta Dála for the Dublin North-East constituency from 1969 to 1977 and a Member of the European Parliament from January 1973 to March 1973. His opinion on the role of Britain in Ireland and in Northern Ireland changed during the 1970s, in response to the outbreak of The Troubles, he saw opposing nationalist and unionist traditions as irreconcilable and switched from a nationalist to a unionist view of Irish politics and history. Cruise O'Brien's outlook was always radical and the positions he took were orthodox, he summarised his position as intending "to administer an electric shock to the Irish psyche". Internationally, he opposed in person the African National Congress's academic boycott of the apartheid regime in South Africa; these views contrasted with those he espoused during the 1960s.
During his career as a civil servant Cruise O'Brien worked on the government's anti-partition campaign. At the 1969 general election, he was elected to Dáil Éireann as a Labour Party TD for Dublin North-East, became a Minister between 1973 and 1977, he was the Labour Party's Spokesman on Northern Ireland during those years. He was known as an author and as a columnist for the Irish Independent. Donal Conor David Dermot Donat Cruise O'Brien was born at 44 Leinister Road, Dublin, to Francis Cruise O'Brien and Kathleen Sheehy. Frank was a journalist with the Freeman's Journal and Irish Independent newspapers, had edited an essay written 50 years earlier by William Lecky concerning the influence of the clergy on Irish politics. Kathleen was an Irish language teacher, she was the daughter of David Sheehy, a member of the Irish Parliamentary Party and organiser of the Irish National Land League. She had two sisters, both of whom lost their husbands in 1916. Hanna's husband, the well-known pacifist and supporter of women's suffrage Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, was executed by firing squad on the orders of Captain J.
C Bowen Colthurst during the 1916 Easter Rising. Soon afterwards Mary's husband, Thomas Kettle, an officer of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers, was killed during the Battle of the Somme; these three women and Kathleen in particular, were a major influence on Cruise O'Brien's upbringing alongside Hanna's son, Owen Sheehy-Skeffington. Cruise O'Brien's father wanted Conor educated non-denominationally. Cruise O'Brien followed his cousin Owen into Sandford Park School that had a predominantly Protestant ethos, despite objections from Catholic clergy. Cruise O'Brien subsequently attended Trinity College Dublin, which played the British national anthem until 1939, though Cruise O'Brien and Sheehy-Skeffington sat in protest on such occasions. Cruise O'Brien was elected a scholar in Modern Languages at Trinity in 1937 and was editor of Trinity's weekly, TCD: A College Miscellany, his first wife, Christine Foster, came from a Belfast Presbyterian family and was, like her father, a member of the Gaelic League.
Her parents, Alexander Roulston Foster and Mary Lynd, were Irish republicans and supporters of Irish reunification. Alec Foster was at the time headmaster of Belfast Royal Academy, he was a former Ulster and British & Irish Lions rugby player, having captained Ireland three times between 1912 and 1914. Cruise O'Brien and Christine Foster were married in a registry office in 1939; the couple had three children: Donal and Kathleen, who died in 1998. The marriage ended in divorce after 20 years. In 1962, Cruise O'Brien married the Irish-language writer and poet Máire Mhac an tSaoi in a Roman Catholic church. Cruise O'Brien's divorce, though contrary to Roman Catholic teaching, was not an issue because that church did not recognise the validity of Cruise O'Brien's 1939 civil wedding in the first place. Cruise O'Brien referred to this action, which in effect formally de-recognised the legitimacy of his former wife and children, as "hypocritical... and otherwise distasteful, but I took it, as preferable to the alternatives."
Mac an tSaoi was five years his junior, the daughter of Seán MacEntee, Tánaiste at the time. They subsequently adopted a son and a daughter. Cruise O'Brien's university education led to a career in the public service, most notably in the Department of External Affairs, he achieved distinction as managing director of the state-run Irish News Agency and as part of the fledgling Irish delegation to the United Nations. Cruise O'Brien claimed he was something of an anomalous iconoclast in post-1922 Irish politics in the context of Fianna Fáil governments under Éamon de Valera, he considered that those who did not conform to traditional Roman Catholic mores were ill-suited to the public service, though that does not appear to have impeded his ascent through it that ended at ambassadorial level. He observed, There was nothing unusual then about not believing in Catholicism. What was unusual was to acknowledge publicly that you did not believe in Catholicism.... It is interesting that this did no harm to my public career around the mid-century – a time when the authority of a triumphant Catholic Church appeared to be overwhelmingly strong, in the media and in public life.
But I think many educated people - including many in the public service - resented that
Alice Jane Gray Perkins or Jane Gray Perkins was an American writer and teacher. She was known as a suffragist in the UK as well as in America. Perkins was born in Schenectady in 1865 to Anne Dunbar Potts Perkins, her father Maurice Perkins was the Professor of Chemistry at Union College from 1865, so she was brought up on the college campus. Her mother is remembered for her letters. Alice was one of three children, she traveled to Europe, but she started her interest in education at her home town by opening a school in 1895 for children. The school was short lived as she went to study further at Barnard College to increase her expertise in science and maths, her family's funding resulted in a master's degree for Perkins in 1899. Alice continued to live in New York. In 1907 she published "The Life of the Honourable Mrs. Norton" using the name "Jane Grey Perkins". Eagle House near Bath in Somerset had become an important refuge for suffragettes, released from prison after hunger strikes. Mary Blathwayt's parents planted trees there between April 1909 and July 1911 to commemorate the achievements of suffragettes including Emmeline Pankhurst, Christabel Pankhurst, Annie Kenney, Charlotte Despard, Millicent Fawcett and Lady Lytton.
The trees were known as "Annie's Arboreatum" after Annie Kenney. There was a "Pankhurst Pond" within the grounds. Perkins was invited to Eagle House in 1910 and she recorded her visit by planting a Christmas Holly bush. A plaque was made and her photograph was recorded by Colonel Linley Blathwayt on 12 September wearing a brooch of the Women's Social and Political Union. Perkins co-wrote "Frances Wright: Free Enquirer" with Theresa Wolfson, prominent in the American workers education movement, their book was published in 1939. Perkins died in New York in 1948; the Life of the Honourable Mrs. Norton, 1907 Frances Wright: Free Enquirer, 1939
Madan Mohan Temple is a Hindu temple situated at Karauli, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The temple is located on the banks of the Bhadravati River, a tributary of the Banas River in the hills of Aravali; the temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. It is believed. After this the king in his dream saw that Lord Krishna instructed him to fetch his idol from Amer and installed at Karauli; the king of Karauli therefore, got this temple constructed to enshrine it. It is said that to protect idols of Lord Krishna from Mughals, two idols were brought from Vrindavan and placed one at Karauli and another at Jaipur, it is said that to complete the Govardhan Yatra, it is mandatory to visit Madan Mohan Ji and Govind Dev Ji Temple. It is one of the Char Dham of Karauli District. Other three are Mehandipur Balaji Temple and Shri Mahavirji. Devotees used to put the Prasad. Jugal Prasad is a kind of Bhog in which devotees offer Kachauri, it is put once in a day by one person only. The queue for the same is around two year long.
Devotee gather in large amount on day of Amavasya. There are three pat in temple. One right handed room reserve for Lalita ji. Left handed room for middle room for shri Madanmohan ji. Both deities in the temple are of Shri Krishna's roop; this temple consists of the palace of the Maharaja in its background. Karauli Shri Mahavirji Mehandipur Balaji Temple Kaila Devi Temple Madan mohan ji