Pol Roger is a producer of champagne. The brand is still run by the descendants of Pol Roger. Located in the town of Épernay in the Champagne region, the house annually produces around 110,000 cases of Champagne. Pol Roger was born on the son of a lawyer. Beginning as a wholesaler of wine, he started his own champagne house in 1849, with the first growths released in 1853, he received an royal warrant for the Austro-Hungarian court. The owners of Pol Roger are members of the Primum Familiae Vini. Pol Roger holds the current Royal Warrant as purveyors of champagne to Queen Elizabeth II; the house's prestige label is the vintage Cuvée Sir Winston Churchill. Churchill was oft to repeat Napoleon's maxim on champagne: "In victory, deserve it. In defeat, need it!" They release three non-vintage cuvées, the Pure Brut, Brut Réserve and Rich, as well as three other vintage wines, the Brut Vintage, Blanc de blancs and Rosé Vintage. Pol Roger Brut Vintage is a blend of 40% Chardonnay and 60% Pinot noir, although this can vary.
Pol Roger had been the favourite champagne of Sir Winston Churchill since 1908. After Churchill's death in 1965, Pol Roger placed a black border around the labels of Brut NV shipped to the United Kingdom. Madame Odette Pol-Roger, whom Churchill had befriended at a party at the British Embassy in Paris in 1944, attended his funeral nearly 21 years later. In 1987, when the trees of Churchill's country retreat, were devastated by the Great Storm, the Pol-Roger family paid for much of the replanting. In 1984, Pol-Roger introduced the Pinot noir-dominant Cuvée Sir Winston Churchill; the first vintage of this cuvée was the 1975, only released in magnum format. It has been followed by the 1979, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 vintages; this cuvée is released around ten years after its vintage year. Cuvée Sir Winston Churchill replaced the Pol Roger P. R. Reserve Speciale at the top of the range. Reserve Speciale was 50 % Pinot noir blend from 100 % rated grand cru vineyards.
First released with the 1971 vintage, it continued to be produced alongside Cuvee Sir Winston Churchill until the 1988 vintage, when its production was terminated as Pol Roger felt no need to have two competing prestige cuvees. List of Champagne houses Media related to Pol Roger at Wikimedia Commons Official website Official UK website
Josef Maria Jauch was a Swiss/American theoretical physicist. He studied mathematics and physics at ETH Zürich, earning his diploma in 1938, he received his doctorate in 1940 from the University of Minnesota under Edward Lee Hill, for a dissertation entitled On Contact Transformations and Group Theory in Quantum Mechanical Problems. In the summer semester of 1940, he became an assistant to Wolfgang Pauli in Zurich. After Pauli’s departure for Princeton, Jauch continued working at the ETH in Zurich until 1942, when he departed for the U. S. From 1942 to 1946 he was an assistant professor at Princeton University. From 1946 to 1958 he was associate professor, full professor, at the University of Iowa. During that time he spent one year as a visiting scholar with the Fulbright Program at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1958 Jauch returned to Europe, where he spent one year working at CERN in Geneva, followed by one year stationed in London as a scientific liaison officer for the U. S. Office of Naval Research.
In 1960 he accepted a professorship at the University of Geneva, where he became the director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics. He remained in that position until his death in 1974, his work focused on quantum scattering theory, the process of measurement in quantum mechanics, irreversible phenomena, gauge theories. His contribution to the axiomatization of quantum field theory is a mathematical model of rigor. While in the U. S. he became interested in the theory of symmetry groups and their applications in the field of particle physics, a subject whose importance was not appreciated until the 1960s with the introduction of the SU group by Murray Gell-Mann and Yuval Ne'eman. Jauch was a founding member of the European Physical Society. Among his doctoral students were Gérard Emch, Constantin Piron and Kenneth Watson, he was the author of numerous scientific papers. He had three children from his first marriage; the Theory of Photons and Electrons. The Relativistic Quantum Field Theory of Charged Particles with Spin One-half Foundations of Quantum Mechanics Are Quanta Real?