Tijuana is the largest city of both Baja California State and the Baja Peninsula. It is part of the San Diego–Tijuana transborder urban agglomeration and the larger Southern California megalopolis; as the 6th-largest city in Mexico and center of the 6th-largest metro area in Mexico, Tijuana exerts a strong influence in education and politics – across Mexico, in transportation and art – across all three Californias, in manufacturing and as a migration hub – across the North American continent. One of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in Mexico, Tijuana maintains GaWC'sufficiency city' status; as of 2015, the city of Tijuana had a population of 1,641,570. Tijuana is located on the Gold Coast of Baja California, is the municipal seat and the cultural and commercial center of Tijuana Municipality. Tijuana contains 80 % of its population. A dominant manufacturing center of the North American continent, the city maintains facilities of many multinational conglomerate companies. In the early 21st century, Tijuana became the medical-device manufacturing capital of North America.
Tijuana is a growing cultural center and has been recognized as an important new cultural mecca. The city is the most visited border city in the world. More than fifty million people cross the border between these two cities every year; this metropolitan crossing makes the San Ysidro Port of Entry the fourth busiest land-border crossing in the world. It is estimated that the two border crossing stations between the cities proper of San Diego and Tijuana account for 300,000 daily border crossings alone. Tijuana is the westernmost city in Mexico. According to the 2015 census, the Tijuana metropolitan area was the fifth-largest in Mexico, with a population of 1,840,710, but rankings vary, the city itself was 6th largest and the municipality 3rd largest nationally; the international metropolitan region was estimated at about 5,158,459 in 2016, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in the former Californias region, 19th largest metropolitan area in the Americas, the largest bi-national conurbation, shared between US and Mexico.
Tijuana is becoming more suburbanized like San Diego. Tijuana traces its modern history to the arrival of Spanish explorers in the 16th century who were mapping the coast of the Californias; as the American occupation of the Mexican capital ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Tijuana's new international position on the border gave rise to a new economic and political structure. The city was founded on July 1889 as urban development began. Known by its supposed initials, T. J. and nicknamed Gateway to Mexico, the city has served as a tourist center dating back to the 1880s. The city's name comes from the rancho that Santiago Argüello Moraga established in 1829 on his Mexican land grant, naming it Rancho Tía Juana; the first Spanish mission call the settlement variously as La Tía Juana, Tiuana, Tijuan, Ticuan, as well as Tijuana. While the Mexican city standardized to Tijuana, the American term for both the river and a U. S. settlement, now part of San Ysidro remained Tía Juana until the mid-20th century.
The accepted theory among historians is that Tía Juana, as Argüello named his rancho, is derived from the word Tiwan in the language of the Kumeyaay—the original aboriginal inhabitants of the San Diego-Tijuana region. Urban legend, states that Tía Juana, which means "Aunt Jane" in Spanish, was a real person whose inn provided food and lodging to travelers. There is however no record of such an inn. In Southern California, Tijuana is referred to as TJ or T. J. Baja Californians have adopted this pronunciation as Tiyei. In Spanish the demonym for someone from Tijuana is Tijuanense, while in English the demonym is Tijuanan. A common slang term used for a person from Tijuana is Tijuanero; the nickname Tijuas is popular among residents and visitors alike. Due to a recent increase in violence in the city, a new term is developing; the phrase Yo Tijuaneo, ¿y tú? translates to I Tijuanate, you?. This term comes from a new popular local verb Tijuanear meaning to Tijuana, describing the cosmopolitan aspects of living in the city and crossing the border.
The land was inhabited by the Kumeyaay, a tribe of Yuman-speaking hunter-gatherers. Europeans arrived in 1542, when the explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo toured the coastline of the area, which Sebastián Vizcaíno mapped in 1602. In 1769, Juan Crespí documented more details about the area, called the Valley of Tijuana. Junípero Serra founded the first mission of Alta California in nearby San Diego. Further settlement took place near the end of the mission era when José María de Echeandía, governor of the Baja California and Alta California, awarded a large land grant to Santiago Argüello in 1829; this large cattle ranch, Rancho Tía Juana, covered 100 km2. Although "Tia Juana" means "Aunt Jane" in Spanish, the name was an adaptation of the word'Tihuan' or'Tijuán' in the Kumeyaay language, the name of a nearby Kumeyaay settlement and whose meaning is disputed. In 1848, as a result of the Mexican–American War with the United States, Mexico lost all of Alta California; the majority of the 1,000 Hispanic families living in Alta Califor
The Very Reverend is a style given to certain religious figures. In the Catholic Church, the style is given, by custom, to priests who hold positions of particular note: e.g. vicars general, episcopal vicars, judicial vicars, ecclesiastical judges, vicars forane, provincials of religious orders, rectors or presidents of cathedrals, seminaries or colleges/universities, priors of monasteries, for instance. Monsignors of the grade of Chaplain of His Holiness were styled as The Very Reverend Monsignor, while Honorary Prelate and Protonotary Apostolic were styled The Right Reverend Monsignor. An extant example is the Very Reverend John Talamo, Jr. Fr. Talamo is both the pastor of his parish and holds an exalted position in the Archdiocese of New Orleans. Now, apart from legitimate custom or acquired right, most monsignors are styled The Reverend Monsignor; the title is accorded in the Dominican Order to holders of the title of Master of Sacred Theology. In the Eastern Orthodox churches, the style is used for archpriests and unmarried parish priests, while married priests are styled The Reverend.
In the Anglican Communion, the style is used with certain senior priests in a diocese. The senior priest of a cathedral, whether a dean or a provost, is styled as The Very Reverend regardless of whether the priest is the rector of the cathedral parish, or whether the cathedral is a parish church. In the Episcopal Church USA, the dean of a seminary or divinity school is styled in this form, as is the priest, either appointed by the local bishop or elected by fellow priests as the leader of a deanery, a geographic subdivision of a diocese. In some Episcopal dioceses convocation is used in lieu of deanery; the deans of dioceses in the Scottish Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada are styled as The Very Reverend. In some Mainline Protestant Churches with a Presbyterian heritage, the style is used for former Moderators of the General Assembly, such as: a former Moderator of the United Church of Canada, a former Moderator of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland a former Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
An Educational Encyclopedia of Islam is a 2010 encyclopedia written by Islamic scholar Syed Iqbal Zaheer from Bangalore and published by Iqra Publishers. He is the editor of the Young Muslim Digest – a monthly Islamic magazine since 1976, he is the author of several books like Islam: The Religion You Can No Longer Ignore, Fake Pearls: A Collection of Fabricated Prophetic Sayings and Tafsir Ishraq Al-Ma'ani. This two volume encyclopedia which consists of 1300 pages is covering all the aspects of Islam in dept with graphical illustrations; this encyclopedia has four dozen full-scale and unique multi-color maps. Encyclopedia of Islam happens to be the first of its kind written by a Muslim scholar himself. Apart from the prophet Muhammad and the earliest Muslims, the encyclopedia explores the lives of prominent figures from modern Islamic history like Jamaluddin Al-Afghani, Muhammad Iqbal, Syed Abul A’la Mawdudi, Maulana Muhammad Ilyas and Hassan Al-Banna; this information bank is available on the Internet and can be accessed by universities, students from around the world.
“An educational encyclopedia of Islam” is accessible on apps store. This app was developed on 21 August 2013 by Utrade studios. Official website Educational Encyclopedia of Islam: A Stupendous Task: admirably accomplished. Dr. A. G. Khan in The Milli Gazette Islamic Encyclopedia Released in Bangalore.