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Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant. With a population of 217,595, it is the second-largest municipality in North Brabant, the sixth largest in the Netherlands. Tilburg University is located in Tilburg, as are Avans University of Applied Sciences and Fontys University of Applied Sciences. Tilburg is known for its ten-day-long funfair, held in July each year; the Monday during the funfair is called "Roze Maandag", is LGBT-oriented. There are three railway stations within the municipality: Tilburg, Tilburg Universiteit and Tilburg Reeshof; the 75-hectare "Spoorzone" area around Tilburg Central station, once a Dutch Railways train maintenance yard, has been purchased by the city and is being transformed into an urban zone. Little is known about the beginnings of Tilburg; the name Tilliburg first appeared in documents dating from AD 709, but after that there was no mention for several centuries. In the Middle Ages, Tilburg referred to a region rather than a particular town or village.

This village centred around a small castle or Motteburcht on an small hill, which became derelict and was torn down after a few centuries at most. Of this first "Tilburg Castle", nothing remained c. 2000, except for a few remnants of its moat in the suburbs of Oisterwijk. In the 14th century, Tilburg was proclaimed a manor. Successively, the manorial rights fell into the hands of several lords of noble lineage, they derived their income from taxes and interest paid by the villagers. In the 15th century, one of the lords of Tilburg, Jan van Haestrecht, built Tilburg Castle. "That stone chamber at Hasselt" is mentioned in several historical documents. In 1858, the castle was pulled down to make way for a factory, but the name lives on, in the city arms and logo. A replica of the foundations of the castle was restored in ca. 1995 in its original location, after the factory was demolished. In 1803, Goirle was separated from Tilburg and on 18 April 1809, Tilburg was granted city status. In that year, it had about 9,000 inhabitants.

In 2009 Tilburg hosted several festivities in celebration of 200 years as a city. Tilburg grew around one of the so-called "herd places" or "Frankish triangles", triangular plots where a number of roads met; these herd places were collective pasturelands for flocks of sheep. Their shape is still reflected in the layout of many places in Tilburg. Many districts, including Korvel, Broekhoven, Heikant, De Schans, Heuvel, bear the names of these old hamlets; the poor farmers living in these hamlets soon decided not to sell the wool from their sheep but to weave it themselves, for a long time, much of the space inside their small houses was occupied by a loom—by the 17th century these numbered about 300. Enterprising people saw their chance; as so-called "drapers" they supplied the weavers with the raw materials for their "home working", the first Tilburg "mill houses" came into existence. From on, the wool industry underwent rapid growth, in 1881 Tilburg had as many as 145 wool mills. Home weaving continued, until the early 20th century.

Woollen textiles from Tilburg were known wide. After World War II Tilburg retained its place as wool capital of the Netherlands, but in the 1960s the industry collapsed and by the 1980s the number of wool mills could be counted on the fingers of one hand. Present-day Tilburg industry consists of a wide variety of enterprises; the main economic sector has become transport and logistics with a variety of industry as a close second. At the same time as the wool industry collapsed, Cees Becht was the mayor of Tilburg. While he was in office, many buildings were destroyed, including some precious monuments; the neighbourhood Koningswei was replaced by Koningsplein. The old neighbourhood had to be replaced by newer development; the newer development, wasn't as successful as was expected, the square feels abandoned most of the year. Considered worse was the demolition of the old city hall; this classicistic-styled building was a national-registered monument, but that didn't stop Becht's plans to demolish it to build the nine-storey, modern-day, black complex.

A part of the empty area was used to build the system of the inner Cityring. Another building, demolished was the old railway station, replaced due to Hoogspoor, a project bringing the railway on viaducts to reduce traffic congestion in the years around 1960; the century-old station building was replaced by the modern one. Because of all of this and some more parts of Tilburg, Cees Becht gained the dubious nickname Cees de Sloper. In the 1980s, many locations occupied by wool factories had been filled with small-scale housing projects; this happened when Henk Letschert was mayor of Tilburg. The Heuvel, one of the important squares, had its own lime tree until 27 April 1994, being chopped for a bicycle parking basement; the felling led to many protests. After the Pieter Vreedeplein reconstruction, plans were made to plant a descendant of the original lime tree. Three were placed, only one of them survived; the last living tree died shortly after. As of 23 November 2011, no more descendants have been placed.

The current one is just another lime

Rango (TV series)

Rango is an American Western sitcom starring comedian Tim Conway, broadcast in the United States on the ABC television network in 1967 and lasted 17 episodes. In Rango, Conway played an inept Texas Ranger, assigned to the quietest post the Rangers had, Deep Wells, so as to keep him from creating unnecessary trouble; the Rangers had wanted him removed from the service altogether but were prevented from doing so by the fact that his father was their commander. But he seemed to bring his own trouble with him, as crime returned to a place that had seen little of it the prior 20 years. Appearing in Rango was the American Indian character Pink Cloud, an overly-assimilated Indian, fond of the ways of the whites and whose command of the English language was better than theirs; the theme song sung by Frankie Laine. The series ran for less than a year. TV Guide ranked the series number 47 on its TV Guide's 50 Worst Shows of All Time list in 2002. Rango on IMDb

Marsden grant

Marsden grants are the main form of contestable funding for fundamental,'blue skies' research in New Zealand. Grants are made in both science and the humanities; the grants are made from the Marsden Fund, established by the New Zealand Government in 1994. The Fund is administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand. Most of the grants go to researchers at New Zealand universities, but some go to researchers at Crown Research Institutes and elsewhere; the first Marsden grants were awarded in 1995, when NZ$10.2 million was shared between 51 successful projects. In 2001, the Fast Start category was introduced for Early Career Researchers. By 2018, the size of the Marsden Fund had grown to NZ$85.6 million and 136 grants were made. These included 83 Standard grants; the 2018 round introduced a new category of grant, the Marsden Fund Council Award. These larger grants are focused on interdisciplinary research; the Marsden granting process is competitive, with over 1,000 applications per year and success rates that hover around 10%.

Proposals are assessed on the potential of the research to contribute to the advancement of knowledge. In the 2018 funding round, the success rate was 11.2% for Standard grants and 14.8% for Fast Start grants. Because of this intense competition, winning a Marsden grant is regarded as a hallmark of research excellence in New Zealand; the grants are named after English-New Zealand physicist Ernest Marsden


DVD_TV was a film trivia show that presents the story behind the making of a movie as streaming text in the letterbox area below the picture. It is broadcast in the United States and Canada on the cable network AMC, is created by and produced at Riverstreet Productions, it premiered on June 2002 with an enhanced presentation of Breakfast At Tiffany's. DVD_TV aired monthly on Sunday nights, continued for six seasons before its final airing, an augmented version of Apollo 13, on August 3, 2008. Unlike many trivia shows and movies with a "pop-up" format, DVD_TV is configured with respect for both action and picture. DVD_TV movies are always presented in their original theatrical aspect ratio, so the 4:3 televised version allows room for text to run in the black letterbox area, as opposed to interfering with picture. Trivia is organized to appear during relevant scenes in the movie, is written and timed to play in a measured and sometimes irreverent manner; the exhaustive research done for DVD_TV allows for an in-depth look at each film's production story, historical background, place in movie history, not to mention a wealth of personal anecdotes from the cast and crew and little-known trivia about things like locations and props.

In fact, the research is so extensive that additional behind-the-scenes stories that couldn't fit into the enhanced movie are posted on the AMC site to supplement the show. When AMC first began airing DVD_TV, the enhanced movie was part of an evening programming block called DVD_TV which concentrated on a single movie, with the enhanced movie portion of the block being referred to as Much More Movie; the "Much More Movie" title was dropped and the enhanced movie was retitled "DVD_TV: Enhanced Version." DVD_TV on IMDb DVD_TV Turns 50! Press Release

Bodgies and widgies

Bodgies and widgies refer to a youth subculture that existed in Australia and New Zealand in the 1950s, similar to the rocker culture in the UK or Greaser culture in the United States. Most bodgies rode motorbikes but some had cars, many of which were hotted-up e.g. mag wheels, hot dog muffler, etc. The males were called bodgies and the females were called widgies. Bodgies were depicted in Australian media and folk-lore as louts. On 1 February 1951 the Sydney Morning Herald wrote on its front page: "What with "bodgies" growing their hair long and getting around in satin shirts, "wedgies" cutting their hair short and wearing jeans, confusion seems to be arising about the sex of some Australian adolescents." The Mazengarb Report of 1954 was a response to the emergence of the bodgie & widgie subculture. Citing a Sydney Morning Herald article from 21 January 1956, Professor Keith Moore wrote in 2004: "The first bodgies were World War 2 Australian seamen who as well as impersonating Americans were black marketers and the first bodgie gang was the'Woolloomooloo Yanks' who congregated in Cathedral Street Woolloomooloo.

By 1948, about 200 bodgies were frequenting Kings Cross milk bars. Soon, bodgie gangs formed at other inner-Sydney locations. After a time and American drape suits complete with pegged trousers replaced their attire of blue jeans and leather American Airline jackets or zoot suits. For bodgies all of whom were working class, emulating the high status Americans who had so occupied Australia as military personnel was easier than achieving upward social mobility." There was a Victorian Police Widgies Squad formed -- plain clothed. Their job was to bust up the gang. In 1983, the Melbourne Age suggested: "the term "bodgie" arose around the Darlinghurst area in Sydney, it was just after the end of World War II and rationing had caused a flourishing black market in American-made cloth. "People used to try and pass off inferior cloth as American-made when in fact it was not: so it was called bodgie"... "When some of the young guys started talking with American accents to big-note themselves they were called bodgies" Australian Rockers stemmed from the bodgies and widgies subculture that came into prominence in the late 1950s.

Bodgies took on. The 1970s were the rockers' heyday in Adelaide. During the 1980s in South Australia, other Australian regions, Australian rockers were working class and reactionary. Typical interests were alcohol, girls and cars, they were known as troublemakers and street fighters, there were several rocker groups. It was not uncommon for rockers to fight members of other subcultures, such as surfies and skinheads, they liked hard rock and heavy metal music, by bands such as AC/DC, The Angels, Midnight Oil, Iron Maiden, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple. Adelaide Rockers of the 1970s enjoyed the music of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, but identified with the look and rock n roll style of music and movie greats such as Elvis Presley and James Dean. Unlike their British counterparts, rockers in Australia had no association with rockabilly or Cafe Racer motorcycles; this Australian youth subculture had more in common with the 1960s rock n roll scene. Cars common to rockers included Chevrolets, Fords, Pontiacs or other American 1950s and 1960s classics.

Rockers who did not own those brands had modified Australian cars, such as early model Holdens, Fords or Valiants. A number of rockers owned motorbikes. Australian rockers wore black mesh shirts. Common jackets included classic suit jackets dark coloured. Australian rockers wore tight jeans with the legs taken in; some rockers sewed their jeans on for the weekends. Footwear common to Australian rockers included black boots. Many rockers wore RM Williams leather elastic-sided square-toed boots, some wore pointed shoes. Alternatives included Adidas Officials and the Ciak casual shoe; the common look was slicked back or coiffed into a quiff, using another hair cream. Some styled their hair into what were known as racks, hair curled into two waves meeting at a point at the forehead, but always slicked back on the sides; the Elvis look was predominant in Rocker culture. Headgear, if worn, was a black knitted beanie. Tattoos, including bum tatts, were common among Australian rockers. Harder rockers had small red stars with black/blue outlines tattooed on their faces and ears.

These tattooed stars were known as rocker stars. Actor and comedian Grahame Bond created a character named Kev Kavanagh for the 1972 sketch comedy series The Aunty Jack Show and the spinoff series Wollongong the Brave. A more exaggerated version of the character was revived as the "last living bodgie" in the 1985 comedy series News Free Zone. Former Prime Minister of Australia Bob Hawke was nicknamed the Silver Bodgie by the Australian media for his thick silver-grey hair worn in the bodgie style and loutish behaviour before entering polit

Anita Thapar

Anita Thapar is a Welsh child psychiatrist, Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in the Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neuroscience at Cardiff University. Her research focuses on major depression in children, she was elected a fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists in 1995, of the Academy of Medical Sciences and Learned Society of Wales in 2011. In 2017, she received the Frances Hoggan Medal from the Learned Society of Wales and was named a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, both in recognition of her research in child and adolescent psychiatry. Thapar was born in South Wales and educated at the Welsh National School of Medicine in Cardiff, where she received her MBBCh in 1985, she worked at district general hospitals in Carmarthen and Swansea to complete her clinical training. She received her Ph. D. from the University of Wales College of Medicine in 1995. She worked as a senior lecturer at Manchester University before being appointed Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Cardiff University in 1999, making her the first such professor in Wales.

Thapar is researching ADHD, autism and genetics. She is married to a former general practitioner and has two adult sons. UK Professor of Psychiatry Club: Academic Women in Psychiatry Award for enhancing the careers of academic women in psychiatry, 2017 Learned Society of Wales: Frances Hoggan Medal for outstanding research by women in Science, Engineering, Medicine or Mathematics, 2017 Queen’s Honours: CBE for services to Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2017 Presidents Medal 2015, Royal College of Psychiatrists, UK for contribution to policy, public knowledge and meeting population and patient care needs, 2015 Ruane Prize 2015, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, USA for outstanding Child & Adolescent Psychiatric research, 2015Elected Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences, 2011 Elected Fellow of the Learned Society of Wales, 2011 Elected Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 1995Laughlin Prize 1989 Royal College of Psychiatrists, UK for highest marks and best recommendation in MRCPsych examinations, 1989 Maldwyn Catell Memorial Prize, Welsh National School of Medicine, 1985 Geraint Walters Prize in Haematology, Welsh National School of Medicine, 1985 Faculty page