Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. In the British Isles, they are called lime trees, or lime bushes, although they are not related to the tree that produces the lime fruit. Other names include linden for the European species, basswood for North American species; the genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia. Under the Cronquist classification system, this genus was placed in the family Tiliaceae, but genetic research summarised by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group has resulted in the incorporation of this genus, of most of the previous family, into the Malvaceae. Tilia species are large, deciduous trees, reaching 20 to 40 m tall, with oblique-cordate leaves 6 to 20 cm across; as with elms, the exact number of species is uncertain, as many of the species can hybridise both in the wild and in cultivation. Limes are hermaphroditic, having perfect flowers with both male and female parts, pollinated by insects.
The genus is called "lime" or "linden" in Britain and "linden", "lime", or "basswood" in North America."Lime" is an altered form of Middle English lind, in the 16th century line, from Old English feminine lind or linde, Proto-Germanic *lendā, cognate to Latin lentus "flexible" and Sanskrit latā "liana". Within Germanic languages, English "lithe", German lind "lenient, yielding" are from the same root. "Linden" was the adjective, "made from linwood or lime-wood". Neither the name nor the tree is related to the citrus fruit called "lime". Another common name used in North America is basswood, derived from bast, the name for the inner bark. Teil is an old name for the lime tree. Latin tilia is cognate to Greek πτελέᾱ, ptelea, "elm tree", τιλίαι, tiliai, "black poplar" from a Proto-Indo-European word *ptel-ei̯ā with a meaning of "broad"; the Tilia's sturdy trunk stands like a pillar and the branches divide and subdivide into numerous ramifications on which the twigs are fine and thick. In summer, these are profusely clothed with large leaves and the result is a dense head of abundant foliage.
The leaves of all the Tilia species are heart-shaped and most are asymmetrical, the tiny fruit, looking like peas, always hang attached to a ribbon-like, greenish-yellow bract, whose use seems to be to launch the ripened seed clusters just a little beyond the parent tree. The flowers of the European and American Tilia species are similar, except the American ones bear a petal-like scale among their stamens and the European varieties are devoid of these appendages. All of the Tilia species may be propagated by cuttings and grafting, as well as by seed, they grow in rich soil, but are subject to the attack of many insects. Tilia is notoriously difficult to propagate from seed. If allowed to dry, the seeds take 18 months to germinate. In particular, aphids are attracted by the rich supply of sap, are in turn "farmed" by ants for the production of the sap, which the ants collect for their own use, the result can be a dripping of excess sap onto the lower branches and leaves, anything else below.
Cars left under the trees can become coated with a film of the syrup thus dropped from higher up. The ant/aphid "farming" process does not appear to cause any serious damage to the trees. In Europe, some linden trees reached considerable ages. A coppice of T. cordata in Westonbirt Arboretum in Gloucestershire is estimated to be 2,000 years old. In the courtyard of the Imperial Castle at Nuremberg is a Tilia, which by tradition recounted in 1900, was planted by the Empress Cunigunde, the wife of Henry II of Germany circa 1000; the Tilia of Neuenstadt am Kocher in Baden-Württemberg, was estimated at 1000 years old when it fell. The Alte Linde tree of Naters, Switzerland, is mentioned in a document in 1357 and described by the writer at that time as magnam. A plaque at its foot mentions that in 1155, a linden tree was on this spot; the Najevnik linden tree, a 700-year-old T. cordata, is the thickest tree in Slovenia. The excellence of the honey of the far-famed Hyblaean Mountains was due to the linden trees that covered its sides and crowned its summit.
Lime fossils have been found in the Tertiary formations of Grinnell Land, Canada, at 82°N latitude, in Svalbard, Norway. Sapporta believed he had found there the common ancestor of the Tilia species of America; the linden is recommended as an ornamental tree when a mass of a deep shade is desired. The tree produces fragrant and nectar-producing flowers, the medicinal herb lime blossom, they are important honey plants for beekeepers, producing a pale, but richly flavoured monofloral honey. The flowers are used for herbal teas and tinctures. Linden trees produce soft and worked timber, which has little grain and a density of 560 kg/m3, it was used by Germanic tribes for constructing shields. It is a popular wood for intricate carving. In Germany, it was the classic wood for sculpture from the Middle Ages onwards and is the material for the elaborate altarpieces of Veit Stoss, Tilman Riemenschneider, many others. In En
My Brother and Me is an American sitcom, which ran on Nickelodeon from October 15, 1994 through January 15, 1995 with reruns until early 2000. The show centers on the Parkers, a family living in the west side of Charlotte, North Carolina, who experience the highs and lows of everyday life; the series starred Arthur Reggie III as pre-teen son Alfie, Ralph Woolfolk IV as his younger brother Dee-Dee, Aisling Sistrunk as older sister Melanie, Karen E. Fraction as mother Jennifer Parker, Jim R. Coleman as father Roger Parker, Jimmy Lee Newman, Jr. as Alfie's troublesome best friend, Milton "Goo" Berry. Reruns of the program aired during The'90s Are All That block on TeenNick on December 24, 26, 28, 2013, marking the first time the series has aired on television since 2000. In June 2014, Nickelodeon released My Brother & Me: The Complete Series as a two-disc manufacture on demand release through Amazon.com in region 1. Arthur Reggie III as Alfred "Alfie" Parker: Dee-Dee's older brother and younger brother to Melanie.
Best friends with Goo. He is 11 years old, he turns 12 in "The Surprise." Ralph Woolfolk IV as Derek "Dee-Dee" Parker: Alfie and Melanie's youngest brother. He looks up to Alfie. Best friends with Donnell and Harry, he is 8 years old and hasn't built common sense, explored in one episode when he went against his parents and Alfie's wishes not to get a hair cut similar to Cool Dr. Money as the cut wasn't age appropriate, he gave Alfie good advice in "The Robin Hood Play" in not getting worked up in wearing tights and let it distract form his performance on TV. Dee-Dee has a stuff dog named Bernie. Jimmy Lee Newman, Jr. as Milton "Goo" Berry: Alfie's best friend, in love with Melanie. He is 11 years old, his sweet talk fools Jennifer, but Roger and the others see past it. Although he picks on Dee-Dee, Harry and Dionne he has shown to consider them as friends. Goo is insulted in "The Basketball Tryouts" when the coach kept calling him "Glue" instead of Goo Aisling Sistrunk as Melanie Parker: Alfie and Dee-Dee's older sister and the object of Goo's affections, however she is repulsed by him.
She is best friends with Dionne. She is 15 years old. Karen E. Fraction as Jennifer Parker: The kids' mother who falls for Goo's sweet talk, she has Helen. She is 36 years old. Jim Coleman as Roger Parker: The kids' father, he is 33 years old. Unlike Jennifer, Roger is more wary of Goo's sweet talk, he has a habit of telling boring stories about his childhood and his older brother Lawrence to his family, which they run away from. Stefan J. Wernli as Donnell Wilburn: Dee-Dee's best friend besides Harry and Dionne's little brother, he is 8 years old. He turns 9 in "Donnell's Birthday Party." Amanda Seales as Dionne Wilburn: Melanie's best friend and Donnell's older sister. She is 13 years old. Dionne has a habit of being pessimistic and comes up with negative scenarios which sometimes involves her crush name Tim that annoy Melanie, she is antagonistic towards Goo whenever he insults her. Christopher Guerriero as Milton Garcia Keith "Bubba" Naylor as Harry White: Dee-Dee's best friend besides Donnell, he is 8 years old.
Renaldo Ferguson as Himself Kym Whitley as Mrs. Pinckney: The owner of the comic book store. She's sometimes bossy towards Dee Dee and Harry by kicking them out of her store if they did something wrong or don't have any money to pay. Pinckney was supportive of Dee-Dee when he suggested that Kendall Gill attend the charity carnival. She's 33 years old. Willie Brunson as Moo Berry: Goo's cousin, a classmate of Dee-Dee's. Florence Anthony as Aunt Helen: Jennifer's sister, Roger's sister-in-law and the children's aunt. Vanessa Baden as Janey, age 8 Kendall Gill as Himself, age 26 Mekia Cox Anais Adell Kenny Layne, age 13 Misty Lee Gentle Micah Cox Patricia Kizzie Art Dohany Avis Marie Barnes as Mrs. Wilburn: Dionne and Donnell's mother Dennis Scott as Coach Hancock Tony Delana as Cool Dr. Money Lee Hastings Ana Palmas Sunny Raskin Katrina Webster In the first episode of the series, former Charlotte Hornets basketball player Kendall Gill made a guest appearance; the show featured former Orlando Magic small forward Dennis Scott as a coach, in the episode "Basketball Tryouts".
It would feature Kenny Layne, the kid who had his hair cut similar to Cool Doctor Money. Layne is a professional wrestler formally signed to TNA Wrestling, where he is a two-time X Division Champion, signed to Ring of Honor, he uses the ring name of "Kenny King". The show extensively uses interior monologues; every episode features the characters' "thoughts" overreacted responses to something another character says. This is prevalent in scenes revolving around the boys' father, who tells painfully boring stories about his brother, the kids' uncle Lawrence, forces the kids to endure his favorite dish, mumbo-jumbo gumbo. A common catchphrase used in the show by multiple characters was "Don't hold your breath!" This was a typical response to an outlandish suggestion by another character. Another common catchphrase would occur when Dee-Dee would interrupt Goo in whatever story he was telling, promptly after Goo telling Dee-Dee off, he would say, "Now as I was saying, before I was so rudely interrupted...." and would continue onward with his story.
This occurrence happened quite on the show. Alfie said in most episodes "Aw, man!" when faced with a situation or outcome that troubled him (ex, his father caught wind of his plans to cheat on a math
Robert Cholmondeley, 1st Viscount Cholmondeley was an English peer. Lord Cholmondeley was the son of Mary Bodvile. Sir Hugh Cholmondeley of Cholmondeley was his grandfather and Robert Cholmondeley, 1st Earl of Leinster, his uncle, he succeeded to the estates of his uncle Lord Leinster in 1659 and two years he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Viscount Cholmondeley, of Kells in the County of Meath. Cholmondeley married Elizabeth Cradock, daughter of George Cradock of Caverswall Castle, he died in May 1681, was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son Hugh, created Earl of Cholmondeley in 1706. His second son George became a prominent soldier. Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages www.thepeerage.com