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Time bomb

A time bomb is a bomb whose detonation is triggered by a timer. The use of time bombs has been for various purposes including insurance fraud, assassination and warfare, they are a popular feature in fictional thriller and action films as they offer a way of imparting a dramatic sense of urgency. The explosive charge is the main component of any bomb, makes up most of the size and weight of it, it is the damaging element of the bomb. The explosive charge is detonated by a detonator. A time bomb's timing mechanism may be professionally manufactured, either separately or as part of the device, or it may be improvised from an ordinary household timer such as a wind-up alarm clock, wrist watch, digital kitchen timer, or notebook computer; the timer can be programmed to count down. Types of time bombs include: Delay-action bomb Improvised explosive device Limpet mine Time bombs are common plot devices used in action/thriller TV series, cartoons and video games, where the hero escapes the blast area or defuses the bomb at the last second.

Many fictional time bombs are improvised, involve a beeping sound with a large prominent countdown timer. Such fictional appearances include: Kojak, Knight Rider, MacGyver, Get Smart, Men in Black: The Series, 24, Sonic X, Hogan's Heroes, VR Troopers, Walker, Texas Ranger on television. Music artists including The Old 97's, Dave Matthews Band, Godsmack, The Format, Buckcherry, The Dismemberment Plan, Faber Drive, All time low, Hollywood Undead and Kylie Minogue have songs titled "Time bomb" or "Timebomb"; the popular Super NES video game Chrono Trigger takes its name from the timer-detonator assembly of a time bomb, although the game itself has nothing to do with time bombs but with time travel instead. Delay-action bomb Bomb disposal Fuse Ticking time bomb scenario Software time bomb

Native Sons of the Golden West

The Native Sons of the Golden West is a fraternal service organization founded in 1875, limited to native born Californians and dedicated to historic preservation, documentation of historic structures and places in the state, the placement of historic plaques and other charitable functions within California. In 1890 they placed the first historical marker in the state to honor the discovery of gold which gave rise to the state nickname "Golden State" and "Golden West." Former U. S. President Richard M. Nixon and former Chief Justice of the United States Earl Warren were both past presidents of the NSGW; the Native Sons of the Golden West was founded 11 July 1875 by General A. M. Winn, a Virginian, as a lasting monument to the men and women of the Gold Rush Days. General Winn lived in California during the Gold Rush and was impressed with the spirit and perseverance of the "Forty-Niners." In speaking of his object in organizing the Order General Winn said "For twenty years my mind had been running on some lasting style of monument to mark and perpetuate the discovery of gold I could not think of anything that would not perish in course of time.

At last it came to my mind that an Order composed of native sons would effect the object and be sustained by pride of parentage and place of nativity while it would be an imperishable memento an institution that would last through all time." The chief objects of the Order as set forth in its constitution were, "To perpetuate in the minds of all native Californians the memories of the days of'49 to encourage a lively interest in all matters and measures relating to the promotion of the national interests and to the upbuilding of the State of California." Today, the Native Sons of the Golden West is open to membership from any native-born, current or former resident of California origin. The Native Sons of the Golden West is a fraternal organization. Organized locally into "Parlors," the group is best known for the large number of commemorative markers it has placed throughout the state, they have the Native Daughters of the Golden West. The term Golden West is a common colloquialism for California, popularly known as the Golden State.

The Native Sons began as an organization "embracing only the sons of those sturdy pioneers who arrived on this coast prior to the admission of California as a state." In the 1920s, the Native Sons took two different stances. In 1920, then-Grand President William P. Canbu of the Native Sons wrote that “California was given by God to a white people, with God’s strength we want to keep it as He gave it to us.” The Native Sons opposed Chinese and Japanese immigration and waged an unsuccessful legal battle for Japanese-Americans to be disenfranchised during World War II. However, by contrast, the Native Sons fought for California Native American rights. "The Commonwealth Club of San Francisco was looking into the matter of Indian rights under the 18 treaties as early as 1909. This resulted in a special section on Indian Affairs for the purpose of making a complete study of the rights and present condition of California Indians in 1924; the Native Sons was one of the groups, active in this area. Study committees were formed and publicity as to the needs of the California Indians appeared in its magazine, the California Grizzly Bear.

In 1922 and again in 1925, there were articles of real importance in arousing public opinion. In Nevada City, Native Sons Hydraulic Parlor No. 58 "aided the American Indians and succeeded in having the land set aside for native inhabitants. In April 1913, Indian agent C. H. Ashbury came from Reno to determine if the Indian land claims was valid and to conduct the proceedings, calling neighbors, city trustees, member of the Native Sons and Daughters to testify..."Today, the Native Sons welcome native Californians of all races. The current organization has many Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans and African American members, some of whom have served in the order's highest offices. Throughout its history, members of the Native Sons have safeguarded many of the landmarks of California's pioneer days and rehabilitating them and donating them to the State or local governments. Sutter's Fort, Sacramento: By 1888 the once proud fort built by John Sutter was abandoned and deteriorating and the City of Sacramento sought to demolish it.

C. E. Grunsky of Native Sons of the Golden West Sunset Parlor #26 in Sacramento led the fight to purchase and restore this most important symbol of California's pioneer history. After two years of fundraising, the Native Sons bought the historic Central Building and turned the land and building over to the State of California for further restoration. San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, San Francisco: The Grace Quan is a reproduction of a 19th-century Chinese shrimp fishing junk; the replica was built in 2003 by the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park and all of the wood for construction was donated by Native Sons, Redwood Parlor #66. Rancho Petaluma Adobe, Petaluma: In 1910, Native Sons of the Golden West, Petaluma Parlor #27 purchased what remained of General Mariano G. Vallejo's vast adobe ranch house. Over half of the building had succumbed to the forces of nature. In 1932 it was registered as California State Historical Landmark #18. After years of work and fundraising, the restored historic site was turned over to the State of California in 1951.

San Pasqual Battlefield State Historic Park, Escondido: San Pasqual Battlefield State Historic Park honors the soldiers who fought in the 1846 Battle of San Pasqual, the bloodiest battle in California during the Mexican–American War. The Native Sons of the Golden West were instrumental in raising

Beebe Steven Lynk

Beebe Steven Lynk was one of the first African-American women chemists and chemistry teachers. She was an active member of the early black women's club movement, authoring a book, Advice to Colored Women in 1896. Lynk was born in Mason, Tennessee, on October 24, 1872, she was the daughter of Jule Ann Steven. She earned a degree from Lane College in Jackson, Tennessee, in 1892 at the age of 20. Lynk gained a Ph. C. from the University of West Tennessee in 1903. This was a pre-bachelor degree, for training teachers. Lynk became one of two female faculty members at the University's new medical school, she was the professor of medical Latin materia medica. The University of West Tennessee had been founded by Lynk's husband in 1900 in Jackson, moving to Memphis in 1907; the university struggled with performance and acceptance, as well as financially, closed in 1923. In addition to teaching, Lynk wrote a book called Advice to Colored Women and was active in the African-American women's club movement. An advocate for women's rights, she was a member of the National Federation of Women's Clubs, serving as Treasurer of the Tennessee State Federation of that organization.

Her book reflected the organization's mission of advancing the status of African-American women through education and respectability. On April 12, 1893, Lynk married Dr. Miles Vandahurst Lynk, known both as the founder and publisher of Medical and Surgical Observer, as well as founding the University of West Tennessee. Beebe Steven Lynk died on November 11, 1948 of carcinoma of stomach in Tennessee. Little information is known about her life, in part because the University of West Tennessee no longer exists. Further sources on her may be available through the Tennessee State archives. Alice Ball List of African-American inventors and scientists Tennessee History


Gottsunda, is a district in Uppsala, Sweden. In 2007, it had 9,474 inhabitants of; the majority of the buildings are high-rise buildings built as part of the Million Programme in the 1960s and 1970s. The name is derived from the farm Gottsunda, Gutasund or Guttasund is mentioned in sources as far back as 1304; the Swedish botanist Carl von Linné is known to have made excursions to Gottsunda with his students during the 18th century. In the period leading up to 2009, there were a continuous increase in the number of crimes reported to police. After an arrest rioters set fire to cars and car tires. Police took a low-key approach. In 2009 during a reggae festival, police swept the area for narcotics and youth had to leave urine samples; the youth "felt harassed" and parents brought their young to have conversations with the police. The youth demanded apologies from the police. In 2010, 51 % of the inbahitants were born abroad of. Youth unemployment for 20-25-year-olds was 31% compared to 20% for the country as a whole.

In July 2016, there was a riot in Gottsunda when cars were set afire and rocks thrown at police two nights in a row. In its 2017 report, Police in Sweden placed the district in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates. Regional chief of police Carin Götblad stated that the classification was due to having a number of criminal gangs, many illegal weapons in circulation and families where a criminal lifestyle is inherited from generation to generation. In autumn 2017 the social organization Gottsundamammorna was formed after the widespread car fires in the area. In October 2018, received 700 000 Swedish crowns to calm down the area from Uppsala council. In November 2018 the organization was criticized by police as the activists had resisted and screamed when police searched the premises and found drug paraphernalia. In September 2017, four cars were set afire. In November 2017, cars were set afire. Fire engines received police escort to put out the fires due to the shooting incidents the preceding day.

In 2017, police registered 2800 incident reports in the district, an increase of 17% on the previous year. An incident is anything from violent crime to a broken window. In January 2018, six cars were set afire. Nobody was arrested. In April 2019, Uppsala municipality politician Erik Pelling wanted Gottsunda to be removed from the list. Despite political pressure to make the list of districts published by police confidential and not public information, interior minister Morgan Johansson stated that the list will continue to be public information


Okanagan-Boundary was a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of British Columbia spanning the area from the Similkameen towns of Kaleden and Keremeos to Grand Forks and Christina Lake, including the southern Okanagan towns of Okanagan Falls, Osoyoos, Rock Creek and Greenwood. The riding first appeared in the 1991 election as the result of a redistribution of the former riding of Boundary-Similkameen; the same area is now part of West Kootenay-Boundary. For other ridings in the Kootenay region, please see Kootenay. For other ridings in the Okanagan region, please see Okanagan. Note: Winners in each election are in bold. Following the 1996 election the riding was redistributed. Since the 2001 election the Boundary district area has been represented by West Kootenay-Boundary and the Okanagan towns by Penticton-Okanagan Valley; the Similkameen towns were added to the Yale-Lillooet riding. Elections BC Historical Returns

Broken Bells

Broken Bells is an American indie rock band composed of artist-producer Brian Burton and James Mercer, the lead vocalist and guitarist for the indie rock band The Shins. Broken Bells compose and create as a duo, but are joined by Dan Elkan and Jon Sortland when performing live; the previous live band included Conor Oberst and the Mystic Valley Band sidemen Nate Walcott and Nik Freitas, Jonathan Hischke and Dan Elkan, both ex-members of Hella. Following their 2010 self-titled debut album, the duo released an EP, Meyrin Fields, in 2011 and their second studio album, After the Disco, on February 4, 2014. Brian Burton and James Mercer decided to work together after meeting at the Roskilde Festival in 2004 and finding they were fans of each other's work, it took four more years before the two started working together and by March 2008 Mercer and Burton began recording together in secret at Burton's Los Angeles-based studio. The project was first announced on September 29, 2009; the two described their material as "melodic, but experimental, too."Prior to the formation of Broken Bells and Burton both worked together on the track "Insane Lullaby" on the album Dark Night of the Soul by Danger Mouse and Sparklehorse.

Broken Bells have since performed the song several times as a tribute to the late Mark Linkous, the Sparklehorse frontman who died in early 2010. Broken Bells self-titled debut album was released in the United States and Canada on March 9, 2010 through Columbia Records, has sold over 400,000 copies domestically, peaking at number 7 on the Billboard 200 chart; the album has received positive reviews. Rolling Stone magazine gave it a four-star review and stated that it was "the year’s coolest left field pop disc." Besides their album being among the year’s highest charting debut albums, the band had sold out shows on their first tour. Broken Bells released an EP titled Meyrin Fields on March 18, 2011. On February 14, 2012, in an interview with KINK. FM, James Mercer stated that he was working on Broken Bells' second album. On October 8, 2013, the band announced the release of its second album, After the Disco. Broken Bells released their lead single from the album, titled "Holding on for Life", on November 4, 2013.

After the Disco was released on February 4, 2014. That same day they covered "And I Love Her" alongside footage of Ringo Starr on an old television as part of the "Late Show With David Letterman" "Beatles Week" to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the band's debut appearance on "Ed Sullivan"; the band performed "Holding on for Life" on the March 7, 2014 episode of "The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon". On December 7, 2018, they released "Shelter", their first single in 3 years. Official members James Mercer – lead vocals, bass, keyboards Brian Burton – keyboards, drums, productionTouring members Dan Elkan – guitar, keyboards, vocals Jon Sortland – drums, bass, vocals Broken Bells were nominated at the 2011 Grammy Awards for Best Alternative Music Album. Official website LAist - Broken Bells Live Debut at The Bootleg Theater - Review and Photos Broken Bells on NPR's World Cafe - 2010 Interview and live performance