Lincoln Square, Manhattan
Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood within the Upper West Side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. Lincoln Square is centered on the intersection of Broadway and Columbus Avenue, between West 65th and West 66th streets; the neighborhood is bounded by Columbus Avenue and Amsterdam Avenue to the east and west, West 66th and 63rd Street to the north and south. However, the term can be extended to have the neighborhood between West 59th Street and West 72nd Street, it is bounded by Hell's Kitchen, Riverside South, Central Park, the Upper West Side proper. The area is served by the 66th Street – Lincoln Center subway station and anchored by Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. Lincoln Square is located on the site of San Juan Hill, a predominantly African American neighborhood of tenements. San Juan Hill was bordered by Amsterdam Avenue to the east, West End Avenue to the west, 59th Street to the south, 65th Street to the north, it has been suggested that the area was named after the 10th Cavalry that fought with Theodore Roosevelt at the Battle of San Juan Hill during the Spanish–American War, but this is not certain.
It was the most populated African-American neighborhood in Manhattan in the early 20th century. One of the blocks within the neighborhood contained 5,000 residents. Notable residents had included Thelonious Monk, who came to live here in 1922. In addition to the significant African American community, there was an Afro-Caribbean community there, which has left its traces in Bye-ya and Bemsha Swing compositions of Thelonious Monk, co-written much with Denzil Best, who grew up in this neighborhood. James P. Johnson lived in the neighborhood in the 1910s and 1920s, during which time he created the "Charleston" dance. In 1940, the New York City Housing Authority characterized the area as "the worst slum section in the City of New York" and made plans to renew the area by demolishing the old tenements; the Amsterdam Housing Projects were built on the cleared land in 1948, replacing three blocks that had collectively housed 1,100 residents. During the 1950s and 1960s, a consortium of civic leaders and others led by John D. Rockefeller III built the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts as part of the "Lincoln Square Renewal Project" during urban planner Robert Moses's program of urban renewals.
Respected architects were contracted to design the major buildings on the site, construction started in 1959. Over the next thirty years the blighted area around Lincoln Center became a new cultural hub. Over 7,700 residents were displaced during the redevelopment project; the new developments contained 4,400 housing units, of which only a few were allocated to San Juan Hill's former residents. Most of the area's former residents instead moved to Harlem, another predominantly African American neighborhood in Upper Manhattan, as well as the Bronx. Lincoln Center was named after Lincoln Square; the reason for naming the area "Lincoln Square" is unknown, however. The name was bestowed on the area in 1906 by the New York City Board of Aldermen, but records give no reason for choosing that name. There has long been speculation that the name came from a local landowner, because the square was named Lincoln Square. City records from the time show only the names Johannes van Bruch, Thomas Hall, Stephan de Lancey, James de Lancey, James de Lancey Jr. and John Somerindyck as area property owners.
The area may have been named as a tribute to U. S. President Abraham Lincoln. One speculation is that references to President Lincoln were omitted from the records because the mayor in 1906 was George B. McClellan Jr. son of General George B. McClellan, general-in-chief of the Union Army during the American Civil War and a bitter rival of Lincoln. Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Lincoln Square was 61,489, an increase of 6,250 from the 55,239 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 371.00 acres, the neighborhood had a population density of 165.7 inhabitants per acre. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 73.4% White, 4.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 11.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.6% of the population. Barbara Hillary, the first African-American woman to reach the North Pole. Notes Further reading Grand Buildings, but Also a Sense of Community, The New York Times, April 30, 2006 Lincoln Square BID Lincoln Square Community Council records, circa 1953-1981.
Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University. Lincoln Square Urban Renewal Project photographs, circa 1957-1958. Held by the Department of Drawings & Archives, Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
Good Morning America
Good Morning America is an American morning television show, broadcast on ABC. It debuted on November 3, 1975, first expanded to weekends with the debut of a Sunday edition on January 3, 1993; the Sunday edition was canceled in 1999. The weekday program airs from 7:00 to 9:00 a.m. in all U. S. time zones. The Saturday and Sunday editions are one hour long and are transmitted to ABC's stations live at 7:00 a.m. Eastern Time, although stations in some markets air them at different times. Viewers in the Pacific Time Zone receive an updated feed with a specialized opening and updated live reports. A third hour of the weekday broadcast aired from 2007 to 2008 on ABC News Now; the program features news, weather forecasts, special-interest stories, feature segments such as "Pop News", the "GMA Heat Index" and "Play of the Day". It is produced by ABC News and broadcasts from the Times Square Studios in New York City's Times Square district; the primary anchors are Robin Roberts, George Stephanopoulos, Michael Strahan alongside breaking news anchor Amy Robach, entertainment anchor Lara Spencer and weather anchor Ginger Zee.
Good Morning America has been the most watched morning show in total viewers and key demos each year since Summer 2012. GMA placed second in the ratings, behind NBC's Today from 1995 to 2012, it overtook its rival for a period from the early to mid-1980s with anchors David Hartman and Joan Lunden, from the late 1980s to the mid-1990s with Charles Gibson and Lunden, in April 2012 with Roberts and Stephanopoulos. Good Morning America won the first three Daytime Emmy Awards for "Outstanding Morning Program", sharing the inaugural 2007 award with Today and winning the 2008 and 2009 awards outright. On January 6, 1975, ABC launched AM America in an attempt to compete with NBC's Today; the program was hosted by Bill Beutel and Stephanie Edwards, with Peter Jennings and Robert Kennedy reading the news. Because the show could not find an audience against Today, ABC sought a new approach; the network found that one of its affiliates, WEWS in Cleveland, had been pre-empting AM America in favor of airing a locally produced show called The Morning Exchange.
Unlike AM America and Today, The Morning Exchange featured an easygoing and less dramatic approach by offering news and weather updates only at the top and bottom of every hour and used the rest of the time to discuss general-interest/entertainment topics. The Morning Exchange established a group of regular guests who were experts in certain fields, including health, consumer affairs and travel. Unlike both the NBC and ABC shows, The Morning Exchange was not broadcast from a newsroom set but instead one that resembled a suburban living room. In the process of screening the Cleveland morning program as a creative source, ABC began looking at another local show, Good Morning!, produced by Boston ABC affiliate WCVB-TV. Good Morning! was similar in format to The Morning Exchange, but with a lesser emphasis on news and weather. In fact, once the revamped ABC morning show took to the air late in 1975 under the title Good Morning America, WCVB station manager Bob Bennett accused ABC entertainment president Fred Silverman of deliberately stealing the title of Good Morning!.
The launch of Good Morning America did result in the Boston morning show changing its name—to Good Day!. ABC used it as a pilot episode. After positive reviews for the pilot, the format replaced AM America on Monday, November 3, as Good Morning America; the first host was actor David Hartman, with actress Nancy Dussault as co-host. For the first seven years, weather forecasts were presented by John Coleman, former chief meteorologist for ABC owned-and-operated station WLS-TV in Chicago, who left GMA in 1982 to start The Weather Channel with Landmark Communications CEO Frank Batten. Dave Murray provided the forecasts for both Good Morning America and ABC's early morning news program ABC News This Morning from 1983 to 1986. In August 1986, he was replaced by Spencer Christian, who worked at WABC-TV in New York City and served as fill-in meteorologist for both Coleman and Murray whenever they were away on vacation or assignment; the program's ratings climbed but throughout the 1970s and into the 1980s while Today experienced a slight slump in viewership with Walters' decision to leave NBC for a job at ABC News.
On August 30, 1976, Tom Brokaw began anchoring Today while the program began a search for a female co-host. Within a year, Today managed to beat back the Good Morning America ratings threat with Brokaw and new co-host Jane Pauley, featuring art and entertainment contributor Gene Shalit. Good Morning America continued to threaten Today's ratings dominance into the 1980s after Brokaw left the latter program to become co-anchor of NBC Nightly News with Roger Mudd for 17 months before being named sole anchor of that program. For the first time, Good Morning America became the highest-rated morning news program in the United States as Today fell to second place. At the outset, Good Morning America was a talk program with a main host, joined by a side
A news magazine is a typed and published piece of paper, magazine or a radio or television program published weekly, consisting of articles about current events. News magazines discuss stories, in greater depth than do newspapers or newscasts, aim to give the consumer an understanding of the important events beyond the basic facts. Radio news magazines are similar to television news magazines. Unlike radio newscasts, which are about five minutes in length, radio news magazines can run from 30 minutes to three hours or more. Television news magazines provide a similar service to print news magazines, but their stories are presented as short television documentaries rather than written articles; these broadcasts serve as an alternative in covering certain issues more in-depth than regular newscasts. The formula, first established by Panorama on the BBC in 1953 has proved successful around the world. Television news magazines provide several stories not seen on regular newscasts, including celebrity profiles, coverage of big businesses, hidden camera techniques, better international coverage and correcting injustices, in-depth coverage of a headline story, hot topic interviews.
In the United States, television news magazines were popular in the 1990s since they were a cheap and easy way to better use the investment in national television network Nightly News departments. Television news magazines once aired five nights a week on most television networks. However, with the success of reality shows, news magazines have been supplanted. Reality shows cost less to produce and attain a younger and more loyal audience than the news magazines they replaced. Thus, the audience once attracted to news magazine shows have drifted to Cable television in the United States, where common news magazine topics such as nature, science and politics all have their own specialty channel. Most commercial broadcasting television stations have local news that refers to news coverage of events in a local context which would not be of interest to those of other localities, or otherwise be of national or international scope. Four Corners Dateline 60 Minutes Revealed Sunday Night 20/20 60 Minutes 60 Minutes II 48 Hours America Now Bill Moyers Journal Business Nation CBS News Sunday Morning Connie Chung Tonight Dateline NBC Day One E:60 Expose Eye to Eye with Connie Chung Frontline Inside Edition Now with Bill Moyers Now with Tom Brokaw and Katie Couric Primetime Live Public Eye with Bryant Gumbel Real Life with Jane Pauley Rock Center with Brian Williams Saturday Night with Connie Chung Small Town Big Deal Sunday Night with Megyn Kelly Turning Point Weekend 16x9 The Fifth Estate Global Sunday This Hour Has Seven Days W5 AnnoZero Ballarò In 1/2 h L'Infedele Porta a Porta Dispatches Exposure Newsnight On Assignment The One Show Panorama Tonight Unreported World BCN Week Contacto Domingo Espetacular European Journal Fantástico Informe Especial Informe Semanal Kastljós Mladina News Magazine Panorama Pareng Partners Probe Reporter's Notebook Séptimo día Sunday Report – 星期日檔案 Tagesthemen Vsyaka Nedelya Newshour AM ) AM Breakfast PM The World Today Breakfast Broadcasting House PM Today The World at One The World This Weekend The World Tonight Worricker on Sunday All Things Considered America in the Morning The John Batchelor Show Morning Edition This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal Weekend America The World Canada Live The Current Review World Report The World At Six News program News media Enverdo – Online Magazine The Guardian article on Newsmagazines Worldmag.com podcast of a radio news magazine Merrian Webster definition of News Magazine A brief history of the TV News Magazine TV Newser TV critic from Buffalo News on TV Newsmagazines
One Astor Plaza
One Astor Plaza is a high-rise office building located in the Times Square area of Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The building is 54 stories tall and stands at a height of 745 ft, it was designed by Der Scutt of Ely J. Kahn & Jacobs, it is located at 1515 Broadway between West 44th and 45th Streets and is the headquarters for Viacom and houses the MTV Studios, Minskoff Theatre, PlayStation Theater, some retail outlets. The Hotel Astor had occupied the site from 1904 to 1967. Construction of the building began in 1968 and was completed in 1972; the building was the headquarters of the W. T. Grant retail chain, which leased 400,000 square feet of space on the building's top 14 floors, but only occupied it for four years until their 1976 liquidation, it is managed by SL Green Realty Corporation. The building engineers are Shmerykowsky Consulting Engineers; the Minskoff is a Broadway theatre named after a prominent local real estate family. Accessible from the middle arcade in the center of the building, it opened in 1973 with 1,621 seats.
Astor Plaza houses the MTV Studios, owned by the building's primary tenant. The studios are located on the mezzanine second story of the building. MTV acquired it in 1997, it was split into three major studios all located by the floor-to-ceiling windows and window shades. The three studios were named after the three sections of Manhattan: the Uptown Studio, the Midtown Studio, the Downtown Studio, they are named. The Uptown Studio was home to MTV's former flagship program, Total Request Live, during the show's run from 1998 to 2008 along with MTV and VH1 and is now an Aéropostale store; the Midtown Studio is used by various MTV programming, MTV News, VH1's Big Morning Buzz Live and on occasion Nickelodeon and Comedy Central. The smallest studio, the Downtown Studio, is used for other countdown shows, productions from some of the smaller Viacom networks, it is used as a temporary green room if the actual green room is occupied. The MTV Studios include dressing rooms, control rooms, a cafeteria, some offices.
MTV uses the seventh floor roof and many upstairs floors in the building. The first floor includes an Oakley, Element Skateboards, Aéropostale store, a Junior's restaurant; the Loews Astor Plaza movie theater occupied the building's public space below street level, accessible from West 44th St. It opened on June 26, 1974, was New York's largest capacity cinema at 1,440 seats; the theater's single screen drew large crowds on opening nights. It closed in 2004. After a nine-month, $21 million renovation, the space reopened as a music venue under the ownership of Anschutz Entertainment Group known as PlayStation Theater. On the evening of May 1, 2010, a failed car bomb was defused by the New York City Police Department on West 45th Street and Broadway near the northeastern corner of the building; the authorities investigated a possible connection between the bomb and the 200th episode of Comedy Central's South Park, which had included depictions of a man in a bear suit that the South Park kids pointed at, calling him Muhammad.
The attempt was traced to Faisal Shahzad, a 30-year-old Pakistan-born resident of Bridgeport, who had become a U. S. citizen in April 2009. List of tallest buildings in New York City List of tallest buildings in the United States Notes Emporis.com NYC Architecture.com
The Hotel Claridge was a 16-story building on Times Square in Manhattan, New York City, at the southeast corner of Broadway and 44th Street. Known as the Hotel Rector, it was built of brick in the Beaux-arts style in 1910-11; the 14-story building had 216,000 square feet of space. It operated for 61 years until the building was demolished in 1972; the Hotel Rector was established by George Rector as a complement to his popular restaurant, founded by his father and was frequented by New York's rich and famous, including Diamond Jim Brady and Cornelius Vanderbilt III. The timing of his new venture was unfortunate, because as the hotel was being developed, a popular Broadway play was released, called The Girl from Rector's; the play gave the Rector's name an unsavory reputation. Rector held the play responsible when he declared his new hotel bankrupt in May 1913; the new owners wanted a new name to escape the stigma, so the Hotel Rector became the Hotel Claridge in 1913. The new name evoked the exclusive Claridge's of London.
Although they were no longer using the old name, the new management refused to allow use of the Rector's brand for another restaurant. Rector sued to regain use of his own name; the American Society of Composers and Publishers was founded at the Hotel Claridge on February 13, 1914. In 1923, the hotel was purchased by real estate investor Benjamin Winter, Sr. for $3,000,000. In May 1964 it was bought by Douglas Leigh Inc. for an unspecified sum. Leigh indicated he would turn the hotel into a commercial building, with stores, a restaurant and exhibit space on the lower floors and showrooms and meeting rooms on the upper floors. One of the most enduring images of Times Square is the “Camel Man”, who blew cigarette smoke rings around the clock from 1941 to 1966 from a billboard mounted on the Hotel Claridge; the building was razed in 1972 to make way for a 33-story office tower. The first and second floors are occupied by ABC's Times Square Studios, home to the "Good Morning America" television program.
In the film Midnight Cowboy, Joe Buck lodges in the Hotel Claridge at the beginning of his stay in New York City. Images of the Hotel Rector/Hotel Claridge
20/20 (U.S. TV program)
20/20 is an American television newsmagazine, broadcast on ABC since June 6, 1978. Created by ABC News executive Roone Arledge, the program was designed to CBS's 60 Minutes in that it features in-depth story packages, although it focuses more on human interest stories than international and political subjects; the program's name derives from the "20/20" measurement of visual acuity. The hour-long program has been a staple on Friday evenings for much of the time since it moved to that timeslot from Thursdays in September 1987, though special editions of the program air on other nights. Starting in the fall of 2018, the show shifted formats to a weekly 2 hour host-less docu series of former famous scandals, with no formal announcement of the change; the anchors on the premiere telecast of 20/20 were renowned Esquire magazine editor Harold Hayes, who served as the program's senior producer, famed Time art critic Robert Hughes. The programs's debut received harsh reviews. In his autobiography Roone: A Memoir, Roone Arledge recalled that the most embarrassing part of that initial program was the Claymation segments featuring caricatures representing then-President Jimmy Carter and Walter Cronkite.
As a result of the scathing reviews and drastic changes were made: Hayes and Hughes were fired, a semi-retired Hugh Downs was recruited to take on the role of sole host on the following week's program. Featured in the premiere telecast of 20/20, the opening sequence consisted of a pair of eyeglasses, whose lenses showed colored bars, which are seen in the SMPTE test pattern; the eyeglasses were keyed over a yellow background, rotated to its rear position to reveal the 20/20 studio. Under Downs as host, 20/20 changed into a more standard yet unique newsmagazine and received kinder reviews from critics; the program was launched as a summer replacement series. Emmy-award winning producer, Bernard I. Cohen began his career with ABC evening news in 1964. From 1979 to 1992, he was a lead Producer at 20/20 and helped solidify the program's top Nielsen Ratings. Ratings were very good during the summer months during its eight years on Thursday nights despite competition from Knots Landing on CBS and Hill Street Blues on NBC.
It was around this time that the program started using the Brock Brower-written signoff line "We're in touch, so you be in touch" to end each program, which continues to be used to now. Barbara Walters joined the program in 1979 in a role something less than a co-anchor and soon became a regular special contributor in the fall of 1981. In 1984, she became Hugh Downs's equal, thus reuniting a duo which had anchored together on NBC's Today from 1964 to 1971; the team would remain together on-air for the next 15 years. In the fall of 1987, 20/20 was moved to Fridays at 10:00 p.m. Eastern, it aired in that same Friday time slot until the fall of 2001, when ABC replaced the program with the scripted family drama series Once and Again, only for 20/20 to return to the lineup again four months later. While the program moved to the 8:00 p.m. timeslot on October 12, 2007, it reverted to its usual time two weeks later. In 1997, a second weekly edition of 20/20 made its debut on Thursday evenings. For a time from 1998 to 2000, ABC News chose to consolidate its newsmagazine programs by combining 20/20 and Primetime Live into a singular brand under the 20/20 name and format in order to compete with Dateline NBC, which itself ran for four nights a week at the time.
At its peak, 20/20 ran on Mondays and Sundays, in addition to its longtime Friday timeslot. In 2000, ABC reinstated Primetime under the title Primetime Thursday, spun off 20/20 Downtown as a separate newsmagazine titled Downtown. By early 2002, 20/20 once again was airing only in its original Friday timeslot. On March 3, 1999, Monica Lewinsky, the former White House intern, infamously revealed to have been involved in an affair with then-President Bill Clinton a few years earlier, was interviewed by Barbara Walters on the program. After Downs' retirement in 1999, Walters became the solo anchor of 20/20; this lasted until John Miller was hired as a permanent co-host of the program in 2002. For a few months in early 2003, Barbara Walters temporarily anchored solo again. However, in May of that year, John Stossel – an investigative correspo
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti