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Stele of the Vultures

The Stele of the Vultures is a monument from the Early Dynastic III period in Mesopotamia celebrating a victory of the city-state of Lagash over its neighbour Umma. It shows various battle and religious scenes and is named after the vultures that can be seen in one of these scenes; the stele was carved out of a single slab of limestone, but only seven fragments are known today. The fragments were found at Tello in southern Iraq in the late 19th century and are now on display in the Louvre; the stele was erected as a monument to the victory of king Eannatum of Lagash over Enakalle of Umma. The stele is not complete; the first three fragments were found during excavations in the early 1880s by the French archaeologist Ernest de Sarzec at the archaeological site of Tello, ancient Girsu, in what is today southern Iraq. Another three fragments came to light during the excavations of 1888–1889. A seventh fragment, determined to be part of the Stele of the Vultures and thought to have come from Tello, was acquired on the antiquities market by the British Museum in 1898.

While two initial requests to hand this fragment over to the Louvre were denied by the British Museum, it was given to them in 1932 so that it could be incorporated in the reconstructed stele together with the other fragments. The complete monument, as reconstructed and now in display in the Louvre, would have been 1.80 metres high, 1.30 metres wide and 0.11 metres thick and had a rounded top. It was made out of a single slab of limestone with carved reliefs on both sides; the stele can be placed in a tradition of mid- to late-third millennium BC southern Mesopotamia in which military victories are celebrated on stone monuments. A similar monument is the Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, created during the Akkadian period that followed on the Early Dynastic III period; the two sides of the stele show distinctly different scenes and have therefore been interpreted as a mythological side and a historical side. The mythological side is divided into two registers; the upper, larger register shows a large male figure holding a mace in his right hand and an anzu or lion-headed eagle in his left hand.

The anzu identifies the figure as the god Ningirsu. Below the anzu is a large net filled with the bodies of naked men. Behind Ningirsu stands a smaller female figure wearing a horned headband and with maces protruding from her shoulders; these characteristics allow the figure to be identified as the goddess Ninhursag. The lower, smaller register is badly preserved but, based on comparisons with contemporary depictions, it has been suggested that it depicted the god Ningirsu standing on a chariot drawn by mythological animals; the historical side is divided into four horizontal registers. The upper register shows Eannatum, the ensi or ruler of Lagash, leading a phalanx of soldiers into battle, with their defeated enemies trampled below their feet. Flying above them are the vultures after which the stele is named, with the severed heads of the enemies of Lagash in their beaks; the second register shows soldiers marching with shouldered spears behind the king, riding a chariot and holding a spear.

In the third register, a small part of a seated figure can be seen. In front of him, a cow is tethered to a pole while a naked priest standing on a pile of dead animal bodies performs a libation ritual on two plants spouting from vases. Left of these scenes is a pile of naked bodies surrounded by skirted workers with baskets on their head. Only a small part of the fourth register has been preserved, showing a hand holding a spear that touches the head of an enemy; some Sumerologists have proposed reconstructing a caption near the enemy as "Kalbum, King of Kish". The inscriptions on the stele are badly preserved, they run continuously from one side to the other. The text is written in Sumerian cuneiform script. From these inscriptions, it is known that the stele was commissioned by Eannatum, an ensi or ruler of Lagash around 2460 BC. On it, he describes a conflict with Umma over Gu-Edin, a tract of agricultural land located between the two city-states; the conflict ends in a battle in which Eannatum, described as the beloved of the god Ningirsu, triumphs over Umma.

After the battle, the leader of Umma swears that he will not transgress into the territory of Lagash again upon penalty of divine punishment. The Stele of the Vultures in the Louvre

William Rust (journalist)

William Charles Rust was a British newspaper editor and communist activist. Born in Camberwell, Rust began working at Hulton's Press Agency, before moving to the Workers Dreadnought communist newspaper, he joined the Communist Party of Great Britain shortly after its foundation, in 1923 he joined its executive, as a representative of the Young Communist League. In July 1924 he attended the Fifth Congress of the Communist International in Moscow. In 1925, Rust was one of 12 members of the Communist Party convicted at the Old Bailey under the Incitement to Mutiny Act 1797, was given 12 months' imprisonment, his wife Kathleen gave birth to their daughter Rosa the same year. Between 1928 and 1930 Rust worked for Comintern in Moscow, he returned in 1930, becoming the first editor of the Daily Worker. He was in the post for two years, before becoming the CPGB's representative in Moscow after a period as a party organiser in Lancashire, he became the Daily Worker's correspondent with the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War.

Rust returned as editor of the Daily Worker in 1939, remaining in the post until his death from a heart attack in 1949, aged 45. He was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. Rust's first wife Kathleen had stayed on in the Soviet Union following their estrangement, returning in the 1930s, while their daughter Rosa remained until the 1940s, was caught up in the 1941 ethnic cleansing of the Volga Germans and spent time in forced labour camps, before being allowed to return to Britain in 1943. Rust was married a second time to Tamara Kravetz, following his death, was remarried, in 1954, to Wogan Philipps, who succeeded to his father's peerage as 2nd Baron Milford in 1962 and became the only Communist to sit in the House of Lords


Creditbank s.a.l was established in Lebanon in 1981 as Crédit Bancaire by Joseph Khalifé and Fouad Zoghby. The acquisition of Crédit Lyonnais s.a.l in 2002 prompted the bank to change its name to Creditbank s.a.l. Recording an average annual growth rate of some 20% for 7 years, the bank’s total deposits in 2013 surpassed the $2 billion benchmark for which it was awarded Lebanon’s prestigious Alpha Bank status. Creditbank s.a.l in 2013 boasted Lebanon’s highest loans-to-deposits ratio at nearly 57%, while total assets by the end of the same year amounted to $2.6 billion. With a shareholders’ equity of $412.5 million. Creditbank's network consists of 26 branches spread across Lebanon. Creditbank offers products and services in the field of retail, corporate, SME banking; some of the banking products it offers include the Creditbank Contactless Sticker, the Multi Currency Prepaid Card, the Combo Card. and Creditbank Pay App

Paddy Larkin

Patrick "Paddy" Larkin was an Irish hurler who played as a full-back for the Kilkenny senior team. Born in Patrick St. Kilkenny, Larkin first played competitive hurling during his school days at St. Patrick's De La Salle, he arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of twenty when he first linked up with the Kilkenny senior team in various tournament games, before lining out with the junior side. He made his competitive senior debut in the 1929–30 National Hurling League. Larkin went on to play a key part for Kilkenny during a hugely successful era, won four All-Ireland medals, nine Leinster medals and one National Hurling League medal, he was an All-Ireland runner-up on four occasions. As a representative on the Leinster inter-provincial team for much of his inter-county career, Larkin won three Railway Cup medals in 1932, 1933 and 1936. At club level he won five championship medals with James Tullaroan and Éire Óg. With 43 championship appearances for Kilkenny, Larkin was the most "capped" full-back in the county's history.

This record was surpassed by Noel Hickey. He retired from inter-county hurling following Kilkenny's shock exit at the hands of Antrim in the 1943 championship; the Larkin family hold a unique distinction in hurling history as the only family to experience All-Ireland success through three generations. Larkin's son, who five All-Ireland medals between 1963 and 1979, while his grandson, won two All-Ireland medals in 2000 and 2002. Larkin's brother, was an All-Ireland medallist as a non-playing substitute in 1935. Paddy Larkin was born and raised in locally named'village' area of Kilkenny, he was educated locally and, in time, he would go on to become one of Kilkenny's great players during the 1930s. Larkin played his club hurling with the famous James Stephens club in Kilkenny and enjoyed much success, he won his first senior county title in 1935. Two years Larkin was captain of the club as he captured a second county title with'the village.’ Larkin first came to prominence on the inter-county scene for Kilkenny in the early 1930s.

He won his first Leinster title in 1931 following a victory over Laois in the provincial final. Larkin lined out in his first All-Ireland final with Cork providing the opposition; the low-scoring game ended in a draw – 1–6 apiece. Four weeks the two times met again for the replay. In a similar pattern Cork took the lead at half-time, Kilkenny fought back to equalise. At the final whistle both sides finished with 2–5; the third game of the series took place in the first week of November, however, on this occasion there would be a winner as Cork sealed the victory by 5–8 to 3–4. In 1932 Larkin captured a second Leinster title; the subsequent All-Ireland final saw Kilkenny take on Clare. It was the first meeting of these two teams in the history of the championship. In a close and exciting match Kilkenny took the lead thanks to goals by Matty Power, Lory Meagher and Martin White. Clare fought back, Kilkenny hung on to win the game by 3–3 to 2–3 giving Larkin his first All-Ireland medal. Larkin won a National Hurling League medal at the start of 1933 before helping Kilkenny to retain their provincial dominance in with a defeat of Dublin, giving Larkin a third Leinster medal.

A defeat of Galway in the next game set up an All-Ireland final meeting with Limerick. In another tight game Kilkenny sealed the victory with a 1–7 to 0–6 score line giving Larkin his second consecutive All-Ireland title. Kilkenny lost their provincial title in 1934, Power won a fourth Leinster medal in 1935; the All-Ireland final saw Kilkenny take on Limerick for the second time in three years. Once again the match was a close one, Kilkenny clung on and won by a single point – 2–5 to 2–4, it was Larkin's third victory in an All-Ireland final. In 1936 Larkin was appointed captain of the Kilkenny team; that year he guided his team to another Leinster final victory over Laois, his fifth winners' medal in all, before lining out in yet another All-Ireland final. Once again, the two outstanding teams of the decade and Limerick, were paired together in the championship decider. Limerick were coming into their prime at this stage and gained revenge for the defeats of 1933 and 1935 by trouncing'the Cats' on a score line of 5–6 to 1–5.

Kilkenny bounced back in 1937 with Larkin adding a sixth Leinster title to his collection. The All-Ireland final pitted Kilkenny against Tipperary in the unusual venue of FitzGerald Stadium in Killarney.'The Cats' were on a downward spiral by this stage as they were walloped by 3–11 to 0–3. Larkin was appointed captain of Kilkenny for the second time in 1938, Dublin accounted for his team in the Leinster final. In 1939'the Cats' reclaimed their provincial crown with a victory over All-Ireland champions Dublin, it was Larkin's seventh provincial medal of the decade. The subsequent All-Ireland final against Cork has gone down in history as the famous'thunder and lightning' final when a huge downpour interrupted play. In the end victory went to Kilkenny by a single point, it was not the last time. It was Larkin's fourth All-Ireland medal. In 1940 Larkin added an eighth Leinster medal to his collection after another defeat of Dublin; the All-Ireland final saw Kilkenny and Limerick, the two dominant teams of the last decade, take to the field for one final game.

Kilkenny had peaked in the final the year. A 3–7 to 1–7 defeat for Kilkenny resulted in Larkin ending up on the losing side for the fourth time. An outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the county hampered Kilkenny's championship hope

Chikubayama Masakuni

Chikubayama Masakuni is a former sumo wrestler from Ukiha, Japan. He made his professional debut in 1973, breaking into the top makuuchi division thirteen years in 1986, his highest rank was maegashira 13. After retiring in 1989 he became an elder of the Japan Sumo Association, he is the head coach of the Miyagino stable and his most successful wrestler is yokozuna Hakuhō. He did sumo from a young age but played baseball at junior high school as there was no sumo team available, he joined Miyagino stable after graduation. His ring name was named after former yokozuna Yoshibayama, his stablemaster, it references Chikugo, Fukuoka, his active career was modest. He made his professional debut in March 1973. In March 1974 upon promotion to the sandanme division he became Chikubayama, he first reached sekitori status in November 1978 when he was promoted to the jūryō division but he lasted only one tournament, falling back to the unsalaried ranks. It took over four years, until January 1983, for him to win promotion back to jūryō and again he had a losing record and was demoted after only one tournament.

After regular and intense training sessions with top division wrestler Kaiki of the Tomozuna stable he won promotion for the third time in March 1984, established himself in jūryō. However he did not reach the top makuuchi division until September 1986, 81 tournaments after his professional debut – the second slowest at the time, he spent only two tournaments in the top division, peaking at maegashira 13. He was small at just 1.76 m tall and weighing around 116 kg. He retired from being an active wrestler in January 1989 and became an elder of the Japan Sumo Association under the name Nakagawa. However, following the sudden death in June of the same year of the head of the Miyagino stable he became the Miyagino stablemaster; the first sekitori he produced was Kengaku in 1991, followed by Wakahayato in 1994 and Kōbō in 1999. In December 2000 he recruited yokozuna Hakuhō, after making a promise to maegashira Kyokushūzan of the affiliated Ōshima stable, who had invited his fellow Mongolian to Japan for trials.

No other stable would take Hakuhō, as he weighed just 62 kg. at the time. However, after making his debut in March 2001 at the age of 16, Hakuhō trained hard and gained weight and muscle, reached jūryō in January 2004, he was forced to give up the Miyagino name and head coach position in August 2004 when it was acquired by the former Kanechika, but he remained in the stable under the name Kumagatani, was still regarded as Hakuhō's mentor. In December 2010 he regained the Miyagino name and status of head coach after Kanechika was demoted by the Japan Sumo Association for being caught on tape discussing alleged match-fixing. Miyagino has coached Ryūō, Yamaguchi and Enhō to the top division. In April 2019 Miyagino was given a ten percent pay cut for three months by the Sumo Association, in response to Hakuhō's breach of etiquette on the final day of the March 2019 tournament, when he led a sanbon jime to mark the end of the Heisei era, despite the day's ceremonies not being completed. Chikubayama was a tsuki-oshi specialist who preferred pushing and thrusting techniques and did not like to fight on the mawashi or belt.

He push out. Glossary of sumo terms List of past sumo wrestlers List of sumo elders List of sumo tournament second division champions