Johnny Cash was an American singer-songwriter, guitarist and author. He is one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 90 million records worldwide. Although remembered as a country music icon, his genre-spanning songs and sound embraced rock and roll, blues and gospel; this crossover appeal won Cash the rare honor of being inducted into the Country Music and Roll, Gospel Music Halls of Fame. Cash was known for his deep, calm bass-baritone voice, the distinctive sound of his Tennessee Three backing band characterized by train-sound guitar rhythms, a rebelliousness coupled with an somber and humble demeanor, free prison concerts, a trademark, all-black stage wardrobe, which earned him the nickname "The Man in Black." He traditionally began his concerts by introducing himself, "Hello, I'm Johnny Cash," followed by his signature song "Folsom Prison Blues". Much of Cash's music contained themes of sorrow, moral tribulation, redemption in the stages of his career, his other signature songs include "I Walk the Line", "Ring of Fire", "Get Rhythm", "Man in Black".
He recorded humorous numbers like "One Piece at a Time" and "A Boy Named Sue". During the last stage of his career, Cash covered songs by several late 20th-century rock artists, notably "Hurt" by Nine Inch Nails and "Rusty Cage" by Soundgarden. Johnny Cash was born on February 1932, in Kingsland, Arkansas, to Ray Cash and Carrie Cloveree, he was the fourth of seven children, who were in birth order: Roy, Margaret Louise, Jack, J. R. Reba and Tommy, he was of English and Scottish descent. As an adult he traced his surname to 11th-century Fife, after meeting with the then-laird of Falkland, Major Michael Crichton-Stuart. Cash Loch and other locations in Fife bear the name of his family. At birth, Cash was named J. R. Cash; when Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force, he was not permitted to use initials as a first name, so he changed his name to John R. Cash. In 1955, when signing with Sun Records, he started going by Johnny Cash. In March 1935, when Cash was three years old, the family settled in Dyess, Arkansas, a New Deal colony established to give poor families a chance to work land that they had a chance to own as a result.
J. R. started singing along with his family while working. The Cash farm flooded during the family's time in Dyess which led Cash to write the song "Five Feet High and Rising", his family's economic and personal struggles during the Great Depression inspired many of his songs those about other people facing similar difficulties. He had sympathy for the poor and working class. Cash was close to his older brother, Jack. On Saturday May 12, 1944, Jack was pulled into an unguarded table saw at his high school while cutting oak into fence posts as his job and was cut in two, he lingered until the following Saturday. Cash spoke of the horrible guilt he felt over this incident. According to Cash: The Autobiography, his father was away that morning, but Johnny and his mother, Jack himself, all had premonitions or a sense of foreboding about that day, his mother urged Jack to go fishing with his brother. Jack insisted on working. On his deathbed, Jack said he had visions of angels. Decades Cash spoke of looking forward to meeting his brother in Heaven.
Cash's early memories were dominated by gospel radio. Taught guitar by his mother and a childhood friend, Cash began playing and writing songs at the age of 12; when young, Cash had a high-tenor voice, before becoming a bass-baritone after his voice changed. In high school, he sang on a local radio station. Decades he released an album of traditional gospel songs, called My Mother's Hymn Book, he was significantly influenced by traditional Irish music, which he heard performed weekly by Dennis Day on the Jack Benny radio program. Cash enlisted in the United States Air Force on July 7, 1950. After basic training at Lackland Air Force Base and technical training at Brooks Air Force Base, both in San Antonio, Cash was assigned to the 12th Radio Squadron Mobile of the U. S. Air Force Security Service at Landsberg, Germany, as a Morse code operator intercepting Soviet Army transmissions, it was there he created his first band, named "The Landsberg Barbarians". He was honorably discharged as a staff sergeant on July 3, 1954, returned to Texas.
During his military service, he acquired a distinctive scar on the right side of his jaw as a result of surgery to remove a cyst. On July 18, 1951, while in Air Force training, Cash met 17-year-old Italian-American Vivian Liberto at a roller skating rink in her native San Antonio, they dated for three weeks. During that time, the couple exchanged hundreds of pages of love letters. On August 7, 1954, one month after his discharge, they were married at St. Ann's Roman Catholic Church in San Antonio; the ceremony was performed by Vincent Liberto. They had four daughters: Rosanne, Kathy and Tara. In 1961, Johnny moved his family to a hilltop home overlooking Casitas Springs, California, a small town south of Ojai on Highway 33, he had moved his parents to the area to run a small trailer park called the Johnny Cash Trailer Park. Johnny's drinking led to several run-ins with local law enforcement
Itzhak Perlman is an Israeli-American violinist and music teacher. Over the course of his career, Perlman has performed worldwide, throughout the United States, in venues that have included a State Dinner at the White House honoring Queen Elizabeth II, at the Presidential Inauguration of President Obama, he has conducted the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, the Westchester Philharmonic. In 2015, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Perlman was born in Tel Aviv to a Jewish family in 1945 British Mandate of Palestine, now Israel, his parents and Shoshana Perlman, were natives of Poland and had independently immigrated to Palestine in the mid-1930s before they met and married. Perlman first became interested in the violin after hearing a classical music performance on the radio. At the age of three, he was denied admission to the Shulamit Conservatory for being too small to hold a violin, he instead taught himself how to play the instrument using a toy fiddle until he was old enough to study with Rivka Goldgart at the Shulamit Conservatory and at the Academy of Music in Tel Aviv, where he gave his first recital at age 10.
He moved to the United States to study at the Juilliard School with the violin pedagogue Ivan Galamian and his assistant Dorothy DeLay. Perlman contracted polio at age four and has walked using leg braces and crutches since and plays the violin while seated; as of 2018, he uses an electric Amigo scooter for mobility. Perlman appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show twice in 1958, again in 1964, on the same show with the Rolling Stones, he made his debut at Carnegie Hall in 1963 and won the Leventritt Competition in 1964. Soon afterward, he began to tour widely. In addition to an extensive recording and performance career, he has continued to make guest appearances on American television shows such as The Tonight Show and Sesame Street as well as playing at a number of functions at the White House. Although he has never been billed or marketed as a singer, he sang the role of "Un carceriere" on a 1981 EMI recording of Puccini's "Tosca" that featured Renata Scotto, Plácido Domingo, Renato Bruson, with James Levine conducting.
He had earlier sung the role in an excerpt from the opera on a 1980 Pension Fund Benefit Concert telecast as part of the Live from Lincoln Center series with Luciano Pavarotti as Cavaradossi and Zubin Mehta conducting the New York Philharmonic. On 5 July 1986, he performed on the New York Philharmonic's tribute to the 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty, televised live on ABC Television in the United States; the orchestra, conducted by Zubin Mehta, performed in Central Park. In 1987, he joined the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra for their concerts in Warsaw and Budapest as well as other cities in Eastern bloc countries, he toured with the IPO in the spring of 1990 for its first-ever performance in the Soviet Union, with concerts in Moscow and Leningrad, toured with the IPO again in 1994, performing in China and India. In 2015 on a classical music program entitled The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center produced by WQXR in New York City, it was revealed that Perlman performed the uncredited violin solo on the 1989 Billy Joel song The Downeaster Alexa.
While a solo artist, Perlman has performed with a number of other musicians, including Yo-Yo Ma, Pinchas Zukerman, Jessye Norman, Isaac Stern, Yuri Temirkanov at the 150th anniversary celebration of Tchaikovsky in Leningrad in December 1990. He has performed and recorded with his friend and fellow Israeli violinist Pinchas Zukerman on numerous occasions over the years; as well as playing and recording the classical music for which he is best known, Perlman has played jazz, including an album made with jazz pianist Oscar Peterson, in addition, klezmer. Perlman has been a soloist for a number of film scores such as the theme of the 1993 film Schindler's List by John Williams, which subsequently won an Academy Award for Best Original Score. More he was the violin soloist for the 2005 film Memoirs of a Geisha along with cellist Yo-Yo Ma. Perlman played selections from the musical scores of the movies nominated for "Best Original Score" at the 73rd Academy Awards with Yo-Yo Ma and at the 78th Academy Awards.
Perlman played at the state dinner attended by Queen Elizabeth II on 7 May 2007, in the East Room at the White House. He performed John Williams's "Air and Simple Gifts" at the 2009 inauguration ceremony for Barack Obama along with Yo-Yo Ma, Gabriela Montero, Anthony McGill. While the quartet did play live, the music played over speakers and on television was a recording made two days prior due to concerns over the cold weather damaging the instruments. Perlman was quoted as saying: "It would have been a disaster if we had done it any other way."He made an appearance in Disney's Fantasia 2000 to introduce the segment Pines of Rome along with Steve Martin. On 2 November 2018, Perlman reprised the 60th anniversary of his first appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show as a guest on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. In 1975, Perlman accepted a faculty post at the Conservatory of Music at Brooklyn College. In 2003, Mr. Perlman was named the holder of the Dorothy Richard Starling Foundation Chair in Violin Studies at the Juilliard School, succeeding his teacher, Dorothy DeLay.
He currently teaches students one-on-one at the Perlman Music Program on Long Island, NY holding master classes. The Perlman music program, founded in 1995 by Toby Perlman and Suki Sandler, started as a summer camp for exceptional string musicians between the ages of 11 and 18. Over time, it expanded to a year-long program. Students have the chance to have Itzhak Perlman himself coach them before
Albert Hirschfeld was an American caricaturist best known for his black and white portraits of celebrities and Broadway stars. Al Hirschfeld was born in a two-story duplex at 1313 Carr Street in St. Louis, moved with his family to New York City, where he received his art training at the Art Students League of New York. Following a divorce from Florence Ruth Hobby, in 1943, he married Broadway actress/performer Dolly Haas. Haas died from ovarian cancer in 1994, aged 84, they had a daughter, Nina. In 1996, he married a theatre historian. In 1924, Hirschfeld traveled to Paris and London, where he studied painting and sculpture; when he returned to the United States, a friend, fabled Broadway press agent Richard Maney, showed one of Hirschfeld's drawings to an editor at the New York Herald Tribune, which got Hirschfeld commissions for that newspaper and later, The New York Times. Hirschfeld's style is unique, he is considered to be one of the most important figures in contemporary drawing and caricature, having influenced countless artists and cartoonists.
His caricatures were drawings of pure line in black ink, for which he used a genuine crow quill. Readers of The New York Times and other newspapers prior to the time they printed in color will be most familiar with the Hirschfeld drawings that are black ink on white illustration board. However, there is a whole body of Hirschfeld's work in color. Hirschfeld's full-color paintings were commissioned by many magazines as the cover. Examples are TV Guide, Life Magazine, American Mercury, Look Magazine, The New York Times Magazine, The New Masses, Seventeen Magazine, he illustrated many books in color, most notably among them Harlem As Seen By Hirschfeld, with text by William Saroyan. He was commissioned by CBS to illustrate a preview magazine featuring the network's new TV programming in fall 1963. One of the programs was Candid Camera, Hirschfeld's caricature of the show's host Allen Funt outraged Funt so much he threatened to leave the network if the magazine were issued. Hirschfeld prepared a different likeness more flattering, but he and the network pointed out to Funt that the artwork prepared for newspapers and some other print media had been long in preparation and it was too late to withdraw it.
Funt insisted that what could be changed would have to be. Newsweek ran a squib on the controversy. Hirschfeld started young and continued drawing to the end of his life, thus chronicling nearly all the major entertainment figures of the 20th century. During his eight-decade career, he gained fame by illustrating the actors and dancers of various Broadway plays, which would appear in advance in The New York Times to herald the play's opening. Though the theater was his best-known field of interest, according to Hirschfeld's art dealer Margo Feiden, he drew more for the movies than he did for live plays. "By the ripe old age of 17, while his contemporaries were learning how to sharpen pencils, Hirschfeld became an art director at Selznick Pictures. He held the position for about four years, in 1924 Hirschfeld moved to Paris to work and lead the Bohemian life. Hirschfeld grew a beard, necessitated by the exigencies of living in a cold water flat; this he retained for the next 75 years because "you never know when your oil burner will go on the fritz."In addition to Broadway and film, Hirschfeld drew politicians, TV stars, celebrities of all stripes from Cole Porter and the Nicholas Brothers to the cast of Star Trek: The Next Generation.
He caricatured jazz musicians— Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Dizzy Gillespie, Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald—and rockers The Beatles, Elvis Presley, Bruce Springsteen, Bob Dylan, Jerry Garcia, Mick Jagger. In 1977 he drew the cover of Aerosmith's Draw the Line album. Hirschfeld drew many original movie posters, including for Charlie Chaplin's films, as well as The Wizard of Oz; the "Rhapsody in Blue" segment in the Disney film Fantasia 2000 was inspired by his designs, Hirschfeld became an artistic consultant for the segment. Further evidence of Goldberg's admiration for Hirschfeld can be found in Goldberg's character design and animation of the genie in Aladdin, he was the subject of The Line King: The Al Hirschfeld Story. In 1943, Hirschfeld married one of Dolly Haas, they were married for more than 50 years, had a daughter, Nina. Hirschfeld is known for hiding Nina's name, written in capital letters, in most of the drawings he produced after her birth; the name would appear in a hairdo, or somewhere in the background.
As Margo Feiden described it, Hirschfeld engaged in the “harmless insanity,” as he called it, of hiding her name at least once in each of his drawings. The number of NINAs concealed is shown by the number written to the right of his signature. If no number is to be found, either NINA appears once or the drawing was completed before she was born. For the first few months after Nina's birth, Hirschfeld intended the hidden NINAs to appeal to his circle of friends, but to his complete surprise, what he hadn't realized was that the population at large was beginning to spot them, too. When Hirschfeld thought the "gag" was wearing thin among his friends and stopped concealing NINAs in his drawings, letters to The New York Times ranging from "curious" to "furious" pressured him to begin hiding them again, he said. From time to time he lamented. In Hir
Caracas Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela, centre of the Greater Caracas Area. Caracas is located along the Guaire River in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range. Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 1,140 m above sea level, although there is some settlement above this range; the valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2,200-metre-high mountain range, Cerro El Ávila. The Metropolitan Region of Caracas has an estimated population of 4,923,201. Speaking, the centre of the city is still "Catedral", located near Bolívar Square though it is assumed that it is Plaza Venezuela, located in the Los Caobos neighbourhood. Chacaíto area, Luis Brión Square and El Rosal neighborhood are considered the geographic center of the Metropolitan Region of Caracas called "Greater Caracas". Businesses in the city include service companies and malls.
Caracas has a service-based economy, apart from some industrial activity in its metropolitan area. The Caracas Stock Exchange and Petróleos de Venezuela are headquartered in Caracas. PDVSA is the largest company in Venezuela. Caracas is Venezuela's cultural capital, with many restaurants, theaters and shopping centers; some of the tallest skyscrapers in Latin America are located in Caracas. Caracas has been considered one of the most important cultural, tourist and economic centers of Latin America; the Museum of Contemporary Art of Caracas is one of the most important in South America. The Museum of Fine Arts and the National Art Gallery of Caracas are noteworthy; the National Art Gallery is projected to be the largest museum in Latin America, according to its architect Carlos Gómez De Llarena. Caracas is home to two of the tallest skyscrapers in South America: the Parque Central Towers, it has a nominal GDP of 91,988 million dollars, a nominal GDP per capita of 18,992 and a PPP GDP per capita of 32,710 dollars.
Being the seventh city in GDP and the seventh metropolitan area in population of Latin America. Caracas has the highest per capita murder rate in the world, with 111.19 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants. At the time of the founding of the city in 1567, the valley of Caracas was populated by indigenous peoples. Francisco Fajardo, the son of a Spanish captain and a Guaiqueri cacica, attempted to establish a plantation in the valley in 1562 after founding a series of coastal towns. Fajardo's settlement did not last long, it was destroyed by natives of the region led by Guaicaipuro. This was the last rebellion on the part of the natives. On 25 July 1567, Captain Diego de Losada laid the foundations of the city of Santiago de León de Caracas; the foundation − 1567 – "I take possession of this land in the name of God and the King" These were the words of Don Diego de Losada in founding the city of Caracas on 25 July 1567. In 1577, Caracas became the capital of the Spanish Empire's Venezuela Province under Governor Juan de Pimentel.
During the 17th century, the coast of Venezuela was raided by pirates. With the coastal mountains as a barrier, Caracas was immune to such attacks. However, in 1595, around 200 English privateers including George Sommers and Amyas Preston crossed the mountains through a little-used pass while the town's defenders were guarding the more often-used one. Encountering little resistance, the invaders sacked and set fire to the town after a failed ransom negotiation; as the cocoa cultivation and exports under the Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas grew in importance, the city expanded. In 1777, Caracas became the capital of the Captaincy General of Venezuela. José María España and Manuel Gual led an attempted revolution aimed at independence, but the rebellion was put down on 13 July 1797. Caracas was the site of the signing of a Declaration of independence on 17 August 1811. In 1812, an earthquake destroyed Caracas; the independentist war continued until 24 June 1821, when Bolívar defeated royalists in the Battle of Carabobo.
Caracas grew in economic importance during Venezuela's oil boom in the early 20th century. During the 1950s, Caracas began an intensive modernization program which continued throughout the 1960s and early 1970s; the Universidad Central de Venezuela, designed by modernist architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and declared World Heritage by UNESCO, was built. New working- and middle-class residential districts sprouted in the valley, extending the urban area toward the east and southeast. Joining El Silencio designed by Villanueva, were several workers' housing districts, 23 de Enero and Simon Rodriguez. Middle-class developments include Bello Monte, Los Palos Grandes, El Cafetal; the dramatic change in the economic structure of the country, which went from being agricultural to dependent on oil production, stimulated the fast development of Caracas, made it a magnet for people in rural communities who migrated to the capital city in an unplanned fashion searching for greater economic opportunity. This migration created the rancho belt of the valley of Caracas.
The flag of Caracas consists of a burgundy red field with the version of the Coat of Arms of the City. The red field symbolises the blood spilt by Caraquenian people in favour of independence and the highest ideals of the Venezuelan Nation. In the year 1994 as a result of the change of municipal authorities, it was decided to increase the size of the Caracas coat of arms and move it to the centre of the field; this version
Bennett Lester Carter was an American jazz saxophonist, trumpeter, composer and bandleader. With Johnny Hodges, he was a pioneer on the alto saxophone. From the beginning of his career in the 1920s he was a popular arranger, having written charts for Fletcher Henderson's big band that shaped the swing style, he had an unusually long career. During the 1980s and'90s, he was nominated for eight Grammy Awards, which included receiving a Lifetime Achievement Award. Born in New York City in 1907, he was given piano lessons by his mother and others in the neighborhood, he played trumpet and experimented with C-melody saxophone before settling on alto saxophone. In the 1920s, he performed with June Clark, Billy Paige, Earl Hines toured as a member of the Wilberforce Collegians led by Horace Henderson, he appeared on record for the first time in 1927 as a member of the Paradise Ten led by Charlie Johnson. He returned to the Collegians and became their bandleader through 1929, including a performance at the Savoy Ballroom in New York City.
In his early 20s, Carter worked as arranger for Fletcher Henderson after that position was vacated by Don Redman. He had no formal education in arranging, so he learned by trial and error, getting on his knees and looking at the existing charts, "writing the lead trumpet first and the lead saxophone first—which, of course, is the hard way, it was quite some time that I did that before I knew what a score was."He left Henderson to take Redman's former job as leader of McKinney's Cotton Pickers in Detroit. In 1932 he formed a band in New York City that included Chu Berry, Sid Catlett, Cozy Cole, Bill Coleman, Ben Webster, Dicky Wells, Teddy Wilson. Carter's arrangements were complex. Among the most significant were "Keep a Song in Your Soul", written for Henderson in 1930, "Lonesome Nights" and "Symphony in Riffs" from 1933, both of which show Carter's writing for saxophones. By the early 1930s, Carter and Johnny Hodges were considered the leading alto saxophonists. Carter became a leading trumpet soloist, having rediscovered the instrument.
He recorded extensively on trumpet in the 1930s. Carter's short-lived Orchestra played the Harlem Club in New York but only recorded a handful of records for Columbia, OKeh and Vocalion; the OKeh sides were issued under the name The Chocolate Dandies. In 1933 Carter participated in sessions with British band leader Spike Hughes, who went to New York City to organize recordings with prominent African American musicians; these 14 sides plus four by Carter's big band, titled at the time Spike Hughes and His Negro Orchestra, were only issued in England. The musicians were from Carter's band and included Red Allen, Dicky Wells, Wayman Carver, Coleman Hawkins, J. C. Higginbotham, Chu Berry. Carter spent two years as arranger for the BBC Big Band. In England and Scandinavia he recorded with local musicians, he took his band to the Netherlands. In these settings Carter played trumpet, piano and tenor saxophone, provided occasional vocals. In 1938 he returned to America, he found regular work leading his band at the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem through 1941.
The band included Shad Collins, Sidney De Paris, Vic Dickenson, Freddie Webster. After this engagement he led a seven-piece band which included Eddie Barefield, Kenny Clarke, Dizzy Gillespie. In the middle 1940s, he made Los Angeles his home, forming another big band, which at times included J. J. Johnson, Max Roach, Miles Davis, but these would be his last big bands. With the exception of occasional concerts, performing with Jazz at the Philharmonic, recording, he ceased working as a touring big band bandleader. Los Angeles provided him many opportunities for studio work, these dominated his time during the decades, he wrote music and arrangements for television and films, such as Stormy Weather in 1943. During the 1950s and'60s, he wrote arrangements for vocalists such as Louis Armstrong, Ray Charles, Ella Fitzgerald, Peggy Lee, Sarah Vaughan. On something of a comeback in the 1970s, Carter returned to playing saxophone again and toured the Middle East courtesy of the U. S. State Department, he began making annual visits to Japan.
In 1969, Carter was persuaded to spend a weekend at Princeton University by Morroe Berger, a sociology professor at Princeton who wrote about jazz. This led to a new outlet for Carter's talent: teaching. For the next nine years he visited Princeton five times, most of them brief stays except for one in 1973 when he spent a semester there as a visiting professor. In 1974 Princeton gave him an honorary doctorate, he conducted teaching at workshops and seminars at several other universities and was a visiting lecturer at Harvard for a week in 1987. Morroe Berger wrote Benny Carter – A Life in American Music, a two-volume work about Carter's career. Time had little effect on Carter's abilities. During the 1980s he wrote the long composition Central City Sketches, performed at Cooper Union by the American Jazz Orchestra. Another long composition, Glasgow Suite, was performed in Scotland. Lincoln Center commission him to write "Good Vibes" in 1990; the National Endowment for the Arts gave him a grant that led Tales of the Rising Sun Suite and Harlem Renaissance Suite.
This music was performed in 1992. Carter had an unusually long career, he was the only musician to have recorded in eight different decades. Another characteristic of his career was its versatility as musician, bandleader and composer, he helped define the sound of alto saxophone, but he performed and recorded on soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, trombone and piano. He helped establish a foundation for a
Kismet is a musical with lyrics and musical adaptation by Robert Wright and George Forrest. The music was adapted from several pieces composed by Alexander Borodin, the story was written by Charles Lederer and Luther Davis based on the 1911 play of the same name by Edward Knoblock; the story concerns a wily poet. The musical was first produced on Broadway in 1953 and won the Tony Award for best musical in 1954, it was successful in London's West End and has been given several revivals. A 1955 film version was produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; the musical was commissioned by Edwin Lester and director of the Los Angeles Civic Light Opera, who conceived of a musical based on the 1911 play Kismet by Edward Knoblock. Lester had produced Song of Norway, with the same composing team, adapting the melodies of Edvard Grieg. For Kismet, the writers seized upon the music of Alexander Borodin, which they felt had a suitable exotic flavor and lush melodies. Kismet is set in a fictional Baghdad in the times of The Arabian Nights.
At a mosque, an imam prays. Three beggars sit outside the temple, but the fourth, has gone to Mecca. Crying "Rhymes! Fine Rhymes!", a poet enters to sell his verses. His beautiful daughter Marsinah joins in the sales pitch. Marsinah is sent to steal oranges in the Bazaar for their breakfast, while her father sits down to beg; when the beggars object to the poet's taking Hajj's place, he claims to be a cousin of Hajj. The poet soon earns a few coins. Hassen-Ben, a huge man from the desert, kidnaps him; the poet is taken to a notorious brigand. Fifteen years ago, the real Hajj had placed a curse on Jawan that resulted in the disappearance of the brigand's little son. Now he wants the curse removed; the new Hajj, seeing an opportunity to make some money, promises to do so for 100 gold pieces. Jawan leaves for Baghdad to search for his son, Hajj rejoices in his new-found riches. Back in the city, the Wazir of Police comes through the busy Bazaar; the evil Wazir and his seductive, beautiful wife-of-wives, discuss a loan he needs.
In return for the money lent from the King of Ababu, the Caliph must marry one of the Princesses of Ababu, who perform a sexy dance. Through their amah, the princesses tell Lalume. Lalume convinces them. Marsinah is being pursued by a fruit merchant, her father arrives giving the man money. Hajj leaves; the merchants set out their finest "Baubles and Beads" for the young lady. The young Caliph and his advisor, Omar Khayyam, have been traveling incognito, he follows her. Elsewhere, Hajj is basking in the glow of some scantily-dressed slave girls he has just bought, when he is stopped by the police, who are checking identities because they are looking for Jawan; the Chief recognizes, on the coins, the crest of a family Jawan has robbed and arrests Hajj as a thief. Meanwhile, Marsinah has found a quaint little house with a beautiful garden to buy for her father and herself, she is admiring the garden when the Caliph slips in and, pretending to be a gardener, introduces himself to her. They fall in love on the spot.
They promise to meet again in the garden at moonrise. The Caliph tells Omar that he has fallen in love, overheard by the princesses of Ababu. At the Wazir's Palace, Hajj is on trial for the theft of 100 pieces of gold; the Wazir has no need for evidence. The poet pleads that, as a storyteller, the loss of a hand would cripple his career; the lovely Lalume, attracted to the handsome poet, begs her husband for forgiveness, but the Wazir is not convinced and orders his guards to drag Hajj off to punishment. As Hajj curses the Wazir, a guard bursts in with news; the old brigand asks Hajj where his son is. He sees, around a medallion that his son was wearing when he was captured; the Wazir is his son! Jawan praises the power of Hajj, a man who has the power to curse and uncurse. Jawan is thrilled to see his son. "For the leading judge of Mesopotamia to have as a father the leading criminal of Mesopotamia," he says, is "a disturbing thought." As Jawan is led to his execution, the Wazir realizes. Just when he is about to murder Hajj, the Caliph enters with news that he has found a bride, a commoner, that he will marry her tonight.
The Wazir is distraught: if the Caliph does not marry a princess of Ababu, the Wazir will be ruined. He concludes that this is a result of Hajj's curse and begs Hajj to reverse the situation, promising him a reprieve and the title of Emir. Hajj agrees. Lalume knows that the poet is no wizard, but she decides that he may be her chance out of a dull life and is falling in love with him; when the Wazir returns, Hajj sings a mystic-sounding invocation to fate as the slave-girls dance wildl